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February 28, 1962 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-02-28

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Seventy-Second Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSrY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY Or BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where Opnions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. " ANN ARBOR, MICH. " Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"--And This Is Our Own Little Tracking Operations Room"'

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
'Grave Misconceptions'
On UN University

AY, FEBRUARY 28, 1961

NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAIL HARRAH

Out-of-State Students:
Whom Do They Hurt?

VARIOUS MEMBEI S of the University com-
munity have damned legislators for prob-
ng the aspect of out-of-state students and even
for attempting to limit their numbers at Mich-
.gan's state-supported colleges and universities.
But at last, with the release of the Legis-
ative Audit Commission Report, it becomes
apparent that the lawmakers may have some
basis for their opposition.
ESSENTIALLY the problem is this: Little
Johnny Jones, son of a constituent of Rep.
Smith, is rejected by the University, though
he was a 'C' student in high school. The Joneses
:omplain to Rep. Smith' that Johnny wasn't'
accepted and demand an explanation.
Rep. Smith reports that the University re-
eives more' applications than it has places
or. Consequently, many applicants must be
ejected.
However, the Joneses are friends of the
3rowns, who live in New York. The Browns
eport that their little Susie was accepted at
he University. Susie is an all 'A' student.
The Joneses are incensed. Here they are,
>aying taxes to support the University, with
he threat of a staggering 31/2 per cent in-
.ome tax hanging over their heads, and little
ohnny can't even get in to benefit from all
he money. Yet little Susie, whose parents
Lon't pay a cent in taxes to Michigan's coffers,
ets in.
The Joneses go screaming to Rep. Smith,
rho, to get them off his neck, starts an
nvestigation. He finds' that fully one-third of
11 the students at the University are not
rom Michigan. 7500 people living off the tax-
ayers benevolence, as it were.
Anxious to keep the support of the Joneses,
n order to get re-elected, Rep. Smith carries
us complaint to the floor of the House, and
here the controversy rages for another year,

UT THERE'S MORE to it than that. When
the time comes to decide how much money
appropriate for the University each year,
ilversity officials plead for more money.
om the lawmakers' point of view, one-third of
is money would go toward the education
out-of-state students. This one-third comes
>m the pockets of Michigan taxpayers and
es to the benefit of someone who couldn't
re less about Michigan. To the lawmaker,
ring to make ends meet, this doesn't ring
ae.
So Rep. Smith inquires: "Do these out-of-
te students pay for themselves?" And to
; layman's ear, all he gets is double-talk:
,ome do; some don't." So he takes it for
anted that they don't.
rhen he compares some statistics: The Uni-
rsity has 33 per cent out-of-state students,
ereas most of the other state-supported
pools are below 10 per cent.
O REP. SMITH suggests that out-of-state
tuitions be raised to the point where all
t-of-state students pay for themselves. The
iools look aghast, not wishing to violate the
nciple of low-cost, high-quality education.,
[hen Rep. Smith asks the, reasons for hav-
out-of -state students. Ie is told that they
lake for a cosmopolitan atmosphere; they
se the general academic level." And again,,
all Greek to him.
Basically this is a communications problem.
~ENGECops and.
REVENGEIS SWEET. And students .now
* have the opportunity to get back at those
n Arbor policemen who seem to spend most
their time giving out jaywalking tickets to
hed students.
t all began in the fall' of 1960 when Jona-
n Rose, '64, received a $1 jaywalking ticket.
ien he took a look at it, he soon found
it it offered no clear opportunity to plead

