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Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXII No. 110
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1962
Ad-Hoc Faculty Committee
Stresses Need for Improvement,
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
Deans of University schools and colleges are considering a pro-
posal for a center for University Teaching to be established on campus.
An ad hoc faculty Committee on Programmed. Learning and Re-
lated Activities headed by Prof. Edward L. Walker pf the psychology
department issued a report in January stressing an urgent need for
such a center to enable University faculty to improve the quality of
its own instruction.
Based on recommendations of the University Senate Advisory
Committee's Subcommittee on A Center for University Teaching, the
report emphasizes desirability of University action to be taken in
.. ....... response to problems associated
SGC Reviews OSA Recommendatio
ROGER W. HEYNS
. . teaching center
In search of some $50 million
in additional revenue, state Sen-
ate Republicans have hit a tem-
porary snag in their search for
taxes to foot the bill.
The GOP legislators at present
can only agree upon $18 million
in telephone, telegraph and cig-
arette taxes, $32 million short of
Majority Caucus Chairman Frank
D. Beadle (R-St. Clair) said yes-
terday that "we will have to reach
some sort of agreement this week
If we're going to get out of here
by April 20."
He added that, although the in-
come tax "seems dead," he was
not certain what measures would
However, regardless of what the
Senate passes, Speaker of the
House Don R. Pears (R-Buchan-
an) predicts "quite a, battle" in his
The House'is currently split 54-
54. Two Republican seats are tem-
porarily vacant, one by the death
of Rep. Ralph Young (R-East
Lansing) and the other by ailing
Rep. Gail Handy (R-Eau Claire).
It takes 56 votes to pass a bill in
with the technical developments
variously referred to as "program-
med instruction, automatic in-
struction, programmed learning,
self instruction or teaching ma-
Vice-President for Academic Af-
fairs and Dean of the literary col-
lege Roger W. Heyns has asked
the deans of the various schools
and colleges to read the commit-
tee's report and submit their opin-
ions on it to him by March 15.
If there is a generallyifavorable
reaction to the proposal, Heyns
will submit a recommendation for
its establishment to the Regents
at their April; meeting.
The report calls for charging
the proposed center with "the
broad aim of providing maximum
assistance to the faculty of the
University in the task of provid-
ing effectiveinstruction of the
Among its services would be col-
lection and dispensation of rele-
vant informations ,onimproved
teaching methods, informing the
staff of available aid, stimulating
interest in improvements In in-
structional techniques and carry-
ing out projects in collaboration
with the interests of faculty mem-
The report also recommends
that either the entire existing ex-
aminations and Evaluations Divi-
sion of the Bureau of Psychologi-
cal Services or an equal budget
to develop an equivalent technical
staff should be assigned to the
An estimate of $110,000 total
cost is broken down into $45,000
for the professional staff, .$8,000.
for the non-academic staff, $12,-
000 as an operating budget and
$45,000 for the examinations and
Expansion of the activities of
the center are anticipated along
several dimensions in the report.
"It would be hoped that with the
aid of funds from sources outside
the University the Center would
quickly become a research unit on
education at the university level,"
the report says.
"Especially needed at this time
is a research program designed to
evaluate the relative contributions
of the full range of technological
aids utilized appropriately and
simultaneously. Such a program of
research could be financed only
through substantial federal aid,
but such aid is potentially avail-
By MICHAEL OLINICK
Brushing aside a motion to pre-
vent itself from issuing a state-
ment on the Office of Student
Affairs Study Committee Report,
Student Government Council early
this morning continued its con-
sideration of four subcommittee
recommendations for changes in
By a 9-2 vote, the Council de-
feated a motion by Thomas Moch,
'62E, which would have restricted
SGC recommendations to those of
Meeting in a special committee
of the whole session, the Council
received reports on philosophy,
structure, housing and rule-mak-
ing and enforcement which were
drafted by the member subcom-
The Council threaded its way
through the philosophy and struc-
ture reports and postponed the
remaning two reports until its
meeting at 7 p.m. tonight.
After all the reports - with
amendments and deletions - are
approved by the committee of the
whole, a style committee will be
appointed to draft SGC's final re-
port on the OSA recommendations,
which will be submitted back to
the council next Wednesday.
