(Last of a Three-Part Series)
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
Above all, Extension Service officials are concerned with educa-
Their self-prescribed task is to improve the quality of the 500
off-campus credit courses in the wake of criticism from Univer-
sity administrators and educators.
But their leading critics reside within the extension itself. As-
sociate Director Lynn Eley focuses the issue "on whether and how
the off-campus program can be markedly improved to facilitate
the teaching and learning processes."
His prospects are weakened by perplexing administrators who
seem more interested in the Extension image than its academic
substance, officials moan.
The position of some administrators is partially reflected in a
set of recommendations concerning Extension Service submitted to
the Office of Academic Affairs, one Extension official 'said.
Parts of these recommendations show the thinking of higher
administrative members and portions have the backing of the Ex-
One recommendation-made by the upper echelons-ambigu-
ously asserts that the University "reaffirms its position as ready
and able to provide educational advantages" throughout the state.
It further indicates that Exension is prepared "to broaden its
scope of activities and to reestablish courses in all sections of the
state" wherever financially feasible.
Extension Service brass say it's not.
They vow a stiff fight with top-echelon policy makers. The
goal is endorsement for other portions of the recommendations
which will spur substantive improvement to the off-campus (or ex-
tramural) programs themselves-not the images.
What adds significance to their cause is the shortage of funds
which limits the opportunities of carrying out successful public
relations programming concurrent with offering higher-quality
Extension officials concede that the "educational" as opposed
to the more "political" approach may give a competitive advantage
to Michigan State University.
Or, it may force the concentration of courses and facilities
within the Southeast Michigan area. But, the extension brass say
they want to do it.
The gist of what's to be done is given in Eley's pamphlet "A
Philosophy of Extension for the University."
He explains that a reorientation of courses is needed. Although
the Extension Service history has been built on teacher-education
courses, Eley observes that other schools are now capable of pro-
viding these services.
He alludes to Michigan State University whose education
school has sparked an increase in extramural activities.
One portion of the recommendations call for more aggressive
education school activity, but the extension people themselves
are not sure they want it.
Eley postulates the Extension belief that a course-shift must
be made from its current teacher-training dominance to programs
geared for more general education and cultural enrichment. One
of his major appeals is to the campus colleges and graduate schools
which actually offer the courses.
As an example, the Graduate School operates Centers for
Graduate Study in Battle Creek, Dearborn, Detroit, Grand Rapids,
Flint and Saginaw.
Because of its participation in the extramural program, the
Graduate School has compiled a series of recommendations "con-
cerning the quality of graduate offerings" in the off-campus
Formulated independently of the extension recommendations,
they point up many of the same problems diagnosed by extension.
Basically, both sets of recommendations recognize that the
academic planning must come exclusively from academic hands-
preferably'within the departments and schools.
Extension officials urge the Graduate School to take'a more
direct role in the running of graduate centers. This would include
organizing curricula, encouraging staff members to teach and
taking comprehensive surveys of their extramural programs.
Associate Dean Howard Brestch of the Graduate School ad-
mits that only recently has the school begun to investigate its
See AIDES, Page 2
THE SOUTHERN VOTE:
WRONG ON RIGHTS
See Editorial Page
and continued cold
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIV, No. 137
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1964
Study Constituent Assembly
To Ask Regent Approval
Taking a step toward closer ties with its constituency, Student
Government Council Wednesday night launched a feasibility study
aimed at establishing a "constituent assembly."
The plan would involve a fairly large number of students in a
group "with powers to initiate legislation, and act in an advisory
REGENT EUGENE B. POWER
By BRUCE BIGELOW
"The lack of communication
and understanding between var-
ious cultures is the major reason
for international tension in to-
day's world," Regent Eugene B.
Power stated last night in a speech
at the Pakistan Day celebration.
The celebration was sponsored
by the Pakistan Students' Asso-
ciation in honor of Pakistan's in-
dependence day, March 23.
Power stated that all national-
ities are basically similar and seek
the same goals and aspirations.
The building blocks of the world
rae in reality very similar. Thus,
the real international conflicts are
ultimate products of cultural mis-
understanding and confusion.
