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January 28, 1964 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-01-28

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Seyety-Third ;Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UN!VERSrrY OF MICmGAN
- - UNDER AUTHORiTY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where Opinions Are PaSTUDENT PUBLCATIONS BLDG., AmN ARBOR, MIcH., PHONE NO 2-3241
Troth WIUl Prevail"
Editorials printed in ,The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in al; reprints.
JESDAY, JANUARY 28, 1964 NIGHT EDITOR: EDWARD HERSTEIN

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Closing Arboretum A Way
To End Abuse Destruetion

I

THE NICHOLS ARBORETUM has always
been accessible. It is within a 15
minute walk to campus. Except when the
roads are impassable, the gates are left
open for anybody to drive down the road,
day or night. Even if the gates are closed,
it's possible to walk through it.
It has been accessible for all purposes-
educational and recreational, immoral
and destructive. It is the accessibility of
Nichols Arboretum which has led to the,
increasing misuse of it, to the detriment
of its original purpose, that of an educa-
tional tool. But it cannot be used as an
educational tool when plant materials are
deliberately destroyed and identification
tags cannot be kept on vegetation for
very long.
For these reasons the University has
wisely decided to limit access to the ar-
boretum by closing the gates to all ve-
hicles and putting up fences at points
where trespassing is greatest.
No matter what the University does
with the arboretum, it is bound to receive
criticism from at least one of the con-
cerned factions in this city-faculty mem-
bers and neighboring residents, and stu-
dents and other city residents living;
away from the area who use the arbore-
tum for recreation. However, the Univer-
sity is not just taking the line of least
criticism when it announces that it in-
tends to restrict access to the arb; it is
taking the path of least destruction and
of most sensible usage of the area.
EXCERPTS FROM RECORDS kept at the,
arb speak well for the University's de-
cision:
"On Thursday, Oct. 31, 1963, a car was
found lying against an elm, on the steep
slope below the first look-out point on
the road from Geddes to the river. Ac-
cording to police it had been stolen and
pushed over the side. It had been set on
fire. It was found around 7 a.m. A large
piece of bark had been torn off the base
of the elm, where it had stopped the car
in its fall. How much damage? I don't
know.
"On Monday, Oct. 14, 1963, one Thuja
of about seven years old, a Japanese flow-
ering cherry of about that age, and a
flowering crabapple of about 10 years
were found broken at the ground. Cars
had driven on them, as the tracks indi-

cated. None seem to be rare,
makes no difference."

but that

THESE ARE EXCERPTS from the rec-
ords for one month of arboretum
abuse. What has been done about it? The
University has taken steps to cut down
the accessibility of the arboretum. Ve-
hicular traffic will be eliminated. This will
make impossible the most destructive
misuse of the arb: 'driving cars, motor-
cycles and scooters over trails and on the
grass areas, running over bushes and
knocking down trees intentionally in the
process.a
In one case, 30 recently planted trees
were neatly ruined when a car or truck
knocked them all over, driving in con-
centric circles to get every last one. Yet
one only hopes. that sufficient off-street
parking will be provided to take care of
people wishing to walk through the arb.
The University is also beginning to
fence in the arboretum. This will reduce
much of tpe inconvenience to city resi-
dents living near a completely open area
which is heavily used. A side result of
fencing only part of the arb is that pri-
vate property previously having only nor-
mal trespassing may find an increase in
traffic. One would hope that to be fair
to all neighboring residents the Univer-
sity will find sufficient funds to fence
the whole arb in.
THE QUESTION now is whether the
University is justified in eliminating
many of the recreational aspects of the
area. Since the costs of the limited forms
of recreation there far outweigh any
gains, the University certainly has suffi-
cient reason.
The arb is the best place in Ann Arbor
for sledding, skiing and traying. However,
although such activities would not seem
to be destructive, they are. Most of the
plant materials are hidden under snow,
and even though the intentions of those
who use the arb in this manner is not
to injure anything, there is, nevertheless,
much inadvertent damage.
The arb is also used for immoral activi-
ties. Every open, landscaped area near a
college campus builds a reputation. The
old saw about the bushes kicking back
applies to the arb as it does to many
other such areas. The extent of immoral
usage of the arb has been blurred by ex-
citing exaggeration. Nonetheless it exists.
Control of student morals is not the in-
tention of restrictions on arboretum ac-
cessibility. It is a byproduct. The decision
to take steps to curb usage rested entire-
ly with the arboretum's director, Prof.
Walter Chambers..
Students could hardly be expected to
claim publicly the right to use the arb
for immoral purposes, so the University
need not expect any uproar from that
faction.
The University's decision to curb ac-
cess to the arboretum is well-founded. As
Prof. Chambers points out, recreational
usage of the area is not consistent with
the original intentions of the donors.
When recreation at the Nichols Arbore-
tum exists only at the cost of the edu-
cational benefits, it is only correct to
eliminate the fringe benefits.
-MICHAEL SATTINGER

