THE MICHui NAJ
rench, FLN Gather
Announce Tariff Reductions
Fo Fiual Peace
Predict Quick Accord
layP. Krim INEWS CONFERENCE:
97f~ ny, #
On Three Questions
EVIAN, France (P)-Final de-
tails of a peace agreement for Al-
geria were taken up by rebel and
French negotiators in a heavily
guarded conference yesterday.
There was speculation that the
talks may take no more than four
or five days.
The two delegations-with the
French delegation led by Louis
Joxe, minister foix Algerian af-
fairs, and the rebels' by their
tough, wary deputy premier, Bel-
kacem - met for five hours in
morning and afternoon sessions.
Strict secrecy surrounded the
gathering. French security forces
stood guard. No news conferences
were scheduled by either side. Both
French and rebel authorities are
aware of the danger of inflam-
ing further the partisan emotions
fanned by terrorist operations in
the North African territory.
The rightist Secret Armiy Orga-
nization is campaigning with ex-
plosives, gunfire and death threats
to keep Algeria French, as it has
been for 131 years, and protect
the holdings of the million Euro-
pean residents. Moslems are wag-
ing similar street warfare in sup-
port of the desire of most of Al-
geria's nine million North Africans
Despite the news blackout, it
was evident the first day's meet-
*ings were working sessions and
thit a strenuous effort was being
inade to settle once and for all
the bloody question of the military
rebellion now in its eighth year.
It was generally believed, though
not officially confirmed, that three
issues remained unsettled: a time-
table for the French Army with-
drawal from Algeria, the release
of FNL terrorists now in French
prisons, and an interim executive
to govern Algeria until full sov-
ereignty is achieved.
In Algeria, where the Moslem
masses marked the end of the
holy month of Ramadan, the tide
of violence ebbed.
Algiers and Oran had only in-
dividual attacks which have be-
come almost routine in the bloody
history of struggle in those cities.
The mayor of Mers-El-Kebir,
not far from a huge French naval
base of the same name, told the
Algerians it is time of forget the
past and to go on living together.
President Urges Peace
WASHINGTON (M)-President John F. Kennedy appealed yester-
day for quick new starts a week from yesterday toward peace in the
United States steel industry and towards peace in the world through
Kennedy didn't tie these topics together in any particular way-i
except indirectly by means of a single date, the importance he gives
them, and the fact that they were top subjects at a presidential news
Kennedy teed off his session with reporters with word that he
had dispatched telegrams to steel company executives and President
WASHINGTON (-) - A 25-na-
tion agreement to cut tariffs on
many industrial items by about
20 per cent was announced yes-
terday by the White House.
President John F. Kennedy
termed it "highly advantageous to
the United States."
Most of the reciprocal tariff re-
ductions will involve the United
States and the industrial nations
of Western Euroue. The details
were worked out in nearly a year
of negotiations" at Geneva.
The United States is claiming a
four-three advantage from the
agreement, on this basis: whereas
the United States tariff cuts will
involve $1.2 billion of imports from
the other 24 countries, the foreign
negotiators agreed to reduce levies
on $1.6 billion of United States
goods. The figures were based on
world trade in 1960.
Major items affected include
new automobiles, chemicals, drugs,
industrial and electrical machin-
ery, scotch whisky, textiles, can-
ned fruits, some steel products and
Taking autos as an example, the
White House estimated $he average
American car will cost $126 less
in European markets once the low-
er tariffs go into effect. The cost
of a European car purchased in
the United States would be down
an average of $21.50.
In most cases, the cuts will go
into effect in two stages-the first
due by June 30 and the second a
Kennedy told Congress that, in
MORE ECONOMICAL-In addition to consuming less gas, foreign
cars will 'cost less under the new tariff proposed by President
John F. Kennedy. But the larger American cars will now be
within the purchasing power of many Europeans.
Labor Department Report
Shows Employment Gain
WASHINGTON (P)-Substantial improvement in the nation's em-
ployment situation in February brought the idle rate down to a 19-
month low of 5.6 per cent of the work force.