Power pointed to the recent
Greek demonstration against the
United States as a prime example
of lack of understanding. "The
United States has not been in-
volved in any direct action against
the Greeks; the problem there-
fore is entirely one of interna-
The role of the University in
developing a sincere cultural ex-
change program is very signifi-
cant, he said. "Cultural under-
standing is most easily obtained
in a cosmopolitan atmosphere like
that which exists here at the Uni-
versity. Michigan's foreign ex-
change program is a valuable- ex-
perience in understanding for
both American and foreign stu-
Power noted the spirit of inde-
pendence and freedom which was
present in the celebration. "This
is the spirit that typifies the Pak-
istanian nation today. My best
wishes go out to a brother nation."
The regent also challenged the
Pakistan students to continue
their fine efforts in education.
"You, as foreign students, are here
in the main to obtain an educa-
tion. I hope that you may apply
this learning to your own culture
when you return home. Your
couanntrv needs both your technica.l
capacity to SGC," according to
the approved motion.
Drafting a specific plan will be
up to SGC's student concerns
committee, headed by Council
member Carl Cohen, '66, who also
submitted the constituent assem-
bly motion Specifically, the com-
mittee is to decide whether the
proposed assembly would be filled
by "direct representation from
housing units, or whether it should
more closely resemble a town
The assemblyhwas first advo-
cated during the recent SGC
campaign by the Student Govern-
ment Reform Union, a group of
candidates demanding strong re-
formof Council. The motion by
Cohen, the only SGRU candidate
winning a Council seat, represents
the first reform legislation to go
before the new Council.
Arguing for the motion, Cohen
asserted that "the campus is rap-
idly losing all interest in SGC,"
and cited voting totals which
"have declined rapidly in succes-
He blasted current Council at-
tempts at provoking constituents'
interest: its establishment of a
public relations board and a news-
letter "can hardly be called suc-
cessful" while the time allotted
at SGC meetings for constituents
to address the Council "is not
Constituents' time, Cohen charg-
ed, was designed not to encourage
constituents to speak out. "They're
understandably hesitant at turn-
ing SGC meetings into open
A constituent assembly, on the
other hand, would provide "a pub-
lic forum for students to voice
opinions, views or gripes." It
would give students a direct part
in their government, making them
feel it was concerned enough to
listen to them, Cohen maintained.
Cohen suggested that the con-
stituent assembly could be held
in residence halls and other hous-
The Daily will cease publica-
tion with today's issue for the
spring vacation. Publication will
resume with the April 1 issue.
Early results from a University
survey show that one out of five
students would consider enrolling
next summer if the University of-
fered a full-fledged third term
The survey is being taken
through a questionnaire distribut-
ed with preclassification mater-
ials. According to Stephen H.
Spurr of the Office of Academic
Affairs, the survey represents a
very rough computation of infor-
mation from the approximately 1,-
000 questionnaires returned to
counselors so far,
"The study does not represent
an accurate cross-section of stu-
dents; almost all of the forms
were from the literary college and
a larger proportion than normal
were from honors students," he
He indicated that most of the
students planning to attend the
summer session intend to take
full 15-week courses rather than
seven-week courses. If this pref-
erence holds when further results
are in, it would represent some-
thing of a surprise: designers of
the new academic calendar had
expected the intensive seven-week
courses to be the most popular.
Offered during both the first
and second halves of the summer,
the seven-week courses would al-
low summer students almost a
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press Special Correspondent
World Communism's internal
crisis is assuming an explosive
In effect, Soviet Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev's camp is being
served an ultimatum by its op-
ponents: adopt a more offensive
policy toward the West or face
an open contest with a rival Red
movement for global leadership.
A battle is shaping up between
the "haves" and "have-nots" of
the Communist world. The have-
nots are telling the Russians they
have gone soft, and that they must
either get behind violent revolu-
tion all the way or get out of the
This cry, an echo of the Red
Chinese, has been taken up by the
party in North Viet Nam. The
criticism was made in private three
A statewide faculty group held
an organizational meeting yester-
day to launch its study of the or-
ganization of Michigan higher ed-
The group, a committee of the
state chapter of the American As-
sociation of University Professors,
is headed by Prof. Wilfred Kaplan
of the mathematics department. It
may recommend some sort of au-
thority be established to quell dis-
putes between the presently auton-
omous state universities.