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K {A FACE IN THE CROWD:
A New Plateau in Merger
By Ronald Wilton, Editor

EUROPEAN COMMENTARY:
UPS. Cars in Europe:
Pre They Popular?

Profit Tears

GENERAL MOTOR'S record-breaking
$1.6 billion profit should leave no one
crying when the corporation complains,
next summer, that it cannot afford giving
its UAW workers a pay raise, job security)
protection and added fringe benefits while
at the same time giving the consumer a
break by cutting prices.
This profit-about one-third larger
than the total budget of the state of
Michigan - is largely going into private
hands, doing little of anything that is so-
cially useful. Certainly, with this massive,
outsized profit, General Motors owes more
to its workers and to the society that
made it possible.
-P. SUTIN

IN A MOVE that surprised peo-
ple, particularly those connect-
ed with the Michigan League, the
Union has decided to include wom-
en in its student activities. This
move overshadowed the passage of
another measure designed to re-
duce the number of members on
the Union Board from 19-11. Tak-
en together, the two moves repre-
sent a new plateau in the strange
topographical appearance that has
highlighted the whole Union-
League merger controversy.
The move to include women in
the Union's activities came after
a disappointing meeting 'Friday
between the leaders of both orga-
nizations. Although all partici-
pants were supposed to bring with
them their typewritten comments
on procedures and structure for
a merger of the student activities
wings of both groups, a significant
number of those showed up with-
out them. Talk was mainly con-
ducted off the top of one's head
instead of from planned position
statements.
The gist of the, argument was
that the Union wanted the
League's Board of Directors to
pass on a merger plan by Wed-
nesday night. The League off i-
cers thought that more study
time should be devoted to se-
lecting the most acceptable pro-
posal. Specifically, various Lea-
gue members wanted to study
the structure of student centers
at other schools. They felt that
past studies in this area had
been directed at the wrong as-
pects of these existing alterna-
tives. They also wanted more
discussion on broad principles
and a clearer delineation of spe-
cific details of the merger pro-
posal.
Commenting on these aspects of
the meeting, Union President Ray
Rusnak told me later that he has
had a file drawer full of informa-
tion from other campuses for quite
some time and that it had been
referred to. He defended the Un-
ion's action by noting that a se-
ries of three reports, the Reed
Report, the Robertson Report and
the final merger plan had all
outlined basically the same phil-
osophy with regard to the merger
although there were differences in
structure.
"We feel that further study on
the matter will bring the same re-
sults. Each year the officers
change they will re-question the
same things and nothing will ever
get done." He asserted that the
Union has been compromising all
along to get as close to the
League's position as possible and
now, when they had practically
given in to the women, further
demands had been made.
Deciding they had gone far
enough, the Union officers got
together and agreed to ask the
Union Board to admit women to
the Union's student activities.
The decision, which had been
reached by Monday and revealed
off the record to a small group
of students, including myself,
was not communicated to
L e a g u e President Gretchen
Groth until the late afternoon
of the day the Union Board was
to make its decision.
Both this decision and the one
to streamline the Union Board ap-
pear to be the result of frustra-
tion and pressure which defeat-
ed an attempt to reach a basis
for mutual understanding. Pres-
sures on the League officers were
considerable. While committed to
the idea of a merger, League Pres-
ident Groth was torn by pressures
in all directions. Women alum-
nae wanted the League to retain
its separate status as a symbol of

