FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 1964
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE MICHIGAN DAILY LGE
Of Ranger Spacecraft
ON ITS WAY-The Ranger 6 spacecraft is soaring through space
on its Journey toward the moon. The ship is carrying six television
cameras to photograph the surface of the lunar body. The sketch
shows the proposed trajectory the Ranger will follow if all goes
well on its flight. At present the missile is 600 miles off direction,
but the NASA is optimistic about correcting this error in mid-
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Soviet Union Orbits
CAPE KENNEDY (P) -- A
camera-laden Ranger 6 spacecraft
sped toward the moon yesterday
and space scientists said a cru-
cial mid-course direction change
of only 600 miles would have to
be made to put it on target.
Meanwhile, in Moscow the Sov-
iet Union announced it launched
two space stations into orbit yes-
terday with a single rocket. One
was reported in an orbit ranging
to 42,000 miles above the earth.
A radio signal was to be beam-
ed to the United States spacecraft
about 3 a.m. today. If successful
it would ignite the Ranger's
small steering engine long enough
to swerve the space voyager onto
the desired collision course with
Optimism was voiced by space
scientists, who pointed out the
Ranger was capable of a mid-
course trajectory correction of up
to 10,000 miles.
The re-aiming point was pre-
set at 16 hours after launch, when
the spacecraft would be approxi-
mately 98,000 miles from earth.
In announcing the Ranger's
slightly faulty trajectory, the fed-
eral space agency said:
"This miss distance is well with-
in the correction capability of
Ranger's mid-course maneuver
rocket engine. The current tra-
jectory of the spacecraft is ahead
and slightly below the moon."~
Should the correction attempt
fail. it is possible the spacecraft
could be tilted as it passes the
moon so its cameras could take
pictures of the lunar surface from
the 600-mile distance.
The Ranger's sole mission is to
snap closeup photos of the lunar
surface where -an American astro-
naut may land five years from
The two scientific Soviet sta-
tions-Elektron I and Elektron 2-
apparently were unmanned. The
announcement by the official news
agency Tass made no mention of
Tass said the mission of the
space stations is the "simultan-
eous studying of the internal and
external radiation belts of the
earth and physical phenomena
connected with them."
WASHINGTON () - An offi-
cial report indicated yesterday
that improved means of foiling
anti-missile defenses, such as Ruse-
sia may have, are being put into
the nuclear warheads of long-
range United States rockets.
This reference was contained in
the annual report of the Atomic
Energy Commission. It told also of
"substantial increases" in the de-
structive power of warheads for
the Polaris submarine-launched
missile and the long-range min-
uteman and Titan rockets.
This year's report contained far
more information on nuclear arms
than any previous summary. This
may reflect an administration view
that making public more official
information contributes to the
creditability which the commun-
ists might give to the claim of
superiority for American atomic
The reported progress in "yield-
to-weight ratios" means that a
missile can carry a bigger, more
powerful warhead over the same
range without an over-all increase
in the launching weight of the
Thus, a Polaris or minuteman
missile which up to now has car-
ried a warhead of slightly -less
than one megaton power may have
been increased by a factor of two
or more. The big Titan missile
probably has moved up toward the
10 or more megatons of bomber-
A megaton is the equivalent of
the energy released by one mil-
lion tons of conventional explosive.
In official statements, the De-
fense Department has been refer-
ring for the past few years to im-
proved penetration capability for
ballistic missiles to get through
defenses by the use of decoys and
Yesterday's AEC report seemed
to suggest further that progress is
being made toward protecting the
nuclear charge in a warhead
against the neutralization effect
created by an anti-missile bursting
in the area.
By The Associated Press
GENEVA-The Soviet delegate
to the 17-nation disarmament
talks yesterday called the shooting
down of an American jet trainer
over East Germany, a "very re-
grettable . . . an isolated, local in-
BANGUI-Bangui President Da-
vid Dacko indicated yesterday that
this former French colony will fol-
low France's lead in recognizing
Red China. He said the question
is under study because "it is only
natural to recognize Red China.
* * *
NEW YORK-The stock market
yesterday put on a fairly steady
performance, resisting further de-
cline as trading slackened. Dow-
Jones 65 combined stocks were up
.08, 30 industrials up .88, 20 rail-
roads down .17 and 15 utilities
. 'I I'
SMOKING AND HEALTH:
Cite Cigars, Pipes
As Cancer Causes
DALLAS (j'-If smokers switch from cigarettes to pipes and cigars,
a sharp rise in cancer of the mouth may occur, a University professor
Dr. James R. Hayward, director of the department of oral surgery
at the University dentistry school, said, "This change brings an added
threat to oral health," but emphasized he is not advocating cigarette
smoking. Ideally, the individual should not use tobacco in any form,"
Dr. Hayward said at the Dallas-
Golden Tree Room
Main Dining Room
DINING EXCELLENCE AT
Mid-Winter Dental Clinic.
He said tobacco chewing and
snuff-dipping often cause cancer,
and pipes cause cancer of the lip
"Even a cigar chewer who never
lights up can get cancer from the
carcinogenic cancer causing coal
tar products in the tobacco," Dr.
A smoker, mostly pipe, for 20
years, Dr. Hayward said he quit
three years ago "because I was
developing the same changes in
my mouth that I had been preach-
ing against-the changes that oft-
en are forerunners of cancer."
He said the lip and mouth re-
spond to the incessant cigar and
tobacco smoke by building up lay-
ers of tissue similar to callouses.
These appear as white patches.
The oral surgeon said statistics
indicate that of all those in whom
cancer of the lung has been de-
tected, 6.4 per cent survived five
LANSING (P) - Rep. William
Romano, (D-Warren) m proposed
yesterday the University Medical
School be given $1 million for re-
search in cancer and heart dis-
ease caused by smoking cigarettes.
Romano said his bill would ap-
propriate the money from the
state general fund.
It would require the medical
school to issue periodic reports on
its findings from studies for which
the money would be used.
MAINE LIVE LOBSTERS
MONTEVIDEO (P) -- Uruguay's
Foreign Minister AleJandro Zorilla
de San Martin said yesterday Uru-
guay favors calling a foreign min-
isters' meeting to discuss the Unit-
ed States-Panama dispute and be-
lieves the Panama Canal Treaty
should be renegotiated.
The foreign minister said his
country's stand was defined at a
long meeting of the executive
council, which functions instead
Mon. thru Thurs. Fri. and Sat. Sunday
11:30 a.m.-1 1 p.m. 11:30 a.m.-1 a.m. Noon - 8:30 p.m.
JACKSON ROAD AT THE 1-94 AND M-14 EXIT
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SOUNDS from the SUMMIT
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FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST,
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RAVIOLI, Meat Balls (5 Ravioli).......
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Saturday, Feb. 15-8:30 p.m.
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FRIARS-University of Michigan
Phone Copemish FR 8-2000
AIRFLIGHT TO NASSAU
Sunday, February 9, 1964
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