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April 16, 1964 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-04-16

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RACHEL CARSON:
CONSERVATION CRIER
See Editorial Page

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FAIR
High5'7
Low-45
Partly cloudy with
possible rain today

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIV, No. 151 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1964 SEVEN CENTS

EIGHT PAGE;

Bill Poses Threat
To 'U' Autonomy
Ronney's Signature Would Permit
Recall of Funds During Depression
By BRIAN BEACH
A measure which may threaten the University's constitutional
independence needs only the governor's signature to become law.
The Senate Tuepday passed a bill empowering the governor to
assemble the House and Senate committees on appropriations for the
.purpose of trimming already-enacted appropriations any time state
revenues should dip below estimates made at the time the spending
rwas authorized. Higher education

Hey ns
Direct

Selects
New R

Thuma

To

Plan

esidential

College

House Aetion
Only Block
To Trimester
Only one ostacle blocks 6he
University's official move into a
full-scale trimester operation for
the 1964-65 academic year.
That hurdle is the legislative
House in Lansing, where the Sen-
ate-approved $44 million appropri-
ation currently awaits action. If
the. appropriation passes unslash-
ed, students can prepare for short-
ened vacations and a full-scale
summer program.
Vice-President for Academic Af-
fairs Roger W. Heyns yesterday
confirmed that the new trimester
schedule will become official once
the appropriation passes. House
action is expected by early May.
The trimester schedule, adopt-
ed by the Regents in February to
supersede a two-and-one-half term
calendar, would feature:
-The opening of the fall term
Aug. 31, the traditional one week
after fall orientation begins. The
See box, page 2
term would run through Dec. 22.
This would be the same as the or-
iginal two and one-half term
schedule.
The slashing of Christmas va-
cation to approximately two weeks.
-The beginning of classes for
the spring term on Jan. 7, three
days after the start of registra-
tion. In the two-and-one-half term
calendar, the spring semester was
not to open until Jan. 18.
-The shortening of spring va-
cation from its customary nine
days to a "three day" weekend.
Running only from 5 p.m. Thurs-
day, March 4, through Sunday,
March 6, the vacation would also
not include an Easter Sunday
break. The pre-trimester calendar
had slated a nine-day break.
-The conclusion of the exami-
nation period on April 27, with
Commencement to be held May .1.
-The arranging of the summer
term in two parts, featuring both
seven-week and 15-week periods.
The first half of the term would
run from May 5 through June
26; the second would run from
June 28 through Aug. 28.
The move into the full-scale tri-
mester schedule has been heralded
by university officials as the an-
swer to growing enrollments and
space-utilization problems.
Preliminary surveys have al-
ready indicated that a much
greater number than the 13,000
students who attended the summer
session last year can be expected.
In adopting the new trimester
schedule, the Regents simultane-
ously indicated that the move into
trimester was being given a high
budget priority. In submitting the
budget request to Gov. George
Romney last autumn for the 1964-
65 fiscal year, administrators had
placed trimester low on the prior-.
ity list. They asked for over $1
million to implement the trimester
move.
In the event that the House
does chop the budget, and joint
conferences between the House
and Senate fail to restore the
funds, the University may move
into the trimester anyway, one of-'
ficial observed.
Officials have reiterated, how-
ever, that funds for salary and
enrollment increments retain "top
priority."
Senate Passes
Agency Motion
A bill setting up a Higher Edu-

