$1 Billion Aid Project
For Appalachian Area
To Help Negro Students
ATTACKS DIVISION PLANS
Keyserling Sees Link
In Economic Problems
By DEAN GOTTEHRER
Collegiate Press Service
WASHINGTON-The problems of unemployment, economic
growth, poverty and economic redistribution of wealth are all the
same thing, according to Leon Keyserling, former chairman of the
Council of Economic Advisors.
Addressing participants in
Poverty at George Washington.
PrOF. JOHN REED of the Law
School, currently on leave, has
accepted the deanship of the
University of Colorado Law
School. Prof. Reed, among other
activities at the University,
headed up a committee whose
report led to major changes. in
the Office of Student Affairs.
By LEONARD PRATT
A knife fight reportedly inter-
rupted Michigras festivities a few
minutes after 11 p.m. last night.
One student was reported to
have been knifed in the side dur-
Ing the minor riot.
The fight, rel rted to have be-
gun between a Negro youth and a
white youth, erupted at about
11:10. The first call for police aid
went out at about 11:15.
Police immediately sealed en-
trances and refused to allow any-
one to enter or reenter bYoust
Field House. The crowd inside rap-
idly dispersed. There was virtual-
ly no one left inside an hour later.
One police officer was hospi-
talized with a broken foot, ac-
cording to Michigras officials.
Approximately 20 police officers
were eventually at the scene. Some
30 Negro and eight white youths
were reported involved in the
Police immediately arrested four
unidentified persons. As of 1:15
a.m. this morning, the four were
still under interrogation. The po-
lice had released no statement as
Rumors that Congress of Racial
Equality demonstrators had origi-
nated the disturbances appeared
unfounded. The mob scene did def-
initely have racial overtones, how-
ever, according to observers on
Zeta Beta Tau and Kappa Alpha'
Theta took first place in the show'
booth competition with their film3
of "The World That Wa.s" They'
were followed by Sigma Alpha Mu
and Alpha Epsilon Phi in the show
the 'Intercollegiate Conference on
University, Keyserling attacked th
- current effort to divide the prob
lem of improving the functioning
of the economy into separate part
and trying to solve each part with
the "band-aid" approach.
"I regard the initiation of Pres-
ident Lyndon B. Johnson's Pro-
gram on Poverty as one of the
greatest acts of political courage,'
"I am critical of the failure to
delineate between high ideals and
practical programs," Keyserling
continued. "Good intentions are
not enough ... behind them there
must be programs that are prac-
One of the. discouraging aspects
of the Poverty Program, he said,
is its failurento place enough em-
phasis on an expanding economy
and the problem of unemployment.
"The assumption is that if we
place enough emphasis on improv-
ing the individual, the whole prob-
lem will be solved," Keyserling
The problem of poverty is not a
pocket problem nor a limited prob-
lem; it is not due to the personal
characteristics of certain indi-
viduals, he said. Most Ameri-
cans, he continued, can be train-
ed to fill almost any job-if the
jobs are there.
"Poverty is clearly a function of
the economy," he said. "We have
learned in the past that when a
high rate of growth existed the
rate of unemployment has fallen,
but similarly when the growth rate
slows, the reduction of poverty
Keyserling believes that "For the
first time in history, the economic
problem in the United Stat-s has
become a moral and ethical prob-
lem which cannot be separated in-
Referring to the war on poverty,
Keyserling said that "A beginning
is not enough. A beginning just
says that it is too late to do any-
thing for the old, so let's do some-
thing for the young." He believes
that the size of the problem is
such that we have to begin every-
The beginning, the tax cut, is
not effective according to Keyser-
ling because "All or most of the
increased spending will not go
where new jobs will be created,
but where automation is creating
more unemployment." The prob-
lem is that the program must
counter or advance ahead of tech-
Keyserling's solution to the un-
employment problem is to under-
take a program for rebuilding the
cores of our cities. This would cut
unemployment by at least half
within ten years, he said.
