By JAMES NICHOLS and JEAN TENANDER
The cease-fire agreement signed Sunday in a little town on the
shore of Lake Geneva ended Algeria's bitter and bloody struggle for
independence from France, but left many problems for both nations
The war lasted more than seven years, cost an estimated $20 bil-
lion, and took more than 250,000 lives. Its conclusion marks the effec-
tive end of the French colonial empire which once dominated four
million square miles and contained over 41 million people.
But the fighting and killing in war-torn Algeria goes on. The
Secret Army Organization (OAS), a desperate force of right-wing
terrorists, has defied Paris, rejected the terms of the truce, and vowed
to fight on for "Algerie Francaise." Their activities will make difficult
the implementation of the agreements made at Geneva.
But in spite of the difficulties remaining, the outlook of four
professors of the political science department is one, of cautious
The OAS "can cause a lot of trouble," Prof. Roy Pierce said.
"Their terrorist activities are difficult to control."
The OAS has "a great deal of support" from one million Euro-
peans living in Algeria, but many of these may "find the terms of the
cease-fire better than they had feared," or be repelled by the cruel
tactics of the right-wing terrorists, Prof. Pierce said.
"In the long run," he predicted, "the OAS can't win."
As French troops are withdrawn from Algeria there will be "a
change in the nature of the French army," Prof. Pierce added. French
President de Gaulle wants to "build a modern force around strategic
nuclear armaments" in place of the large conventional force needed
against the Algerian guerrillas, he explained.
Prof. Henry L. Bretton was optimistic about the results of the
Algerian peace settlement. He felt that the bulk of the French army
in Algeria would remain loyal to de Gaulle. The operation in Algeria
is a precarious one, because the Secret Army Organization has only a
limited source of outside support..
"If supplies are cut off from the mainland, the only sources would
be the Union of South Africa and possibly Spain," Prof. Bretton said.
"All indications are that the OAS will be starved to death."
Prof. Bretton felt there would be no substantial disadvantages to
the Western powers resulting from the Algerian truce. "In some re-
spects, de Gaulle may become more friendly toward the West," he
France may be able to play a more decisive role in African and
Mediterranean affairs, because of her "great store of good will in the
Mediterranean," he said.
Calling the OAS a "lunatic fringe," Prof. Inis L. Claude predicted
the organization would not triumph. "The overwhelming sentiment in
France and Algeria is for winding up the struggle." Although the
organization is potent, it is a manageable problem, he said.
"Presumably, some of the army will go over to the OAS," he
explained, "but France is too big to be intimidated by the problem:
remaining in Algeria."
Algeria's position in the United Nations would probably be one
of neutrality, Prof. Claude said, but added, "there are various shade:
of neutralism." There is no reason to assume that the Algerians wil
be at all dominated by the Communists.
"De Gaulle seems, to act like an old man who has arrived," said
Prof. George L. Grassmuck. "He seeks to follow a course independen
of the other Western nations, and wants to solve his own problems.'
The OAS may be fighting only for concessions and not for out-
right control of the country, he said. But the situation may become
serious enough to warrant United Nations intervention.
Prof. Grassmuck also saw the possibility that a third power would
enter the picture. "The Soviet Union might make a gesture which
would cause reaction on the part of the United States, in which case
Algeria might turn into another Congo or Korea," he said.
SECURITY SEARCH--French forces stationed at a barricade in
in street of Oran, Algeria, search motorists and cars for arms.
Peace was restored Sunday under a cease-fire agreement, although
violence still threatens to break out as OAS forces refuse to accept
Peace in Algeria
OAS Instigates City-Wide Paralysis
To Sabatoge Sunday Cease-Fire
ALGIERS (R)-Europeans opposed to independence angrily greeted
the cease-fire ending the long Algerian nationalist rebellion yesterday
with paralyzing general strikes in all major cities.
However, for the moment, at least, Algeria was spared the blood-
bath many fear will come.
The cease-fire, signed Sunday by French and Algerian Nationalist
negotiators, went into effect at noon. French headquarters for Algeria
reported later with a sigh of relief, "All is well." But the French were
referring to the fact that not a shot had been exchanged after the
Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXII, No. 121 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 1962 SEVEN CENTS EIGHT PAG
By RONALD WILTON
The Wisconsin state chapter of
the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
will hold a demonstration against
the University of Wisconsin today
to protest the university's decision
to alter a secretly-photographed
film depicting housing discrimina-
tion in the Madison area.
