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March 11, 1964 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-03-11

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See Editorial Page

Bktrt .a

I43ait I

Warming weather will melt
much of yesterday's snow fali

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

VOL. LXXIV, No. 129




U.S., Panama Set

To Resume


U.S. Counters Panama's Charges
Of Human Rights Enchroachments
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-A Latin American diplomat said yesterday Pan-
ama has agreed to restore diplomatic relations with the United States
and to confer on differences over the Panama Canal.
United States sources said a compromise agreement between the
two countries was near but had not yet been reached.
The diplomat said a United States request for rewording of the
proposed agreement, set forth by an Organization of American States
committee, delayed its announcement. He declined to elaborate on
the last-minute American request. The proposed agreement was
worked out by a special OAS mediation committee. To become effec-
.tive it must be approved by both


New Class
Party Hold
"According to my image of
Russia today, the real internal
struggle within the nation is the
conflict between the structured
political powers and the rising
social powers," Prof. Arthur Men-
del of the history department said
last night.
His speech was sponsored by the
Union International Affairs Pro-
gram and the International Stu-
dents Association as part of their
Cultural Image series.
Prof. Mendel pointed out that
a new intellectual class has arisen
in Russia due to the increased in-
fluences of Westernism. In the
conflict with this class, the Party
finds a new power relationship
enveloping it; it is involved in the
struggle between asserting its
authority and conceding its pri-
Science and Logic
The' new class, largely formed
by young people, has had at its
disposal all of the knowledge of
science and logic, Prof. Mendel
noted. It has experienced the ef-
fects of objective evaluation. It is
certainly not ready to be sub-
jected to anything similar to the
dominance of Stalinism.
This new class is forming itself
into various power blocks, much
to the regret of the Central Party.
Prof. Mendel said that the eco-
nomic problems facing the Soviet
Union today are largely based up-
on the internal Party struggle
caused by the emergence of this
class. "Russia finds itself in a
position in which it cannot afford
to meet its international military
demands on the one hand and its
internal existence demands on the
He noted, however, the extreme
divergences between the rising
social power blocks and their in-
stability. If it realizes this, the
best alternative for Russia today
is probably the continuance of her
present system. If a revolution
should tear apart the ruling auto-'
racy, the only alternatives might
be external warfare or a military
dictatorship, Prof. Mendel said.
Dealing with actual changes in
the political structure of the So-
viet Union since the times of
Stalin, Prof. Mendel outlined the
change in the political intentions
toward the Party.
The evolving idea under Khru-
shchev is that the Party will last
forever, not wither away with the

The diplomat said that Panama
had accepted the OAS-drafted
The agreement reportedly calls
for both countries to appoint
special representatives to discuss
and negotiate, without limitations
or preconditions, the differences
between the two.
At the same time, however, the
United States has charged Pana-
ma with aggression in the Canal
Zone rioting, according to an
authoritative source.
The move was a countercharge
to an earlier charge of aggression
by Panama.
The American aggression charge
was made Saturday before a ses-
sion of the International Jurists
Commission summoned by the
Panama Bar Association to hear
additional charges the United
States violated human rights in
the canal crisis.
Challenges Accusation
Panama's contention of a hu-
man rights violation by Americans
was challenged by Joseph A. Cali-
fano, 32, counsel of a United States
Justice- Department team sent
here for the International Com-
mission's probe.
Human rights were violated,
Calif ano said, when Panamanian
rioters "invaded the Canal Zone,
burned and damaged United
States property and injured in-
nocent people and when Pana-
manian snipers fired into the
Canal Zone from Panama."
Panama also has said the
United States cut off main high-
ways to the city of Colon during
the rioting, blocking shipments of
blood plasma needed for the
Down .Bomber
WIESBADEN () - A United
States reconnaissance bomber dis-
appeared yesterday,eand the
United States accused the Rus-
sians of shooting down the RB-
66B over Communist East Ger-
A Defense Department spokes-
man said the plane was unarmed
and that its three crewmen par-
achuted after the shooting, which
apparently occurred near one of
the Berlin air corridors. Their
fate was not known here.
In Washington, the State De-
partment protested to Russia over
the "precipitous action by the So-
viet military forces in shooting
down" the plane, but voiced re-
grets that the plane had "inad-
vertently" strayed into Communist
East Germany.

