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May 08, 1964 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-05-08

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Seventy -Third Year
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in at; reprints.
Reapportionment: Republicans
Get What They Deserve

The BU's Forgotten Obligations

Sensitive Art Works,
Promising Poetry

WELL FOLKS, the Republicans in Mich-
igan have painted themselves into the
proverbial corner; they jerked around
with the apportionment of both the Leg-
islature and the congressional seats un-
til the clock ran out.
Now the people of Michigan are faced
with the prospect of having to elect their
representatives in a statewide, at-large
election, and the result is certainly going
to be chaos.
However, this all serves the Republicans
right, for reapportionment is not a new
issue. It is a problem which should have
been dealt with several years ago, when
it first came up.
AFTER THE 1960 CENSUS, when Michi-
gan was allotted an extra congression-
al seat, former state Sen. Carleton Mor-
ris (R-Kalamazoo) deliberately stifled bi-
partisan attempts to redistrict the state,
bottling up the various remap bills in
his judiciary committee. The reason: He
wanted to gerrymander the Fourth Con-
gressional District around so that he
could carve out a seat for himself. Of
course he couldn't even get re-elected
state senator, let alone congressman, but
the remap bill went begging.
At that time, however, it is significant
to note that Sen. Harry Litowich (R-Ben-
ton Harbor) warned his Senate colleagues
against delaying on their remap plans.
He presented a plan of his own, and he
urged the Senate to make all districts
as nearly equal as possible.
A coalition of state senators and incum-
bent GOP congressmen blocked him, how-
ever, not wanting to upset their cozy little
constituencies, which for the most part
have not been altered' since the turn of
the century.
F THE SENATE had listened to Lito-
wich, the state might not be in the
current mess.
Yet the legislators had another chance.
In the summer of 1962, during the poten-
tial crisis over AFL-CIO President August
Scholle's attempt to invalidate the state
Senate districts, the then Speaker of the
House Don R. Pears (R-Buchanan) urged
the Legislature to reapportion itself along
the lines set down by the State Supreme
Court: that the disparity between Senate
districts be no larger than two-to-one.
Pears even offered a remap plan which
accomplished that very thing. He was
pointedly ignored. A stay of execution was
granted by the United States Supreme
Court. The Michigan GOP legislators drew
a deep sigh of relief and scuttled reappor-
tionment for another two years.
TODAY, THEY'VE not been so lucky.
The deadline for changing the sched-
uled August primary has passed and the
stiate has no districts for Congress or
for the Legislature. The Republicans hold
a majority of the seats in both houses
in Lansing and their man occupies the
governor's chair. Yet for two years, they
have not done a thing about the reap-
portionment problem; they have point-
edly ignored it but it didn't go away.
The result is their own fault, and the out-
come is going to serve them right.
In an at-large election, the GOP would
undoubtedly lose control of the Legisla-
ture and probably will find themselves
with very few if any representatives in

Lansing. Probably they would fail to win
more than one or two congressional seats,
and Gov. Romney could very possibly be
dragged down in the onslaught.
In fact, it is entirely conceivable that
Michigan might find itself without a Re-
publican officeholder above the county
level next year.
publicans are scared; they face an-
nihilation. But like the emperors of Rome,
they have brought on their own destruc-
tion through their pointed refusal to
acknowledge their problem and remedy
it while they were still in firm control of
the situation.
Litowich and Pears both showed the
lawmakers that remap plans which fav-
ored the GOP even more than the exist-
ing districts do were quite possible, if
only they would bet busy and do some-
thing instead of being concerned only
about disturbing their own cozy little nest.
For the people of Michigan, the at-
large election is a terrifying thought, for
it will put in firm control, for two years
at least (and probably much longer), a
faction which has sought to dominate the
state for over a decade. The Democratic
Party in Michigan, centered and control-
led by three counties, Wayne, Macomb and
Genesee, has made no secret of its desire
to dictate to the remaining counties in
the state.
By voting as a bloc, these three coun-
ties have managed to elect the state's
administrators, a majority of the supreme
court, and nearly half the Legislature for
over 10 years. And they have made no
secret of the fact that they want to con-
trol everything for the benefit of Wayne,
Macomb and Genesee Counties. This they
will do beginning next year, barring some
unforseen miracle.
IT IS, HOWEVER, the people of Michi-
gan who will suffer. This rule or ruin
bloc which is on the verge of total con-
trol will have little concern for the needs
of the other 80 counties and over half
the state's population.
Yet the people have only the Republi-
cans to blame, from Gov. Romney right
on down. For it is the Republicans who
abused the trust of good government
which the people gave them by not enact-
ing a set of fair and proper apportion-
One cannot condemn the whole GOP, to
be certain. Pears and Litowich and those
like them (and there are a few) called for
reforms and courageously spoke of the
justice of the situation.
"Equal representation means equal rep-
resentation," Pears said at the time, "and
we had better do something about it now
before it is too late."
AND SPEAKER PEARS was so right. It
is now too late. We will witness the
decline and fall of the State of Michi-
gan because its lawmakers forgot that
their foremost responsibility is to the
people and not to preserve their own little
It serves the Republicans right, but oh
what a tragedy for Michigan as a whole.
It prepares to enter the Dark Ages, and
it will be a long time before The Voice of
the Turtle is again heard in this land.