"Our greatest need is for un-
skilled, semi-skilled and partial-
ly-skilled jobs for untrained work-
ers," he added. "Instruction will
provide these jobs."
Keyserling attacked attempts to
create programs which are "poli-
tically feasible." He felt the lead-
ership should create its own con-
census for the programs it de-
velops. He cited as examples the
Social Security program of Roose-
velt and the Marshall Plan of the
Truman, administration as pro-
grams for which the administra-
tion created its own consensus and
which did not win widespread ap-
proval until they were long in ef-
fect and successful.
Bills To Aid
Also Announces U.S.,
To Promote Peace
By The Associated Press
e WASHINGTON-President Lyn-
don B. Johnson said yesterday h
will ask Congress to approve a
' billion-dollar aid program for nin
The President also told a news
conference that the United States
and the Soviet Union are discuss-
ing several possible agreement
which he said "might lessen ten-
sions and promote peace."
Johnson said "we are hopeful'
Sabout the outcome of American-
Soviet discussions. And without
getting specific he reported that
he has exchanged "a good many
communications with Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev.
Johson announced that he will
submit to Congress tomorrow leg-
islative proposals to aid the Ap-
palachian states-Maryland, Vir-
ginia, Pennsylvania, West Virginia,
Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama.
Georgia and North Carolina.
Over $1 Billion
The President, who visited three
of these states Friday to dramatize
his "war on poverty," gave figures
which indicated the aid program
eventually would cost $1 billion
or more, including $840 million
for 2,150 miles of highways.
He said the cost during the first
year-the 12 months that begin
July 1-would come to about $220
million. He said such outlays won't
affect the budget because they
will be taken from a contingency
fund already provided.
Following a conference with sev-
en Appalachian governors Friday
night at Huntington, W. Va., John-
son said he "worked through the
night" to help shape up specific
recommendations for Congress.
On other major topics, the Pres-
-"There is still a serious risk
of efforts to upset the Geneva
accords" providing for a neutral-
ist-headed government in Laos.
"We are still disturt 2d about the
situation," he said.
--Gen. Paul Harkins, command-
er of U.S. forces in South Viet
Nam, will retire Aug. 1 and be re-
placed by his deputy, Lt. Gen.
William C. Westmoreland.
failed in efforts to develop design
proposals for an economic super-
sonic jet transport, so the program
will be reviewed. "I remain con-
vinced that it will be possible to
develop an American supersonic
transport which will be economical
to pperate," Johnson said.
Questioned about claims by
some that the poverty program
is inadequate, Johnson said, "I
think this poverty program is
adequate under the circumstances.
You have to take these things
with gradual realism."
Hit Turk Posts
SAINT ELIAS, Cyprus () -
Greek Cypriot fighters launched a
surprise pre-dawn attack yester-
day on Turkish Cypriot positions
in the rugged Kyrenia mountains
and advanced five miles toward
the strategic pass.
At least three Turks and one
Greek were killed and three Greeks
and one Turk wounded in a five-
hour running battle which started
at 3 a.m., the United Nations re-
By JUDITH BARNETT
You are a Negro high ,school
Last June you graduated from
one of Detroit's predominatly
Negro high schools. You'd like to
attend the University.
But for academic, social. and
financial reasons, the odds have
been slim that you'd ever take a
To counteract some of the ob-
stacles faced by Negro students
interested in coming to Ann Arbor,
the University has developed an
"opportunity program" to pave
the road to their admission. So
far 'under this program, 40 stu-
dents have been accepted for en-
rollment at the University. Twenty
more applications are pending,
and more students are applying
This program really had its
beginnings with the appointment
of Leonard Sain as special assis-
tant to the director of admissions.
For the past eight months, Sain
has been workng on a large-scale
program to help bring disadvan-
taged students onto the campus
with great emphasis on giving
Negroes a chance to strengthen
their number of 130 in the under-
Under this program, Sain has
been . carrying on research, pro-
gramming and communication to
inform parents, high schools and
other colleges of the University's
desire to help.