The Labor Department reported this yesterday, saying employ-
ment rose by 731,000 to 65,789,000 while unemployment dropped by
120.000 to 4,543,000--both far better showings than was expected for
Officials said the improvement represented some rebound from
adverse job conditions resulting from heavy winter weather in Janu-
ary. But they also indicated the
figures represented new economic
The employment rise'was more
than five times the 130,000 nor-
mally expected increase in jobs be-
tween January and February. An
increase of about 75,000 among
the unemployed had been forecast
instead of the encouraging total
decline of 120,000.
Rising employment anddeclin-
ing unemployment brought the
seasonally adjusted rate of unem-
ployment down from 5.8 per cent
of the work force in January to
5.6 per cent in February - lowest
rate for any month since July
The rate had been 6 per cent in
Seymour Wolfbein, deputy as-
sistant secretary of labor, told re-
porters that if the 5.6 per cent
idle rate continues, unemployment
will remain the same at 4.5 mil-
lion in March.
WASHINGTON (P-Senate and
House conferees approved a $435-
million manpower training and de-
velopment bill yesterday and tag-
ged it for final action.
The legislation was described by
its backers as a first step toward
retraining workers who have been
thrown out of their Jobs by new
It also is designed to upgrade
the skills of persons already em-
More than one million persons
are expected to be benefited dur-
ing the three-year program.
President John F. Kennedy urg-
ed passage of the measure and Re-
publican legislators played a big
part in working out the final com-
- i - - 'r
CAPE CANAVERAL (R) - A
complex solar observatory soared
into orbit yesterday to probe mys-
teries pf the sun, how it controls
conditions on earth and the peril
that giant solar flares hold for hu-
man space travelers.
Nicknamed OSO, for Orbiting
Solar Observatory, the 458-pound
laboratory was hoisted into a 350-
mile-high orbit by a Thor-Delta
rocket launched from this space-
port at 11:06 a.m.
Almost immediately, SO's in-
struments began- radioing infor-
mation on radiation streaming
from the sun. From its vantage
point above the cluttering veil of
the earth's atmosphere, the satel-
lite provided scientists with their
first direct solar studies.
OSO is the first of several ob-
servatories planned to seek basic
scientific data about the sun.
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration hopes a pro-
cession of such satellites will help
answer many questions
WASHINGTON W)-The House
Rules Committee gave its-approv-
al yesterday for the House to vote
today on whether to increase the
House membership to 438
The committee's approval of the
measure left the way open for
amendments that could further
raise th~e, total. But House leaders
who scheduled today's vote ex-
pressed, confidence that any such
efforts could be defeated.
The bill, around which there
has been months of back-stage
dickering, would let Massachusetts,
Pennsylvania and Missouri each
keep one seat that otherwise
would be lost through reappor-
tionment under the 1960 census.
Thirteen other states will lose
the full quotas assessed against
them because their population
growth was below the national
average. Even with the bill, Penn-
sylvania still would lose two seats
and Massachusetts one.
David J. McDonald of the Steel-
workers Union asking a resump-
tion of bargaining on a new con-
tract by then.
Negotiations on a -contract to
replace one expiring June 30 were
broken off last Friday. McDonald
suggested then they not be resum-
ed before May 1, whereas the ad-
ministration has been pressing for
an early settlement in the inter-
ests of economic stability.
There were indications in both
labor and management camps that
Kennedy's plea would be heeded.
'McDonald announced in Pitts-
burgh that he had sent Kennedy
a telegram saying the union will
comply with the President's re-
quest. He did not indicate when
bargaining might resume.
The steel industry's negotiators
sent Kennedy 0. reply accepting
next Wednesday for resumption
of negotiations. They noted the
industry had said at last Friday's
breakup they were willing to meet-
again at any time.
March 14 also is the date an
18-nation disarmament conference
opens in Geneva.