"First, a very intensive study
of practices of educational orga-
.nization in states across the coun-
try will be undertaken," Prof. Kap-
Other committee members are
Professors Edwin Blackburn of Al-
ma College, Chester Cable of
Wayne State University, Clyde
Henson of Michigan State Uxii-
versity and Carlton Mabee of Del-
months ago, but its publication
was withheld until the North Viet-
namese returned empty-handed
from a mission to Moscow seeking
more significant help in its ef-
fort to envelop South Viet Nam.
The North Vietnamese party sec-
retary, Le Duan, who headed the
mission to Moscow, had in De-
cember delivered a scorching
speech to his own central com-
mittee in Hanoi outlining difficul-
NICOSIA (P)-Greek and Turk-
ish Cypriots battled fiercely in two
western villages yesterday despite
United Nations and British peace
efforts, bringing a new threat of
intervention by Turkey.
It was the first serious fighting
since Canadian troops began ar-
riving Saturday as the van of
of a United Nations peace force.
The force is not yet far enough
advanced, however, to begin func-
The most serious fighting eddied
around the Turkish Cypriot vil-
lage of Ghaziveran, 28 miles westj
of Nicosia, where 200-300 Greek
Cypriots attacked with bazookas
and machine guns.
A fragile cease-fire was worked
out by Pier Spinelli of Italy,
United Nations Secretary-General
U Thant's representative, who
flew to the scene in a helicopter.
with Maj. Gen. Mike Carver, com-
mander of British peace forces.
The two then returned to Nic-
osia and were discussing the truce
terms with Fazil Kuchuk, Turkish
Cypriot vice-president, when the
fighting broke out again.
At the same time, fighting
erupted at Kalokhorio, a mixed,
village four miles southwest of
Ghaziveran. British peace forces'
there reported at least one Turk-
ish Cypriot and one Greek Cypriot
had been killed.
Communism Nears mI
munisms by th
his Moscow m
party to publ
The time see
ing when Khru
will be obliged
haps the firev
excuse for a r
nist bloc leader
In short, th
ing afraid of r
chev, said Le
ize that the C
stronger than t
Asia, Africa a
orable." This et
went on, "ass(
our forces, be
policy with strs
". .The r
strategy. On th
olution is on
Le Duan's si
the official n
6T~ B Sets 16
ernal BlowupSt 16
d for world Com- r,. fo.As. Goal D ate
e Red Chinese-So-
Evidently, failure of
ission prompted his
ish the complaintsFOn
Take Action Planning Committee
ems to be approach-
ishchev's supporters Appropriations Leve
to take action. Per- Only Real Barriers
works will come in
Khrushchev's 70th The residential college proposal
sration provides an has moved out of the discussion
allying of Commu- . and into the implementation
s in Moscow.
e North Vietnamese Vice-President for Academic,Af-
Khrushchev of be- fairs Roger W. Heyns said Yes-
evolutions. Khrush- terday that he will submit a gen-
Duan, should real- eral statement to the Regents re-
ommunist world is questing them:
he West and should -To enforce the "general con-
on immediately in cept" of the residential college;
and Latin America and
ions are most fav- Faculty Group
choes Peking. NIKITA S. KHRUSHCHEV -To approve the establishment
of comrades," he of a 10-member faculty planning
ess the world situ- the Red Chinese apply to Khrush- committee representing several
sly because they in- chev's leadership. The party, he colleges. It would create the plans
alyze and appraise said, cannot be reconciled to it, -including size and curriculum
cause they confuse and the way to combat it is "not -for the self-contained residen-
ategy. to be afraid of perilous revolu- tial and educational unit which
evolution is not on tionary struggle." will offer a liberal arts curricu-
and revolutionary One trouble with revisionists, lum.