Sain's reviews of research con-
ducted in high schools indicated
that levels of student achievement
and performance in different high
schools vary markedly, and that
these variations are closely related
to the type of student in each
Due to these great differences
between the quality of various
high schools, a student's rank
within his high-school class will
have little predictive value in de-
termining his probable success in
Intense academic competition
in a high school tends to prepare
a student well for academic com-
petitign at the University-and
vice versa for students for non-
competitive high schools.
Working from these and other
findings, Sain began formulating
a program to help the students
coming from schools of low com-
petition and comparatively in-
ferior academic training. As these
factors are likely to be lower in
areas of low economic status, Sam
began "working with the Univer-
sity's existing facilities" to pro-
vide financial academic assistance
to these students.
Sain's program was publicized
and more than 100 inquiries were
received from students all over-
Michigan. Applications were sent
to these students and 60 replies
were received to date. Of these, 40
have already been accepted for
admissions with twenty still pend-
These students are accepted or
rejected on the same basis as any
other student applying to the Uni-
versity, Sain noted.
strengthening sessions In reading be implemented.
Financial need is determined
next. Reports are.now under lire-.
paration to be sent to various
foundations for support of the new
program. The University hopes to
arrange "package plans" to pro-
vide financial support for these
For example, such a package
would consist of one-third from
loans, one-third coming from
work programs, and the remainder
from the student himself.
Besides additional financial as-
sistance, two final forms of help
would be provided for the student
entering this program: a summer
school session and a counseling
Due to the uncertainty of the
necessary funds, only temporary
plans have been laid by Sain for
the summer school session.
Four Weeks Ideal
He says a four-week, on-campus
program would be the ideal. Morn-
ing "classes" would consist of
strengthening sessions in reading
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIV, No. 160 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 26, 1964 SEVEN CENTS SIX PAGES
Border State Senator
Opposes Civil Rights Bill
WASHINGTON (MP)-The fate of the civil rights bill may rest
with border state Senators, and yesterday one of them took the
Senate floor to label the measure "seriously defective and potentially
What caused Sen. Albert Gore (D-Tennessee) to lash the admin-
istration-sponsored and House-passed bill more than three hours
s a section that would permit the President and other officials to
cut off federal aid funds if a state
NA VAL COOPERATION:
Expect de Gaulle To Pull Out
or local agency engages in racial
In the hands of some future
President, Gore contended, this
could be a wedge for political re-
prisal. And so broad is the pro-
vision, he said, a state's entire.
school lunch or welfare funds'
could be cut off if a single district
is found in violation.
Gore voted for the civil rights
bills of 1957 and 1960, but said he
cannot support the current legis-
lation-in its present form.
Nineteen Southern senators are
dead set against civil rights legis-
lation and are dedicating their'
oratorical energies to trying to talk
the bil lto death. If they can per-
suade 15 colleagues that the bill
should not be passed, attempts
to choke off debate-now in its
40th day-would be impossible. To
invoke cloture, 67 have to be in
favor if all 100 senators show up
It only took 19 minutes this
morning to round up a quorum of
51 senators for the fourth con-
secutive Saturday session on civil
Leaders hope to drive a wedge
into the talkfest Tuesday or Wed-
nesday by calling for a vote on
their amendment to provide jury
trials in discrimination cases.
However, the Dixie field mar-
shall, Sen. Richard B. Russell (D-
Ga), old a reporter it is "highly
unlikely" tPere will be any vote
on the amendment next week.
The amendment was introduced
yesterday by Democratic Leader
Mike Mansfield of Montana and
Republican Leader Everett M.
Dirksen. It would limit to a $300
fine and 30 days in jail contempt
sentences without a jury trial un-
der all injunctive provisions of
the 1964 bill. And it would bring
the 1957 measure into line by re-
ducing the jail ceiling in xoter
rights cases from 45 days to 30
If the Southerners mount an
oratorical barrage against it, the
amendment cannot be brought to
TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (RP)
-Prime Minister Tunku Abdul
Rahman's Alliance party rolled to
a landslide victory yesterday, win-
ning a resoundinghmandatehfor
continuing its tough approach to
Indonesian threats to smash Ma-
Rahman jubilantly declared the
victory "has given us very much
courage to face our enemies with
"To hell with (Indonesian Pres-
ident) Sukarno!" he added.
