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April 04, 1964 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-04-04

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&-Snty-T ird Year
s printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in at' reprints.
Smoking: Time for Action,
Not Discussion.

ARY of this year the surgeon
's advisory committee of the
ealth Service issued its long-
nd voluminous report on the
moking cigarettes. The authors
port were unanimous in con-
hiat heavy cigarette consump-
y hazardous to health and that
ate remedial action" needs to be
three months have elapsed since
iothing has been done. Cigarette
on, after a rather sharp dip,
led its upward climb from last
)rd consumption of 522.9 billion
CAN BE no argument at this
hat smoking is not a very real
potent health threat. The sur-
ral's report put what has been
>r some time into clear, thor-
cumented language. The only
remaining are what steps to
how soon they can be imple-
acco companies, in an apparent
of generosity and concern for
welfare, have set up a multi-
ollar research fund for con-
ibiased" research into the sub-
ver, considering that their busi-
nts to $8 billion a year, it is a
I to credit them with the best
. One is forced, in fact, to won-
reral million dollars is not a
e for them to pay for another
ars of relative quiet on the
ssue - or however long this
initive and final" research will
-IING is to be done about the
smoking presents to the pub-
a counter-offensive to these ef-
arly going to have to be staged.
t step must be to set up reason-
tives for such a program. Few
le that smoking can or should
d. Our government has no re-
y to tell its citizens that they
oke cigarettes. It does have a
fty, however, to make sure that
s painfully aware, every time he
garette, that he is doing so at
le peril to his health.
garette package as well as ra-

dio, television and printed advertisements
should be required by law to include a
warning on the dangers of smoking in ex-
cess. An extensive advertising campaign
on the dangers of smoking needs to be
undertaken. It would have to be similar
to that conducted by the National Safety
Council for the use of seat belts--a long-
range campaign that is, after many years,
finally getting abundant results.
IT IS, HOWEVER, quite clear that get-
ting people to stop smoking would be a
Herculean task. What requires most at-
tention are programs to keep people,
principally teenagers, from getting caught
by the habit. Again, labeling and advertis-
ing will help, but many other programs
can be undertaken. Schools should s ress
the dangers involved, and television ad-
vertising should be limited to the late eve-
ning hours.
Another source of action is in the vend-
ing machine business. There are wide-
spread laws banning cigarette sales to
minors. Vending machines are an obvious
affront to these laws and destroy any
validity they might have. Either the laws
should be repealed or the vending ma-
chines limited to locations with princi-
pally adult access. A decision needs to
be made in favor of one or the other of
these alternatives.
At the very least, cigarette vending
machines should be removed from public
buildings. There can be no excuse for
public support and even profit from a
business injurious to public welfare. The"
University is one very good example of
a place where action needs to be taken.
Cigarettes are freely available in Ann
Arbor. There is no possible reason why
the University should sell them too.
IT IS, OF COURSE, the fond hope of all
those profiting from the tobacco busi-
ness to see the occasional storms of pub-
lic concern blow over and evaporate. They
always have. Public concern, however,
should not be allowed to drift in a matter
so important to the national health. Peo-
ple have short memories and must con-
stantly be reminded of the facts of the
case. These facts are clear and deserve
much more than the head-in-the-sand in-
terest they have thus far been accorded.

