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January 29, 1964 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-01-29

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See Editorial Page

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


Partly cloudy and
warmer tomorrow



Approve Split
OfSawyer Jobs
"The decision to split the offices of dean of the graduate school
and vice-president for research has met with widespread approval,"
Vice-President for Academic Affairs Roger W. Heyns reported Monday.
Both offices are currently held by Ralph A. Sawyer, scheduled
to retire in June.
The announcement of the appointment of Sawyer's successors
will be made in the spring, Heyns said.
Possible Candidates
In the meantime, he and members of the faculty are reviewing
possible candidates for both positions.
A deanship committee, advisory to Heyns, is currently working
with the vice-president to select a panel of candidates for the dean-
ship of the graduate school.
{fv>....... .. The list will be presented to
University P resident Harlan
Hatcher who will recommend his
choice to the Regents. The final
decision rests with them.





Vianned Nuclear


Hopes Rise
For NiXon
CONCORD (P) - Richard M.
Nixon picked up new support in
theNewHampshire Presidential
primary yesterday, and still an-
other candidate-Harold E. Stas-
sen-leaped into the fray.
Nixon's support came from for-
mer Gov. Wesley Powell, who an-
nounced he is withdrawing his
own name and will support a
write-in campaign for Nixon in
the March 10 primary, the na-
tion's first.
Powell told a news conference
that neither of the two top con-
tenders-Sen. Barry . Goldwater
and Gov. Nelson Rockefeller-can
win the GOP nomination.
"These are the political facts of
life," he said. "I have no animosity
toward either candidate."
He said Nixon is the logical
choice for the nomination by vir-
tue of his experience and the fact
that he is well known to the elec-
Meanwhile, Stassen filed his
candidacy in the March 10 Presi-
Down the Hatch
One of Ann Arbor's livelier
watering places grew even live-
lier last night with the rumor
that Cuban Premier Fidel Cas-
tro had been assassinated. No
one knows how the rumor start-
ed, but it spread rather quickly,
with The Daily getting many
phone calls. At last report from
our Havana correspondent, Mr.
Castro was still very much alive.
Another beer, anyone?
dential preference primary and
promised an intensive campaign as
"an Eisenhower middle-way Re-
Stassen, a Presidential contender
or prominently mentioned one in
every national election for the
past 20 years, is a former Min-
nesota governor and disarmament
advisor in the Eisenhower ad-
His name will go on the ballot
with Goldwater, Rockefeller and
Sen. Margaret Chase Smith (R-
Maine) who announced her can-
didacy yesterday.
At his news conference, Powell
said he would not seek election as
a convention delegate favorable to
Nixon but would devote his ener-
gies to encouraging a write-in
One Nixon delegate has entered
the race and has promised a full
slate of Nixon delegates will be on
the ballot. Other delegate candi-
dates have filed as favoring Gov.
William Scranton of Pennsylvania,
Gov. George Romney of Michigan,
and Ambassador Henry Cabot
.., ,. m U

Asks Advice
"The deanship committee has
been soliciting advice from vari-
ous sources, including the execu-
tive board of the graduate school,"
Heyns said.
In general, the committee is
looking for candidates who:
-Have an interest in, and are
experienced with graduate train-
-Show administrative talent;
-Have competence in the area
of research (due tothe close re-
lation between graduate studies
and research programs) and
-Exhibit the general charac-
teristics of academic leadership.
Deanship Committee
Eight faculty men compose the
deanship committee.
They are: Professors Ernest F
Brater of the civil engineering de-
partment; Arthur W. Bromage,
chairman of the political science
department; Ronald Freedman of
the sociology department; Algo
D. Henderson of the education
school; William C. Parkinson of
the physics department; Robert
H. Super of the engineering
school; Marvin H. Waterman of
the b u si n e s s administration
school and Raymond L. Wilder of
the mathematics department.
Research V-P
The procedure for selection of a
vice-president for research is
somewhat different.
To compile a list of possible
candidates for this position, Heyns
is working with the faculty com-
mittee on research from the Uni-
versity Senate and with other
"The Senate committee has al-
ready submitted a list of names
to me, and I will consult with the
committee again before forward-
ing the list to the President," he
In addition to his meetings with
the faculty committee, Heyns has
been in "repeated consultation"
with the deans of the University
schools and colleges, seeking rec-
ommendations for the vice-presi-
Regents Decision
As in the case of deanship ap-
pointments, the final decision on
the vice-presidency rests with the
Regents who will again act on
the recommendation of President
Heyns related Monday that the
decision to split the two jobs was
hardly remarkable.
"Since Vice-President Sawyer
has headed research administra-
tion, the size of the University's
research program has nearly quad-
rupled. During this time, the grad-
uate school has also been under-
going a period of expansion."