With counting still incomplete,
R a h m a n 's multiracial Alliance
party had captured 70 of Malaya's
104 parliamentary seats, picking
up eight opposition seats. Singa-
pore, Sarawak and Sabah, the
other states in the Malaysian fed-
eration, appoint their parliamen-
The victory was a crushing de-
feat for Malaysia's far left and its
extreme rightwing religious zea-
lots. They have demanded an ac-
cord in the smouldering dispute
with Indonesia which has led to
serious guerrilla fighting in Ma-
laysia's Boreno states.
The Socialist front and Right-
ist Pan Malayan Islamic party
captured five and one seats re-
spectively although their total was
expected to grow as more returns
Rahman, a Moslem prince, cam-
paigned almost entirely on Ma-
laysia's dispute with Indonesia.
claiming any vote against the
government would be for Indone-
sian President Sukarno. The In-
donesian president has vowed to
smash Malaysia as a neo-colon-
ialist state set up againststhe
wishes of the people to serve
Th rm. m in ctar . m,+hi
LONDON (P)-Allied diplomats
said last night they understand
French President Charles de
Gaulle is planning to end active
French naval cooperation with the
North Atlantic Alliance. except in
time of war.
These r e p o r t s came after
F r a n c e 's representative, Adm.
George Cabaniere, stayed away
from a meeting of the committee
of NATO's channel command held
Thursday in the Hague.
Vice-Adm. Jean Witrand, naval
attache at the French embassy in
London, said he had no informa-
tion when asked by a newsman if
there was any explanation for
The informants,. who declined
to be identified, said they now do
not expect the French to partici-
pate in future naval exercises be-
ing arranged for European mem-
bers of NATO who make up chan-
nel command. The command in-
cludesdBritain, France, Belgium,
Holland and is led by Adm. Sir
Wilfrid J. W. Woods of Britain.
In Germany, meanwhile, the in-
dependent Hamburg newspaper
Die Welt said it also had learned
of a possible French navy with-
A front page dispatch by its
Paris correspondent said "there is
reason to assume that France's
NATO partners have already been
informed of this intended step."
De Gaulle's reported decision, so
far as can be established in Lon-
don, has not yet been conveyed
officially to NATO's permanent
council. But more than one allied
government has been advised that
the French are planning to do so
If it comes, the move will be
more a symbol of the French pres-
ident's dissatisfaction with the
NATO set-up than a blow to inter-
allied defense itself. The French
already have withdrawn their
Mediterranean and Atlantic fleets
from NATO command-with the
proviso they would become avail-'
able again in time of war.
Channel command represented
one of the last remaining areas in
which the British navy was work-
ing with the French navy.
As understood in London by
allied authorities both the French
navy and foreign ministry favored
a continuation of some forms of
French naval cooperation within
Secretary of State Dean Rusk
of the United States and British
Foreign Secretary R. A. Butler will
be meeting in Washington next
week and are due to take a hard
look at the affairs of the Alliance.
and communications skills. The'
afternoon would be centered
around discussions to familiarize
the incoming student with the de-
partments of the University. Days
would end with programs centered
on enriching the student's culture
and aquaintng him with the num.-
erous cultural activities available
Now, hopefully, the student is
financially strong and academical-
ly oriented. But the time has come
for him to attend school.
To assist him down the long
roads of social and academic dif-
ficulties incurred during his four
years, Sain hopes to intensify
counseling for the student. "Not
wanting to leave it to chance,"
the University will build into the
program a planned program of
personal academic counseling.
