By MIKE BURNS
Sparked by Red Berenson's hat trick in the first period, the Mich-
igan hockey team smashed Denver 8-4 last night to move into the
WCHA playoff finals against Michigan Tech.
It was learned last night that Michigan and Michigan Tech will
'represent the WCHA in the NCAA finals March 15-17, although the
official announcement is still forthcoming. The two teams clash at
8 p.m. today, while Denver and Michigan State meet in the consola-
tions at 2 p.m. at the Coliseum.
Michigan scoring came in bunches last'night, as the Wolverines
scored four times in five minutes in the first period, twice within six
minutes in the second, and twice more within six seconds in the third
After center Maurice Oftebro gave Denver a 1-0 lead at 7:56 of
the first. period, Berenson and Michigan took over and broke the
Pioneers' backs with four goals in five minutes.
Berenson tallied the first of his three goals less than a minute
after Oftebro's score, when Wayne Kartusch passed to the redhead in
front of the Denver net at 8:48.
See ICERS, Page 6
Going into the final day of
competition, Michigan athletes ap-
peared to be faring well in the
Big Ten championships with a
chancesfor a possible three titles
and a second in the fourth meet.
The gymnasts appeared to be
on their way to a second con-
secutive crown at Columbus, plac-
ing 20 men in the finals com-
pared to 15 for Michigan State
and 12 for Illinois, the pre-meet
favorite. Illinois' Ray Hadley
copped the all-round title, but
Michigan placed Arno Lascari and
Gil Larose second and third.
At East Lansing, Wisconsin led
the field by placing 15 men in
the semi-finals, while Michigan
had 10. But the meet could go to
either school. MSU took first place
with a first place by Sherm Lewis
in the broad jump, the only event
Michigan wrestlers were also in
a tight duel for the title with Iowa.
Competing at Minneapolis, the
Hawkeyes send four men into the
championship finals today, one
more than the Wolverines. Each
team also has one man in the con-
Michigan and Iowa wrestlers
both had 13 points at the end of
yesterday's competition but the
Hawkeyes have a possible maxi-
mum of 57 points while Michi-
gan's best could be 47.
Captain Don Corriere, two-time
champion Fritz Kellermann; nd
Jack Barden gained champion-
ship berths, while Carl Rhodes
was in the consolations.
At Bloomington, defending
champion Indiana had things all
sewn up but Michigan was fight-
ing Ohio State and Michigan State
for runner-up honors. The Hoos-
iers had 120/, Michigan 76%z,
OSU 682 and MSU 61%/.
Last year, the Wolverines grab-
bed laurels in indoor track and
gymnastics, while placing second
in swimming and wrestling. In
Ann Arbor, the hockey team could
give Michigan a further bonus by
defeating Michigan Tech for the
Two defending team champions
will be dethroned, MSU in wrest-
ling and Denver in hockey. An-
other titlist, Michigan, appears
shaky in track while Indiana in
swimming and Michigan in gym-
nastics look like sure repeaters.
THEY STOPPED HIM THIS TIME, BUT-Michigan's Red Berenson didn't get this goal, but he
scored his ninth hat trick of the season last night by three times in a span of four minutes, 51 seconds
OSA STUDY AND
See Page 4
Cool in the morning.
Warmer temperatures tonight.
Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXII, No. 107 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
NSC Report Shows
Soviet Nuclear Gains
Kennedy Urges Test Ban Meeting
For Discussion with Khrushchev
WASHINGTON WP)-Warning against "aggressive designs" by
the Soviets should they win atomic superiority, President John F.
Kennedy announced last night a resumption of United States nuclear
tests in the atmosphere by late April unless Russia agrees by then
to a foolproof test ban.
Kennedy offered at the same time to meet Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev at Geneva to sign a test ban treaty if the
Reds will go ahead with this "monumental step toward peace" in
the first month of. the East-West Disarmament Conference starting
there March 14. The British government voiced its "entire agreement"
tin a communique saying renewed
C Singer Cites
By FRED RUSSELL KRAMER
"The resumption of nuclear
testing is a victory for the advo-
cates of a first-strike doctrine,"
Prof. J. David Singer of the Men-
tal Health'Research Institute said
Although recognizing the tech-
nical gains that testing would
make possible, he said these would
be of no importance if the nation
were to follow a policy of main-
taining an invulnerable defense
in conjunction with a pure sec-
ond-strike (retaliatory) capabil-
Prof. Singer viewed President
John F. Kennedy's decision as the
inevitable result of external and
Sign of Weakness
"The fear that the Soviets would
interpret a decision not to resume
testing as a sign of weakness and
the problem of setting a prece-
dent of letting the Russians 'get
away with it'," are examples of
this external pressure, he said.
He characterized the internal
pressure as coming from a "nu-
clear lobby" that is "hot for any-
thing that will keep their little
Referring to the President's of-
fer not to test if the Russians will
negotiate an enforceable arms
ban, Prof. Singer said this is mere-
ly an effort to win a propaganda
round by utilizing the standard
diplomatic ploy of giving a diffi-
cult initiative to the opposition.