The report on philosophy began
with, an historic evolution of the
OSA study committee implying
criticisms of the handling of the
report. Four of. the more critical
passages were eliminated on a
motion by Moch.
The main body of the philosophy
subcommittee's report listed and
developed nine objections to the
philosophy of student affairs and
administration offered by the OSA
Its second motion, dealing with
the relation of the philosophy to
the proposed structure, was con-
sidered along with the structure
That report called for Vice-
President for Student Services
working under a powerful student-
faculty Policy Commission.
The Housing subcommittee -
whose members included Inter-
Quadrangle Council President
Robert Geary, '63, and Assembly
Dormitory Council President Sally
Jo Sawyer, '62-called for a Direc-
tor of Housing who would be ad-
vised by IQC, ADC and a special
The Council's final suggestions
will be forwarded to Vice-President
for Student Affairs James A. Lewis
for his consideration and possible
inclusion in his recommendations
to the Regents later this spring.
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Urges College S'upport -ofShelers
By G. K. HODENFIELD
Associated Press Education Writer
CHICAGO-An Administration spokesman urged the nation's
top college officials yesterday to throw their weight behind a
national program of building public fallout shelters as essential
insurance for the nation's survival.
But a prominent physicist argued in rebuttal that such a
program would be just another step in a deadly arms race which
must be stopped.
Adam Yarmolinsky, special assistant to the Secretary of
Defense in charge of developing the national shelter program,
put the administration's case before the 17th National Conference
on Higher Education.
His views were opposed by David R. Inglis of the Argonne
As a general rule, college administrators are skeptical of the
benefits of any vast civil defense program.
Yarmolinsky said colleges and universities should utilize
their facilities to provide fallout protection for their students and
faculty, as well as the public.
Future construction, he said, should be planned with shelters
He also urged the educators to pursue these responsibilities
beyond the campus and said, "We frankly seek not just your.
passive compliance for the civil defense program, but your active
Inglis told the delegates that a shelter program may increase
the chance that war will come:
"A false sense of security based on exaggerated claims for
shelters can lead to a temporary hardening of the national will
the other side will probably respond with its own shelter
program to justify its own firmer stand, and two negotiating pos-
tures of increased firmness will gain us nothing and may lead
to an outbreak of nuclear war."
Relaxation of Tensions
Inglis also said a larger shelter program would mean that
a substantial segment of industry and labor would have economic
reasons for opposing relaxation of international tensions.
The true role of. the college or university, Inglis said, is not
to promote civil defense but to provide leadership in the discus-
sion of world problems.
Yarmolinsky denied that a shelter program would increase
the danger of nuclear war.
"Our experts believe, and I would agree," he said, "that the
decision of whether or not to use thermonuclear weapons is so
awesome in itself, that the existence or absence of shelters is an
almost infinitesimal factor to those who might participate in
such a decision."
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FIVE BASIC TENETS:
Widick Calls Socialism 'Viable Force'
Research Fu.ds: 'U'Problem
By ROBERT SELWA
"Socialism is a viable force in
America and the world today be-
cause it has better answers to the
problems of mankind than any
other set of prevalent ideas," B. J.
Widick told an organizational
meeting of the Democratic Social-
ists last night.
The trade unionist, author and
part-time Wayne State University
instructor, said that these answers
stem from socialism's five basic
tenets: democracy with the guar-
aritee of dissent; means that are
EAST LANSING (AP)-Michigan
State University President John
A. Hannah believes MSU is singled
out for attack as a hotbed of lib-
eralism and Communistic views
because he served as chairman of
the Federal Civil Rights Commis-
Recent statements by some
legislators and other leaders have
tainted all of higher education
with a pinkish brush, but Hannah
believes the criticism directed at
MSU is due to his service investi-
gating racial discrimination in the
"I feel bad about it," he said,
"because this university is getting
criticized through me." He be-
lieves the attack to be personal,
and he obviously is taking it as
The criticism stems from the
controversy surrounding Prof.
John Moore, a faculty member,
and a speech last fall by a former
University of Illinois professor who
is credited with saying the "mar-
riage vows don't mean a thing."