Explaining the background of
the film, Jeff Greenfield, editor
of the -Wisconsin ;Daily Cardinal
said that it was proposed in 1960
by members of a human rights
committee headed by Lloyd Bar-
bee, state chairman of the NAACP
and was made by the University
of Wisconsin's Bureau of Audio
and Video instruction.
"The film uncovered 13 cases of
actual discrimination. Negroes
would answer ads and be told
that 'I can't rent to you because
you are a Negro'."
The film was shot using a.
camera with a long range lens and
the Negroes carried microphones
to record conversations, he added.
"The University told Barbee that
the identity of the landlords would
have to be kept secret and that
the discriminating scenes would
have to be refilmed using actors."
He said that Barbee's reaction to
this was to insist that the school
either use the film for its produced
purpose; (to make people in cities
of less than metropolitan size
aware of discrimination), return
the $3,000 that the committee con-
tributed to its production or. turn
the film over to the NAACP.
"As of now the film will be pro-
duced in the altered form," he
cease-fire between French troops
and the volatile Nationalist rebels
still dispersed in the mountains.
The storm from the right was
still blowing, and the Secret Army
ordered its followers on a war
footing against the French army
The Secret Army has warned it
will fight the Algerian Nationalists
as well in an obvious attempt to
wreck the cease-fire and keep Al-
Uneasiness over the Secret Army
was shown by the Algerian Na-
tionalists as machinery was set in
motion to install a provisional
French - Moslem government to
rule until Algeria votes on inde-
pendence this summer.
Stopping in Rome en route from
Tunisia to Morocco, Algerian Na-
tionalist Premier Ben Youssef Ben
Khedda declared, "the cease-fire
has not brought peace to Algeria.
There still are enemies of peace
The Secret Army showed its
strength bykcalling the 24-hour
general strike, by dominating the
city of Oran, and by scattered
attacks on Moslems in Algiers de-
spite the massive deployment of
French troops in this tense city.
Shut Down Shops
Europeans answered the strike
call by shutting down all shops
and major services in Oran, Al-
giers and other cities.
Bands of European toughs
patrolled the streets of Oran.
Some wore arm bands with the
Secret Army insignia and some
Planes were grounded because
airport employes in Algiers and
Oran joined the strike. The Secret
Army cut communications be-
tween Oran and France.
Moslem masses remained calm,
'obeying orders of the Algerian Na-
tional Liberation Front for disci-
French Air Force planes dropped
an estimated one million leaflets
on Algeria's major cities, pleading
with the Europeans to bow to the
verdict of France and accept the
New C ounci
By PHILIP SUTIN
Students will elect six members
to Student Government Council
student members to various
boards, and senior class, officers
today and tomorrow as, Steven
Taylor, '63, announced his write-
in candidacy for SGC yesterday.
Howard Abrams, '62, Fred Batlle,
'64A&D, .Matthew Cohen, '64,
Katherine Ford, '64, Henry Mc-
Allen, '64L, Kenneth Miller, '64,
and Lawrence Monberg, '63, are
the official candidates contending
for five full-year seats and one
Stanley Lubin, '63, was dis-
qualified for elections rule viola-
Polls located at the Diag, Fish-
bowl, Engineering Arch, UGLI,
Frieze Bldg., University Museums,
Union, and Law Quad, will be
open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. both
days. The Law Quad post will be
open from 1 to 5 p.m. today only.'
Co-elections director Barbara
Perlman, '62Ed, predicted that
4,300 would vote in the elections.
Ballots will be counted at the
League Ballroom tomorrow night.
Taylor, who announced his
write-in candidacy in a 15-minute
broadcast over WCBN paid by Sig-
ma Nu fraternity last night, said
he is running for SGC "to guaran-
tee at least a defense of the fra-
Taylor, a Sigma Nu, declared
that "the right of individual, 'pri-
vate' social groups to determine
their own membership has been
challenged as invalid and that the
freedom to choose one's friends
and social associates, a funda-
mental one, is being denied."
The results of all elections will
be announced at count night,
March 21, in the League Ballroom.