In effect, "this hot potato has
been tossed into Khrushchev's cal-
The President's offer is an ul-
timatum, he said, which violates
the President's own statement that
negotiation cannot be carried out
under pressure and duress.
"'The decision to resume testing
is very disappointing," he added,
"especially if our long range ob-
ective is to get out of the arms
Prof. Singer noted that "just as
the Soviet decision to break the
test moratorium strengthened the
no-peace factions in our country,
our decision to follow suit will
strengthen the no-peace factions
testing, in the absence of a pact
with the Russians, is "necessary
to insure the preservation of free-
dom in the world.".
Warning with Promise
Speaking earnestly from a pre-
pared text, the President mixed a
warning of Soviet designs with
promises to hold dangerous radio-
active fallout from the tests to
And he stressed his treaty offer,
saying "it is our hope and prayer
that these, grim, unwelcome tests
will never have to be made."
Kennedy said that results of
exhaustive studies by United
States agencies, reviewed at a
final National Security Council,
meeting last Tuesday, showed the;
Soviet tests last fall could be a
springboard for swinging the a-,
tomic balance in the Communists'
'In, All Candor' 1
"I must report to you in all
candor," 'he said, "that furtherr
Soviet series, in the absence of1
further western progress, could
well provide the Soviet Union with
a nuclear attack and defense cap-
ability so powerful as to encourage1
He said United States unwilling-
ness to resume tests would be seen
by the Reds. as a sign of weakness
and fear, while testing could ac-
tually strengthen peace prospects1
by sei'ving notice on the Com-
munists that "the West will not
longer stand still" while Russia
Kennedy pinned directly ons
Khrushchev the responsibility for
bringing about United States test
resumption and the choice of halt-
ing the nuclear arms race.
"It is the leaders of the Soviet
Union," he said, "who must bear
the heavy responsibility of choos-
ing, in the weeks that lie ahead,
whether we proceed with these
(disarmament) steps-or proceed
with new tests."
"Our foremost aim is the con-
trol of force, not the pursuit of .
force, in a world made safe for
The President concluded that,
without the safeguard to Ameci-
can security of a nuclear test ban
treaty with "detection and verifi-
cation" controls to make it fuJy
effective against any violations,
the United States has no choice
By The Associated Press
LONDON-The British govern-
ment today gave full support to
the United States decision to re-
sume atmospheric nuclear tests.
But Japan, long opposed to such
tests, urged President John F.
Kennedy to reconsider the fact
Russia broke the atomic test mor-
atorium 'last fall.
Newspapers throughout Western
Europe saw the decision as an in-
evitable countermove in the Cold
Moscow, as expected, denounc-
ed the decision and charged the
United States with attempting to
deadlock the 18-nation disarma-
ment conference opening in Gene-
va March 14.
Meanwhile, Congress put its full
weight last night behind President
Kennedy's reluctant decision to
resume aerial nuclear tests.
Senate Democratic Leader Mike
Mansfield of Montana said that in
a White House meeting with the
President prior to Kennedy's tele-
vision-radio address, Republican
leaders joined with Democrats in
supporting the President's posi-
"The President has walked the
last mile and a little beyond in an
attempt to come to some solid
agreement based on inspection and
regulation of' nuclear testing and
disarmament," Mansfield said.
"In spite of the rebuffs from
the Russians, he has shown great
patience. The attitude of the So-
viet Union leaves no choice but to
do what he has done. If the Soviet
Union is still interested, there is+
still time to come to a foolproof
and lasting agreement."
Red Chinese Pilot
Defects to Taipei
TAIPEI (P)-A Chinese Com-
munist Air Force Lieutenant land-
ed his MIG- 15 plane today at a
Chinese Nationalist field near "
Taipei. The government radio said
the pilot, 2nd Lt. Liu Cheng Shin,
an apparent defector, gave him-
Ford Foundation Picks Hatcher
'SYMBOL OF PROGRESS':
c U' President A naly zes
Spae Flight Meaning,
University President Harlan Hatcher speaking at the annual
meeting of the Advisory Board of the Salvation Army described
the orbital flight of Col. John Glenn last week as being a "dramatic
symbol of man's progress on earth."
President Hatcher spoke to over 500 Army workers and guests
attending the annual meeting in the Masonic Temple. "We've had
a constant advance in the world of space, and knowledge of how
tto deal with it," he said. But, he
Navy Men End
WASHINGTON (R)-- One hun-
dred Navy volunteers came up
today after two weeks of isolation
in an underground fallout shelter.
The men were not told how long
they would be in the shelter, but
the Navy said most of them
guessed it would be two weeks.
They went underground Feb. 17.
A half-hour before the men are
due to emerge, Rear Adm. Peter
Corradi is to enter the shelter to
offer congratulations and, thank
them for volunteering. Then, at 11
a.m. EST, the test will end. Cor-
radi is chief of the Bureau of
Yards and Docks, which built the
After leaving the shelter, 75 of
the men are to be debriefed at
the Naval Medical Research In-
stitute in Bethesda, Md. The other
25 will undergo special medical
In its final report on the situa-
tion in the shelter, the Navy said
Thursday that morale was at a
declared, the United States must
not forget its obligations to the
peoples on earth.
