See Editorial Page
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIV, No. 118 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1964 SEVEN CENTS
Hilsman Quits Viet Nam Post
Johnson Signs $11i".5 Billion
WASHINGTON (R)-The resig-
nation of Asst. Secretary of State
Roger Hilsman raised speculation
yesterday about possible further
shakeup in the political-military
high command directing the cost-
ly - and lagging -- war against
Communist guerrillas in South
Hilsman's decision, announced
last night, followed by one day
disclosure that responsibility for
the direction of United States
policy in Viet Nam had been taken
from his Office of Far Eastern
Affairs and put into the hands of
a newly created, high-level task
force directly under Secretary of
State Dean Rusk.
President Lyndon B. Johnson,
accepting Hilsman's resignation,
praised his "courage and dedica-
tion" in government service. Hils-
man said he wanted to return to
university teaching as soon as pos-
sible. He declared there was no
policy dispute involved in his de-
cision to step down.
Nevertheless events of the last
few days added up to evidence of
determination on the part of
Johnson, Rusk and Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara to
try to intensify the war against
Communist guerrillas in South
Viet Nam by tighter organization
HELICOPTER DOWNED-A determined effort is being made
on the part of Washington officials to intensify the war against
Communist guerrillas in South Viet Nam by tighter organization
and shifts in strategy.
at the top in Washington and per-
haps by other personnel changes
and shifts in strategic concepts.
McNamara is making another of
his frequent trips to the Far East
next week. He will have an oppor-
tunity to look into the. command
organization there as well as op-
erations in the field and relations
between the United States and
Vietnamese command structures.
Senae Vote Favors Keeping
Rights Measure on Calendar
WASHINGTON (R)-The Senate voted 54-37 yesterday to keep
the House-passed omnibus ,civil rights bill on the Senate calendar
and ready for further action.
The-vote was a victory for the strategy of the Democratic leader-
ship in dealing with the hotly controversial legislation.
The roll call came on a motion of majority leader Mike Mansfield
(D-Mont) to table and thus kill an appeal of Sen. Richard B. Russell
By KENNETH WINTER
Suppose the University, in its
major step toward full-year opera-
tion, offers a full-fledged summer
program next year.
Would anybody come?
In an attempt to find out, the
University is mailing out a tri-
mester questionnaire to students
along with other pre-classification
Used for Planning
"To aid in the satisfactory plan-
ning of a third term in the sum-
mer of 1965," it asks students:
-Whether they plan to attend
the full 15-week third term that
summer; from May 5-Aug. 18;
-Whether they would attend
the first half-term only, from May
-Whether they would attend
the second half-term only, from
June 28-Aug. 18;
-Wht courses they might take,
-What required courses they
have found it difficult to schedule
during the regular fall and spring
The "half-term" questions refer
to the split-third-term plan en-
visioned for the summer semester.
During each 7%1-week term, com-
plete but more intensively-taught
courses would be offered. Simul-
taneously, courses running a full
15 weeks at the conventional pace
would also be available.
Implementing the third term,
which officials hope eventually to
make an integral part of the aca-
demic year, was the major reason
for juggling the University calen-
dar. So far, the summer term has
been delayed for lack of funds to
get it underway.
Now, with prospects fairly bright
for the 1964-65 appropriation the
University hopes to offer some
courses in summer 1965-though
not a full catalogue.
In deciding which courses to of-
fer, University officials say they
will use three criteria:
-What courses are presently
-What sort of students-at
what class level-are likely to at-
tend summer-term courses?
-In what University divisions,
and in what courses within them,
can adequate enrollment be ex-
(D-Ga) from a presiding officer's
ruling that the measure must re-
main on the calendar.
Russell, the leader of the South-
ern forces heavily opposed to the
bill, had made the point of order
that the measure must go to com-
But. Sen. Lee Metcalf (D-Mont),
presiding at the time, rejected the
point of order.
Russell then was able to win
a recorded test on the matter by
making his appeal.
This would mean that civil
rights probably not be brought up
before the middle of next week.
He said he tried to refer the
bill to committee temporarily be-
cause he felt arguments of those
who supported such a course had
Rep. George Meader (R-Mich)
of Ann Arbor announced he will
seek re-election for an eighth term
in the House.
Contesting him in the Republi-
can primary will be State Sen.
Stanley G. Thayer (R-Ann Arbor)
who recently announced his can-
Meader said that he sought to
remain in Congress out of a de-
sire to improve that body's stand-
ing in the American scheme of
divided but equal branches of the
Gen. Paul D. Harkins, command-
er of the 15,000-man United States
force training and supporting
South Vietnamese troops, has now
been in Viet Nam about two years.
