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February 11, 1964 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-11

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Harris Links Law to Polities

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"Law can be a powerful weapon
in the struggle for equality if
Negroes have the political strength
to make it work for them," Prof.
Robert J. Harris of the Law
School said yesterday.
His lecture, entitled "Law and
Politics: Are They Useful Tools in
the Struggle for Racial Equality?"
was the first of a series of lectures
and discussions commemorating
National Negro History Week,
Feb. 10-15.
"Existing anti - discrimination
laws, criticized for being ineffec-
tive, are more often the reflection
of inadequate support for civil
rights than proof that law cannot
achieve Negro goals," he said.
Criminal Legislation
Criminal anti - discrimination
legislation, for instance, is only
effective if the police, the prose-
cutor, the judge and the jury are
willing to let it work. It is used
to regulate huge masses of people,
and when the law is unpopular
to begin with it is "the worst of
all possible kinds of anti-discrim-
ination law," he said.
"Any kind of reasonable battle
plan for achieving racial equality
must take the law into account,"
Prof. Harris continued. However
there are alternatives open to
the federal government in aiding
the Negro which do not require
For instance, the government
can refuse contracts with compan-
ies not having active equal em-
ployment opportunity programs,
he said. Or it can use miscellan-
eous powers, such as forbidding
military personnel to enter es-
tablishments which discriminate.
Control of Elections
Another suggestion, to date
only "timidly" under considera-
tion, is to bring the electoral pro-
cess-from registering to polling
to ballot counting-under federal
governmental regulation. Also, to
change current patterns of hous-
ng, the government might enter
this sphere as seller and landlord,
Prof. Harris suggested.
The political route to Negro
rights is not "doomed. There is
not a limited pie of freedom," he
said. An increase of freedom for
the Negro does not mean a de-
crease for the white population.
Voting strength is a major
weapon in this struggle for equal-
ity. Even though the hard fought

civil rights bills of 1957 and 1960
were aimed at increasing voting,
in the deep South "the gain is so
small it is pathetic," Prof. Harris
Small Gain
A survey revealed that in 1956,
before the laws were passed, 5.1

per cent of the Negroes eligible
to vote in 100 Black Belt counties
registered. Six years later, in 1962,
only 8.3 per cent eligible to vote
had registered.
In Mississippi, 1.4 per cent of
the eligible Negroes registered.
After the bills passed the number
even dropped to 1.1 per cent, he
cited .
In the North and West, however,
the Negro voting strength will in-
crease as the movement towards
cities and away from the South
increases, Prof. Harris said.'
Urban Voting
"The Supreme Court's recent
legislative apportionment decision,
promising greater urban voting
strength in the future, will work;
to the advancement of Negroes
who are already more urbanized
than whites," he stated.
"The two big unknowns" in the
case for equality are whether the
Northern Republicans will com-
pete with the Democrats for the
Negro vote or decide that this
support cannot be had, and
whether the foreign affairs aspect
of civil rights will be capitalized
on or not, he said.
If in American history the big
farmers, the veterans of World
War I and organized labor have
achieved the programs they want-
ed with political power and have
convinced the nation their special
problems deserve special consider-
ation, 10 per cent of our nation
can do "wonderful things" once
they are politically well-situated,
Prof. Harris said.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
ial responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Build-
ing before 2 p.m. of the day pre-
ceding publication, and by 2 p.m.
Friday for Saturday and Sunday.
General I'Notices
Student Tea at the home of President
and Mrs. Harlan Hatcher from 4 to 6
p.m., Wed., Feb 12. All students cor-
dially invited.
British Summer Schools: There will
be a meeting of all those interested in
summer sessions at British Universi-
ties (1964), in Room 2012 Angell Hall
at 4 p.m., Tues., Feb. 11. Further in-
formation may be obtained from Prof.
Clark Hopkins, 2011 Angell Hall.
German Make-up Exam will be held
Thurs., Feb. 13, 7-9 p.m. in Rooms
1088, 1092, and 1096 Frieze Bldg. Please
register in the office of the Dept. of1
German by noon Wed., Feb. 12.