Editor, 1963-64
ONE SUMMER, while in high
school, when I was spending
my vacation in California, a per-
son I had recently met became
cognizant of my accent. When I
told him I came from New York
City he smiled jokingly and said,
"Then you're not an American;
New York City is not part of the
United States." When it came
time to decide'on college the next
year I thought it might be a good
idea to see what the United States
was like.
Nobody ever told me that the
state of Michigan was not part of
this country and so coming to this
University fit in with my desire.
After four years here I can see
several similarities between the
University and our nation. Both
are large institutions within their
respective classifications, both
feature a diverse and expanding
population and both are well
known beyond their boundaries.
But the saddest similarity is
that both have basic principles
which give them an almost infin-
ite potential to better human be-
ings and the conditions under
which they live. And both fail to
live up to their potential.
This is easier to see on the na-
tional level. As long as we have
a two-party system our national
imperfections will be flaunted for
all the world to see. The Univer-
sity is harder to penetrate; there
is no consistent and organized
"loyal opposition."
ON THE SURFACE it appears
that the University does its job
well. Each year a higher-quality
group of freshmen arrive for four
years of advanced basic training
preparatory to becoming respon -
sible citizens. Upon completion of
the program they enter the-main-
stream of American life, find their
niches in society and usually be-
come a credit to their nation. As
the advertisements in magazines
and even the New York City sub-
ways proclaim, "College is Amer-
ica's best friend"
As an American institution it is
part of the University's job to
train people for roles in our na-
tional society. But, there is aso
a world society, and people are
not just Americans. They come
in a potpourri of nationalities.
races and ethnic groups. The one
common denominator between all
these groups is the fact that their
members are human beings.
Education is not a national en-
deavor, it is a human one. It
takes place all around the globe.
In some places it is regarded as
the most important human effort.
Its subject is the whole history of
man's attempt to understand
himself and the universe around
him. The attempt at understand-
ing is still going on and it will
continue to go on "s long as the
race exists. A frontier is passed
and we take a step forward; a war
is fought and we slide a step
backward. So far we have taken
more steps than slides.
The important point is that the
process involves all of mankind.
Education provides the prime im-
petus to this advance. It must
make clear to the student his in-
volvement in an enterprise which
is global rather than national in
EDUCATION must take the
lead in breaking down the bar-
riers between men. These bar-
riers, both natural and man-
made, have been holding up hu-
man progress since history began.
Their elimination is basic to the
continuance of the "search for
truth and knowledge" which is the
foundation of this University and
all others.
Yet where is the senior gradu-
ating from this University who
would answer the question "What
are you?" by saying "I am a hu-
man being," instead of an Ameri-
can, an economist, an engineer or
a native of Ishpeming, Michigan.
After all, the term appears ob-

vious, since we are all in the hu-
man category it is implied by
our existence. It's so obvious that
either we tend to forget it or we
desire to give a more informative
answer which emphasizes our
These tendencies are encour-
aged by the University. Academ-
ically, we are all specialists, we
are all being prepared for our slots
in society. Even distribution re-
quirements are departmentalized.
For our non-academic hours we
acquire titles such as quaddie, af-
filiate or apartment dweller. We
become part of many different
groups and these differences are
emphasized by the absence of any
countervailing tendencies.
ARE THERE such tendencies?
Yes, but they have been conspicu-
ous by their absence from this
campus for at least the four years
I've been here. Where is the feel-
ing of participating with three
billion other people to find some
purpose in our individual lives?
Where is the commitment to the
acquisition of knowledge both for
its own value and as a continuing
series of victories against our
enemy, the unknown?
Why haven't we become dedi-
cated to the idea that while our
problems are important, so are
those of the next guy: the miner