Harvey Chapman, '64, Peter Di-
See TO ELECT, Page 2
Revisions in Quads
By GERALD STORCH
The Residence Halls Board of
Governors yesterday discussed sev-
eral of the criticisms and recom-
mendations contained in the final
report of former Inter-Quadrangle
President' Thomas Moch, '62E, and
then postponed consideration of
the remaining sections until a
special meeting of the board can
be set up.
Calling for basic revisions in the
areas of staff, services, business
and educational policies and resi-
dence halls philosophy, the report
was further subdivided into 10
parts on motion from Prof. Frank
X. Braun of the German depart-
ment to facilitate discussion.
Of the five sections the board
had time for, three-dealing with
overall administration, coeduca-
tional housing and the Michigan
House Plan-were not debated ex-
tensively, because the members
felt that similar provisions in the
Office of Student Affairs Study
Committee report and the coedu-
cational housing committee report
outlined necessary action in these
The other two topics-more
authority for student governments,
and the subordination of the busi-
ness staff to an educationally-
an hour-long discussion.
Moch's report also asked that
the assistant resident advisor, and
the staff checker be combined into
one position paying 100 per cent
room and board plus $25 per
However, in viewing only the
general desirability, the members
took no specific action to imple-
ment or reject the suggestiois in
the report, which was submitted at
last month's meeting.
Moch, asserting that "students
in residence hails can be trusted
with a greater degree of authority
than they presently have," asked
in his report that the board "re-
linquish its required approval of
all major legislation passed by
IQC in favor of a power of review
Defined Areas "
T-T ,-iprl t+a w + na rd f ..-
House To 'Consider
A bill to allow non-certified teachers with masters degrees in their
field to teach in state schools if they have accreditation from the
local school superintendent will come before the house of representa-
tives in Lansing today.
The bill, introduced by Rep. Robert Waldron (R-Grosse Pointe}
further states that uncertified teachers will not be allowed to enjoy
tenure or have more than a one-year contract.
Waldron, who is optimistic about the bill's passage, believes it
will raise the standards of education in the state by allowing qualified
persons to teach without having the traditional training. This would
reverse the trend to stress methods over subject matter and get more
competent staff for "superintend-
Stanley Lubin, '63, was dis-
qualified yesterday from the SGC
election by the Credentials and
Rules Committee for circulating
his petition in violation of elec-
Lubin had someone else cir-
culate his petition for him in Alice
Lloyd Hall; John Martin, '62,
chairman of the committee, said.
This action violates elections rules
requiring a candidate to circulate
ents hard-nosed enough to hire
out of the fraternity. Arguments
that it will lower quality are
phoney," Waldron believes.
Dean Willard C. Olson of the
Education School doesn't believe
that the legislature should con-
cern itself with matters under the
State Board of Education.
However, the bill, even if passed,
would not affect education schools,
he said. Superintendents would be
under regional pressure not to hire
non-accredited teachers, outstate
students would still need educa-
tional training and the tenure and
contract limitations would fur-
ther deter persons from not get-
ting accreditation, he pointed out.
PANHEL OPEN HOUSE:
SGC 'Hopefuls End Campaign
By H. NEIL BERKSON
The election campaign for Stu-
dent Government Council ended
last night as the candidates made
their last speeches at the Panhel-
lenic open house held in the Mich-
igan League Ballroom.
Stanley Lubin, '63, eliminated
from the race yesterday afternoon
by the SGC Rules and Credentials
Committee, did not speak.
Kenneth Miller, '64, was very
upset with Lubin's disqualifica-
tion. "I don't see why they kicked
him out of this race," he said. "I
hope he will continue to run and
that you will consider him as a
Henry McAllen, '64L, who is
against NSA, to refute Miller. Mc-
Allen replied that he could not
refute Miller, but that NSA is
"misrepresenting student ouinion
and is not worth its price.".
He said that NSA is violating
its constitution by acting as a lob-
by and distributing propaganda,
and added that NSA has con-
demned ' J. Edgar Hoover and
Harry S. Truman.
Howard Abrams, '63, challenged,
McAllen to prove the condemna-
tions, throwing NSA's book, "Codi-
fication of Policy" to him. McAllen.
did not reply', but later said he
had nther nrnnf
delegates had no right to legis-
late on issues they did not run on.
