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February 27, 1962 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-02-27

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

t Bans Segregation
I U.S._Transportation

GENEVA CONFERENCE:
Macmillan Favors Summit

-AP Wirephoto
ALGERIAN VICTIM-One of the six Moslems slain yesterday by
European terrorists lies on the Rue Michelet in the heart of
Algiers. Fears of an all-out rightist campaign grew as a settle-
ment to the long Algerian war seemed near.

ALGIERS-Violence mounted in Algiers yesterday as settlement
of this seven-year old war reached a climax.
In Tripoli, Libya, informed sources said the National Council
for Algerian Revolution, the rebel government's parliament, is
expected to approve peace terms with France today.
In Algiers, a battalion of infantry and three squadrons of mobile
guardsmen-about 1,000 men in all-moved into the heart of the
city after yesterday morning's
savage wave of killings. Soldiers
Com m ittee lined the Aue Micheiet, a street
of expensive shops and cafes,
" where crowds of Europeans stroll-
ed, disregarding shots, screaming
ambulances and bloodstains on the
sidewalk.1
WASHINGTON UP)-A Senate European gunmen swooped down
subcommittee decided yesterday to in three waves on the heart of
stay away from the Congo lest its the city, shooting indiscriminately
presence there interfere with nego- in the crowds of Moslems.
tiations to unify the country. While violence reigned in Al-
The decision was announced by giers, the government's chief rep-
Sen. Albert Gore (D-Tenn), chair- resentative in Algeria, Jean Mor-
man of Ithe Senate Foreign ela- in, summoned some 30 officials of
tions Subcommittee on African Algeria's regional and departmen-
Affairs. tal councils to explain the gist
He made public a cablegram in of accords with the Moslem Na-
which the subcommittee declined tionalist rebels.
an invitation by Katanga Presi-

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS - Soviet
Chief Delegate Valerian A. Zorin
voiced hope yesterday thata com-
ing United Nations meeting on
outer space would lay the ground-
work for Soviet-United States co-
operation in that field.
w * *
TUNIS-Tunisian officials said
yesterday that French planes sup-
ported by an artillery bombard-
ment attacked Tunisian soil for
two hours early Sunday.
* * *
DUBLIN - The underground
Irish Republican Army dumped its
arms and announced last night it
has quit its war of terror to unite
Ireland.
COLOMBO, Ceylon-Sirimavo
Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of
Ceylon, yesterday announced the
retirement of Gov. Gen. Sir Oliver
Goonetilleke, whose name was
mentioned in a recent attempted
revolt.
He will be replaced by William
Goppallawa, ambassador to the
United States.
* * *
BAL HARBOUR, Fla.-The AFL-
CIO accused steel companies yes-
terday of stalling in their nego-
tiations for new contracts with
workers.
The union's executive council
approved a resolution at the final
session of a one-week meeting de-
manding that steel employers
"step up their social responsibili-
ties" in the negotiations.
* * *
NEW YORK-The stock market
slumped again yesterday on the
lightest trading in two weeks.
The loss on average, however,
was sharp-an estimated $1.9 bil-
lion in quoted values of stocks
listed on the exchange, based on
the fall in the Associated Press
average.
OTTAWA-Prime Minister John
Diefenbaker said yesterday his
government hopes to have nuclear
weapons for use by Canadian
troops if a nuclear war breaks out.
Diefenbaker was replying in
Commons to questions by oppo-
sition leader Lester B. Pearson.
* * *
VIENNA - Albania's premier,
Mehmet Shehu, has appealed to
his Communist-ruled people to
"cling to your guns and be ready
to fight" Soviet pressure.
Radio Tirana reported Sunday
night that Shehu, at a congress of
collective workers, also accused
Premier Nikita S. Khrushdhev of
"imposing a trade blockade upon
our country."
Castro Shows Up;
Ends Speculation
Cuban Premier Fidel Castro
ended speculation about his
whereabouts Sunday by appearing
in public for the first time in 13
days at a double-header baseball
game at Havana's Latin American
Stadium.