The University has failed to clarify to the
public and the lawmakers just why one-third
out-of-state students (or any other percentage,
for that matter) is good for the' University.
And too the Legislature has failed to com-
municate to the University just why it should
make any difference anyway.
BUT PERHAPS the matter will soon be clari-
fied. According to Rep. Allison Green, the
Legislative Audit Commission is currently in-
vestigating the percentage of out-of-state stu-
dents at other prominent state universities
around the country. However the commission
must be aware of just what constitutes an
out-of-state student.
The University is quite strict about it. (Some
schools such as MSU, are not.) According to
the present constitution, no one gains or loses
residence while a student or in the army. The
Unixersity complies strictly with that axiom,
and so should the commission wlen they
evaluate the enrollments at other schools.
The commission should also determine just
how many Michigan residents are being denied
entrance into Michigan state-supported schools.
This fact has never been determined. If, indeed,
qualified resident applicants are being turned
away, then some corrective action is clearly in
order. But if all residents are being absorbed,
or if there is room for them somewhere in'
the system, then the problem is not nearly so
crucial.
It should also be duly noted that out-of-state
students do pay three times as much for the
same amount of education as a resident. In
a state that is as sorely strapped for funds
as Michigan, everyone should take a long look
before they scuttle some $500 per student for
every out-of-stater they ?don't take,
BUT THE CONTROVERSY has gone far
enough. A simple disagreement has been
thoroughly maligned and misinterpreted until
the real issues have been lost. It should be
clear that if all Michigan's students are being
absorbed satisfactorily and if out-of-state
students are paying a satisfactory sum for
their keep, then the problem is resolved.
But some of the responsibility rests with
the schools themselves. Just because Johnny
doesn't get into the University doesn't justify
his protest to Rep. Smith unless he can't get
into any of the rest of Michigan's schools
either.
Practically speaking, the various schools have
an obligation to pass their rejected applications
around to others in the system. Therefore, when
Johnny is rejected by the University, his ap-
plication should automatically be forwarded to
MSU. Whether or not he went there, should
he be accepted, would be his own choice.
Legislatures have argued that some 11,000
more students come into Michigan's schools
than go to other states from Michigan. How-
ever if all Michigan students are satisfactorily
educated somewhere along the line, this influx
is a compliment to the quality of our schools
and should not be discouraged.
As IT STANDS NOW, however, Lansing and
Ann Arbor are engaged in what may be
a needless dispute, and it is to the credit of
Rep. Green and the audit commission that
they are trying to do something about it.
-MICHAEL HARRAH
Jaywalkers
innocent. Neither did tickets for any other
minor violations.
Angry, he hired an attorney and prepared
for a court fight. His attorney was going to
demand that the ticket be dropped because a
citizen receiving one was not informed of
his constitutional right to plead innocent and
was thus being deprived of his property without
due process of law. City officials were upset,
and last November, finally settled it by chang-
ing the tickets by adding a line informing the
recipient that he could plead innocent. In re-
turn, Rose pleaded guilty and paid his original
fine.
EVERYBODY immediately involved was satis-
fied. Rose can say that justice was done
because the tickets now tell people about their
rights. And the city can rest easy since there
is no ruling on the constitutionality of the

old tickets and hence there is no need to refund
all the money taken in through these tickets
over the last few years.
But there is another justice to be served.-
It's time that students objected to the idiocy
of jaywalking (tickets. Michigan law permits
crossing against 'a light if traffic is clear. Why
should students get tickets at 10 p.m. when
crossing a perfectly deserted street? Certainly
the police have more important functions than,
to stand for an hour at a time handing out
jaywalking tickets.
One student has protested an obvious legal
injustice, and won. Among other things, he
has won for others the clear possibility to plead
innocent to jaywalking charges. Now, perhaps,
by bringing protests and pressures to bear
"nv +h a 'nnl4nn na +ha nnm.+c, ciATn+ 'nnv hP

To the Editor:
IN HER EDITORIAL on the UN
University, Miss Pash very per-
ceptively indicated major problems
the University would have to sur-
mount, in its inception. Unfortun-
ately, Miss Pash came to the
seminar on the UN University's
Faculty of Arts and Sciences with
several grave and uninformed mis-
conceptions.
First of all, the seminars are
designed to raise questions and
indicate areas requiring further
study. At each seminar there are
eminent faculty members serv-
ing as "resource persons" who,
with graduate and undergraduate.
students, have presented evidence
to present and counter disagree-
ments on various points. It is the
purpose of the discussions to raise
the very .issues Miss Pash did,
study them, and arrive at pos-
sible solutions.
The United Nations, not ACWR,
will decide whether a United Na-
tions University is feasible. The
third draft report, "A United Na-
tions University," outlines the
blueprint of a reality that could
come to exist: it does not designate
what the structure and content
of the University must be, but
suggests directions of content and
curriculum in accord with the
objectives of the University..
After faculty and student ideas
and papers have been coordinated
and refined, after national and
international conferences, after
there is international support and
demand for a United Nations Uni-
versity, then these ideas will be
presented to the United Nations.
At that time, their experts-and
not the ,myopic Miss Pash-will
decide whether the establishment
of a United Nations University is
feasible and desirable.
-Joan Schloessinger, '63
Feasible..
To the Editor:
A UNITED NATIONS University
,s.feasible .if enough good
people go, to work on it. Miss
Pash in The Daily pointed out
some of the difficulties in trans-
cending an ethnocentric educa-
tion. Should we therefore be con-
tent' with one? How "feasible is
that? The troubles that the need
for research on world peace, con-.
flict control and economic devel-
opment and for a universally
minded youth is pressing. Why not
a world university?
Already the campus group work-
ing on a UN University has pro-
duced a document, available on
request, which goes into the prac-
tical, problems. The work is re-
ceiving support from students,
faculty and public officials. in-
cluding Chester Bowles. The As-
sociation for Commitment to
World Responsibility invites the
reader to examine the detailed
work already accomplished by
students and faculty for the UN
University .v
-Bill Livant
Strauss House ..
To the Editor:
THE IMPORTANT issue in the
trial brought by the East Quad-
rangle Council against the Strauss
House government was whether