Issue Raised
PARIS (P) - France and Red
China engaged in a dispute yester-
day over the two China question
a day after they agreed to estab-
lish diplomatic relations.
France proclaimed its intention
to maintain relations with the re-
ime of President Chiang Kai-shek
despite a statement by Red
China's foreign ministry in effect
demanding that Paris break with
the Chinese Nationalists.
The Peking government de-
nounced the two-Chinas concept,
and asserted that Monday's agree-
ment to establish diplomatic rela-
tions with France was reached on
the understanding that France
would expel the representatives of
the "old ruling group."~
A French official spokesman
countered that this may have been
Peking's understanding, but not
that of France. The spokesman
See Related Story, Page 3
said France is standing on the
text of the brief communique. It
simply said that France and Red
China had agreed to establish dip-
lomatic relations and would des-
ignate their respective ambassa-
dors within three months.
The French spokesman said
France was merely recognizing the
regime which effectively governs
mainland China - the Commun-
ists-and still recognizes the gov-
ernment which effectively controls
Formosa - Chiang's Nationalists.1
This is the two-Chinas policy.
In the face of strong Western
opposition, F r e n c h President
Charles de Gaulle has proclaimed'
his intention of becoming the first
major Free World country to rec-
ognize Red China since before
SGC To Hear
Miller Motion
Sherry Miller, '65, will submit a
motion to Student Governmentl
Council tonight requesting that
Council express a favorable opin-
ion on granting the voting privi-
lege to eighteen-year-olds.
Other business will be a Com-
mittee of the Whole discussion
on year-round operations at thec
Council will also rule on elec-t
tion and petitioning proceduresc
for the spring elections.c

To Request
Canal Issue
has decided to call for an emer-
gency meeting of the Organiza-
tion of American States to air its
dispute with the United States
over the Panama Canal, an in-
formed Latin American source re-
ported last night.
A call for the OAS organ of
consultation to act on the dispute
is expected in the next 36 hours,
the source added.
The organ of consultation is
actually the OAS Council em-
powered to act until the hemis-
phere foreign ministers can get
together to face any problem en-
dangering the hemisphere's peace.
In order to convene the OAS as
the organ of consultation at least
14 of the 21 member nations must
Announce Decision
Meanwhile a member of the
Inter-American Peace Committee
reported that Panama had called
for a meeting of the committee
for 10 a.m. today. He said it was
understood that Panama would
announce her decision to seek con-
vocation of the OAS.
No formal meeting of the Peace
Committee was scheduled for to-
day after Panama reportedly turn-
ed down last night a new plan pro-
posed by the committee to end the
stalemate in the United States-
Panamanian dispute. But the com-
mittee had been assured Panama
would not carry out its threat to
seek an OAS meeting without first
informing the committee.
After yesterday's fruitless ses-
sion Ambassador Enrique Tejera
Paris of Venezuela, chairman, said
the committee would meet separ-
ately and informally today with
the chief negotiators, Ellsworth
Bunker of the United States and
Miguel Moreno of Panama.
Tejera did not indicate the place
ings. Nor did he say why the two
or the hour of the separate meet-
parties were being called before
the committee separately. ,
Sources close to the negotia-
tions indicated that the plan turn-1
ed down by Panama was worded
by the committee in such a way
as to draw closer to Panamanian1
demands for a United States
pledge that it will sign a new
treaty to replace the 1903 agree-
ment under which the Canal is
In Panama City, informed
sources reported last night thatE
Panama's position has not chang-
Continue Work
The Peace Committee, which
has been working during the last
six days behind closed doors, had
planned to end its mediating roleE
yesterday but the parties to theE
controversy suggested it continue
its work, the sources added. t
Tejera would only say that "thet
committee was assured that itE
will be consulted before any of
the parties to the controversy de-E
cide to take the issue outside thec
committee jurisdiction."3