Trace Case
To Southern
Bus Riders
Affects Interstate,
Intrastate Service
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The Supreme
Court ruled yesterday that all ra-
cial segregation in transportation
facilities is unconstitutional.
In a unanimous, unsigned opin-
ion, the court specified its past
decisions on racial matters in the
transportation field are as bind-
ing on travel within a state as on
travel between states.
"We have settled 'beyond ques-
tion that no state may require ra-
cial segregation in interstate or
intrastate transportation facili-
ties," toie Court said.
Non-Litigable Issue
"The question is no longer open;
it is foreclosed as a litigable is-
sue."
Yesterday's ruling traced in-
directly to the arrest and prose-
cution of about 220 freedom riders
in Jackson, Miss. The riders, both
Negroes and whites, were arrest-
ed and prosecuted on charges of
disturbing the peace because they
went to waiting rooms reserved for
white persons.
The freedom riders, however,
were not directly involved in the
case disposed of yesterday.
Negroes File Appeal
This action was initiated by
three Negroes who sought to halt
the prosecution of Freedom Rid-
ers, although they themselves had
not been threatened with arrest.
The attempt to prohibit state
and city officials from enforcing
segregation under state and lo-
cal laws was originally heard in
a special three - judge Federal
court, last Nov. 17. The three
judges rejected their plea, ruling
that the case should first be heard
in state courts.
Reverses Decision
The Supreme Court reversed this
decision, saying that, as passen-
gers forced to use segregated fa-
cilities, the plaintiffs are aggriev-
ed parties and entitled to their
right to use non-segregated facili-
ties.
Kennedy Asps
Corps Boost
WASHINGTON (P) - President
John F. Kennedy said yesterday
overwhelming response to the
Peace Corps program makes ex-
pansion necessary and desirable.
He asked Congress for more mon-
ey for this purpose.
Kennedy called for passage of
legislation that would authorize
$63 million for the corps in the
fiscal year starting July 1. Last
year he asked for $40 million.
Congress appropriated $30 million.
The added funds would permit
an increase from $2,400 to 6,700 in
Peace Corps volunteers.

LONDON (Ate-Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan yesterday made
a spring summit conference almost
a certainty-so far as he is con-
cerned.
He told Soviet Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev he would go to such
a parley even if forthcoming dis-
armament talks bog down.
The British leader insisted in a
letter to Moscow, as President
John F. Kennedy did Sunday, that
foreign ministers start the 18-
nation negotiations on disarma-
ment opening in Geneva March
14.
But Macmillan kept the summit
idea alive even while he rejected
Khrushchev's proposal that the
18-power talks be kicked off at
the highest level.
Two situations might arise
which would make a summit meet-
ing fruitful, Macmillan wrote
Khrushchev.
"The first is if the (disarma-
ment) conference is making satis-
factory and definite progress. In
such a case a meeting of the
heads of government might well
serve to consolidate what had been
achieved and to make a further
step towards an actual agree-
ment," he said.
Glenn Talks
To Congress
WASHINGTON (P)-Astronaut
John H. Glenn Jr., honored as
few men have ever been honored,
declared yesterday that America's
strides in space point to a bril-
liant future.
Brought here by President John
F. Kennedy to accept the nation's
homage, America's first man to
orbit the Earth gave a picture of
what can lie ahead in a speech to
a joint meeting of the Senate and
House.
"We are just probing the surface
of the greatest advancements of
man's knowledge of his surround-
ings that have ever been made,"
Glenn declared.
Congress Cheers
The Senators and Representa-
tives representatives received him
tumultuously, cheering as had
thousands of rain-soaked citizens
who lined Pennsylvania Avenue to
watch Glenn
Glenn made a point of calling
attention to the different ap-
proaches used by the Russians
and Americans working to un-
cover the mysteries of space. Not-
ing that the American orbital shot
was conducted openly before rep-
resentatives of nations around the
world, Glenn said:
"This is certainly in sharp con-
trast with similar programs con-
ducted elsewhere in the world and
elevates the peaceful intent of our
program."
Possible Medal
Senate sources said advice from
defense department and national
space agency may figure impor-
tantly in whether Glenn receives
the medal of honor for his space
flight. He has already received a
medal from NASA.
Acting Secretary - General U
Thant has invited Glenn to visit
the United Nations Thursday to
meet members of the UN outer
space committee.

Seventy-two members of Cor-
nell University have sent a letter
to President John F. Kennedy ex-
pressing their confidence in his
deliberations on whether the
United States should resume at-
mospheric nuclear testing.
The letter, sent Feb. 24, stated
that the signers realized that Ken-
nedy was "motivated by the strong
and genuine desire to avoid pollut-
ing the atmosphere and to protect
the American and other peoples
from Communist subjugation."
It assessed that "chauvinistic
groups wanted resumption without
rational consideration of con-
sequences and that some well-
meaning persons wanted unilateral
concessions that would weaken the
nation in the face of the Soviet
Union's militarism."
Copyright, 1962, The New York Times

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