bers were afraid that any merged
organization would! be dominated
by the men and women would have
no chance to obtain responsible
positions. The grating attitude
produced in some Union officers
by one or two of those from the
League didn't help negotiations.
The Union was in a similar sit-
uation. In the past year it is pos-
sible that the Union has replaced
The Daily in the minds of some
of the highest University admin-
istrators. In the recent, years of
sparse appropriations these people
were antagonized by the Union's
decision to replace snow-melting
heating coils under the side en-
trance this summer. A request for
a special room for the use of
University President H a r I a n
Hatcher got lost in a' communica-
tions breakdown, resulting in bad
feelings on the administration's
part.
Rumors circulating around the
campus; apparently created by
spontaneous generation out of
thin air, depicted Vice-President
for Business and Finance Wilbur
K. Pierpont as having all kinds of
designs on the Union. He report-
edly wanted to take over the
fourth floor hotel rooms for fac-
ulty offices and cut out those
Union services which compete with
Ann Arbor merchants. Further out
rumors had him and Vice-Presi-
dent for Student Affairs James A.
Lewis making a deal to dismember
the Union; Pierpont would get the
building and facilities with Lewis
getting control of student activi-
ties. These rumors were 'never val-
idated, but they succeeded in
raising the anxiety level of Un-
ion officers several notches. Fear
of administrative action was un-
loubtedly one factor which pro-
pelled the Union into reaching
some kind of solution as quickly
as possible.
The future result of this ac-
tion cannot be determined at
present; this has not stopped
speculation about it. The League
could counterattack by declar-
ing its activities open to men,
but to her credit Miss Groth is

unwilling to start a childish war
between the two organizations.
However if the Union starts
drawing women to the detriment
of the League's activities the
latter may be forked to take
some kind of move in self-de-
fense. A League bereft of stu-
dent activities might not appear
to have much "raison d'etre" in
the minds of administrators.
They have all kinds of good uses
to which they can put a large,
empty building.
The Union Board's decision must
not be the final step in the mer-
ger process. Leaders of the two
organizations must sitlown and
try to work out a common mer-
ger plan acceptable to both sides.
The best alternative at present ap-.
pears to be a joint student activi-
ties board, financed by both or-
ganizations and presiding over one
group of co-educational activities
committees. Details would have
to be worked out but they are
not beyond settlement.
If one believes the old adage,
'Where there's smoke, there's fire,"
then one must believe that Vice-
President Pierpont and/or the ad-,
ministration has cast covetuous
eyes on the Union and/or League
facilities andmhas planse.ufor
achieving their ends. Since these
ends would almost certainly be
detrimental to student activities it
is imperative that student opin-
ion be united against any such
attempts. This unity will not be
helped by the Union Board's ac-
tion Thursday night.,
While the Union's worry
about the disruptive results of
the pending changes in officers
has some merit, it should not
take precedence over the possi-
ble death of the League. The
Union owes it to the student
body and itself to sit down with
the League and work out a feasi-
ble ,agreeable activities struc-
ture. With pressure from admin-
istrators and increasing aca-
demic loads hanging overtheir
heads, student activities cannot
pick a worse time to fight among
themselves.

By ERIC KELLER
Daily Correspondent
B ILTHOVEN, Holland-In 1962'
about 385,000 foreign cars were
sold in the United States. This is
a fairly sizable increase since 1955
when foreign car sales totalled
some 52,000.
By far most of these cars are,
produced in Western Europe. The
question, however, is whether
United States car sales in Europe
offset this drain of United States
gold to Europe. In other words,
how popular are American cars
abroad?
On first view it seems there are
practically no American cars on
most West European roads. The
few that are seen are often chauf-
feured, probably owned by gov-
ernment officials or high execu-
tives. American cars are luxury
vehicles to Europeans.
Even a compact car is still an
over-sized car in European eyes.
Over-sized, too, is its price. Prices
asked for American cars are two
to three times as high as they are
in most American states.
BY FAR the most American cars
sold in proportion to the popula-
tion are in Switzerland. There,
especially General Motors' and
Chrysler products enjoy a rather
active market. American cars ate
appreciated for their 'reliable mo-
ors and fine and luxurious inter-
iors. Many Swiss upper, middle-
class can afford a Chevy II or a
Valiant. These compact cars com-
pare favorably in price and value
to their competitors, the French-
built smooth-riding Citroen-DS or
the German quality-built Mer-
cedes.
General Motors has an assembly
plant in Switzerland. The body
parts and motors of the most imn-
portant Chevrolet models are
shipped to Switzerland and there
assembled to finished cars. This
assembly plant provides the mar-
kets of Switzerland, Italy and
Yugoslavia.
However, we can scarcely speak
oi "American" GM sales in Switz-
erland. The finished cars are. es-

