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March 04, 1962 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-03-04

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JSSR Accuses Kennedy of Opening Nuclear Race

By The Associated Press
The Soviet Union accused Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy of opening
up a nuclear arms race, Red China
rushed to Moscow's support, some
nonaligned nations expressed re-
grets and United States ally Japan
showed annoyance.
But as Kennedy's speech on re-
sumption of United States nuclear
atmospheric tests echoed around
the world yesterday, America's
Atlantic alliance partners stood
firm behind the President's deci-

The official Soviet news agency
Tass said it smacked of blackmail
for Kennedy to announce new
United States tests in April unless
the Kremlin agreesto a nuclear
test ban with foolproof controls.
No Risk
Tass declared Kennedy "did not
risk anything, knowing very well
that the Soviet Union rejects the
system of inspection," which it
called "a system of espionage."
The rough tone of Soviet com-
ment on President Kennedy's nu-
clear test speech stirred Western

diplomats in Moscow to a feeling
of approaching crisis. It appeared
likely one Soviet reply to the Presi-
dent will be a new series of nuclear
Thundered the government
newspaper Izvestia: "It is self-evi-
dent that the Soviet Union will not
remain inactive in the face of the
new aggressive steps in the field of
atomic armament on the part of
the United States ard partners."
Red China's official New China
News Agency said Kennedy "made
it clear that he intends to use this

(atmospheric testing) as a threat
in an attempt to make the Soviet
Union yield to the proposal on
cessation of nuclear weapons tests,
advanced by the United States un-
der the guise of inspection."
First comments from the so-
called nonaligned nations was
critical. The government - owned
newspaper Al Mesaa of President
Abdul Nasser's United Arab Re-
public called Kennedy's decision
In New Delhi, a spokesman for
India's foreign ministry noted that

India objected to nuclear tests by
any nation.
Japan, the only nation ever to
be hit by an atomic bomb in war,
also protested new United States
Describes Fallout
In Washington, Secretary of De-
fense Robert S. McNamara said
the United States' testing program
"will result in but a small fraction
of radioactive contributions to the
world environment as compared to
the recently completed Soviet test

The amount of radioactivity re-
leased, he said, "will be limited to
a minimum and the cumulative
contribution will be significantly
less than the natural background
radiation within the environment."
The White House also said tele-
grams from the American public
on the decision to resume nuclear
testing are "split down the middle"
in opinion.
Almost 1,000 telegrams had been
received by yesterday morning in
response to President Kennedy's
nationwide broadcast:

Ruling Council Claims
Burmese Government
W Neutrality

Reds Debate Ideological Split

French Algerian Bomb
Destroys Police Records
ALGIERS (R)-'Two roaring explosions in the basement of
Algiers' heavily guarded French government general building set
fire to thousands of vital police records, last night.
No casualties were reported.
Authorities blamed the blasts on the outlawed secret army or-
ganization, which is trying to block Algerian independence.
The rubble of smaller explosions indicated that ammunition
stored in the basement was being set off by the fire. European

World News
By The Associated Press
HONOLULU - An Air Forc
plane caught a parachuted capsul
over the Pacific yesterday after it
had orbited the earth's poles fouz
days attached to a Discoverer 38
satellite rocket on a secret mis-
F'. BRAGG - Some enliste
men of a New Hampshire Nation-
al Guard unit were reported yes-
terday to have started a "hunger
strike" in hopes of learning when
they'll be released from active
TAIPEI-Lt. Liu Cheng-Sze of
the Red Chinese Air Force yester
day landed his Soviet-made MIG
15 jet fighter plane at Taoyuan
His defection with plane intact
the first that the Nationalist Chi
nese have, been able :to prove
brought favorable comment fron
President Chiang Kai-Shek ane
Formosan newspapers.
F. * * *
WASHINGTON - Netherland
Foreign Minister Joseph M. A. H
Luns said yesterday his talks wit]
United State§ officials have in
creased the prospect of direc
Dutch-Indonesian talks on thei
New Guinea 'dispute, and he adde
that Ambassador J. H. Van Roije
will continue the discussions at th
State Department.