Miss Nemlaha asked him, "If is-
sues come up before SGC which
you didn't run on would you re-
fuse to vote?" Monberg said he
would not refuse to vote because,
"I would be capable of judging lo-
Miss Nemlaha, a former NSA
delegate, also wondered how ex-
tremists affect NSA since "so few
of them are voting delegates."
Monberg said that he felt that
most of the'delegates are "ultra-
liberal or ultra-conservative."
Katherine Ford, '64, noted that
"the University is too paternal."
She thinks students should have
UNION OPEN HOUSE:
Candidates View Merits
Of Council Ex-Officios
By MARJORIE BRAHMS
Candidates for Student Government Council debated the issue of
retaining ex-officios on Council at the Michigan Union Open House
Kenneth Miller, '64, felt that the ex-officios are not fulfilling their
role on Council because they feel their primary responsibility is to
their own organizations, but that removal of them at the present time
would be "disastrous to Council's prestige."
Howard Abrams, '63, said the ex-officios are not representative
because they tend to overrepresent some people and underrepresent
others; but he also felt that "their removal at this time might kill
Stanley Lubin, '63, said some ex-officios might be removed. "Most
legislation is submitted by elected members," he said, He maintained
that some ex-officios are appointed and subject to recall only by their
Fred Batlle, '64A&D, said "the ex-officios, at the present time, are
the only stability on Council because of the great turnover rate of
The ex-officios have given Council "a depth of experience, stability
.e.1-11 . - _. ...+-A.. . ,,,, r
Slated for Conversion
By DENISE WACKER
The Residence Hall Board of
Governors yesterday adopted a re-
port recommending co-education-
al housing instituted temporarily
in Alice Crocker Lloyd Hall and
East Quadrangle next semester
FRANCIS SHIEL and on a permament basis there-
co-ed housing in fall? after.
The report was submitted b
Board of Governors member Fran-
USE: cis C. Shiel, manager of Service
Enterprises and chairman of te
Co-Educational Housing Commt-
b t Btee.
i The Board established the com-
,P Tohib~t mittee last October to look into
the possibilities for such housing
in existing University dormitories
e will continue in the The Shiel Report stated, "It i
ouse of Representatives recommended that plans and ar-
n three bills designed to rangements be initiated to effeci
ommunism and promote a pilot program of Co-educational
m in Michigan. Housing on a permanent basis foi
bills proposed by Rep. fall of 1963; further that Klein.
:k . Mrsall(RAlln)stuck and Hinsdale Houses o
k J. Marshall (R-Allen) Alice Lloyd Hall and that Tyle
rs would require all state- and Prescott Houses of Easi
d institutions of public Quadrangle be selected in the pro-
on to require that stu- ga
tmplete courses in political gram.
mandt coprsies ngpovern- "And further, that if at all pos-
and comparatve govern- sible the program be started in the
.tfall of 1962 on a 'temporary' basis
the University is a con- in the above fore - mentioneC
gal institution, there is un- ,
Y whether these bills would huses.
Duringa moderately'long dis.
it. cussion which followed the sub-
npanion bill, also to be mission of the report, severa:
today, requires the Super- "points under consideration" were
t of Public Instruction to mentioned by ShieL.
a list of instructional ma- Stress Safety
.or use in such courses firs cneet .
schools. The first concerned the seec
st would include "the of- tion of facilities, and include
terials of the House Coi- finding the best way to have "posi-
n Un-American Activities tive security" and fire safety. I
Senate Internal Security some of the dormitories, stairways
nate,, Iconverge and this is dangerou
mittee. for the safety of the occupants.
p for consideration is a sft fte~
for outlawing the Coin- The second point included or-
Party in Michigan. Al- ganization of the house-whethe
in debate last week Rep. it should retain its original name
. Gillis (D-Detroit) kargu- the areas in which men and wom
present statutes already en may mix socially; and the nee
party, Rep. Roy H. Brg- for separate facilities for men an
p.-Battle Creek) replied women.
is no harm in having Lounges, dining areas, meeting
laonhebooksou rooms and recreational faciitiei
lawonth bokot-are some of the physical problem.
ommunism.'- that will need consideration.