semester Playbill productions-Feb. 26-
29, "The Firebugs." by Max Frisch;
April 2-4, Premier Production of "Shan-
akind" by Marc Zagoren; April 22-25,
Shakespeare's "Henry V"; May 5-9,
Tchaikovsky's "The Queen of Spades
in cooperation with School of Music.
Student Government Approval of the
following student-sponsored activities
becomes effective 24 hours after the
publication of this notice. All publicity
for these events must be withheld un-
til the approval has become effective.
Young Democrats. Speech by Judge
Francis O'Brien,"Civil Disobedience
and the Law," Feb. 13, 7:30 p.m., Rm.
3RS, Union.
English Honors Program: Students
interested in the English Honors pro-
gram are invited to a meeting Thurs.,
Feb. 13, at 4 p.m. in 2402 Haven Hall
at which the program as well as the
qualifications for admission will be
discussed. Freshmen as well as soph-
omores are invited. Students definite-
ly planning to apply should see Prof.
Barrows (1223 AH) or Prof. Greenhut
(2634 AH) before arranging their sched-
ules for next fall. Students in the
Teacher's program are eligible.
Foreign Visitors

Miss Lucrecia Carvacho, Miss Maria A.
Cruz, Sergio Flores, Jorge Henriquez,
Guillermo Ibacache, Miss Maria E.
Jara, Miss Maria Pena, Miss Ercilia Ur-
ra, Normal School Teachers, Chile, Feb.
Mrs. Agnes Lange, Town Councillor
Mulheim/Ruhr, Chairman Muelheim
Chapter Deutscher Frauenring, Muel-
heim, Germany, Feb. 12-13.
F. M. G. Willson, Prof. of Political
Science, Univ. of Rhodesia and Nyasa-
land, Salisbury, Rhodesia, Feb. 12-13.
Lady Dhanvanthi Rama Rau, Chair-
man, International Planned Parenthood
Federation, India, Feb. 18-19.
Univ. of Florida, Gainesville - An-
nouncing availability of Resident As-
sistantships for graduate women in the
Women's Residence Halls for academic
yr. '64-65. Open to those in any field
of study. Financial assistance through
a salary of $100 per month plus a
shared apt. For further info. please
write: Dr. Marna V. Brady, Dean of
women, U. of Fla., Gainesville, Fla.

trical Engineer II-Degree in EE plus
exper. In elect. engrg. including elec-
trical & construction.
State of Montana, Helena, Montana -
Various openings including: Account-
ant, Bacteriologist, Caseworker, Chem-
ist, Public Health Engnr., Public Health
Nurse, Speech & Hearing Therapist,
Physical Therapist & Psychologist.
Frank N. Magid Assoc., Cedar Rapids,
Iowa-Openings for persons with MA
or PhD in Soc. or Psych., to serve
as survey research analysts. Should
have some bkgd. in survey design &
stat. Ability to write up research find-
ings in report form is imp.
Detroit Radio Station-Major radio
station in Detroit has immediate
opening for a young woman interested
in radio, to work in news room. Short-
hand and typing are required,
John Wood Co., Muskegon, Mich. -
Opening in Engrg. Lab, for Associ-
ate Test Engnr. Will assist in per-
forming a variety of hydraulic, elec-
trical & mech. tests on gasoline
pumps. BS in Engrg. plus mech, or
electrical exper.
State of Vermont, Montpelier - In-
dustrial Hygiene Engineer-BS in chem.,
mech., elect, indust., or civil engrg..
physics or closely related field OR MS
in indust. hygiene or public health with
courses in indust. hygiene. With MS
degree require 2 yrs. exper. With BS
degree require 4 irs. exper.
Management Consultants in Detroit
-Various openings including: Dir. of
Engrg.; Economic & Sales Analyst;