That is twice the normal tour of
To Replace Harkins?
He was given a new deputy,
Lt. Gen. William C. Westermore-
land, late last year. Speculation
that Westmoreland was to be his
successor was denied at that time
by the Defense Department. Now
official Washington is hearing
new rumors that Harkins will be
replaced later this year.
Administration officials also
privately acknowledge some un-
certainty about the future plans of'
Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge.
He was Republican nominee for
vice president in 1962 and has
been pushed in some areas as a
potential presidential aspirant this
The change in the State De-
partment's organization goes back
about three weeks when Rusk de-
cided to adopt in the Viet Nam
situation the task force system,
which has sometimes been used
for handling other trouble spots.
William H. Sullivan, a special
assistant to Undersecretary W.
Averell Harriman, was named this
week to head the task force com-
To Decide Fate
of Fieldho use
The Regents are holding their
monthly meeting this afternoon
and 'are expected to discuss and
come to a decision on the pro-
posed construction of a $3 million
basketball arena to replace seamy
Yost Field House.
The Board in Control of Inter-
collegiate Athletics has announced
that it is ready to go ahead with
its plans for the arena if the
Regents give their approval and
clear up financing procedures.
Either the Regents or the ath-
letic ' board could float a bond
issue to raise money for the arena,
which is the first step in a long-
range program of athletic plant
Other action at the Regents'
meeting may include the appoint-
ment of a new director of the In-
ternational Center and the ex-
pansion of the junior-senior Flint
college into a four-year institution.
Johnson Calls Slash
'Most Important Move'
To Boost Economy
WASHINGTON () - President
Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law
last night a tax cut for most in-
dividual taxpayers and corpora-
tions and proclaimed it "the single
most important step we have taken
to strengthen our economy since
World War II."
Johnson acted on this biggest
tax cut in the nation's history
within a few hours after the Sen-
ate passed the measure, 74-19,
ending its- year-long, sometimes
stormy voyage through Congress.
It reduces taxes for 80 million in-
dividuals by one-fifth, on the av-
erage, and for 550,000 corporations
by about nine per cent starting
with 1964 returns.
Johnson put the average indi-
vidual cut at "nearly 20 per cent,"
a notch higher than an earlier
treasury estimate of around 19
per cent. He said this will amount
to $9.2 billion a year-$8 billion
this year-of the total $14.5-bil-
lion tax cut, which is balanced
out with some tax increases and
tightening of deductions.
Vote for Cut
On passage, 53 Democrats and
21 Republicans voted for the tax-
cut. It was opposed by 10 Demo-
crats and 9 Republicans. The
House had passed the bill yester-
day by a similar wide margin.
The first impact of the long-
awaited tax cut will be felt on
March 5, when the withholding of
income taxes by employers drops
from a basic rate of 18 per cent to
14 per cent. This rate applies to
workers who list no exemptions
and varies according to the num-
ber listed with the employer.
The cut in individual income
tax rates and corporate rates will
be in two annual stages, the first
retroactive to last Jan. 1. The in-
dividual rate will drop from the
present 20-91 per cent to 14-70
per cent, about two-thirds of the
decline coming this year. The cor-
porate rate will drop from 52-50
per cent this year and to 48 per
cent next year.
Here are some of the other ma-
jor tax changes:
-The four per cent credit on
stock dividend income put into
law in 1954 is cut to two per cent
this year and repealed in 1965.
But the amount exempt from tax-
ation is doubled to $100 for single
persons and $200 for married
couples, effective this year.
-Persons who itemize deduc-
tions no longer can include auto
tags, drivers licenses, state taxes
on liquor, tobacco and similar ex-
cise levies. State and local income
taxes still can be listed, as can
real estate, general sales and gaso-
-Child care deductions for
working wives are liberalized.
-Persons with large incomes
bunched in a year can use a for-
mula of income averaging to
avoid the high bracket rates they
have had to pay.