cation Facilities Commission to
:gatf brinrii for' fedral~i capfital

operating budget levies are sub-
ject to the review of the appro-
priation committees under the bill
in the event of a revenue cut. The
1964-65 appropriations are pre-
dicted on state revenue estimates
of $650 million.
Sen. William G. Milliken (R-
Traverse City) observed that the
bill stems from the requirements
of the new constitution, providing
that fiscal expenditures shall not
exceed revenues. The bill passed
the Senate without opposition, he
noted.-
Rep. Gilbert E. Bursley (R-Ann
Arbor) who opposed the bill three
weeks when it .passed the House,
said last night the measure failed
in the House the first time it came
up. It passed with a narrow mar-
gin on its second vote.
"I was a little afraid that the
bill might violate the constitu-
tional independence of the univer-
sities," Rep. Bursley explained.
The constitutional requirement
in question states that the gov-
ernor may not reduce expenditures
from funds constitutionally dedi-
cated for specific purposes.
The provision provides that
heads of government departments
who don't comply with emergency
appropriation cuts can be im-
peached. The governor must com-
ply .with the same stipulations.
House members questioned the
extent and form of the governor's
responsibility to this provision,
Bursley emphasized.
With respect to the University's
$44 million operating budget bill
and its $5.7 million capital outlay
bill, which are pending in the
House Ways and Means commit-
tee, Rep. Bursley said he expects
the House will pass the bills vir-
tually intact.
The two bills passed in the Sen-
ate late last week, the House
committee must act on them by
next Wednesday.
Rep. Arnell Engstrom (R-
Traverse City) chairman of the
House Ways and Means commit-
tee, said last night he expects
some of the members of his com-
mittee to be in favor of cutting
higher education operating budget
appropriations. Capital outlay
levies should remain unchanged,
he added.
Whether this year's higher edu-
cation outlay increases in propor-
tion to increases of other state in-
stitutions and agencies made pos-
sible by the budget surplus will be
the major consideration, Engstrom
predicted.
Milliken expects the House will
not substantially change the high-
er education appropriations bills.
He noted, "There is a great deal
of cooperation among House lead-'
ers, Senate leaders and the ad-
ministration on these bills at each
stage of legislation.e
University officials indicated
that they expect the House will
not cut the operating budget re-
quest as specified by the Senate.
The $44 million appropriation
proposed is $6 million higher than
last year's appropriation. Faculty
salary increases and trimester are
contingent on maintaining the
$44 million levy.

Vifew Result
Of Massacre
In Viet Narn
By The Associated Press
S A I G ON - Military leaders
assessed yesterday the grim results
of a three-day battle in Viet
Nam's deep south set off by a de-
liberate Communist massacre of
government sympathizers at Kien
Long, a district capital.
"A stunning Communist politi-
cal victory" was the judgment of
one Americansobserver in that
bleeding, grief-stricken region.
United States advisers said
nearly 300 government soldiers
had been killed or wounded-the
heaviest toll of a single engage-
ment in the war. They said civil-
ian casualties may exceed 200.
The bodies of 50 or 60 guerrillas
were counted in fire-charred
paddy fields.
Wounded
Of the government's supporting
forces, a U.S. helicopter crewman
was killed in a previously,:reported
incident. He was hit by ground
fire Sunday. A dozen other Ame-
ricans were wounded.
These conrtibuted to a rising
rate of American battle casual-
ties-32 killed, 292 wounded and
2 missing in the first 3/2 months
of 1964 as compared with a total
of 503 killed, wounded and miss-
ing through all 12 months of last
year.
The government mounted its
drive after the Communists moved
out of a base Sunday in the forest
of U Minh, along the gulf of Siam,
and overran Kien Long, which is
on a section of the Ca Mau Penin-
sula.
Daylight Fight
In the ensuing battle, two Com-
munist Viet Cong battalions op-
posed a government paratroop
battalion, a ranger battalion, two
infantry battalions and a special
forces unit. Surprisingly, they
carried the fight into government
lines even in daylight.
Meanwhile in Saigon, Ngo Dinh
Can, 53-year-old younger brother
of the late President Ngo Dinh
Diem, went on trial yesterday on
charges of murder, extortion and
misuse of power.
The former overload of the cen-
tral Vietnamese provinces under
the Diem regime faces a possible
death sentence from the revolu-
tionary tribunal.
Court Action
Suffering from diabetes, Can
was helped into the packed court-
room in Saigon's Palace of Justice
by two military policemen.
Can, whose headquarters and
home were' in Hue, 400 miles north
of here, evaded revolutionary au-
thorities for several days after his
brothers in Saigon, Ngo Dinh
Diem and Ngo Dinh Nhu, were
overthrown and killed last Nov. 2.
He then made his way to the
American consulate in Hue,
where he sought refuge. U.S. Con-
sul John Helble, on instructions
from Saigon, put Can aboard a
U.S. air force transport plane, on
which he was flown to Saigon and
then turned over to revolutionary
authorities.