BUDAPEST (P)-East European
diplomatic sources said yesterday
that Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev
is expected to call a summit meet-
ing of Moscow-supporting parties
to discuss the ideological feud be-
tween the Soviet Union and
Communist China.
The premier is expected to come
to Budapest to attend the April 4
anniversary of the 1945 liberation
of Hungary. He may stay about
two weeks for the meeting.
The summit meeting, according
to these sources, will comprise all
first secretaries of parties in the
Moscow camp. It will hear reports
from a Romanian party delega-
tion now in Peking.
This delegation is believed to be
an exploratory mission to sound
out the Chinese about a possible
compromise that might lead to a
settlement of the Moscow-Peking
The Chinese violently oppose
Khrushchev's avowed policy of
peaceful coexistence with the
West and they preach that com-
munism can win the world only by.
"The premier's patience has
been under quite a strain. He
may have decided to take. some
drastic action," a Communist dip-
lomat commented.
Some Western observers, how-
ever, tend to discard the theory
that the Romanian group headed
by Premier Gheorghe Maurer was
acting as a sort of mediator be-
tween the two camps.
U Faculty S
Well, over N
A University faculty mem
more bacon than his average co
A comparison of the Unive
tional college and university av
Education and Welfare Depart
University paycheck is $9900, we
$7700. These figures include fac
on up, in all University schools an
University figures are fara
$7800, and the median in the k
east-which is $8000.
All figures were for the 1962-
(Though the University re
administrators have warned th
other top-paying institutions has
riations from the state. Vice-P
Roger W. Heyns has said severa
have slipped from third or four
The HEW report, labeled
college and university teacher
salaries for faculty in various d
figures available on this basis a
salaries in particular schools ad
With the warning that con
national medians yield a slightl
versity's position, these are the fi
-Law is the best-paying f
mean University Law School s
median paycheck was $12,000.
-Business administration s
the national median is $7800 for
-The literary college's m
national medians for various l
$7000 (English and journalism)
-The education school han
$11,400; the United States med
fields" is $8000.
-The engineering college p
the national median in this field






Republican Plan Still
Lacks Needed Votes
LANSING () - Legislative plans for solving apportionment
problems suffered a new setback Tuesday when House Democrats
voted to postpone any action until after a ruling by the Michigan
Supreme Court.
The decision was a blow to House Republicans, who had hoped for
enough Democratic votes to push through a series of resolutions call-
ing for constitutional amendments. House Minority Leader Joseph
Kowalski (D-Detroit) said his par-
ty agreed, in caucus, to hold off
any action until the court rules,
probably about April 15.
Right to Rule
"We feel that under the new
constitution, the court should have
the right to rule and to interpret
'. . the constitution," Kowalski said.
"If the court does not act by
April 15, it remains to be seen
what we will do."
The court, in a 6-2 ruling last
Thursday, agreed to withhold a
decision on legislative redistricting
until a definition of "voter equal-
ity" is established by the U. S.
ALLISON GREEN Supreme Court. Republicans, how-
ever, have sought to amend the
constitution to freeze existing
House districts and provide gen-
-* 1eral guidelines for redistricting in
alaries Ran l he Senate for 1964.
Hoped for 17
t on M e[ nThey had hoped for at least 17
ationai iv ean Democratic votes to give them the
two-thirds necessary to get the
proposals through the House, and
H WINTER eventually put them to a vote of
ber brings home considerably the people by May 14.
unterpart at other institutions. The Democratic maneuver ap-
rsity's salary figures with na- peared to have ended that idea.
erages reported by the Health, however, and left some Republi-
ment shows that the median cans shaking their heads.
41 above the national median of -ousetS) p eru son reen
ulty of all rank from instructor Rengston) refused to concede
ad colleges. "I'm not sure our plans will
ahead of the Midwest median, have to be abandoned," he said.
best-paying region-the North- "What if the court says on April
15th that it wants another 30
63 academic year. days? We would have to act then
mains well above average, its because of election scheduling. I
at its position relative to the see no reason to throw in the
slipped due to meager approp- towel."
'resident for Academic Affairs
4l times that University salaries MalcolX
th in the nation to twentieth.) M
"the first full-scale survey of " "
salaries," also includes median To Participate
lisciplines. The only University
re mean, rather than median, In Rights Fight
nparing University means with
y too-rosy picture of the Uni- By The Associated Press
gures: Malcolm X, number two leader
ield here and nationwide. The of the Black Muslim movement,
alary is $16,600; the national hasdecided t leave the civilorights
school salaries average $11,800-fight.
cousaless a vcomerge.$1He said he will tell civil rig1ts
"business and commerce." groups what a real revolution
iean salary is $10,300. HEW means. He said he would accept
iberal-arts fields ranged from invitations to join civil rights
) to $8500 (physical sciences). forces in the South and promote
ds out an average paycheck of "active self-defense against white
ian for "education and related supremacists."
"There can be no revolution
ays an average salary of $9800; without bloodshed, and it is non-
is $8700. sense to describe the civil rights
movement in America (up to now)
as a revolution," he said.