'U' AUTO POLICY:
Morals, Airplanes and Parking Lots

By ROBERT WAZEKA
Daily Staff Writer
WHEN the remarkable new
Horseless Carriage first ap-
peared on Ann Arbor streets early
in the century, it caused no stir
among engineers of University
policy.
But soon students began driving
cars, and eventually the University
was compelled to make a state-
ment of opinion. In October of
1922, President M. S. Burton
wrote parents:
"... your son or daughter would
be much better off without the use
of an automobile in Ann Arbor.
The possession of cars by stu-
dents too often leads to a serious
waste of time, to the growth of
many forms of extravagance, and
to an increase in practices which
. .. involve a serious moral risk."
Automobiles were still new and
mysterious in those times. People
hadn't yet learned to adjust their
lives to include the presence of
the automobile, and'superstition
still prevented many people from
driving.
* * *
IN 1923, The Michigan Daily
pointed out one of the serious
impacts of cars: more and more,
students were coming to prefer
automobile riding to canoeing.
Said the Michigan Alumnus:
".It cannot be denied that, some
students depend upon their cars
to an absurd extent, but it is
still true that there has been no
visible decreasehin the amount
of walking for walking's sake."
Auto accidents, not yet an
everyday phenomenon, were a
serious concern. The death of five

University students in cars within
a two-year period shook the
Regents, impelling them to order
the registration of automobiles and
to restrict the use of cars to
juniors and seniors who were
scholastically eligible.
MEANWHILE, the car question
had become big on campuses
across the nation. Administrators
at Princeton and Illinois imposed
complete automobile bans in spite
of violent student objections. The
Daily Princetonian labeled the
University officials as "sedentary
epicureans" and the entire Stu-
dent Council resigned.
On June 17, 1927, the Michigan
Regents took action. No student
could drive a car while in resi-
dence of the University. Only a
few exceptions could be made by
the Dean of Students, in cases
of extreme necessity.
The students protested. While
the Student Council resolved and
debators orated, other students
roller skated in front of the Ad-
ministration building. The Daily
and the Inter-Fraternity Council
launched a joint attack on the
ruling.
Other students sought legal
loopholes to escape the ban while
State Attorney General W. W.
Porter assured everyone that the
ban was constitutional. The Dean's
office issued a statement which
said that the employment' of
chauffeurs by students was illegal.
One student brought an airplane
to campus and the University ex-
tended its ban to include air-
planes as well as automobiles.

i

the residents of a house, repre-
senting the Quadrangle Council's
irresponsible spending on their
Snowflake Ball, have the right
to boycott that dance by privately
buying their own refreshments to
enhance the open-open house held
that same evening.
In deciding that the Strauss
House government was guilty, the
East Quadrangle Judiciary un-
animously conceded that the de-
fendant was "uninvolved"-in the
alleged illegality, but then assert-
ed that this fact along with the
question of whether the party was
organized or unorganized, open or
closed to non-residents was "ir-
relevant."
Thus, it must be that the Quad-
rangle Council's power to harass,
fine and punish those who protest
its policies is all but unlimited-
for how else can one interpret a
ruling that punishes a disgusted
house government for not sus-
pending its disgruntled residents'
right to privately spend the even-
ing in their own house enjoying
their own simple and inexpensive
refreshments?
--John Roza,'64
Sinking Ship ... ,
To the Editor:
S POINTED OUT by David
Marcus last week, the Wash-
ington peace marchers have had
no discernible effect on the na-
tion's policy. We should examine
the reasons for this failure.
One reason is in their leader-
ship. The same individuals have
been involved in peace demon-
strations for years and have be-
come inflexible. After all, if two
groups can not come to agreement,
the leaders of each must share
the responsibility for the deadlock.
The peace marchers need younger,
more flexible leadership.
A second, more important,
cause of failure lies in their slo-
gans. When one action grou ,
would confront an administrator
with "Better Dead Than Red" he
would reply "Better Brave Than
Slave." Obviously an impasse was
reached. People were saying dif-
ferent things.
To break the impass we should
try to get both sides to say the
same thing. If we can find a
dramatic new slogan that both
sides can use we will have taken
the all important first step!
I have discovered such a slogan:
"Better Pink Than Sink'. . . It is
not as far to the left as "Better
Red Than Dead." (It would make
agreement easier if both sides
repeated the slogan in Esperanto,
the universal language, but for
the benefit of those who do not
speak Esperanto, I have trans-
lated the slogan into English-one
step forward at a time.)
In the future when a peace
marcher confronts an administra-
tor, waves a sign, and proclaims
"Better Pink Than Sink," the
administrator will smile cheer-
fully and say, "Yes, Better Pink
Than Sink'" and continue with
his work.
It is easy to see how this im-
portant step forward can lead to
a worable solution to the' whole
range of problems confronting our
nation and the world.
-Richard PhiMps