STOPGAP PROPOSAL: Board Asks
LegislatorsFile District Plan Unified Plan
Special To The Daily for legislative candidates to file him to submit his own plan forFo , o e es
LANSING-A bi-partisan group their nominating petitions. consideration in addition to the
of legislators yesterday filed a bill Temporary Districts four offered by the apportionment
to reapportion the state Legisla- The Lundgren bill provides for commission, but it is questionable Several Members
ture in an effort "to prevent chaos temporary districts, to be used whether the constitution would al- Ma Re uest Action
in the fall elections." only until the apportionment mat- low this. y q
Spearheaded by Sen. Kent T. ter is finally settled according to What's more, the formula under To Affect Policies
Lundgren (R-Menominee), the bill the provisions of the new consti- which three of the four plans now
could only become effective if the tution. before the court and also Lund- By MICHAEL HARRAH
apportionment problem is not "We have been taking for grant- gren's plan have been drawn up is specialTo The Daily
settled by June 16th, the deadline ed that apportionment provisions still tangled in litigation beforep o
under the new constitution will be the federal district court in Port LANSING-The Legislative Audit
enacted in plenty of time before Huron. Opponents charge the for- Commission yesterday expressed
the August primary," he said. "On mula violates the federal constitu- displeasure with Michigan's state-
this premise we may be walking tion. If the court upholds this ar- supported colleges and universi-
Sintoa trap that will abolish the gument, Lundgren's plan would be ties over their "failure" to come to
" entire Legislature in 1965 and useless in any case. terms on the question of out-of-
Gives Rules 1966. ***""*
"When the Supreme Court hear- In a report submitted to the
ings, which open Monday, end in a Legislature, audit chairman Sen.
Student Government Council's determination by the justices, the ,">' Elmer R. Porter (R-Blissfield)
Credential and Rules Committee plan they approve must go back pointed out that the number of
determined last night that candi- to the commission for approval." out-of-state students has increased
dates endorsed by one political Unable To Agree since the fall of 1962 and that "the
party may not submit a common Arhcommission has been unable to
pltom aenotebmit ghe And Lundgren hinted that the
platform statement exceeding the gislative Apportionment Com- find any evidence that a uniform
300 word limit allowed forindivid-rmission, which was unable to agree definition of non-resident students
ual platform statements. on a plan in the first place and has been put into use. Failure (to
The committee also ruled tht which is divided evenly, four Dem- do so) seems unexcusable."
two candidates, Stanley Nadel, '66, ocrats and four Republicans, quite Porter indicated that the report
and Ronald Martinez, '66, who likely will not agree on the court- is merely routine and that the
failed to meet the deadline for chosen plan either. audit commission plans no further
submitting platform statements, Even if they should approve it, action on the matter.
are still eligible for the March 4 any citizen can challenge it during Individual Action
election. the following 60 days, which would However, audit commission re-
The ruling on the length of put things into the middle of June, search director Jack MCIntyre
platform statements followed a not allowing for delays of any hinted that some Individual mem-
complaint issued by the Student kind. bers of the commission may take
Government Reform Union which If the apportionment commis-action.
is endorsing five candidates. The sion should reject the court plan, According to the report, eight
party had submitted a common which possibility is not remote, of the ten schools have exper-
statement of 440 words and was it is unclear what would happen fenced a rise in out-of-state stu-
subsequently notified that the 300 next, except that there would be dents, with only the University
word limit applied to a common no legal districts. Consensus has actually having cut back the total.
statement as well as to individual it that all 110 representatives and SEN. KENT T. LUNDGREN (It is 14 less than in 1962.)
statements. 38 senators would have to be elect- The report takes the schools to
SGC Executive Vice-President ed at-large, such as will be done DEMONSTRATIONS task for not complying with a
Thomas Smithson, '65, chairman in Illinois.DEsR INnifordnt in gn -ihna
of the committee, noted that he Interim Provisionsu dennoyhesLent
had given the SGRU candidates Lundgren's plan Is an attempt i1tuensprdpdsed by the
a "misinterpretation" of rules con- to guard against this, but the con- Police B attle Suents prood bote d es-
cerning the statements. stitutionality is questionable. It is State Council of College Presi-
Smithson commented that he as yet unclear whether the Legis- dents. McIntyre noted that only
had been under the impression lature can even make any tem- made a move to comply.
that a party could run its platform porary or interim provisions inmo ply.
a. in---A - - +,k +Ha m++ar .No Plans
serially, up to 300 words in length
for each candidate on the party
The Menominee Republican has
also petitioned the court to allow
UN Council Members Act
As Cyprus Crisis Mediators
UNITED NATIONS (M)-The six nonpermanent members of the
United Nations Security Council took over the mediator's role in the
Cyprus crisis yesterday.
Their chances of getting a settlement looked slim.
The council president for February, Carlos Alfredo Bernardes of
Brazil, acting for the six, set up separate interviews with the main
B parties to the dispute - Cyprus,
Britain, Greece and Turkey.
Romer Backs Merged Science Courses
By STEVEN HALLER
"The time has come to stop
fragmenting courses of study such
as biology into several departments
and put the pieces together again,"
Prof. Alfred S. Romer of Harvard
University said yesterday.
Speaking on "From Organisms
to Molecules; Problems of Staffing
and Curricula in, Biology," Prof.
