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February 14, 1964 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-14

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FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14,1964

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1964 THE MIrWI~AN DAIIV

PACE THI

SOUTHEAST ASIA POLICY:
U.S., Britain Reach Accord

WASHINGTON (P) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson and British
Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-
Home announced agreement yes-
terday on Southeast Asia policy.
Their windup communique by-
passed United States-British dif-
ferences over trading with the
Reds but the British leader made
plain to newsmen that England's
trade will continue.
At a news conference climaxing
his two-day visit, Douglas-Home
stressed that Britain will send no
arms, aid or general-purpose loans
to Cuba or strategic goods to Reds
anywhere. But he said England op-
poses boycotting any business deals
because of a country's political
creed.
Informants on both sides rated
as well worthwhile this first get-
together by the two since becom-
ing heads of their respective gov-
ernments. These sources said each
acquired a better knowledge of,
and friendship for, the other.
The communique noted the wide
range of issues around the world
in which the United States and
Britain have common interests.
Douglas-Home, it stated, "re-
emphasized the United Kingdom
support for United States policy in
South Viet Nam" in the fight
a g a i n s t Communist guerrillas.
Johnson "reaffirmed the support
of the United States for the peace-
ful national independence of Ma-
laysia," where Britain is worried
about possible Indonesian attack.
On the forthcoming round of
tariff negotiations, beginning in
Geneva in May, the two pledged
to seek expanding international
trade and economic growth for all.1
Both Washington and London
want the Geneva conference to
lower the European Common Mar-
ket's tariff wall.I
At his meeting with reporters,
Douglas-Home said his two days
of White House sessions dealing
with issues around the world were
harmonious except for the failure
to agree on Cuban trade1

Support Bill
For Prayer
In Schools
LANSING (M)-Over the protests
of some members that it was
either wrong or unnecessary, a
controversial legislative resolution
on school prayers was on its way
to Congress yesterday.
The resolution-asking Congress
to initiate action to amend the
United States Constitution to as-
sure a right to offer prayers in
public schools-rolled tthrough the
House on a 76-26 vote Wednesday.
The proposal earlier had passed
the Senate, where it originated,
with 18 affirmative votes and an
unrecorded number of no votes.
Add Provision
Sponsored by Sen. Milton Zaag-
man (R-Grand Rapids), the reso-
lution specifically asks that the
Constitution be amended to pro-
vide that "the free exercise of
religion shall include the right to
offer prayers in public schools."
Zaagman said he seeks to "clar-
ify" this right in view of a Unit-
ed States Supreme Court ruling
last year that an official prayer
prescribed for public schools in
New York was illegal.
In 45 minutes of debate preced-
ing the House vote, opponents of
the resolution argued it was un-
necessary because the high court
ruling concerned only a "govern-
ment-prescribed" prayer.
Right Exists
"The right to offer prayers inI
schools now exists," declared Rep.
Joseph Gillis (D-Detroit). "A yes
vote might be construed to indi-
cate this Legislature does not
believe this constitutional right
now exists."
Rep. William Ryan (D-Detroit)
said he feared an amendment such
as proposed by the resolution
would pose a threat to religious
freedom.
"If you spell out permission to
pray, you're saying anything not
spelled out as being permitted is
prohibited," Ryan said.

-Associated Press
TERMINATE TALKS-President Lyndon B. Johnson and British
Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home chatted together as they
left the White House yesterday after completing two days of top-
level discussions.
NDEA PROPOSAL :
on ress o Consider
Education Amendment
Co-Uegiate Press Service ship and personal fulfillment and
WASHINGTON - The o n 1 y who shall not."