"Onward! Help! I've Been Stabbed!"
J "
i _
-rl+e W t.JS# ,JCr-['oP^o~r -

versity? Unfortunately that is not
the immediate problem. If it were
we would be halfway to the an-
swer. The real question is how to
recognize the absence of these
concepts as a major problem at
this University and indeed many
universities across the nation.
THERE ARE some rather im-
portant people at the University
who seem vaguely aware that the
University's intellectual climate is
suffering. Both Regent Eugene
Power and President Harlan

and bewilderment in the face of
their needs. We may lose our po-
sition as a strong moral force in
the world because an inability to
bridge the gap between the demo-
cratic ideals we export and our
desire to maintain our affluential
and influential status quo position
in a changing world.
The peoples of the underde-
veloped world are living on the
frontiers of development. We have
already passed that frontier and
we have yet to reach another. This
is the essence of our stagnation.

eration is very much worth
having and a pleasure to review.
It is, as Tuesday's Daily remarks,
highly visual, and Marianne Mei-
sel', three sketches of Roethke,
made during the poet's Hopwood
visit in 1960. are indeed sensitive
and fine. "Indelicate is he who
loathes/ The aspect of his fleshly
clothes,-" and these sketches to-
gether with Ed Langs' portfolio
on Frost, especially the portraits
on pages 34-35, remind us of
what our pipsqueak criticism ne-
glects, that poets are men and the
poetry is the man. The photo-
graphs by Stuart Klipper and H.
Ramsay Fowler, mostly of build-
ings, strike me as skillful but
rather prosaic. I like better that
by Melvin Swartz on page 4, of
a tree trunk taking possession of
an iron fence, a sight which might
have moved Frost to make a poem.
The poetry in this issue, select-
ed generously by Marvin Felheim,
"from the first ten years of the
life of Generation," suggests what
I think there is much evidence to
confirm, that the future of poetry
in this country is full of promise,
though poets like Roethke and
Frost are laid to rest. The work of
young poets already tried and
true, it requires no comment here.
My favorite perhaps is - the
Roethke-like "At the Ghostwrit-
er's Death" by X. J. Kennedy.
IT IS IN turning to the prose
in the issue that the reviewer must
roll up his sleeves. My nameless
predecessor in the Daily finds the
three stories "well-crafted," but I
am not so sure. Joel Greenberg's
"lean prose piece," he finds, "ap-
proaches lyricism." Perhaps. But
if so it does not attain it. It seems
to me hurried rather than lean.
The uneven approaches to lyricism
range from uncouth ("What really
pissed him off was the fact that
he was wet and cold") to evasive
("In three seconds she had a look
on her face that convinced him
that they had been chatting all
night long") to biblical ("She
gave him tea with half an orange
and it was good").
"ThesWay," by Douglas C.
Sprigg, has undoubted power but
strikes me as also amateurish. It
gives the impression of being a
direct slice of Ann Arbor life. It
is unselective and yet a little con-
trived, and it doesn't cohere very

well, as if it were autobiography
not quite made into narrative. But
as raw material, in both senses,
it is well worth the reading, es-
pecially for its biting depiction
of untrained salacious student am-
bulance drivers.
Only Martha MacNeal's "Score
for Female Voice" is truly well
crafted. A tour de force, it tells
a trite and sordid .story from such
a novel and difficult point of view
as to transform it into a discon-
certing song of joy in celebration
of both love and hate, life and
murder. It is indeed lyrical.
THERE REMAINS for consid
eration Sophia Steriades' "har'
hitting essay in rebuttal of Fritl
jof Bergmann." It is rather In>
penetrable and not really self-
contained, requiring reference to
Mr. Bergmann's "Literature and
the Justification of Values" in the
spring issue and following his or-
ganization instead of a structure
of its own. Clearly, Miss Steriades
has the odds against her, and I
fear that many readers will not
take thertrouble to hear her out
and to re-read Mr. Bergmann. I
have taken the trouble and am
inclined to award her the palm.
Mr. Bergmann's essay struck me
at the time as a little derivative
and superficial. Certainly it does
not represent his best thought.
But if he begins to add these
qualities to his iconoclasm and
popularity with undergraduates, he
falls into some danger of becom--
ing another Ayn Rand.
Surely if we want immediacy,
a better perception of the con-
crete, of details and particulars, we
ought not to go to Camus or any
other literature but to life itself.
If we want to experience an eagle
we should not read Tennyson's
poem ('He clasps the crag with
crooked hands;/ Close to the sun
in lonely lands . .")but get an
eagle. Then we shall have our
hands full of details and particu-
lars, but what shall we discover
about the justification of values?
Miss Steriades begins with some
quibbles 'but on pages 19-20
strikes home and justifies her
prim parting blow: "And that is
why Good Thought wears a tight
little bonnet, so she won't lose
her head."
-Edmund Creeth
Professor of English