Kennedy called it an extremely
important meeting. He said, too, it
would be entirely proper to dis-
cuss there the problems of Berlin
and Southeast Asia. He said that
even if the United States resumes
nuclear tests in the atmosphere it
still will keep pressing for a test
ban to head off a perpetual nu-
clear arms race he said would be
risky for the future of the human
- Garbed in gray, standing before
385 newsmen, Kennedy had some
casual announcements, but few de-
tails, in response to questions.
WASHINGTON M) - Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara
and the chairman of the House
Armed Services committee squared
off yesterday for a battle over the
committee's effort to force the
Pentagon to spend about $300 mil-
lion more on the B-70 bomber.
Speaking before the Advertising
Council, he disclosed that the na-
tion's military chiefs-except for
Gen. Curtis E. Lemay, Air Force
chief-three days ago had reaf-
firmed support for the Adminis-
tration's present limited B-70 de-
McNamara said it "seemed un-
wise to me, seemed unwise to the
chiefs and seemed unwise to the
President" to launch into what he
said would be a $10-billion pro-
gram until radar and other special
technologies related to the B-70
had advanced enough to show
whether the project is worthwhile.
order to forestall a threatened col-
lapse of the negotiations, he agreed
last September to lowering cer-
tain United States tariffs below
the levels which the tariff com-
mission had found necessary for
the protection of American pro-
He said that had he not done
this, the United States would have
lost substantial trade in the long
iun and would have blocked the
way to greater economic coopera-
tion with Western Europe.
In addition to claiming that the
United States received larger con-
cessions than it granted, the White
House said the six-nation Euro-
pean Common Market agreed to
renew talks soon on proposals to
lessen discrimination a g a i n s t
American farm imports.
The announcement termed this
a fundamental change in the Eu-
Kennedy sent Congress a special
message in which he said United
States negotiators were sometimes
hamstrung by the inflexibility of
the trade agreements act which
expires June 30. He said the limit-
ed tariff-reductions permitted by
law were a big factor in his deci-
That decision was almost un-
precedented but Kennedy said it
was necessary if the United States
U.S., Canada Tell
Of Tariff Cuts
OTTAWA (;')-A Canada-United
States agreement on mutual tariff
cuts was announced yesterday.
Finance Minister Donald Fleming
said the cuts cover some $128 mil-
lion a year in products traded be-
tween the two countries.
WORLD NEWS ROUNDUP:
Pass BiI To Control Funds
By The Associated Press
bill to give the secretary of labor
greater power to keep tabs on pen-
sioned welfare funds and to dis-
courage criminals from dipping
into them won final agreement
yesterday of Senate and House
* * *
Janio Quadros returned to Bra-
zil from a six-months voluntary
exile yesterday and received a
large welcome from several thou-
Quadros, whose surprise resig-
nation last August pushed Brazil
to the brink. of civil war, may
open a new drive for political pow-
JAKARTA-Indonesia may soon
open secret talks with the Dutch
over West New Guinea, an Ameri-
can source said yesterday.
LONDON-Five women members
of Parliament last night called on
United States and Soviet women
to campaign for an immediate
ban on nuclear weapons tests. The
appeal was in a letter sent by the
women-all members of the oppo-
sition Labour party.
* * *
NEW YORK--A vicious backlash
from winter's worst storm ravaged
the East Coast from Virginia to
New England yesterday with surg-
ing tides and violent winds.
* * * .
WASHINGTON-Mrs. John F.
Kennedy will leave today on the
first leg of her trimmed-down
trip to India. Her trip will follow
much the same path Britain's
Queen Elizabeth took on a royal
tour in 1961.
HOUSTON-Only Lt. Col. John
Glenn was missing yesterday when
the nation's astronauts were brief-
ed on plans to send a two-man
space craft around the moon.
Glenn was prevented from taking
part in the discussion by a busy
schedule at Cape Canaveral.
* * .
NEW YORK-The stock market
went through another slow decline
yesterday. Losses of most key
stocks were fractional. Dow-Jones
Averages reported 65 general stocks
closed at 241.02, and 30 industrials
was to come even close to match-
ing tariff concessions offered by
the other countries.
"Wecannot be expected to bar-
gain effectively in the future under
the limitations of the present law,"
he said. "If we are to lead, as we
must, we must have the means for
the exercise of leadership."