not be defensive said Le Duan-implying the battle Regental approval is expected
ie contrary, the rev- of the haves and have-nots-is Thursday.
the offensive, and that they are getting too comfort- Target date for the entrance of
strategy must be an able. Revisionists, he said, must the college's first pilot group-into
"stop wanting carefree, happy a unspecified set of existing build-
Revisionism' lives," and must "combat the ten- ings-is 1965, Heyns indicated.
peech, published by deny to seek a quiet life and t Formulation
iewspaper Hoc Tap seek pleasure."Fomltn
aftertHdev HecTdtteHe said that the faculty com-
after it was deiv- He called it the duty of good mittee would then start formulat-
[along blast at revolutionaries to hate the revi- ing the plan from general rec-
ionism," the term sionists. ommendations which have come
from the literary college faculty.
IT A cThese call for a small, 1000-
student undergraduate liberal arts
college built on or near the Uni-
e e versity campus. It would feature
both living and classroom facili-
ties in its building or group of
By LEONARD PRATT The aim of the project-be-
r's Fair Housing Committee is expected to issue a sides providing a possible pattern
etime today concerning its decision on whether or not of University expansion-is to cre-
etim toay cnceningitsdeciionate a college spirit many feel is
the Fair Housing Ordinance has occurred.e absent in the University.
the members of the Human Relation's Commission's Group Speed
mmittee would comment on the group's decision. The Meeting this speculative 196
"noon meeting was a final discus- Metg ti spet 1955
inaugural date will depend on the
sion session before HRC an- speed at which the faculty group
nounces its future intentions for can work, Heyns explained. How-
this particular complaint. eve, he did express hope that "it
Bryant Case can be far enough along to know
A'decision favorable to the what the budgetary implications
complainant, Bunyon B r y a n t, are for the first year."
could send Ann Arbor's fair hous- The University's budget request
her percentage but ng ordinance into a crucial court for its 1965-66 appropriation is
herpecetae uttest. submitted to the governor's office
such as Kentucky This case, the only case to pro- in the fall. Including the prelim-
gress this far since the housing inary funds request for the resia-
oes attending inte- ordinance has been in effect, was dential college will serve as a "test
al branches of the created by the refusal of a local balloon" of legislative sentiment
ers of the supreme apartment manager to rent to a towards the project.
Negro. The Regents and the Legisla
Bryant, a Negro, charges that ture are all that can stand in
s in the South co- he attempted to rent an apart- the way of implementing the pro-
ave the idea that ment, was refused and that later posal, Heyns indicated., "We're
orce integration in the apartment was offered to a not debating the proposal anymore
white person. He also claims he -we're trying to implement it."
was on a waiting list at the apart- Final Test
The federal judges, ment. A final faculty reaction test
ninistration, collude diCORE-r the alleged had come Monday when Heyns
discrimination, the Congress of gained unofficial endorsement of
_ _-hi cnrseo nf actinn frnm the Se
a violation oft
None of t
Cites Pro-Integration Southern Minority Grc
By RAYMOND HOLTON
One third of the southern white population sympathize with the
current integration movement but fear "red-baiting" reprisals from
southern officials on both the federal and state level, Carl Braden
charged last night.
Speaking on "State and Federal Repression in the South, Braden,
a field worker for the Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF),
further claimed that a hard core of 10 per cent of southern whites
are "active segregationists.'
"The trouble is this hard core group controls the press, the
schools, the government and the economy of the South.
"Whenever an integrationist group is formed or someone speaks
out in favor of integration members of this hard core group begin
smear tactics and label the groups and its members 'communists',"
"Gov. George Wallace of Alabama cites a hig
he and others like him include the border states
and Oklahoma in their figures.
"Why is there such a low percentage of Negr
grated schools? Because the executive and judici
federal government have not carried out the ord
court," Braden charged.
"In reality," he continued, "the federal. judge
operate with the Dixiecrats. People nowadays h
judges are, being stymied in their efforts to enf
"Nothing could be farther from the truth.
especially those appointed under the Kennedy Ada
with southern white segregationists."
Wa :<. :