* A, ,
' 6t . l t f' f t" 1

. -

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
third in a four-part series dealing
with Sen. J. William Fulbright's
recent foreign policy speech.
T HE DIVERGENCE b e t w e e n
American myths and reality
plague United States policy with
Southeast Asia more than in any
other U.S. foreign-relations situ-
Senator J. William Fulbright,
chairman of the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee, made this
contention in his by-now famous
foreign policy speech last week be-
fore a near-empty Senate cham-
However, as one popular news-
magazine noted this week, "
one man's myth can be another 's
reality, and Fulbright may yet
find that some of his own 'reali-
ties' are themselves dangerous
Ingeneral, the tone of Ful-
bright's speech is not one of opti-
mism concerning the world situa-
tion. And such a speech should
not have an optimistic tone be-
cause there is no room for opti-
mism in an evaluation of today's
world situation.
* *. *.
HOWEVER, w h e n Fulbright
speculates about the future of
Communist China, he displays un-
warranted optimism. He dares to
suggest that "a new generation of
leaders in Peking and Taipei may
put a quiet end to the Chinese
civil war...."
No matter how far we look into
the future of Communist China
we must base any and all pre-
dictions on China's history and
present status. This does not allow
for any benevolent Communist
Chinese rule which will enter into
"competitive coexistence" with the
United States, or the world.
The present - day Communist
Party in Red China is- tighter-
knit and more dogmatic to Marx-
ian principles than any other ex-
isting communist party in the
Chinese Premier Mao Tse-tung,
the kingpin of this despotic or-
ganization for more than 30 years,
has faithfully weeded out and
kept a careful eye on all party
irregulars who tend to be revision-
ists of Marxist doctrine. He has
done this, not through embarras-
sing party purges, but rather
through close guidance of the
party since its inception.
* * *
IN THE MANY iron-ruled party
cells widely distributed through-
out, the mainland, Mao has the
most effective autocratic strong-
hold in the world today. And it is
through this stronghold that Mao
has set his and his peer's hopes
for world conquest of the bastions
of capitalism.
Therefore, Fulbright, in making
a vaili attempt at viewing a world
of reality, has only clouded his
thinking with an optimistic myth.
Fulbright, however, returns to

Myths, Reality Plague
Southeast Asian Policy

his normal course of enlightened
discussion when he talks of the
situation in South Vietnam.
He eliminates the de Gaulle-
inspired theory of neutralism in
South Vietnam. This stand alone
took courage in that there were
probably some U.S. Democratic
Party members turning over
French President Charles de
Gaulle's suggestion.
"It seems clear that there are
only two realistic options open
to us in Vietnam in the immed-
iate future: the expansion of the
conflict in one way or another or
a renewed effort to bolster the
capacity of the South Vietnamese
to prosecute the war successfully
on its present scale," Fulbright
TO FURTHER widdle down the
possibilities, open to us in Viet-
nam,. we should dismiss the idea
of carrying the war into North
Vietnam with the active aid of
U.S. troops participating in com-
This act would not only touch
off a major war with China but
would also alienate the few truly
friendly ties the United States has
remaining in Southeast Asia. This
is because of a reality rarely
aired in discussions of U.S. foreign
policy with countries of the yel-
low race.
The peoples of Southeast Asia
retain the clear and distinct
memory of Hiroshima. Any active
armed aggression by the Ameri-
can white race could possibly
damage the reputation of the
United States beyond repair.
Therefore, if we now look at
Fulbright's options, we find that
only one is feasible: to continue
to pour in aid to South Vietnam
for the prosecution of the war
successfully on its present scale.
FULBRIGHT makes an inter-
esting point concerning the pos-
sibility of a constructive role
which France could play in South-
east Asia, even though it did com-
mit the sin of recognizing Red
France's recent actions, calling
for neutralization in Vietnam and
recognizing Red China, may
"serve a constructive long-term
purpose by unfreezing a situation
in which many countries, none
more than the United States, are
committed ; to inflexible policies
by long-established commitments
and the pressures of domestic
public opinion.
"One way or another, the
French initiative may help gen-
erate a new situation in which,
the United States, as well as other
countries, will find it possible to
reevaluate its basic policies in the
Far East," Fulbright says.
However, Fulbright is quick to
point out that the possibility of
France's performing a construc-
tive role is doubtful due to a lack
of cooperation with the United
States and France's independent



Unreported Facts on Housing..