Blasts Notasulga Fire Law
For Obstructing Integration
OPELIKA, Ala. (P)-A federal
judge ruled yesterday that a fire White students boycotted Tuskegee
safety ordinance at Notasulga was after the federal court ordered 12
enacted and used as a devious Negroes admitted. The state board
means of blocking desegregation of of education closed the Tuskegee
the high school there, and enjoin- school, contending it was costing
ed city officials from any further $450 a month per pupil to operate
interference. it for 12 students.
The ruling by United States Dis- Johnson then ordered the 12 Ne-
trict Judge Frank M. Johnson Jr., groes transferred to white schools
came after a hearing which at Notasulga and Shorter.
brought from Mayor James Rea an Six Negroes were admitted to
offer to seek repeal of the fire- Shorter but white students are
safety ordinance along with an- boycotting that school.
other ordinance which the judge
said was also designed to keep six
Negroes out of the Macon Coun-Kenned C e
ty high school.
Johnson issued a sweeping or-
der prohibiting- Rea or any other Co iseiiuenles
Notasulga city official from any 1
action designed toepreven the si f A ia a
acindsge opeetesxNegroes from attending the school Of A sian W ar"J
in compliance with an earlier or-
der from the same judge. NEW YORK (A') - Atty. Gen.
Turned Away Robert F.. Kennedy warned last
Whether the Negroes will return night if war breaks out between
to the school today was not im- Malaysia and Indonesia it will
mediately made known. They have spread, involve other countries-
not made an appearance since they and possibly even the United
were turned back Feb. 5 by the States.
mayor. Kennedy said such a conflict
The other ordinance Johnson would be "far more serious than
referred to and thus far unused, what is going on now in Viet
is one which empowers the Nota- Speaking in a filmed interview
sulga mayor to close the school or on "ABC News Reports" over net-
any other public building where work television, Kennedy said if
violence is threatened, war erupted between Malaysia and
The hearing also brought an ad- Indonesia, "I think it's going to
mission from Rea that the fire be very difficult to confine it to
safety ordinance was enacted after Borneo."
the six Negroes were ordered trans- The attorney general was asked
ferred to Notasulga from the re- ifhe considered Indonesian Presi-
chntl codent Sukarno a Communist or
School. acting in the interest of Com-
Criticizes Law munism.
The court held that the passage "In the first place, I am certain
and use of the fire law was a sub- he is not a Communist," Kennedy
terfuge which had "no rational is nk c uses difiuly
basis." ad'Ihnkhcaesdfcuy
After Rea testified, the Justice for the United States and for the
Depatmet retedits aseandUnited States foreign policy, but
Departentrested its case and he is an Indonesian and we are
the defense quickly followed suit American. citizens. He's looking out
without calling any witnesses.
All the white pupils are boy for what he thinks is in the best
cotting the Notasulga school. The interestsof indonesia."
mayor said earlier that the ordi- I think we should make an
nance no longer applied and the effort, although it might be frus-
Negroes were free to attend, but trating for us at times-to put
the government insisted on obtain- ourselves in positions of people in
Ing an order from Johnson to pre- other countries," Kennedy said.
vent further interference.
Not Overcrowded
C. A. Pruit, Macon County school
superintendent, testified that hep1 AOW
had no reason to believe that the
Notasulga High School was over- hw:::rm. essa andcam
crowded, despite a limit on en-
rollment by Rea.
The Notasulga situation stems
from earlier efforts to integrate
the white school at Tuskegee.

major piece of education legisla-
tion left to come before Congress
this year, the extension of the
highly popular National Defense
Education Act, is expected to sail
through with few obstructions.
Rep. Edith Green (D-Ore),
sponsor of this year's NDEA
amendment, saw a "change in
mood" on Capitol Hill in regard
to the education crisis in the
country. She said that Congress is
gaining "a greater awareness of
the needs of the space age," cit-
ing the three highly significant
education bills passed last session.
The ND A program, now in its
sixth ;year, has proven successful
on two counts: giving direct aid
to college students by grants and
loans; and providing an incentive
rs
i 4
E 'z
FRANCIS KEPPEL
for students to enter the teaching
profession. The current amend-.
ment attempts to extend both as-
pects of the program.
urvey Rest
Francis Keppel, United States
Commissioner of Education, testi-
fied for the proposed amendent
before the House Education Sub-
committee. He reported that re-
sults of a recent survey indicate
that "youths from low income
) families, regardless of academic
ability, have a much poorer chance
of going to college than their
classmates from upper income
families."l
Keppel termed it "shameful"
that income is permitted to deter-
me "who shall be educated and
who shall not, and, hence, who
all rise to positions of leader-