ToAsk Regents for
Thuma 'Personally' Against Bid
To Place Unit on North Campus
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
Associate Dean Burton Thuma of the literary college has
been selected to direct the planning and running of the new
residential college.
Vice-President for Academic Affairs Roger W. Heyns will
ask the Regents Friday to approve.the appointment, high ad-
ministrative sources disclosed yesterday.
Heyns will also convey to the'monthly Regents meeting a
recommendation that site-planning for the college commence
at once-with North Campus emphasized as a possible loca-
tion.
Inaugural date for the self-contained living and learning

THREE MEN WHO have moved the residential college proposal from concept toward reality-and
who will lead it in the future. Associate Dean Burton Thuma (left) was yesterday selected by Vice-
President for Academic Affairs Roger W. Heyns (center) to head the planning and direction of the
unit. He will be guided by the' Hay report, named after the chairman of the committee who auth-
ored it, Prof. George E. Hay (right).
ALTERS COUNCIL PLAN:

unit with a liberal arts orientation remains
the sources confirmed yester- - .

tentatively 1965,

SGC Adoj
By DAVID BLOCK
Student Government Council
last night approved the establish-
ment of a constituent assembly
and passed motions to alter the
Council plan in the areas of offi-
cer elections and the voting sys-
tem to be used in SGC elections.
The constituent assembly, pro-
posed by Carl J. Cohen, '66, and
the Student Concerns Committee,
is a body that will enable students
to bring legislation before Coun-
cil. The assembly will meet twice
monthly, and is open to all stu-
dents on campus.
Suggestions, brought to the as-
sembly by an individual student,
either representing hisiown opin-
ions or those of a particular cam-
pus organization, will be voted on
by those students present at the
meeting.
Forward to Council
If a majority of the students
approve the motion it will sub-
sequently be forwarded to the
Council table by the Student Con-
cerns Committee and then acted
upon by SGC.
The changes in the Council plan
approved last night are twofold.
The first provides for an all cam-
pus election of SGC officers. The
president and executive vice-presi-
dent of Council will be elected by
the campus at large, and the re-
maining officers will be appointed
by the president subject to the ap-
proval of SGC. Under the present
plan, all officers are elected by
the members'of SGC.
Controversy arose over a clause
in the officer election plan con-
cerning the experience of students
eligible as candidates for the Coun-
cil presidency.
Expresses Disapproval
Howard Schechter, '66, express-
ed disapproval of the requirement
of one half term experience on
Council as a prerequisite for can-
didacy for president. He said that
students who have not served on
Council could still have the abil-
ity to be president, and that the

pts Constituent Body

electorate, not SGC, should deter-
mine the worth of each candidates
qualifications.
Barry Bluestone, '66, spoke in fa-
vor of the experience clause on
the grounds that it would keep un-
experienced students out of key
officer positions.
Popularity Contest
He also said that without the.
experience clause the all campus!
election of SGC officers could turn
into a popularity contest with the
electorate discounting the individ-
ual capabilities of the candidates.
Ta.xBill Aids
'' Affiliates
The House General Taxation
committee passed a rider out of
committee yesterday which allows
fraternities, sororities and co-
operative housing units a $5000
personal properties exemption
from property tax assessments,
Rep. Gilbert E. Bursley (R-Ann
Arbor) said last night.
This is the first time after three
year's efforts the bill has made
it out of committee, he added.
Ann Arbor's property assessor for
the first time this year assessed
fraternities, sororities and coops,
for furniture and other personal
properties not previously included
in assessments.