Distortion in the Campaign

RBOR'S Democratic Party and
Ward Democratic Councilwoman
urns deserve support in their ar-
gainst "the big distortion" made
Ward Republicans.
cusation of distortion followed
ibution this week of a campaign
backing First Ward Republican
er in Monday's City Council elec-
hough the statements in the
are indeed, as the city GOP
e, the implications made are far
truth, and the Republicans of
Ward have stepped out of line
uting such material.
front of the pamphlet is Tow-
ment that "Eunice Burns voted
C the fair housing ordinance. I
this ordinance ONE HUNDRED
T." Mrs. Burns did vote against
ance, and Tower's pledge of sup-
stand, but the implication it
at Mrs. Burns opposes fair hous-
from the truth. She consistent-
get the Fair Housing Ordinance
ned before its passage, and was
time and time again in her at-
have the council pass a real-
nance. Finally, she voted against
ance out of frustration and dis-
because she opposed fair hous-
ie brochure and the city's GOP
ve the voters of the First Ward
IOCHURE presents statements
is "Ann Arbor Democrats favor
newal. Fred Tower will vote 'no'
renewal." Urban renewal hasn't
issue in Ann Arbor for nearly
, and the Republicans are bring-
ssue in now merely for its emo-
.ue, as urban renewal was hotly
especially in the First Ward,

tually oppose the uprooting of families,
this statement makes the implication
that the Democrats-and Mrs. Burns in
particular - don't care about problems
such as these, which simply is not so.
The tract also states, under the head-
ing "Youth," that "Fred Tower believes
that children should be in school, not on
the picket line," and "Fred Tower favors
the following programs to promote our
youth's civic pride: nature trails and pic-
nic sites; bird houses and feeding sta-
tions; tree and flower plantings."
in Ann Arbor of children missing
school to participate in pickets of any
kind; this is just another attempt by the
Republicans to bring issues into the cam-
paign which have no relevance. As for the
"youth programs," surely neither Tower
nor the Republicans are naive enough to
think that spurious proposals such as
these would really do anything to help
solve what youth problems Ann Arbor
has. The kind of program needed to aid
Ann Arbor youths has been suggested
and is being considered by the Ann Arbor
branch of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People. It
includes such things as setting the youths
up in jobs that will give them the voca-
tional training, experience and responsi-
bility they want and need. This is the
kind of program necessary-not nature
trails and birdhouses.
The very fact that this pamphlet was
distributed this week, just before Mon-
day's election, seems to support the idea
that the Republicans know that much of
what is in .it is spurious and that the im-
plications made are not realistic, but
merely seem, to those who have not been
following Ann Arbor politics closely,

To the Editor:
IN RESPONSE to the March 18th
editorial "Dormitory Room
Policies Inconvenience Juniors," I
would like to make a few com-
ments and state some facts which
were not brought out in this
editorial. Before doing so, how-
ever, I would like to make one
distinction. I inferred from the
editorial that Miss Adler and Mr.
Sattinger were writing of the "in-
convenience" to this year's junior,
next year's senior. This is the
group of women about whom I
too will be writing.
This year's junior women had
top priorityrin every residence hall
except Oxford Suites and Betsy
Barbour. In Barbour we try to
maintain a 50-50 ratio of juniors
to seniors. Since all of this year's
seniors will be leaving and most
of this year's juniors are staying,
there were very few places vacated
in Barbour for this year's junior
women. Because we could only
place about one third of the jun-
ior women applicants in Barbour,
competition wasmuch keener for
these few places than for the
places for sophomore women.
The Assembly Housing Commit-
tee gave this year's freshmen
priority in theiOxford suites. They
are not allowed to live in the
"Jules et Jim" unfolds by com-
plicated interplay among the three
protagonists: Jules, Jim and Ka-
terina, expertly played by Oscar
Werner, Henri Serre and Jeanne
Moreau. Deft and unerring, the
dialogue and photography, honed
by Truffaut's benevolent irony, do
justice to characters and situa-
tions of remarkable complexity.
Only for a few short scenes pre-
ceding the climax does Truffaut
lose control of the proceedings.
For those few minutes, the spell
breaks and the relationship seems
Structurally, the film falls into
two sharply delineated parts. The
first part primarily develops the
growth of the friendship between
Jules, a German, and Jim, a
Frenchman. The carefree tone of
Paris in the years preceding
World War I emerges with con-
summate felicity 'from the cos-
tumes, backgrounds and charac-
WORLD WAR I makes a distinct
cesura, heightened by the inter-
position of actual war films. The
film then resumes with a dif-
ferent rhythm, the carefree tone
dispelled by the war, the idyllic
relationship of the three dark-
Katerina shapes the action of
the second part. A baffling woman
whom both men worshipped and
tuhm Tifi1P.a tv a.ri ,, ins. hafni-P,