The entire program-summer
session, financial aid and counsel-
ing-awaits adequate financial
support. Sain. says he feels sup-
port will be secured so that the
summer pre-college program can
The French position undoubtedly
will be closely examined in the
light of the decision attributed to
But de Gaulle personally is be-
lieved to have been opposed. One
possible. reason is that he dislikes
the idea of French warships re-
maining under foreign command.
It was not immediately clear if
de Gaulle means means withdraw-
ing all French naval officers from
Negotiation Meetings Settle'
Local Discrimination Case
By BRUCE BIGELOW
City Human Relations Commission. Director. David Cowley met
with members of the Congress of Racial Equality and representatives
of Thompson's Restaurant this past week and succeeded in negotiat-
ing a solution to the problem of alleged discrimination at the Thomp-
Representatives of the restaurant consented to hire a Negro
waitress, Tamar Eutsey, for a ten-hour work week to begin with.
They promised that her hours
would be gradually increased un-
til she will finally be working full
The agreement followed several
months of intense picketing by
CORE. Picketers had regularly
gathered in front of the estab-
lishment on weekends, between
the hours of midnight and 3 a.m.
ever since the first of the year.
The first observations of appar-
ent discrimination were made by
CORE last October. At this time
CORE set up a testacase involv-
ing both a Negro and a white
applicant. CORE said the Negro
was refused a job despite her con-
siderable experience in such work,
while the white girl was hired im-
mediately although she had less
than three months experience.
Between October and January,
CORE met often with members of
the restaurant in an attempt to
arrive at some conclusion. Little,
however, was accomplished until
picketing began this year.
CORE viewed this action as fur-
ther evidence of purposeful dis-
crimination. The State Civil Rights
Commission was called in and in-
vestigated the case, finally lead-
ing to the sessions of negotia-
tions with HRC.
Local CORE Chairman Walter
Blackwell said last night the out-
come of the case has appeared to
have other immediate conse-
quences. "In negotiations, shortly
after the Thompson's settlement,
another d o w n t o w n restaurant
agreed to hire Negro help."
DAR ES-SALAAM (AP) - The
Revolutionary Council of Zanzi-
bar and the Tanganyika National
Assembly ratified the agreement
for the Union of Tanganyika and
The New Republic of Tangan-
yika and Zanzibar officially came
into being at the stroke of mid-
The announcement of Zanzi-
bar's ratification was made by a
Tanganyika government official as
the national assembly went into
the last stages of the ratification
The official said the next step
would be for Tanganyikan Presi-
dent Julius Nyerere, who will be
the head of the new nation, to
Sunday was designated Union
Nyerere announced Thursday he
had signed an agreement with
President Abeid Karume of Zanzi-
bar to merge the two former Brit-
ish colonies into one sovereign
The signing was reported to
have taken place Wednesday on
Zanzibar, an island lying off Tan-
the various NATO command struc-
tures in which they now serve.
At a time of some stress over
the future of the Atlantic alliance
the ending of all French naval co-
operation undoubtedly will create
new problems for Western states-
Local observers would not say
whether or not this change was in
line with de Gaulle's current
BACK TO NEBRASKA:
Daily Compositor Starts Headin' West '
By ANDREW ORLIN
The tall, handsome and suave man who has put up with
sophmoric, unthinking and argumentative hothead students for the
past nine years no longer will be manning his usual post in The
Daily compositor Wayne Walkenhorst has locked his last page
for The Daily with today's edition.
With humor-and occasional severity-he has prodded night
editors to get the paper locked and ready for the presses by the 2 a.m.
They'll miss the way he speedily assembled a page. throwing the
'Ensian To Debut Tomorrow
By JOHN KENNY *m.
Acting Assistant Managing Editor
Displaying a deep blue cover with a silver-embossed seal of
the University, the Michiganensian-volume 68-comes out tomorrow.
The 224-page book features a 16-page color section and a special
114-page paperback supplement with group pictures of campus living
units-dorms, quads, co-ops, sororities and fraternities. The supple-
ment is included in the $5 pre-publication price of the Ensian, and
cannot be purchased separately.
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