THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TIlE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THIIEE
GENEVA tom)-The Soviet Union
and the United States appeared
last night to have arrived at an
impasse on the major cold war is-
sues of nuclear testing, general
disarmament and Berlin.
Informants reported that after
11 days of diplomatic talks the
two powers have failed even to
agree on approaches to these three
The deadlock appeared so com-
plete diplomats at the 17-nation
disarmament conference assumed
a climax was nearing. In their
technology the two nations "are
approaching the crunch"--the mo-
ment when pressures require one
or both to modify positions.
Kennedy said yesterday, "I am
not prepared to abandon" 'East-
West talks at Geneva even though
conflict persists over nuclear test
inspections and threats to peace
Against a background of dis-
agreement on nuclear testing and
general disarmament, the leaders
of the United States, British and
Canadian delegations arranged to
be present in Geneva next week.
It had been reported earlier that
they had planned returning to
their home capitals over the week-
A flurry of activity developed
in the Soviet camp.
Foreign Minister Andrei A.
Gromyko asked Communist East
Germany's foreign minister, Loth-
ar Bolz, to join him in Geneva.
SPACE COOPERATION-Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev
(right) yesterday replied to President John F. Kennedy's note
on exchanging space information.
world News Roundup
By The Associated Press
' WASHINGTON - Lt. Gen.
Barksdale Hamlett was named the
Army's second in command yester-
day. It moved him into position
possibly to become Army chief of
staff late this year. President John
F. Kennedy tapped the Kentuck-
ian to take over as Army vice
chief of staff, replacing Gen, Clyde
D. Eddelman, who will retire in
10 days., Kennedy nominated
Hamlett for a fourth star.
* * *
UNITED NATIONS - Acting
Secretary-General U Thant said
yesterday Austria told him it in-
tends to buy $900,000 worth of
United Nations bonds, subject to
40% off to
* APA members
IN "Medea '62"
HILL AUDITORIUM - MARCH 29
Box office open 11-44
MARTY BURKE and CASEY KING
parliamentary approval. Nineteen
countries now are pledged to buy
$148 million of the $200 million is-
sue, floated to wipe out a deficit
from UN peace-force spending in
the Congo and the Middle East.
VATICAN CITY -Pope John
XXIII, in a simple ceremony, gave
the red cardinal biretta yesterday
to eight of his 10 new princes of
the Roman Catholic Church. None
,are from the United States.
TULLE, France - Authorities
yesterday foiled an escape plan
for ex-Generals Maurice Challe
and Andre Zeller, imprisoned for
leading last April's revolt of the
generals in Algiers, officials re-
ported. The escape plot was dis-
closed after an ex-colonel named
De La Chapelle was transferred
by helicopter to Baumettes Prison
at Marseilles from Tulle Prison,
where he had been held along
with Zeller and Challe. Officials
said de La Chapelle had been in
contact with rightwing activists
outside the prison who were hatch-
ing an escape plan. Details were
WASHINGTON - The House
passed and sent to President John
F. Kennedy yesterday a bill grant-
ing immediate tax aid to victims
of this year's Atlantic coast storms.
Under the bill, which Kennedy is
expected to sign, losses incurred
in the storm may be deducted on
1961 federal income tax returns,
which are due April 15.
JERUSALEM - Adolf Eich-
mann's defense opens today its
appeal to Israel's supreme court to
save the former Gestapo colonel
from the gallows.
* * *
SAN FRANCISCO-A new med-
iation session is scheduled for to-
day as the five-day-old Pacific
maritime strike left a freighter
circling without a berth and en-
snared a British luxury liner. The
new effort to settle the strike is
scheduled for 10 a.m. today after
Undersecretary of Labor Willard
Wirtz telegraphed that the "in-
creasingly serious" impact of the
strike has hurt the west coast bus-
iness economy and the "state of
Hawaii is being seriously endan-
A freighter, Hawaiian Refiner,
loaded with perishables and mil-
itary supplies, circled aimlessly
outside Honolulu harbor for the
second day. Her container berth
was occupied by a strike-bound
NEW YORK-The stock market
slipped lower yesterday. Trading
became active toward the close.
Standard and Poor's 500 Stock
Index closed with 425 Industrials
down, .17, 25 Rails down .13, 50
Utilities down .08, and 500 stocks
Parley Set for UN
Experts To Confer
MOSCOW (oA)-Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev yesterday ordered
the first steps toward cooperation
with the United States on half a
dozen possible space projects.
He told President John F. Ken-
nedy, however, that the Soviet
Union and United States will have
to agree on disarmament before
they can go far on a joint path
to the planets.