Oxford Apartments, and therefore,
can live in the type of situation
offered by the Oxford apartment
and suite only if they live in the
suites. Since there were so few
spaces in the suites, we had to,
give freshmen priority or they
would not have had a chance to
enjoy this type of living exper-
ience. Almost anyone who wanted
to live in an Oxford Apartment
and qualified by being at least a
junior was placed in the apart-
ment building.
- * *
IN EVERY OTHER residence
hail, junior women had top prior-
ity, and all juniors who put some-
where other than Barbour or Ox-
ford Suites as their first choice
and did not fill out a roommate
request form were placed in their
first choice house. We had no new
residence hall to fill this year. In
halls such as Newberry, South
Quad, Barbour, Oxford, Stockwell,
the residents wished to stay, and
the only places left for freshmen
were those vacated by graduating
seniors and juniors going into
apartments. In most cases, our
committee was able to place a
girl in one of these houses only.
after a girl living there already
was moved out by our committee
to another house. We filled all
the high priority houses on first
choices only, and, therefore, a
woman's second choice, if a high
priority dorm, was of little value.
When petitioning time came
around, we still had full dorms,
and the only way we could grant
petitions was if we could switch
two people. For example, if a girl
had been placed in Stockwell and
wanted to go to South Quad and
another girl had been placed in
South Quad and wanted to go to
Stockwell, then we could make a

We on the Assembly Housing
Committee know that the proced-
ures used to place on-campus
women in the residence halls are
far from perfect. Part of the fault
lies with the fact that there are a
few dorms (most of which are
very small) in which all the wom-
en in the residence halls would like
to live and several dorms (which
accommodate about half of the
women living in the residence
halls) in which few want to live.
For this reason the policies re-
garding the roommate request
form had to be strictly followed.
Much as we would have liked to
place two girls together in a house,
we could not. Does it. seem fair
that two girls' room request slips
clipped together with a room-
mate request form in a house
drawing should fill two spaces in-
stead of just one as is the rase
with those girls who decided where
they lived was more important
than with whom they lived?
IT SEEMS hardly fair that a
girl with less than a two-point
grade point average should be
penalized by not being able to
move where she would like. Per-
haps her grades would Improve if
she could. Yet, how else are we to
differentiate when we have four
spaces and twenty blue slips?
We know that where a girl lives
and with whom she lives during
her college years is a very im-
portant part of her life and can, in
some cases, mean the difference
between a happy experience and
an unhappy one. As chairman of
the housing committee, I have
written a complete report of this
yer's procedures and policies with
recommendations for various
-Ann Walter, '65N

Well-Chosen Program;
Successful Ensemble

T HE SOPRANO Anna Moffo, as-
sisted by pianist James Sho-
mate, presented a well-chosen
program at Hill Aud. last evening.
The pair combined well in those
pieces which called for restraint
and artistry, such as was required
by the first two arias from Scar-
In the second of those, "Caldo
sangue" from "Il Sedecia," Miss
Moffo's effective nuances were
well-captured by her accompanist..
However, the following "Alle-
luja" from Mozart's "Exsultate,