-Associated Press
PLAN FOR SCRAPPING BOMBERS-Soviet delegate to the Geneva disarmament conference, Sem-
yon K. Tsarapkin, here explains to newsmen his country's latest proposal for easing the Cold War.
Tsarapkin claimed that advances in warfare have made bombers obsolete. The United States had
mixed reactions to his presentation.
Board Sees Stronger Boom

eral Reserve's experts tested the
three-year-old business expansion
and said yesterday its pulse is
stronger and steadier than that of
earlier, more spectacular postwar
With fewer fluctuations in key
Council Hears
Plan To Alter
Elections Date
The working committee of the
Ann Arbor City Council was pre-
sented a petition Monday night
by Republican Fifth Ward Coun-
cilman John R. Laird to abolish
spring elections for councilmen,
beginning in 1965.
If approved next week the ques-
tion would be put to the voters in
Laird noted that three times as
many voters participate in fall
elections as vote in the present
spring elections. He said that it
costs the city $5,000 to hold a
spring election and that he sees
"no sense" in not holding the
council elections in the fall.
The petition asks only for the
election time to be switched and
changes nothing else, he added.
His plan would "put all elec-
tions-state, national and local-
together in the fall," Laird assert-
He proposed that the mayoralty
election, which is presently held
every second year, be on the off

sectors, this quiet boom has in-
creased the Gross National Prod-
uct at an annual rate of 3.8 per
cent since mid-1960 compared to
2.3 per cent in the 1954-57 recov-
ery period.
The Gross National Product -
the total government and private
output of goods and services-was
computed after making allowances
for inflation.
The monthly Federal Reserve
Bulletin said the four key com-
ponents which cause the economy
to make wide swings up and
down have remained on a general-
ly rising plane during the pres-
ent recovery compared to rath-
er wide fluctuations In the 1953-
57 and 1958-60 expansion periods.
These components are consum-
er durable goods such as automo-
biles and appliances, residential
construction, business investment
and federal government purchases.
Although there was a period of
hesitation in late 1962, the Fed-
eral Reserve said, "The broad pic-
ture is one of greater persistence
and greater uniformity of expan-

sion among the major demand sec-
The cycle has now run 35
months-including January-com-
pared to 39 months for the 1954-
57 recovery and 25 months for
the 1958-60 expansion period. /
In some cases, a new kind of
demand has replaced an old one.
A tremendous increase in apart-
ment building has brought resi-
dential housing construction a
record level. Investment outlays in
plant and equipment have re-
mained high primarily because of
a desire for modernization, rather
than increased capacity.
If there is a leveling off of the
demand for automobiles, the re-
sulting slack may be partially ab-
sorbed by stepped-up purchases of
appliances, radio and television
sets and other durable goods
The Bulletin noted some factors
in the current recovery which do
not seem to fit the traditional
Output per man-hour has in-
creased but raises in wages have
been moderate-an average of 2.9
per cent a year since 1960.

U.S. Reports
New Measure
State Department
Acclaims Preventing
Spread of Weapons
GENEVA ()-The Soviet Uniou
proposed yesterday that all na-
tions-starting with the United
States and itself-scrap their
bombers, which Russia called an
,important means of aggressive
The State Department in
Washington, said the proposal for
destroying the bomber forces of
all nations was neither acceptable .
nor practical. But it welcomed the
Soviet show of interest in parallel
destruction by the big powers of
certain nuclear weapon carrying
obsolete bombers which might oth-
erwise fall into the hands of
smaller countries.
Chief Soviet Delegate Semyon
K. Tsarapkin made his offer at the
17-nation disarmament conference
here and expanded on it at a news
Affect All States
jHe suggested the big powers de-
stroy their planes which carry nu-
clear weapons-a plan similar to
an approach the United States
earlier made to Russia-but then
told newsmen that this destruc-
tion "will eventually affect all
states of the world, without the
exclusion of anyone."
The United States plan was for
destruction on a one-for-one bas-
is of United States B-47's and
USSR Badger bombers.
"We hope the Soviet Union is
now prepared to give serious con-
sideration to this concrete initial
step and will not insist upon ex-
treme and impractical proposals,"
the State Department said.
The United States and the So-
viet Union now rely mainly on
long-distance missiles for nuclear
delivery and would not be vitally
affected by the ban.
Rusk Proposal
United States Secretary of State
Dean Rusk made an approach to
Soviet officials on the "bomber
bonfire" idea while he was in
Moscow last summer.
There was no immediate re-
sponse, but Tsarapkin said Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev an-
nounced Soviet interest at last
month's meeting in Moscow of
the Central Committee of the
Communist party.
Tsarapkin's offer went slightly
further than that made by Rusk
as it would include all bombers of
all countries. Tsarapkin stressed
that in the Soviet view, bombing
planes were obsolete anyway. He
clearly did not intend the meas-
ure to reduce or limit the nuclear
delivery capacity of the United
States and Russia.
Permit Supervision
Tsarapkin told reporters the So-
viet Union is prepared to permit
the United States to supervise de-
struction of Soviet bombers if the
Russians are allowed to exercise
the same control over United
States planes.
The Soviet delegate did not sub-
mit the Kremlin's reply to Presi-
dent Lyndon B. Johnson's pro-
posals to the Geneva conference
for ending the nuclear arms race.
Tsarapkin told newsmen 'the
plan still is under study in Mos-
cow. But he again raised objec-
tions to such Johnson's proposals
as a treaty to ban the spread of
nuclear weapons and the estab-
lishment of observer posts to pre-
vent surprise attacks or an acci-
dental war.