STUDENT RESENTMENT per-
sisted, but decreased in intensity.
With the appointment of Walter
B. Rea in the early 1930's as
assistant Dean of Men in charge
of automobile registration, a grad-
ual liberalization of the auto reg-
ulations began.
The number of special driving
permits for events such as J-Fop
and Homecoming increased. Fin-
ally, in 1931, students over the
age of 28 were exempted from the
ban. The age limit was reduced to
26 the next year.
* *
THE NEXT 20 years brought no
major changes in the regulations.
The Daily fought doggedly, but
sporadically for a change. Once
Daily editors, who had followed
the police until late at night 'to
investigate the quality of traffic
enforcement, were jailed until the
incident was explained.
Parking soon emerged as a
major problem. The' University
opened two new parking lots in
1947 and drew up plans for the
future, but , lots were already
scarce and new parking facilities
couldn't be built fast enough.
In the early Fifties police be-
gan hauling illegally parked cars
into the street and increasing
the number of parking tickets.
* * *
ON SEPT .23,' 1952, with park-
ing still a prime concern for Ui-
versity officials, the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs made a study of com-
plete removal of the ban. A stu-
dent vote on Nov. 20 of the same
year showed 2,702 students favor-
ing complete removal of The ban,
2,840 favoring modification, and
1,782 preferring the status quo.
Student pressures increased
when Illinois and Michigan State
removed their bans in 1953 and
1954 respectively, leaving Michi-
gan as the only Big Ten school
to have an auto ban.
On Nov. 11, 1955, the Student
Legislature proposed a plan which
would lower tle age limit to 21.
The University voted the plan
into effect for 'Sept. 1, 1956, but
also increased the registration fee,
covering the cost of. parking fa-
cilities, to $7.
AUTOMOBILE regulations were
again changed on Sept. 1 of last
year to allow seniors, as well as
those 21 or over, to have full driv-
ing privileges.
Thus the University's auto policy
has shown a considerable amount
of flexibility. It has demonstrated
a slow, but realistic appraisal of
a rapidly-expanding industrial so-
ciety, an unusual thoroughness
and completeness, and nearly al-
ways, a genuine consideration for.
student opinion.
TOMORROW-
Why Auto Regulations?
L ippmann,
CONSISTENCY, to be sure, has
not been (Walter Lippmann's)
most characteristic quality. He has
been known to oscilate between
extremes of optimism and pessi-
mism after trips to Europe.

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Castro and Castroism

L
E
r
r '
1
1

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Socialist Strike
HE RECENT strike in Britain points up
two of the many inherent weaknesses of
ialism.
lien there's a management-labor dispute
ler socialism, the conflict is one of govern-
nt vs. citizen. There is inherent danger in
zens striking against their government in
y form, although the British strikes were
; as serious as those in France, for example.
b there is at least a psychological basis for,
tlier trouble. The government is not on the
e of the laborer; it is an opponent as much
it is a representative embodiment of the
ple and their ideas.
HE SECOND weakness is much more con-
crete. As labor affairs now operate in the
ited States, two giants - business and un-
s - are waging an economic battle. If,
ngs get so bad that a settlement seems
possible, or the economic security of the
rkers and the country as a whole is threat-
d, then the government can step in as a
ztral conciliator.
-'7..A...-

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity i of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in , TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days p.receding
publication.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 28
General Notices
Hopwood Awards: Petitions to the
Hopwood Committee must be in the
Hopwood Room (1006 Angel Hall) by
Thursday, March 1.
Awards Under The Fulbright-Hays
Act for University Lecturing and Ad-
vanced Research have been announced,
for 1963-64 in Australia, New Zea-
land, the countries of South and South-
east Asia, and Latin America. Those
applying must be U.S. Citizens; for
lecturing must have at least one year
of college or university teachinig ex-
perience; and for research a doctoral
degree at the time of application, or
recognized professional standing, Appli-
cation forms may be obtained from the
CONFERENCE BOARD OF ASSOCI-
ATED RESEARCH COUNCILS, Commit-
tee on International Exchange of Per-
sons, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W.,
Washington 25, D.C. Deadline for filing
an application for1 these countries is
April 15, 1962. Further information may
be obtained at the Fellowship Office,
Room 110, Graduate School,
Events Wednesday
Challenge seminar, Feb. 28, "The Uni-
versity as a Community," Prof. Max
Wingo, School of Education, 7:30, Hon-
ors Lounge. UGLI.