The student loan provisions of
the NDEA have allowed students
from low-income families to com-
plete their education through uni-
versity-administered loan funds.
The proposed amendment would
raise authorization for the loan
funds to $135 million. Keppel
urged that the ceilings for the
next year be raised to $150 million.
Quick Repayment
During the past year, almost
600,000 students borrowed money
under the loan provisions, and the
rate of repayment well exceeded
that required by law, according to
Keppel.
He has also urged that the ceil-
ing on funds permitted each col-
lege or university be totally
abandoned. Under the present ceil-
ing of $800,000, only the Univer-
sity of Minnesota has been penal-
ized; next year it is expected that
11 other universities wil be sim-
ilarly restricted.
A new, elment in the area of
federal aid to education is the
proposed work .study program.
Commissioner Keppel urged the
work-study idea as augmenting
the loan program to permit low-
income students to graduate witf.-
out exceeding a manageable level
of indebtedness. If the proposed
funds are authorized, Keppel es-
timated that 90,000 college stu-
dents would benefit during the
first year of operation.
Better Work
In addition to giving financial
support to students, the work-
study program would also con-
tribute to the better utilization of
teaching facilities. Students would
be employed to read papers and
examinations in freshman courses,
graduate students would serve as
laboratory assistants in science
classes and students in English or
business administration would be
employed by the university press
or publications offices.
Keppel noted that the NDEA
program will also direct aid to
middle - income students whose
families "are not usually eligible
for loan or scholarship aid under
the income limitations applied by
most colleges," but are finding it
increasingly difficult to meet the
rising costs of multiple college
tuitions.
The proposed amendment would
create a loan insurance mechan-
ism which would encourage more
banks and other credit institu-
tions to lend funds for educational
purposes on repayment terms suit-
ed to the special needs of these
students.

orld News Roundup

By The Associated Press
* TAIPEI-United States and Na-
tionalist Chinese naval forces be-
gan a Joint defense exercise yes-
terday to test their ability to cope
with any aggression against For-
mosa.
Seventy vessels of the United
States 7th Fleet with four battal-
ions of United States Marines
aboard steamed toward a rendez-
vous off Okinawa with National-
ist naval ships. The four-week ma-
neuvers are aimed at ousting an
"aggressor" from southern Formo-
sa.
* * *
VIENTIANE - Rightwing posi-
tions in north central Laos were
reported under heavy fire from
pro-Communist Pathet Lao and
North iVetnamese artillery yester-
day. A right wing army communi-
que stated that "an attack is im-
minent."
BERLIN - The East German
Communist government said last
night it is willing to reopen the
wall during the Easter and Whit-
sun holidays to West Berliners who
want to visit their families in the
Soviet sector.
A government statement said
West Berliners would be issued
permits to cross through the wall
under the same conditions that
)revailed during the 18-day Christ-
mas holiday arrangement.
* * *
TOKYO-United Nations nar-
cotics specialists from 20 countries
ended a 9-day conference yester-
day with a plea for intensified co-
operation in cracking down on
narcotics peddlers.
- * * *
ROSWELL, N.M.-A $1.5 million
Atlas ICBM missile exploded and

burned in an underground launch
silo 32 miles east of here yester-
day--the second such accident
within a year.
There were no injuries the Air
Force reported.
The 821/-foot missile was being
brought to the surface in what1
appeared to be a practice alert. It
exploded as it was about one-third
the way up.
* * *
NEW YORK-Earnings of re-
surgent Chrysler Corp. soared to
an all-time high of $161.6 million
ih 1963, making it a clean sweep
for record profits by the big three
automakers.
General Motors Corp. and Ford
announced peak 1963 earnings ear-
lier. Chrysler disclosed results yes-
terday.
' *« *
NEW YORK-The stock market
pursued an uneven course yester-
day as the excitement over Amer-
ican Telephone and its big rights
Issue subsided. Trading was fairly
active. In the Dow Jones averages
65 stocks were down .09, 30 in-
dustrials down .40, 20 railroads up
.10 and 15 utilities down .12.

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