Plan Meetings
On Counseling
Plans are in progress for a
spring conference on counseling
services in which student groups
will be asked to participate.
Mrs. Elizabeth Davenport, co-
ordinator of counseling in the
Office of Student Affairs, said the
University Committee on Student
cnnsemiina-Services. fr ewhich she

Negro ClIergymen, Students
Protest Atlanta 'Rights' Law
ATLANTA ,P)--Negro clergymen joined students yesterday in a
demonstration on the city hall steps in behalf of a public accommoda-
tions law.
About 60 demonstrators met to sing and pray in the fourth con-
secutive day of antisegregation protests in Georgia's capital. They
staged the demonstration shortly after Mayor Ivan Allen Jr. sum-
>moned 250 city leaders to a mas-
sive conference in an effort to
head off further racial unrest.


Perhins Cites Irrational Influences on U.S. Policy

"American foreign policy is the
prisoner of its ideological pre-
conceptions and is bound to re-
'main this Way as long as public
opinion is as important as it
presently is," Prof. Bradford Per-
kins of the history department
said in a lecture last night.
"Unfortunately, it is just these
influential popular sentiments or
'belly-reactions' that give our for-
eign policy its inflexibility and
these same unrational forces that
are the most deeply ingrained in
our political tradition.
During most of the 19th cen-
tury, the United States was isola-
tionist. Americans thought they
had created a unique and noble
system that must be protected

wards the current conflict. We
wanted to safeguard our achieve-
ment then, we want to export it
Because the United States has
never had to consider the threat
of foreign invasion, the Soviet
challenge since 1945 "seems more
threatening than it actually is.
"Not only is this true of our,
relations with the Soviets, but
with every other nation," Prof.
Perkins asserted.
'Anything that happens in in-
ternational politics from the
China-India border clashes to the
revolt in Zanzibar to the guerrilla
war in Laos and Viet Nam are
considered vital to American na-
tional security.
Natinia1 nti ern

At the end of the Spanish-
American War, the United States
decided to "extend freedom to the
Philippines," he commented. "Of
course, the Philippinos might not
have wanted democracy and we
had to kill a lot of them before
we were able to bestow freedom
on them."
{ Forced Eventsj
He maintained that often the
United States has forced events
into a pattern so that it could
continue its belief in the even-
tual triumph of democracy and
persist in its unrealistic foreign
Thus, during the second World
War, we believed Stalin was really
a democrat at heart and since the
E ('hi. Vh o- Ttoi .-sheir hnoa shn

'More than 200 persons were
arrested Sunday and Monday.
Singing and praying, demon-
strators stood on the city hall steps
while police paddy wagons waited
nearby. Some of the group held
aloft a large sign reading, "As a
first step, we want a public accom-
modations law."
About 25 members of the At-
lanta Baptist Ministers Conference
were in the group. They were led
by their president, the Rev. E. H.
A statement was read by one
member of the group demanding
an immediate end to segregation
and discrimination in Atlanta.
Meets Mayor
Miss Prathea Hall, a leader of
the group, was received by the
mayor. She read the statement to
him. He listened and thanked her,
then told her of the planned bi-,
raciia ntno-


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