Romer noted that the current pro-
cedure of separate courses dealing
with specific aspects of biology,
as is done at the University, is
probably not the best way of
teaching the course on the intro-
"No one area gives the whole
picture; each of these specific
fields should react with the other
to provide a full biological pano-
rama," he said.
Prof. Romer added that a major
rnnh~ f~rna inyis Ca.ti
the same fate in another 20-30
years, suggesting that by that
time the major area of research
would be behavior.
"As it is, I see no need for a
separate course in biochemistry,
except for majors in that field,"
he said. He prefered the Univer-
sity's procedure of including perti-
nent aspects of biochemistry in in-
troductory courses in other areas.
Better Than Nothing
Admitting that many scientists
feel this type of approach might
lead to a superficial knowledge in
many areas worthy of being delved
into further, Prof. Romer added
that it was still better to be
"superficial" than totally ignorant
in such areas.
Prof. Romer praised systemat-
ists as "perhaps the only biolog-
ists who get out into the world
and see live animals any more."
the day by resurrecting an old
and long-forgotten scientific name
for some organism.
"And yet there are many broad-
minded people left in this field.
One of my acquaintances at Har-
vard is interested in the syste-
matic of wasps, but as part of his
work he also investigates their
patterns of behavior." It is a very
welcome sign that there should
be people who can derive such
information from taxonomy, he
Prof. Theodore H. Hubbell of
the zoology department noted
last night that there was much
merit to Prof. Romer's sugges-
tion that there be one introduc-
tonry collee hinlog ynurse. This
He did so after the nonperma-
nent members - Bolivia, Brazil,
Czechoslovakia, the Ivory Coast,
Morocco and Norway-held a two-
hour informal meeting at the
Brazilian mission to talk about
how to arrange a compromise.
Diplomatic sources, reporting all
this, remarked that "the six are
sort of a mediating bloc," doing all
they can to bring about an agree-
ment among the four countries
But indications were that the
four still were far apart on
whether any council resolution
should uphold both the independ-
ence and territorial integrity of
Cyprus and also the 1960 Treaty of
Guarantee authorizing Britain,
Greece and Turkey to take action
if necessary to preserve the status
quo in that island republic.
May Send in Troops
Britain and especially Turkey
were reported insisting that the
treaty should be mentioned, since
both have interpreted it to mean
Turkey may send troops in to pro-
tect the Turkish Cypriot minority
PRINCESS ANNE, Md. (M" -
Police dogs and fire hoses were
used to disperse Maryland State,
College Negro students in two sep-
arate racial demonstrations yes-,
At least one officer was seen us-
ing his night stick on a student as
arrests were made after the dem-
onstrators sat down in the street
and refused to move. After that
incident, students threw rocks,
bottles and sticks at police as they
retreated toward the campus.
Fifty-nine students were report-
ed treated at the Maryland State
College campus health center, and
police said acid was thrown on a
state trooper during one scuffle.
John Wilson, 20-year-old leader
of the Student Appeal for Equal-
ity staged the demonstration after
he and two other leaders were re-
fused entrance to a segregated
Students massed on the campus
and marched the five blocks to the
business district after Wilson
walked out of a meeting of student
leaders and members of the Prin-
cess Anne Biracial Commission.
BOSTON (P)-More than 10,000
Negro and white children yester-
day heeded a call from civil rights
leaders and boycotted Boston pub-
lic schools and attended so-called
It was the second boycott of
Boston schools in eight months to
protest alleged de facto segrega-
Porter said that he personally
has no action in mind in the light
of the report, and he added that
he doubted any other senators did
either. He admitted some House
members might be considering
action, but he dismissed the pos-
sibility that they would be suc-
McIntyre said-that any legisla-
tive action would probably take
the form of a curb on the schools'
appropriations, rather than any
attempt to legislate against non-
resident students. He indicated
that so far there is no agreement
on just what level out-of-state
students should be contained, but
he implied that some curb could
be forthcoming "because of the
magnitude of students that will
be applying from Michigan schools
in the next few years."
He added that any across-the-
board level which might be applied
would be "unfortunate for gradu-
ate programs and a desireable
cosmopolitan atmosphere. How-
ever, we must arrive at some bal-
ance between 'its nice to have
nonresident students' and the
actual number we've got. "
McIntyre suggested that the
cosmopolitan atmosphere argu-
ment "might be misleading, be-
cause of the expense involved in
attending college here. Just how
much cosmopolitanism do our
high fees allow?"
The commission suggested that
the schools review the large num-
bers of students from New York
and New Jersey who attend Mich-
igan colleges, because, as Porter
put it, "they don't have a decent
state college system of their own."
McIntyre summed up the feeling
of some legislators that "there is
a point at which you have to
ston. Where that is, I don't know,
PROF. ALFRED S. ROMER