LETTERS
to the
( EDITOR

sentially Swiss; 60 per cent of
their sales value goes to Swiss sal-
aries, merchandise (textiles, tires,
etc.) and Swiss taxes. If shipment
of the parts is American, still only
40 per cent of the revenue goes
back to the United States.
PRESSED BY these circum-
stances, American automobile pro-
ducers have for a long time re-
sorted to a different kind of in-
vestment. They bought substantia:
stocks of West European car in-
dustries or made them dependen-
cies of Detroit.
Ford's English and West Ger-
man establishments have good
sales all over Europe and not !ess
so does GM's loosely knit net of
dependencies in several Europear
countries. Chrysler owns about 6(
per cent of the factories of Simca
European cars are designec
to meet Western European re-
quirements. Since gas:and taxes
for cars are excessively expensive
here, cars are especially designed
in power, size and economy to get
the most out of the least. Ameri-
can imported cars are not neces.
sarily suited for the Europea
public in these respects.
Therefore, American investors
are better off utilizing successfU~ij
the compact car maret of Europe
as fair exchange to the heavy for.
eign car sales in the United States
-a satisfying nthought for car
conscious Michigan residents.

WANMMOE

THE LIAISON:.:
Grcha nt as Art Patron
Gloria Bowles, Magazine Editor ,_____

To the Editor:
SAY THAT freedom should
be less experimental on the
campus than in other areas of
American life is to undermine the
basic educational idea of a uni-
versity of scholarship," according
to a New, York' Times editorial
Oct. 12, 1963.
Unfortunately, at Indiana Uni-
versity in Bloomington, freedom
indeed is less experimental than
in other areas of'American life.
Ralph Levitt, Tom Morgan and
Jim Bingham, officers of the
Young Socialist Alliance at In-
diana University,. havebeen in-
dicted 'under the Indiana Anti-
Communism Act, passed in 1951,
but never tested in the courts.
They are charged with having "as-
sembled" last March 25, at a pub-
lic gathering with over 120 other
people, to advocate the violent
overthrow of the United States
and Indiana state governments.
At this meeting, Leroy McRae,
a national officer of the YSA and
a Negro, spoke on the Negro sti'ug-
gle for equality. In his speech,
McRae supported the Negroes'
constitutional right of self-defense
against armed aggression. Al-
.though McRae was the speaker,
the three defendants, merely at-
tending the meeting, were indicted
because of their membership in
YSA.
BECAUSE of faulty wording, the
indictment was ruled out of order
on June 28. Itowever, on July 18,
Prosecutor Thomas Hoadley ob-
tained a re-indictment of the
three students, using as evidence
this time a private meeting held
May 2 by the defendants and their
friends to decide legal defense
against the original indictment re-
turned May 1.
This case involves the first at-
tack on a student organization on
a college campus. If convicted, the
students face 2-6 years in prison.
Alarmed at this precedent, a group
of students are sponsoring the ap-

MERICA'S CULTURAL centralization is
particularly acute in the field of art,
ith New York, and less importantly, the
rest Coast, the major sites for the good
alleries, the great museums and, more
gnificantly, the contemporary artistic
ovements.
The educated American probably knows
lore about music and the theatre than
)llege graduates of 20 years ago, but a
,ck of good exhibitions close to home
as kept tastes and sensibilities in
rt lagging behind. However, galleries
ich as the newly-opened J. L. Hudson
allery in Detroit should help to make art
s appreciated a form as the theatre or
Lusics.
T IS SHEER IRONY that the same build-

ert Andrew Parker, which closes this
weekend, and buy the work of excellent
young aspiring artists. This gallery is also
organizing a private collection of contem-
porary painting and sculpture.
This effort on the part of a department
store is admirable: art needs to come to,
the big cities of America and a depart-
ment store can provide the location and
the necessary capital. Hopefully, the De-
troit adventure will encourage similar
projects in other cities.
PERHAPS the "livingroom art depart-
ment of Hudson's will have to go out
of business as the buyer, a more sensitive
judge, insists on the purchase of a paint-
ing by an as-yet-unestablished, but tal-
ented, young artist whose work is dis-

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