Hatcher have brought up the sub-
ject in conversations with Daily
staff members in the past two
months. This does not mean that
the problem is of campus-wide
concern; it merely means that
awareness of it is no longer the
monopoly of The Daily editorial
pages and a small number of stu-
dents and faculty.
I am rather pessimistic about
the future acceptance of these
concepts as integral parts of the
University educational experience.
The reason, of course, is that
there are too many other little
problems concerning each of us in
our roles as specialists. Yet if the
overall problem were recognized,
most of the smaller ones would
suddenly fall into perspective. It's
the old issue of not seeing the for-
est for the trees-as the Univer-
sity grows more trees will be
planted and come into view.
There is no denying that the
trees can be extremely interest-
ing. I've covered many of them
in four years on The Daily. There
is much personal satisfaction and
a sense of helping to break down
-barriers by serving as a cog in an
information-supplying mechanism
for the campus. I do not think I
would have gotten this satisfac-
tion had I not been on The Daily
or at least in student activities.
Out of the more than thirty
courses I'vehtaken, I can only
think of five which transcended,
the bounds of specialization end
made me feel a relationship with
other people.
* * *
I SHOULD be completely satis-
fied with the memory of experi-
ences and moments shared with
other people and let it go at that.
But it hurts to know that there
could be so much more. The Uni-
versity has the potential to make
a four-year stay an intensely
beautiful experience.
The resources available for
stimulating creativity, thought
and constructive, satisfying work
are among the best available in
this country and the world. The
students are intelligent; the fac-
ulty are competent in their fields
and presumably aware of how ex-
citing education can be.
In other words, the input is
there. But the output that comes
out of the interaction between
faculty and students at the Uni-
versity is generally of a lower
quality. Concern for the best pos-
sible job and the amount of
material comfort to be gained
seem to be the chief motivating
factors acting on a student once
he leaves the University. There
are exceptions of course, but I
think the graduating seniors who
would say "human being" are few
and far between.
THIS IS not completely the
University's fault. A large part of
the blame must rest with society.
Our generation lacks much of the
idealism and excitement of living
which is the birthright of students
in different parts of the world.
Our prosperous, basically status-
quo society does not welcome new
ideas and intellectual inquisitive-
ness on the part of its young peo-
ple. It has tried, and is succeed-
ing in, buying them off with ma-
terial comforts.
We have become preoccupied
with a sexual revolution whereas
other students are concerning

We can escape by becoming part-
ners in their efforts. But to do
this we have to understand what
they mean when they say free-
dom, liberty, human dignity, cap-
italism and socialism. These are
the terms we hear used by our
professors and the people over-
seas, yet the two accept different
This to me is the main problem
facing both our nation and our
University. We must learn to be-
long in a world where the ma-
jority of the inhabitants desire
change and we do not. We must
realize that the human race is not
just an abstract thing but a liv-
ing, breathing, growing entity;
and we are an integral part of it
and accepted by it. We must learn
the meanings of terms like broth-
erhood and human dignity; terms
we take for granted much too
We at the University must take
these ideals to heart. We have the
potential to do it, but the leader-
ship and motivation is lacking.
Yet we, students now, will inherit
this country tomorrow. We have
the right, and indeed the obliga-
tion, to raise our voices so that
our world will be as near to what
we want it to be as possible.
out is perhaps the most important
insight I have gained from my ex-
perience at the University. It has
been given to a few others, but
only a few. Yet it is to the benefit
of the nation and the University
that this obligation be fostered.
The University, by virtue of its
smaller size and inertia can be the
first to promote it. If and when it
does, The Daily, to paraphrase a
complaining answer to a recent
questionnaire we sent out, will
"stop knocking the University and
applaud it for a change.'

A Great Portrayal of
Six Significant Weeks

At the Campus Theatre
THE CAMPUS Theatre present-
ed last night an advance show-
ing of "Point of Order," a feature
length documentary dealing with
the Army-McCarthy hearings.
"Point of Order" is a most
compelling and brilliant film. It is
concocted from video tapes and
news films of the trial itself and
selections are pieced together in
a chronologically correct, if some-
what incomplete order. Unlike
such abortions as the HUAC
sponsored "Operation Abolition,"
the film does not reassemble time
sequences, nor is there a distorted
narrative inflicted on the sound-
track. After a brief introduction
of purpose and characters, the
film rolled entirely on actual
AS THERE was with the events
themselves, there will be contro-
versy regarding the selection and
deletion of material encountered