The Moore case involves MSU's
reported stand on the loyalty oath
and the affidavit of disclaimer
that a recipient of National De-
fense Education Act student loan
never has been nor is now a mem-
ber of the Communist Party
Hannah explained the MSU
trunstees did not take action
against either one of these, but
that some 200 colleges and univer-
sities in the nation did ask that
the affidavit of disclaimer be
like to the ends, a sense of justice,
human dignity with a belief in
equality, a determination to im-
prove the world.
"A genuine expression of the
opinion of the people is needed to
achieve peace," Widick said.
"Most people throughout the
world want to live together peace-
fully, but the obstacle is non-
democratic government. What is
needed is consistently democratic'
forms of government throughout
"For when power elites make the
decisions of a country, they decide
in their own self-interest.
"This is the case with the Soviet
Union. And in America there is
a would-be power elite that de-
spises the people. This 'elite' in-
eludes the Birchers,'who in reality
are up-side-down Communists."
Would Be a War
Widick said that "if things con-
tinue as they are, there will be a
"For both sides move not from
confidence nor from hope, but
from fear. This was evident in
President Kennedy's announce-
ment that the United States will
test nuclear weapons in the atmos-
phere. He was scared of the Rus-
"The Kennedy administration
doesn't want war but may get into
it because of national pressures.
The military-industrial complexes
of America and Russia are alike-
they put too much pressure on for
a war policy.
"Mankind has a fighting chance,
though, if theppeace movement
among the people becomes strong
enough. A strong, viable union
movement putting pressure on for
peace would help. The Negro
struggle for their rights -is our
main hope now.
"Let us also give our surplus
food to the starving peoples of
world, regardless of what the poli-
tics of their governments is.
"And let us stop supporting
fascists like Franco and crude
dictatorships like that of Chiang
Kai-shek and that of South Viet-
"Let us recognize Communist
China so as to have contacts with
her people, and let us invite her
to the disarmament conferences-
for otherwise these are meaning-
Student Government Council
will continue its discussion of the
Office of Student Affairs Study
Committee Report at its meeting
In addition, under old business
the Council will consider a motion.
to establish a National Student
Association standing committee to
coordinate NSA programs at the
University and to serve as a liaison
between the Council and- NSA.
A motion from the Student Con-
cerns Committee asks that the
Council send a statement to the
constitutional convention and the
legislature supporting the 18-year-
CHICAGO ,')--The 17th Na-
tional Conference on Higher Edu-'
cation urged the federal, govern-
ment yesterday to' restrict its fI-
nancial aid programs-to those col-
leges and universities which do
not practice racial.or religious dis-
The sweeping proposal, if put
into effect by the government;
would affect the thousands of re-
search grants involving the na-
tion's space efforts, fellowship and
scholarship programs, agricultural
extension, ROTC training, the
student loan programs, a wide
range of scientific research, fed-
eral payments to land grant col-
leges and the like.
A resolution asking such restric-
tion was adopted in a conference
business session, 82-64.
There are about 1,700 college
officials attending the conference,
but most of them stayed away
from yesterday's business session.
David B. H., Martin, assistant
to the provost of Yale University,
who emphasized that he was
.speaking only as an individual, led
an unsuccessful floor fight against
Martin called the resolution a
shotgun approach, unwise, unde-
sirable, vague and uncertain, and
with a goal impossible to attain.
"This is an invitation to the
federal government to monitor the
admissions policies of every insti-
tution of higher learning in the
country," Martin said.
In an interview, Martin said he
strongly opposes any form of ra-
cial or religious discrimination, but
he called the resolution "complete-
To Continue Suppori
Of Collective Action
By SEATO Forces
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Secretary o
State Dean Rusk yesterday unveil
ed a new interpretation of Ameri
can foreign policy when he pro
claimed the United States will ac-
alone if necessary to defend Thal4
land against Communist aggres.
sion and indicated that this poli
cy would not be restricted to thi
He also said that United State
continues to support collective ac
tion within the Southeast Asia
His statement, issued jointl:
with Thailand's Poreign Minite:
Thanat Khoman, went a long wa:
to meet Thailand's fears that I
had no real assurances of def ens'
under SEATO unless all eight na
tions unanimously agreed.