THE LOSERS-Both Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz), left, and
New York Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller conceded defeat to
Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge late last night in the first of the
'1964 primaries in New Hampshire. Rockefeller said that the New
Hampshire results represented a "victory for moderation." Gold-
water's state campaign director was convinced that Lodge was a
"regional candidate."
Senate Wrangles Over
aCiil Rights Measure
WASHINGTON (M - The Senate civil rights debate broke up
into a three-way wrangle yesterday with Republicans pressing for
longer sessions and faster progress, Southern Democrats attacking
the bill and the Democratic leadership defending its strategy.
Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D-Minn.), floor manager of the House-
passed legislation, said noon-to-about-7 p.m. sessions would continue
this week. But he left the door open for a quick change. Starting next


Trail- Leader
Viet Ambassador
Polls 24,000 Votes
As Counting Closes
CONCORD-()-Absentee Am-
bassador Henry Cabot Lodge
blanketed three major contenders
with a snow storm of write-in
votes to win an upset victory last
night in New Hampshire's Repub-
lican presidential primary.
The 61-year-old Lodge, the
Johnson administration's man-in-
Saigon, rolled up about 32 per
cent of the votes and seemed like-
ly to' gather, under his unan-
nounced candidacy, the state's 14
convention nominating votes.
Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz)
and New York Gov. Nelson A.
Rockefeller, who campaigned ii-
tensively in the state for weeks,
battled it out for second place,
with Goldwater holding the ad-
vantage. Their names were on the
Nixon Fourth
In fourth place was Richard
M. Nixon, the 1960 GOP presi-
dential nominee, who, like Lodge,
was the beneficiary of a write-in
In the Democratic primary,
President Lyndon B. Johnson got
a substantial write-in count, top-
ping that of Atty. Gen. Robert F.
Kennedy for vice president.
In Washington, Democratic Na-
tional Chairman John M. Bailey
said the Kennedy vote reflected
"the great esteem which the Dem-
ocrats of New Hampshire hold for
The Republican tally from 234
of the state's 302 precincts showed:
Lodge, 23,300.
Goldwater, 16,300.
Rockefeller, 14,900.
Nixon, 12,100.
Smith, 2,300.
Stassen, 1,100.
Lodge supporters led in all 14
contests for delegate posts.
Lodge's son George released a
statement, authorized by his



week, he said, the leadership will
"evaluate the situation."
Sens. Richard B. Russell, (D-
Ga.), John Stennis (D-Miss.) and
others got in verbal licks for the
Southern cause.
Russell charged that civil rights
proponents, who include both
Democrats and Republicans, are
"lusting for blood and thirsting for
Stennis charged the legislation
"tramples ruthlessly upon the
most sacred and fundamental
rights of the majority." He said
it destroys more "cherished hu-
man individual rights than it can
possibly protect and preserve."
Sen. Kenneth B. Keating (R-
N.Y.), touched off the feuding by
saying, "I do not understand the
strategy of having the Senate meet
at noon and quit at 6 or 7 o'clock
on this bill. We are not meeting
as long as we did on the tax bill
or the farm bill."
He said he assumed one reason
for not holding longer sessions was
that Democratic leaders planned
only "token opposition'' to an up-
coming motion by Sen. Wayne
Morse (D-Ore) to send the bill
temporarily to the judiciary com-
Keating said adoption of Morse's
motion would permit the Demo-
crats to bring up meat import
quota legislation or other bills they
Democratic leaders, however,
have said they will resist and de-
feat Morse's motion.