Plant Engnr.; Design & Dev.; Plant
Mgr.-Die Casting; International Dir.;
Exec. Vice-Pres. - Indust-Commercial
* * -*
For further information, please call
General Div., Bureau of Appointments,
3200 SAB, Ext. 3544.
Fri., Feb. 14, South San Francisco
will be interviewing at the Bureau of
Appointments for teachers for 1964-
1965. They are interviewing in elemen-
tary. Make appointments now.
* * *
For additional information and ".p-
pointments contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3200 SAB, 663-1511, Ext.
Beginning Mon., Feb. 17, the follow-
ing schools will be at the Bureau to in-
terview prospective teachers for the
1964-1965 school year.
MON., FEB. 17-
San Diego, Calif.-Elem.; Spec. Ed.-
EMH; Math; Sci.-Chem/Physics; Engl/
Minor field; Girls PE; For. Lang.
Pico Rivera, Calif. (El Rancho Uni-
fied)-Elem. K-6; J.H.-Art, Bus. Ed.,
Engl., Home Ec., Ind. Arts, Span., Math,
Inst. Music, Vocal, Girls PE, Soc. St.,
Sci.; H.S.-Art, Bus., Engl.; Span., Latin,
Math, Soc. St., Biol., Phys. Sci., Ortho.,
M.R. Alphasic, Lib
Clarkson, Mich.-Elem., Bus. Ed., En-
(Continued on Page 5)


O'Sullivan, acclaimed young
character actor, will play the
title role in the premiere of the
new play, "The Child Buyer,"
by John Hersey and Paul
Shyre for the University Pro-
fessional Theatre Program.
The cast will arrive today
from New York and Hollywood
to start rehearsals for the
March 3-8 showing of PTP's
New Play Project for 1964.
O'Sullivan is on leave of ab-
sence from the current off-
Broadway hit, "In White Amer-
ica." He won the Obie and
D'Anunzio Awards from the
New York Critics in "Six Char-
acters in Search of an Author"
last season.
Other members of the cast
are Edith Meiser, John C.
Becher, Betty Henritze, Keith
Taylor, Don McHenry, Eugenia
Rawls, Wallace Rooney and
Jackie Jones. The play will be
directed by Marcella Cisney.
Others in the play are Wini-
fred Coffin, Richard Forsyth
and Henry Austin.


As part of its lecture-discussion
series, the International Students'
Association will present a lecture
at 7:30 p.m. today on "The Poli-
tical Image of Australia" in the
Multipurpose Rm. of the UGLI.
Peter Nygh, '63, an Australian law
student, will lead the discussion.
'The High Wall'...
"The High Wall," a movie an-
alysis of American prejudice, and
a discussion of the film led by
Leonard Sain, special assistant to
the director of admissions, will be
presented as part of the program
for National Negro. History Week
at 8 p.m. today in Rm. 3RS of
the Michigan Union.
SGC Candidates.. .
The following students have re-
cently registered as candidates for
the Student Government Council
election March 4: Don Filip, '65;
David Aroner, '64; John Reece,
'66; Michael Sattinger, '65; Rich-
ard Keller Simon, '66. A total of 14
students have registered to date.
Registration will be open until 5
p.m. Friday.




Formosa Cuts Ties to France
Over Recognition of Red China

(Continued from Page 1)
mand, however, at his last appear-
ance before newsmen a week ago.
Chou merely replied then "that
from the day the representative
of the People's Republic of China
appears in Paris, there can be no
other man there who can pose as
the diplomatic representative of
In Paris there was distinct sur-
prise and considerable relief over
Nationalist China's break of rela-
tions with France.
Late last week, French officials
were giving everyone to under-
stand that Paris was about to sev-
er relations with the Nationalists
of Chiang Kai-shek. This follow-
ed repeated insistence by Red
China that France-which recog-
rized Peking Jan. /27-could not
continue to maintain relations with
Chiang's Formosa regime.
This fragile two-Chinas situation
was believed to be holding up an
exchange of charge d'afafires be-
tween Peking and Paris.
Soie unofficial accounts said
that France had warned Taipei
that the charge d'affaires from
Peking would arrive in Paris soon
and that France was determined
to sever relations with Taipei when
the Peking official came.
Convinced there was nothing
they could do to sway the French,
the Nationalists may have believed

it more dignified and face-saving
if they made the break.
In Washington the State De-
partment said that the Chinese
Nationalist break in relations with
France "is understandable" in
view of France's establishment of
diplomatic relations with Com-
munist China.




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