Bluestone further pointed out.
that candidates for the Council
presidency who lacked experience
on Council would have no previous
voting records on which the con-
stituents could judge them.
The second change in the Coun-
cil plan approved last night chang-
ed the method of electing SGC
members to a limited vote sys-
tem. This system gives the voter
the number of votes equal to one
half plus -one of the seats open on
Council. It is designed to give
greater representation to the ma-
jority interests on campus.
The proportional representation
system of election, presently used
by SGC, gives more of a chance
for minority factions to be repre-
sented on Council. Both changes
in the Council plan are subject to
approval of the Regents.
Regent Banquet
Tonight the Regents will meet
with the members of SGC at their
annual banquet. Among the top-,
ics to be discussed are the lines
of authority concerning student
conduct.
The issue has been discussed in-
termittently during the last few
years and it is believed that ac-
tion should be taken. Council
wants to eventually amend their
plan to include in the section on
functions, a clause giving to them
jurisdiction over all matters of
student conduct although subject
to the veto of the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs.

day. However, Dean Thuma
said last night he does not fa-
vor either a North Campus lo-
cation or a 1965 opening date
in temporary facilities.
Dean Thuma, who has risen
from psychology instructor to as-
sociate dean in his 36 years with
the University, would guide a 10-
man faculty committee to work out
the detailed plans of the college.
The committee has not been an-
nounced.
He would then become adminis-
trative head of the unit itself.
Heyns' recommendation of Dean
Thuma is a follow-up to a Regen-.
tal directive passed last month,
for the vice-president to appoint
the planning group-and its chair-.
man-with the intent "that the
people on this committee would be
the nucleus of the residential col-
lege faculty."
The appointment of Dean Thu-
ma Friday would also conform to a.
specification endorsed by the lit-
erary college faculty that the res -
dential college head hold associate
dean status in the College of Lit-
erature, Science and the Arts.
However, Dean Thuma 'speculat-
ed last night that he may try to
deviate from proposed specifica-
tions for the college endorsed by
various faculty groups in its two-
year advancement from concept
toward implementation..
Heyns has emphasized in the
past that the new faculty plan-
ning committee would only use
the faculty recommendations as a
starting point.
As endorsed by the special Hay
committee (named for chairman
Prof. George E. Hay of the mathe-
matics department) and by the lit-
erary college faculty, the residen-
tial college would be set under
these broad guidelines:
-It would be a small, self-con-
tained educational unit, geared to
a liberal arts curriculum, and in-
tegrating eating, living and class-
room facilities.
-Its 1000-2000 students, chosen
on a voluntary basis for four years,
would be educated by full-fledged
literary college professors.
--Despite their isolation aca-
demically, the students of the col-
lege could take advantage of the
overall campus facilities.
Dean Thuma has also empha-
sized that the project is "wor-
thy of consideration on education-
al grounds alone." He, along with
other proponents, have seen in the
college an unprecedented oppor-
tunity for educational innovation
-in both teaching technique and
curriculum offered.
In enlarging upon his personal
ideas by telephone last night, Dean
Thuma said he would strive to
open the college in "specially-de-
signed facilities for the project."
This could delay the unit's open-
ing to 1967.
University officials have indicat-
ed that they would prefer to see
the college open in existing stric-
tures starting with a pilot group
in 1965.
Dean Thuma said he favored the
"pilot group" idea and would grad-
ually build the school to its 2000
ad-n , nii Qi .a 1by fn',r ennnee, nop