Sociology Colloquium: vernon Dibble,
Dept. of Sociology, University of Chi-
cago, will speak on "Four Types of In-
ference from Documents to Events,"
Wed., Feb. 28, from 4:15-5:30 p.m. in
Auditorium "C" of Angell Hall.
Botanical Seminar: Dr. Eric Hulten,
Botanical Dept., Naturhistoriska Riks-
museet, Stockholm, will speak on, "The
Distribution of Circumpolar Plants,"
Wed., Feb. 28, at 4:15 p.m. in Rm. 1139,
Natural Science Bldg. Tea served at
4 p.m.
Events Thursday
Doctoral Recital: Alexander Boggs
Ryan, organist, will present a degree;
recital on Thursday, March1, 8:30 p.m.,
Hill Auditorium. Open to the public.
Applied Mathematics Seminar: Prof.
Robert Ritt will speak on "Evolution
of an Inhomogeneous Plasma and As-
sociated High Frequency Electro-mag-
netic Radiation" Thurs., March 1, at 4
p.m. in Rm. 246 WestEngineering.
Refreshments will be served in Rm.
274 West Engineering at 3:30 p.m.
Placement
PLACEMENT INTERVIEW, Bureau of
Appointments - Seniors and graduate
students, please call Ext. 3544 for inter-
view appointments with the following:
WED., FEB. 28-TODAY
HotelCorp. of America, Boston, Mass.
MEN graduating in Gen'1 Liberal Arts
or Bus. Admin. for Mgmt. Training,
Sales Trng., Promotion & Finance in
expanding organization, Various loca-
tidns at major luxury hotels through-
out U.S., primarily on Eastern Sea-
board.

By WALTER LIPPMANN
THE CASTRO PROBLEM is how'
to deal with a hostile regime
without using military' force to
overthrow it. Castro has no avow-
ed and quite certainly no genuine
sympathizers and supporters
among the governments of the
American republics. But there has
been an /important division of
view as to what it is . wise and
expedient to do about him.
The division, as we have learned,
is between the republics which
lie on the shores of the Carrib-
bean facing Cuba and, with the
rath'er special exception of Mex-
ico, the big countries of South
America which are a long way
by sea or land from the troubled
Carribbean.
* * *
I WOULD VENTURE a guess
that this geography explains the
theoretical differences between the
so-called soft and hard positions.
The Caribbean countries, which
have' taken the hard line, are
physically within reach of Cuba.
The distances by sea and air are
fairly. short, and it is rather easy
for Castro's revolutionists to in-
filtrate countries around the
Caribbean, to do gun-running to
local rebel bands among them.'
But the big South American
countries, which are separated
from Cuba in the Caribbean by
the Andes Mountains, the jungles,
and the great hump of Brazil, are
not directly threatened by armed
intervention. For them the danger

with the legend of Castroism, the
legend ,that Castro is the friend
of the poor.
* * *
THE "SOFT" GROUP of gov-
ernments have acted as they hiave
acted not because they want to
help Castro, and not because they
are afraid, to anger him, but be-
cause they know that legends are
not destroyed by strong adjectives.
The legend would not be dissolved
by breaking diplomatic relations
and driving Castro entirely into
the underground. The legend
would not be destroyed by eco-
nomic embargoes especially since
Cuba has no important trade with
Latin America.
WHAT WE really needed, and
perhaps have gotten, from the
Punte del ,Este conference, is that
a preponderant majority of our
American neighbors state clearly
that Castro and Castroism are
hostile to the inter-American sys-
tem. When that. is achieved, the
practical question of what to do
about Castro is not a matter of
words or of sanctions. It is a
matter of coordinated and co-
operative counter-espionage in
this' hemisphere. That must be
largely a secret operation in order
to identify and frustrate subver-
sive agents. It cannot be done
with a brass band and a television
camera but only by close working
arrangements among the govern-
ments.
Effective counter-espionage can
deal with Castro's interventions in

I

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