President Hatcher said that the
United States must remember its
own foundations of freedom to
avoid a danger that it will become
known as a supporter of the op-
pressors of freedom in the newly
"Left to our own devices this
nation would pour out its treasure
to help the peoples of the world."
He praised education for lead-
ing the fight to promote peace,
understanding and the advance-
ment of knowledge.
"It is nothing short of amazing
to see the quiet revolution of your
sons and daughters," President
Making special mention of the
University's achievements in the
United States space effort, he
aoted that "dozens" of technical
problems surrounding Glenn's
flight were worked out here.
Samuel J. Lang, chairman of
the Advisory Board, was honored
at the meeting as the Army
"Board Member of the Year."
Mayor John Cavanagh of Detroit
and former Secretary of the Army
Wilber M. Brucker also addressed
the meeting. Governor John
Swainson sent his greetings via
HATCHER TOUR-President Harlan -Hatcher will visit Venezuela
and Peru to survey the possibility of extending the Ford program
Professor Gives Plan
To Improve Education
WASHINGTON (P)--A University professor told Congress yes-
terday how it could improve the quality of education at no cost to
the government or the taxpayer.
"All this Congress need do is pass a law which prohibits
attractive, intelligent females between the ages of 20 and 25 from
marriage and pregnancy," Prof. Ned A. Flanders of the education
school said. Flanders was one of several educators appearing before
"a House Education Subcommittee
in support of the administration's
$747 million program to improve
the quality of education. But he
said it was too bad his marriage
ar Oand baby ban couldn't be passed.
"Among our most intelligent
education students," he said, "four
phasis from purely secondary com- out of five females, and one out
mercial activities to basic economic of two males, will not be in
improvements. classrooms three years after grad-
"Heretofore, the American em- uation. We lose the women to
phasis was upon trade and the ex- men, and the men to industry."
traction of raw materials. We are Noting that the Administra-
now seeking to contribute to the tion program calls for scholar-
development of the African econo- ships for "excellent teachers,"
mies, instead of merely contribut- Prof. Flanders said"'this is a wise
ing to the exploitation of raw c e
Returning to "slavism" and He added that "it is the excel-
colonialism, Prof. Bretton said that lent teacher who suffers most
before Europeans came, there was from lack of time, not the average
'some tribal warfare in Africa, with or below average. Time is needed
tribes making slaves of prisoners. just to think about how to im-
By MICHAEL HARRAH
University President and Mrs.
Harlan Hatcher will travel to
Venezuela and Peru on a month-
long tour for the Ford ;Founda-'
tion beginning March 10.
As head of the Ford delegation,
this will be President Hatcher's
second such tour for the Ford
Foundation. He visited Soviet Rus-
sia in this capacity in the spring
Accompanying the Hatchers will
be Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute
President Ernest Weber, Brookings
Institute Director Field Haviland
of Washington and Ford Foun-
dation associate Robert S. Wick-
The delegation is charged with
exploring opportunities for possi-
ble Ford Foundation assistance in
both Venezuela and Peru. They
will survey universities, research
institutes, government agencies
and private organizations con-
cerned with economic and social
The Foundation made special
note that, while the delegation will
make its survey bearing in mind
possible assistance to President
John F. Kennedy's Alliance for
Progress, the study' will be in no
way connected with the United
Recommendations will be made
in relation with the Foundation's
Overseas DIevelopment Program of
Latin America and the Caribbean,
which is currently operating in
Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Chile,
the West Indies Federation and
various Central American nations.
President Hatcher visited the
Soviet Union in 1959 on a primar-
ily educational mission. At that
time he set forth his hope to ac-
complish two purposes:
1) To keep alive cooperation be-
tween the two nations, and
2) To investigate educational
possibilities in general.
The objectives of the Latin
American tour will be similar.
President Hatcher's definite
itinerary has not yet been dis-
MEA To Support
State Income Tax
Bretton Refutes 'Dark Continen
By ROBERT SELWA
Has Africa been a dark conti-
"Not really," Prof. Henry L.
Bretton of the political science
department says. A specialist in
studies of the continent for eight
years, he returned last month from
his third visit to Africa.
"Africa has been a dark conti-
nent only in the eyes of the West.
There was fundamentally nothing
unique in the development of
African cultures until they were
affected by outsiders," he empha-
went on, Prof. Bretton commented.
But they hold Americans responsi-
ble for having contributed to the
perpetuation of colonial systems in
Africa after World War I, he said.
"Some of us were involved in
monetary enterprises in the Congo,
Liberia, Kenya, the Union of South
Africa, and Rhodesia," he noted.
But "we are moving away from
this," he continued.
"The Kennedy administration
is making concerted efforts to alter
our, position so as to eliminate
colonialism and the remnants of