New Film Most Personal'

At the Campus Theatre
"THE SILENCE" is probably the
the most personal film Ing-
mar Bergman has made. Contin-
ued commercial success with a
string of fine films has evidently
rid him at last of any need to
cater to the limited perceptions
of the mass audience. If the aus-
tere version of "The Magician" or
"Through a Glass Darkly" was
slightly muddied by a variety of
interest and incident provided as
"light relief," the new film has
barely a moment which is not
closely integrated into its central
The plot is relatively simple.
Two sisters, Ester and Anna
(played brilliantly by Ingrid Thu-
lin and Gunnel Lindblom), with
Anna's 10-year-old son, Johan,
are staying in a hotel in some
undefined foreign country; the
local town is called Timoka,
which suggests perhaps Finland.
Ester is unmarried, an intellec-
tual, and with a Lesbian devotion

general perceptions in, small spe-
cifics; it. is the bone and marrow
of "The Silence," simplifying his
ideas to a level where he can un-
derstand them and where they
can have dramatic significance.
My only criticism here is that, in
his effort to render his symbols
strong and meaningful, Bergman
makes them too violent-nympho-
mania, masturbation, alcoholism,
Freud et alia run amuck. They
thus acquire a fascination of their
own-even for a so-called adult
audience - which distracts one's
attention from their true role and
The theme of the film then is
(broadly) the decay of the indi-
vidual under certain reasonably
normal stresses. The sisters are
isolated, from each other and from
the rest of the world. (The hotel
in a foreign country whose lan-
guage they cannot speak is evi-
dently a device to symbolize this
isolation and to allow their per-
sonal conflict to develop, with

He isn't, as one might expect, a
contrast,, since the seeds of decay
are already in his character, and
he is only too .aware of his
mother's promiscuousness. But he
IS an image of hope-one impor-
tant shot shows him curled up
like a foetus beside his sleeping
mother (one of the few really
idyllic moments in the movie).
The other symbols are brief and
powerful. The dwarfs are evident-
ly introduced to symbolize a kind
of purity, adults with the iono-
cence of childhood. But the im-
plication is that they have
achieved this precisely because
they .lack the talents and intellect
of adults like Anna and Ester. A
tragic, cynical view. An army tank
appears briefly in the film, hide-
ous and inhuman; perhaps too
emphatic a way, one feels, of rep-
resenting one of the 'highest'
developments of human civiliza-
Following the symbols in Berg-
man after a while becomes a

Jubilate" was the emergence of
not-so-accurate piano playing that
tended to mar some fine singing in
this half of the program.
TWO songs of Brahms brought
a return of good ensemble. The
overlapping of phrases between
voice and piano in "Lerchenge-
sang" was nicely felt. Effective
too was the first of twosongs of
Richard Strauss. "Morgen" in-
troduces the voice above the last
phrase of the piano opening to
present the words "tomorrow the
sun will shine again" as an intro-
ductory premise, the spirit of
which Miss Moffo caught ad-
mirably. But she was most im-
pressive in her display of vocal
The aria "Una voce poco fa"
from Rossini's "Barber of Se-
ville" is a bel canto tour-de-force
that showed the singer at her
best. It was a pity that Mr. Sho-
mate was simply unable to match
his solist at this point of the pro-
TWO SONGS by Poulenc open-
ed the second half of the pro-
gram. Both were thoroughly con-
vincing in their simplicity. Two
arias by Debussy were more ven-
turesome. The second, "Fan-
toches," from "Fetes galantes,"
afforded opportunity for effective
use of stage personality.
Only the two songs by Samuel
Barber found Miss Moffo wanting.
"Daisies" was certainly delightful
in its presentation but could have
been still more so had the voice
projected a lighter and less pon-
derous conception. Roger Quilter's
"Love's Philosophy" came within
approach of this, but its 'philo-
sophic antithesis, the "Waltz
Song" from Gounod's "Romeo et

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