StageProtest.
Over Arrests
By STEPHEN BERKOWITZ
Approximately 200 persons dem-
onstrated in front of the 7th Pre-
cinct headquarters of the Detroit
Police Department yesterday in
protest over alleged violations of
individual rights resulting from an
incident Monday involving a De-
troit student civil rights group.
The group, which included ap-
proximately twenty persons from
the University community, - was
comprised for the most part of
junior and senior high school stu-
dents and people from the area in
which the incident occurred.
The students involved averaged
approximately 14 years in age.
On Monday evening, the police
reportedly had entered the store-
front office of the civil rights
group-the Barbour Community
Student Movement-and arrested
22 persons who were engaged in a
meeting ther.
According to Russell Smith,
spokesman for the Barbour group,
it had gathered to discuss. an in-
cident which involved two students
and two police officers earlier in
the day.
The students charged that Lauri
Litson, one of those arrested, suf-
fered minor injury due to unnec-
essary roughness on the part of
the police. The storefront office
reportedly was damaged and its
window broken.
But according to Police Inspec-
tor Gerald Perman, the entry in-
to the storefront occurred after
two patrolmen on' the beat re-
ported that a disorderly crowd -was
gathered in front of it.
The police further charged that
the Barbour group barred two po-
licemen from a police telephone
box when they attempted to place
a second call. A passing patrol car
then radioed for aid, Perman said.
When reinforcements arrived,
the Barbour group entered the
store-front office and its mem-
bers were arrested inside it.
Members of the Barbour Com-
munity Student Movement-and
various other persons sympathetic
to yesterday's demonstration-ap-
parently plan to stage further pro-
tests today.
Mobilize Police
To StopRiots
MARYVILLE, Mo. (M - The
state highway patrol moved into
Maryville yesterday and a strict
curfew was invoked in an effort
to prevent further student rioting
at Northwest Missouri State Col-
lege.
"All college students living on
the campus are to stay on campus
and violators .will be recommended
for expulsion," the college presi-
dent, J. W. Jones, announced.
For two consecutive nights more
tha~n 1100 students haive marched

Syria Suppresses 'Revolt
After Rioting in Hamah
DA1MASCUS OP)-The Syrian government announced last night
that its forces have "completely put down an armed anti-government
plot" in the central Syrian city of Hamah.
Acting Information Minister Shibli Eissami told reporters that
latest reports from the troubled city said the entire town was under
full government control. An earlier announcement said the govern-
'-->ment sealed off the city, about

INEFFECTIVE PROGRAMS:
Sc~~~~rnltz~~c. Cie mrcnArclua i

By MICHAEL SATTINGER
Acting Associate Managing Editor
Although the United States has
a modern agriculture, it has not
performed well in helping poor
countries to achieve modern agri-
cultures.
In fact, the most impressive im-
provements in agricultural pro-
duction since the war have oc-
curred in countries where the U.S.
doesn't have programs, Prof.'
Theodore Schultz of the Univer-
sity of Chicago's economics de-
nrtvmjnt %aidvesterdav.

fact of the matter is that these
approaches have so far not achiev-
ed results that come even close to
expectations," Prof. Schultz said.
First, the presumption that
farmers in poor countries are in-I
efficient must be dispelled: they'
have long since attained a type
of economic equilibrium.I
Thus it is wrong to assume-asI
extension programs do-that "a'
different allocation of the existing
agricultural resources or factors
would substantially increase pro-
duction.

-so little in fact that it yields
an unattractive rate of return," he
explained.
Efficiency Programs
It follows that "programs aimed
solely at improving the economic
efficiency of farmers are doomed
to fail. Likewise programs designed
solely to induce farmers in tra-
ditional agriculture to increase
their investment in precisely the
same type of agricultural factors
they have been using for genera-
tions will fail for lack of accept-
ance simply because the pay-off is

130 miles north of Damascus, by
declaring a state of emergency
and a 24-hour curfew.
Eissami said two persons were
killed during the uprising in the
city of about 100,000 population.
He said trouble broke out Mon-
day when students from one
school staged a demonstration in
protest against the arrest of one
student and the transfer of a
few teachers.
During the demonstration, he
said shots were fired and one
citizen was killed.
"Reactionary and feudalist ele-
ments, who had been infuriated
by the government's seizure of
their extra land, under the Agra-
rian Reform Law, exploited the
incident and provoked a large part
of the business section in the city

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