The End of a Tradition

EDITOR'S NOTE, The following editorial was
written or Oakland University's studentanews-
paper, the Oakland Observer. Oakland Chancellor
Durward B. Varner fired its writer, Wolf Metzger,
from his post as Observer editor for writing this
editorial and ansaccompanying news story. Varner
also 4estroyed all copies of the issue in which
they were to appear. The editorial discusses an
earlier threat nade by Varner to suspend the
editor from school if the Observer published the
results of a recent survey of coeds' sexual prac-
suspend Observer Editor Wolf Metzger
from the University comes as a first step
to delineate the freedom and power of
Oakland University's student newspaper.
'In the past five years, the Observer
has continuously been in financial diffi-
culty, received support from the adminis-
tration, and, physically, always operated
under severe limitations.
But never has its editorial freedom,
so much in line with avowed objectives of
tho Tnivari, r a rn ickin..civyihir .', vi

was a privilege never to be touched. It
was, essentially, what kept the paper
Now, discussion of the most universal
of all subjects seems to end, for Oakland,
a tradition almost as universal. Indica-
tions are that soon somebody, either
the chancellor himself or a trustworthy
representative of the administration's in-
terests, will sit down and "define" the
Observer's rights and freedoms.
AS TO THE OBSERVER, there is no in-
tention to refer to the First Amend-
ment to the Constitution. The distribution
of power in this matter is clearly recog-
nized. But it is a regrettable mistake to
link the future of Metzger personally with
the actions he took as editor of the Ob-
server. To associate Metzger's status as

A liegorical Nature
"THE SEVENTH SEAL," playing Saturday and Sunday at Architec-
ture Aud., underscores the defects of Bergman's most recent film,
"The Silence." In the latter, a welter of symbols and a succession of
needlessly sensational scenes stand out in high, relief.. They exist for
their own sake.
In "The Seventh Seal," Bergman did not rely on the easy solutions
of symbolism and sensationalism. In this modern morality play, he
erected a superstructure of allegory. But, unlike the devices of "The
Silence," the allegory is unobtrusively realized in concrete episodes and
characters, which it enriches and binds together.
* * *
THE TITLE instantly establishes the allegorical nature of the film.
Inu the "Book of Revelation," quoted at the opening and closing of
the film, the breaking of the seventh seal heralds the Day of Judg-
ment. The whole film, then, moves along a parallel. The plague ravish-
ing Sweden furnishes a metaphor for the wrath of God ravishing the
earth. The search of the Swedish knight for God is the search of every
man. The traveling actor and his wife, with their baby, untouched
by the corruption around them, are called Joseph and Mary. A corporeal
Death moves through the film as a constant reminder of the double
significance of the events.
Bergman uses allegory skillfully. He benefits from the added signi-
cance which the allegory gives the film without sacrificing to it the
verisimilitude of his characters. By toning down the abstract and di-
dactic elements of the Biblical parallel, Bergman achieves a perfect
fusion between the realistic and allegorical dimensions of the film.
THE EVENTS are threaded upon the wanderings of two men just
returned from the Crusades: an idealistic knight and his cynical squire.

within the film. Without Judg-
ing this it still can be assessed as
a film, and in this regards let it
be said that "Point of Order" is
a stimulating, exciting theatrical
"Point of Order" is a . serious
attempt to capture' the mood and
progression of a six week period
that highly influenced American
politics. The events are charged
with emotion and prejudice. The
political temper of a nation, the
subtle machinations, of the power,
of public opinion and those who
control it, the deteriation of a
man's character - all this was
viewed by the entire American
*' * *~
"POINT OF ORDER" captures
the essence ofhthose significent
six weeks of hearings and pre-
sents it powerfully in two hours.
It seems a shame that the tone
of the audience could not have
matched that of the film. Me-
Carthy's apt charge that Welch
was turning the hearings into a
circus can be applied to the aud-
ience that perverts the emotional
impact of a movie by laughing at
what it cannot understand or
what embarrasses it.
The film also was unfortunately
preceded by an insufferable short.
It should be shown alone, without
distracting additions.
-Hugh Holland
In What
At the State Theatre
AKE THE title to heart, ye
who enter the State Theatre
and "Advance to the Rear."
Billed as a comedy, the film
deals with a company of misfits
during the Civil War. Those most
out of place, however, will be the
patrons who came expecting a
laugh for this flick falters and
finally fails.
"Advance to the Rear" is not
only poorly directed with the
worst sets (next to that definitive
picture "Kissin' Cousins") of any
recent Hollywood comedy, but the
acting is uniformly strocious.
Glenn Ford should stick to TV
advertisements for his comedy,



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