ANN ARBOR CIVIC THEATRE
THAT Swinging, Singing HIT!t
"Once A Year Day"
LAOS CIVIL WAR:
Royalist Position Remains Precarious
4 -r rU
By The Associated Press
VIETIANE, Laos - The Com-
munist Pathet Lao forces, aided
by neutrals and approximately
10,000 North Vietnamese soldiers
and advisors, maintain a tenuous
-hold over almost two-thirds of
However, the royal government
of Premier Prince Boui Oum,
which is supported by the United
States and an army of about 70,-
000 soldiers, controls; a broad belt
along the Mekong River. This
about a very
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area contains the majority of
Laos' population of two million.
In this belt are Laos' major
cities-Vietiane, Luang Prabang,
Thakhek, Savannakhet and Pakse
-and by far the greater part of
the ethnic group known as the
real Lao people. People of mixed
and minority racial strains pre-
dominate in the Pathlet Lao areas.
This is a picture far from en-
couraging for the free world. Some
observers will quarrel with it, some
claiming the pro - Communist
forces and their neutralist allies
hold as much as three-fourths of
the country, others arguing that
they have less than two-thirds.
There is no satisfactory way in
which a map can be drawn of
Laos' rugged mountains and
jungles showing definitely the
areas held by the government and
by its enemies-
The troops of both sides are
widely dispersed over miles of
thinly populated and almost in-
Drawing a line between two
points known to be in the hands
of the same side does not neces-
sarily show the situation. Between
the two points may be an area
of mountain and jungle big
enough for a whole army.
Villages quite close to this ad-
ministrative capital have been,
infiltrated by Pathlet Lao agents.
On the other hand pro-govern-
ment Meo guerrillas and tribes-
men hold mountain tops near the
rebel center of Xieng Khouang in
the Plaine Des Jarres and strike
out from their bases on- frequent
raids to sabotage roads.
Laos' cease-fire last May never
has been reduced to a written,
agreement showing the front lines
held by either side.
The situation at Nam Tha, a
village in the far northwest which
was attacked by the ,Pathet Lao
in January, is an example. The
Pathlet Lao claims the cease-fire
line May 3 was less than two
miles from the village. It claims its
attack, by five or six battalions,
was no closer than 3.5 miles.
Pathet Lao's claim to a cease-
fire line less than two miles from
Nam Tha may be based, however,
on nothing more than that five
or six of its soldiers were in a
settlement that close to Nam Tha
Pathet Lao forces definitely
hold three of Laos' 12 provincial
capitals-Sam Neua, Phong Saly
and Xieng Khouang - though
Prince Souvanna Phouma's neu-
tralists claim to administer Phong
Saly and Xieng Khouang. The
neutralists in other areas also have
set up administrative villages as
rivals to the real provincial cap-
Three more provincial capitals
-Nam Tha in the northwest and
Attopeu and Saravane in the south
-are almost isolated and threat-
ened with capture by the Pathet
Lao at almost any time.
Laos' political frontiers appear
just as vague as its military lines.
Souvanna has been in Vientiane
for about two weeks but has made
little if any headway in efforts to
form a three-party coalition gov-
ernment so miraculously balanced
that it could keep the country
neutral, independent and peaceful.
r Am ~
DIRECTED BY CLARENCE STEPHENSON
Thurs., 8:30 P.M.
PULITZER PRIZE POET
* D* SNODGRASS
Reading from his own works
SAT. EVE., MARCH 10th 8:30 P.M.
FIRST UNITARIAN CHURCH
Available at Bob Marshall's Book Shop
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
9 SEATS LEFT
CURRENT SOCIAL ISSUES
Friday, March 9th:
"Christian Principles and Modern Industry--
A View of Management"
Mr. Kenneth D. Cassidy, Ford Motor Co..
Vice President-Industrial Relations
Friday, March 16th:
"Christian Principles and Modern Industry-A View
Mr. Kenneth Bannon, UAW
Director, National Ford Department
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