The United States consultee
with its otherdAllies in the defen
pact-Britain, France, the Philip
pines, Pakistan, Australia and Ne
Zealand-before making the ne
pronouncement. ,- n
Heretofore SEATO actions ha
been governed by a rule of unan
imity agreed upon at the firs
SEATO Council of Ministers meet
ing, eight years ago.
In the case of indirect aggres
sion against Thailand, Rusk sait
that the United States regards It
SEATO commitments and its sep
arate economic and military ai
agreements as "providing an im
portant basis" for United Stat
actions to help Thailand.
Rusk citedsteps the Unite
States is now taking to help Sut
Viet Nam meet indirect aggressiox
from North Viet Nam.
In addition, the joint Unite
States-Thai communique pledge
a speedup in deliveries of Unite
States arms to Thailand "to th
greatest extent possible"
United States aid to Thaian
in the decade ending last June 3
totaled $632.6 million. Of this m
tary aid amounted to $341.6 an
economic assistance totaled $29
million. It has been running a
the rate of about $65 million le
In addition to three meeting
with Rusk, Shanat conferrd wit:
Secretary of Defense Robert E
McNamara and President John F
Kennedy during a three-day re
view of the situation in Southeai
'Thailand is the keystone c
SEATO defenses in Southeast Asi
and is headquarters for the SEA
TO secretary general.
Lately, the Thais, joined by th
Philippines and Pakistan, hav
claimed that SEATO is ruled by
"minority of two"-Britain an
By JUDITH BLEIER
As the major source to which
private industry and the federal
government look for new scien-
tists and new ideas, the University
faces very definite problems as the
home of basic research.
One of the primary difficulties
encountered is the problem of
proper management and utiliza-
tion of federal funds, Vice-Presi-
dent for Research Ralph A. Saw-
federal agencies tend to
make their financial grants for
individual projects of individual
professors," he notes. Yet the
schools would prefer to have the
money come to them, or to a de-
partment for distribution, rather
than to have it earmarked for a
particular purpose, he says.
But Sawyer, who is also dean
of the graduate school, feels the
present situation is likely to con-
tinie because Congress wants to
maintain specific control over what
is done with its research monies
and can avoid, in this manner, the
controversial issue of direct grants
Quarterly summaries of the
status of all current projects are
sent to the vice-president, he re-
The major part of federal sup-
port has been given to the physi-
cal and biological sciences, Sawyer
says. "Consequently the statement
is sometimes heard that the hu-
manities and arts, and perhaps to
some extent, the social sciences,
are withering on the vine."
Colleges must attempt to pre-
vent this from happening, he be-
lieves. "In general they can do
this by diverting some of their
own research funds released in the
sciences to the support of research
in the fine arts and humani-
ties . .
He notes that in spite of all the
money that has been put into the
physical and life sciences at the
University, "doctorate production
in the arts, languages and litera-
ture, and other humanities fields
has increased more than doctorate
production in the science fields
during the last ten years."
This "bigger interest in humani-
McKnight Stresses Press Responsibility
RALPH A. SAWYER
... basic research
dent for research before it is
transmitted to Washington.
"It is the policy of the Univer-
sity, except in the case of urgent
defense projects undertaken as a
service to the Defense Department,
to insist that research: projects
must be related to the research in-
By GAIL EVANS
American newspapers are facing
a challenge of irresponsible emo-
tionalism, Felix R. McKnight,
president of the American Society
of Newspaper Editors said yester-
"Remedies for irresponsibility
must originate with the American
press. We must blow the whistle on
those who endanger our being," he
"The shout from the far right
now labels us as 'the leftist press
that distorts the nation's image',"
the editor of The Dallas Times-
Herald said. But there is not a
paper in the country that wouldn't
fight for the welfare of the coun-
try, he maintained.
Loose and aimless talk has be-
come far too prevalent in this
c~ountry. Slogans and name-calling
servatives." McKnight won
"what has become of the
Astronaut John Glenn, a
American, made the country s
together with no thought of
servative or Liberal. He prov
the unity which the nation ni
He also said that the extre