Union Council
Seats First
Woman Ever
For the first time in its history,
the Michigan Union executive
council has a woman member, Su-
san Webb, '65, chairman of the
International Affairs Committee.
"Bringing a woman into our
structure is completely in line
with the Union-League Study
Committee report and the Reed
report. These reports show there
is no longer a need for division of
student activities along the line of
sex," Union President Kent Cart-
wright, '64, said.
"It is our hope that our action
will facilitate, a Union-League
merger and show that women have
a place on the Union, even in
the upper echelons," he comment-
The senior officers made four
changes in the committee structure
of the Union. The Social Commit-
tee was eliminated and new Stu-
dent - Faculty Affairs, Student
Travel and University Alumni Af-
fairs committees were established.
Explaining the rationale of the
changes in committee structure,
Cartwright stated that "it is our
desire to make the Union a univer-
sity center in fact as well as in
conception. The idea behind a
university center is to bring major
components of the University to-
gether -- students, faculty and
"Another consideration in mak-
i'ng these changes was the real de-
sire to orient our projects to aca-
demics and the changingaUniver-
sity. We hope in these changes to
be responsive to the needs and de-
mands of a growing University."
The other new executive com-
mittee members are: Robert Gross,
'65, public relations; Dirk Landis,
'66E, student-faculty a f f a i r s;
Charles Cooper, '66, student trav-
el; Michael Broome, '66E, cultural1
affairs; John Warren, '66, special
projects; James Kropf, '66, per-
sonnel, and Michael Holmes, '65,
University-alumni affairs.
SGW To Elet


Discuss Personal Trend in Modern Arts

4 - 'I4


"The public of today loves the
performer, but it doesn't know
what it's listening to," Prof. Leslie
Basset of the music school said
last night at a Creative Arts Fes-
tival program.
Professors Allan Seager, English
dept. and Richard Wilt, art de-
partment, joined him to discuss
the topic "The Modern Arts."
"The future Van Cliburn recital
has been sold out, but probably
only one out of ten people knows
or cares what the program is," he

our books," Prof. Seager explained.
The artist shows this individual-
ity through his works, for he is
not able to escape into a utopian
world of organization. The com-
poser turns away from associations
with other great musical artists,
he works to express himself, he
Tangible Necessity
While speaking about creativity
in the arts, Prof. Wilt explained
that "as long as a tangible neces-
sity exists, we can create."
The three agreed, however, that
no one can teach creativity. A
teacher is only a support to a
.,i8P crcr~i h,.nina "to make ~him

ingway and O'Hara are of another
era. Instead of slashing attacks,
the novelist today investigates the
human mind, perhaps because he
cannot face reality or because the
fear of the present world is too
much for him," Prof. Seager com-
Films were mentioned as one
way in which creativity produces
a really legitimate service. "Both
music and art yield an effective
and emotional response," Prof.
Basset said.
The panelists agreed that one
work of art acted as a "feeder"
to the next. "If a writer feels he's

father, thanking New Hampshire
voters and saying that the am-
bassador would "very carefully
consider their action and all its
No Indication
There was. no immediate indi-
cation, however, whether he in-
tends to resign his post and return
home to campaign.
Rockefeller, calling Lodge a New
England favorite son, challenged
the ambassador to return to join
in active pursuit of the nomina-
tion. He said that statutes govern-
ing the State Department would
require Lodge to resign before the
May 15 Oregon primary, in which
Lodge's name is 'entered.
Goldwater, who was getting only
about 24 per cent of the total
vote instead of the rock-bottom
35 per cent he had forecast, said
he was ready to take "the next
step" of campaigning in the June 2
California primary.
Middle Ground


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