"You, Mr. President, know as
well as we do that the principles
of designing and productin are
the same for both military and
space ships," Khrushchev said in
a letter to Kennedy,
Efforts To Pool
Khrushchev was replying to
Kennedy's message of March 7
,proposing a pooling of efforts in
space research and even joint ex-
ploration of the moon and planets.
He said the time is ripe and
cooperation is required on such
projects as weather forecasting
and long-range communications
by means of earth satellites, track-
ing of space probes, mapping of
the earth's magnetic field, space
law and medicine, and the orga-
nization of space search and res-
cue for astronauts in accidental
Would Take Part
Soviet delegate Platon D. Moro-
zov had told a 28-nation space
committee at the United Nations
earlier that the Russians would
take part in setting up an inter-
national communications project.
He urged work on a search and
Khrushchev's list closely paral-
leled proposals by Kennedy in re-
sponse to a general suggestion
from Khrushchev Feb. 21 that the
two nations pool their space ef-
forts. The Khrushchev suggestion
was made in a message of con-
gratulations on thethree-orbit
flight of Lt. Col. John H. Glenn
Kennedy particularly cited the
launching of Soviet and American
satellites for weather observations
and experiments in communica-
tions, magnetic field mapping,
tracking stations and a pooling of
knowledge and efforts on research
in space medicine.
Looking ahead to possible co-
operative exploration of the lunar
surface and the planets, Mars or
Venus, Kennedy said:
"The tasks are so challenging,
the costs so great, and the risks
to the brave men who engage in
space exploration so grave that
we must in all good conscience try
every possibility of sharing these
tasks and costs and of minimizing
"I am gratified that this reply
indicates that there are a number
of areas of common interest . .
the United States is deeply com-
mitted to making all possible ef-
forts to carry forward the explora-
tion and use of space in a spirit
of cooperation," Kennedy at his
press conference said.
Soviet and U.S. experts on >uter
space met privately to talk about
how their two countries might
work together in that field in New
York City last night.
Expansion of NMC
Explored by Board
TRAVERSE CITY (P) - The
feasibility of expanding North-
western Michigan College into a
four-year, degree-granting institu-
tion was under study yesterday by
the school's board of directors.
NMC opened in 1951 as a.two-
year community college with ap-
proximately 65 students. Its total
enrollment last fall was 803.
Board of trustee spokesmen say
they found much public support
for the expansion proposal. The.
board met recently with Algo
Henderson, professor of higher
education at the University, who
commended their plans.
College officials indicate they
plan to meet in the next few
months with other educational ex-
perts to continue exploration of
facets involved in the proposed ex-
BUENOS AIRES () - Powerful
pro-Peron labor unions called yes-
terday for a general 24-hour strike'
of two million workers, posing a
new peril to ,President Arturo
Frondizi's shaky regime.
Leaders of 62 Peronist unions
throughout the country set the
strike for tomorrow. They warned
they would extend it indefinitely
unless Frondizi rescinds his degree
nullifying election victories of pro-
Peron candidates in last Sunday's
elections for governors and half
Number of Workers
The number of workers joining
the strike could reach three mil-
lion of the big Confederation of
Labor joined with the unions sup-
porting exiled dictator Juan D.
Earlier in the day, Frondizi ap-
peared to have weathered his
worst of many crises by agreeing
to a military-civilian coalition in
his cabinet and banning all activi-
ties of Peronists.
The military leaders had threat-
ened Frondizi's leadership after
Peronists swept 10 provincial gov-
ernorships and upset the Frondizi
majority in congress in the elec-
But there were fears the general
strike would lead to violence and
that young militarists may move
to remove Frondizi once and for
all. These military men are more
rabid in their hatred of Peron
than their older colleagues.
They were reported insisting
that Frondizi's resignation was the
only solution to the crisis.
There was a growing feeling at
the air ministry that mounting
pressures from the younger mili-
tary officers could set off an ex-
One informant there said the
young anti-Peron forces would de-
mand the seats in the cabinet that
the military will share with civil-
ians under the agreement reach-
ed between Frondizi and military
leaders in an all-night meeting.
This, the informant said, would
give them a strong position in
dealing with the president.
MADRID iP)-Aides and close
associates of the exiled Argentine
ex-dictator Juon D. Peron said
last night he was deeply incensed
at what they called post-election
"shenanigans" from the United
States in Argentine affairs.