" residents of the area gathered on
balconies to watch the firemen
and shout "Algerie Francaise."
National security forces kept
records on individuals in the base-,
ment. Most of the files were be-
lieved destroyed, by the explosions,
fire or water.
Officials said extremists appar-
e ently set off the basement bombs
e to destroy evidence that might
have been incriminating for mem-
bers of the secret army.
Climax Day
The blasts climaxed another
- bloody day of violence in Algeria.
At least 17 persons were killed
and more than 70 wounded.,
During the evening, a group of
- men claiming to represent the
secret army entered the Aletti
r Hotel, where most foreign news-
n paper correspondents stay, and
warned all Italian journalists to
leave the country within 24 hours
or face death.
Mikoyan Gets
, Cold Welcome
BERLIN (--The people of East
d Berlin received Soviet Deputy Pre-
mier Anastas I. Mikoyan in silence
yesterday-silence so deep it had
the appearance of a planned snub.
s The Communists drummed up
. thousands of spectators. But there
h were far from enough to fill the
- streets as Mikoyan drove through
t the city after arriving from Mos-
r cow.
d The Ulbricht regime had called
n on East Berliners to put out flags
e and give Mikoyan a hearty wel-

New Chiefs
Back Peace,
UN Charter
Former Premier
Remains in Prison
RANGOON, Burma (R) - Gen.
Ne Win's revolutionary council,
which toppled Premier U Nu's gov-
ernment in a lightning coup, de-
clared yesterday it intends to con-
tinue a neutral policy in foreign
Gen. Win, the army strongman
who says Communists are crimi-
nals, did not shift radically from
Nu's neutralist policies when he
took over the government once
before and ruled from 1958 to
However, he rescinded Nu's cut-
off of United States economic as-
sistance then and agreed to take
American aid for specific purposes.
Support Peace
The 17-member council, as dis-
tinguished from the eight anti-
Communist ministers forming Gen.
Win's military government, said it
would support world peace and
friendship and conduct foreign
policy in line with the United
Nations charter.
Gen. Win suspended parliament
Friday immediately after his coup.
Premier -Nu was arrested by a
squad of soldiers before dawn Fri-
day. He is still in a cell at the
army base at Mingaladon, 15 miles
from Rangoon, reliable sources
Faces Split
Nu, faced with a split in his
party and fearing a Communist
uprising, abruptly agreed to hand
the government over to Gen. Win
in September 1958.
After reorganizing the party and
winning an election in February
1960, Nu returned to power. Gen.
Win's coup this time obviously did
not have his sanction.
In explaining the reasons for
his latest coup, Gen. Win said
only he was seeking to check dis-
integration of the country, but it
appeared he was disquieted by a
decided leftist swing in Nu's par-
ty and the increasing demands of
Burma's minority peoples.

Associated Press News Analyst
TOKYO - Somewhere on the
Chinese mainland, Chairman Mao
Tze-Tung and the 191 most power-
ful men and women in Red China
-members and alternates of the
Communist Party Central Com-
mittee-apparently are locked in
a big debate.
Many outside China believe the
discussion centers around the
ideological differences between
Mao and Soviet Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev which have split the
12-nation Communist camp..
One of the decisions of Mao may
be pondering is whether to break
his long silence on Khrushchev's
theories of coexistence with the
West and the inevitable triumph
of communism without war.
May Resist
If he is acting true to form,
Mao may be resisting demands of
his colleagues that he speak out
sharply against Khrushchev. In a
lifetime of revolutionary activity
he often has opposed bitter be-
hind-the-scenes Moscow policies
May Resume
Steel Talks
WASHINGTON (M) - President
John F. Kennedy is expected to
get the broken-off steel labor ne-
gotiation going again far more
promptly than the May 1 date
suggested by the Steelworkers
It was indicated yesterday the
administration will insist the dis-
puting industry and union resume
talks in a week or two, perhaps in
New York or Washington instead
of Pittsburgh.
. Negotiations collapsed sudden-
ly Friday night in Pittsburgh in a

and dictates, but publicly he has
kept up the fiction that Moscow's
leadership always was wise, farsee-
ing and- right.
If Mao now openly comments,
through the Central Committee,
on the crisis in relations with
Khrushchev, the world will know
that the situation is indged seri-
Meeting Secret
No one can be sure what the
Central Committee is considering.'
Its meeting has not been announc-
ed, and is so secret that its locale
cannot be guessed.
There is little doubt that it is
in session, however, for.. one of its

tasks is to lay down the main
lines of the agenda for the. Na-
tional Peoples Congress, the rub-
ber stamp parliament which was
scheduled to meet tomorrow.
Now Peiping has announced a
postponement of ' the Congress
meeting until late March.
Mao, by postponing his Con-
gress, may be waiting to see which
way Khrushchev jumps before de-
ciding to speak out on the issue
that has boiled in the Communist
camp the last few months. If he
does decide to speak out it may be
in terms of a call for Communist


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