They said he felt that high Pen-
tagon officials in Washington had
been in communication with mili-
tary leaders in Argentina following
the Peronista victories at the polls
WASHINGTON (M)-The House
Armed Services Committee called
off its fight yesterday for a man-
datory step-up in the RS-70 bomb-
er program after receiving assur-
ances from President John F. Ken-
nedy the plane's future will be
Chairman Carl Vinson (D-Ga)
announced the settlement as de-
bate was beginning on legislation
which would have directed the De-
fense Department to spend, $320
million more than the $171 million
it requested on developing the 2,-
Secretary of Defense Robert S.
McNamara has contended the
added expenditure would be waste-
ful at this time.
To Take Out
WASHINGTON ()-Almost $71
million was borrowed by 151,115
college students under the Na-
tional Defense Student Loan Pro-
gram during the 1960-61 academic
Of the total, more than one-
third were women and 69,552 bor-
rowers planned to teach.
The average loan was $470, com-
pared with $438 in 1959-60, the,
first full year of the program. The
average during the current aca-
demic year is expected to rise to
about $500 with about 190,000 stu-
dents borrowing $95 million.
These statistics have been made
public by Secretary of Welfare
Abraham Ribicoff. Ribicoff praised
the program as an invaluable aid
for students with some money but
not enough for all college expenses.
But he said it doesn't go far
enough and that federal scholar-
ship aid is needed.
Under the loan program the
participating colleges and univer-
sities have to put up $1 for every
$9 they receive from the federal
government. In 1960-61, colleges
and universities participating to-
taled 1,410-886 private and 524
Borrowers are required to begin
repayment one year after they
complete their college work but
may stretch the payments over a
10-year period at 3 per cent in-
terest. Cancellation of up to 50
per cent of a loan is authorized if
a borrower teaches in public
schools for five years.
From the time the program was
started in February, 1959, up
through last academic year, 238,-
092 students had borrowed $130.6
Ribicoff noted that $1.95 million
that-had been repaid up to June
30, 1961, by 12,785 student bor-
rowers and he said this is about
eight times the amount actually
House Abandons Step-Up
TENSION BUILDS :
Engage in Aerial Battle
JERUSALEM (P)-Jet fighters skirmished yesterday in a re-
newal of hostilities between Israel and Syria that have built up ten-
sion steadily for two weeks.
A Syrian military spokesman said one Israeli fighter was hit in a
clash over Syria headed home and crashed in flames. A second
plane was hit, he added. He said four Israeli jets were intercepted by
From the rival capitals came conflicting charges of responsibility
for the aerial violation of cease-fire orders first proclaimed to end the
Palestine war of 1948. Each nation accused the other of penetrating
its air space.
An Israeli spokesman in Jerusalem said Syrian planes crossed
the frontier for the second day in a row, but were driven off by Israeli
THRU SATURDAY 8:00 P.M.
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Vinson told the House he had
received a letter from Kennedy
promising the "personal, full sup-
port of the President" for a new
study of the RS-70 to be made
by McNamara. He also read a let-
ter from McNamara promising to
make the study.
Vinson said he was therefore
dropping "the kind of fight that
nobody wins" by substituting the
in the legislation. Kennedy spe-
cifically asked this change, saying
it would be more in keeping with
The House later passed the bill.
403-0dand sent it-to the Senate.
Including the RS-70 funds the
measure authorizes expenditure of
$13 billion for military ships, mis-
siles and aircraft.
Vinson's action headed off an
impending major battle between
the legislative and executive
branches of government. There
was some feeling Vinson could
have won House approval for his
unusual mandate to the executive
branch but there was also con-
cern even among Vinson's support-
ers over such a split in the gov-
ernment on a national defense is-
sue. Vinson had been under heavy
pressure to change his stand.
Also involved was fear for the
future of the manned bomberas
more advanced missiles are de-
veloped. There are staunch de-
fenders of each, both in Congress
and the military services.
The R870 matter, wanted by the
Air Force as a reconnaissance-
strike plane to roam over enemy
territory after a missile attack, is
the focal point of the dispute. It
is a revised version of the B70
Vinson viewed his modification
of the RS70 legislation as a vic-
tory, not a surrender. 0
He said Congress had won the
first step toward getting the new
bomber, adding: "We caused the
(Defense) Department to see the
error of its ways."
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
NEWMAN CLUB Presents
CURRENT SOCIAL ISSUES
Friday, March 23rd:1
"Human Relations - The Challenge to the Modern
Justice Otis Smith Michigan Supreme Court
Friday, March 30th:
"Christian Action in an Urban Society"
Rev. Clement Kern
Holy Trinity, Detroit
Gabrial Richard Center ALL INVITED
331 Thompson 8:00 P.M.
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ONLY 4 more days to petition
for a League position.