Thursday, August 15, 1968
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Thu rsday, August 15, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAILY Pa9e Three
Soviets not to interfere
VIENNA, Austria (P)--Romanian are fundamental conditions for
party leader Nicolae Ceausescu building up relations of equality
said yesterday there could be "no and mutual trust among the
justification for armed interven- Communist parties," he told grad-
tion in the internal affairs of any uates of the Bucharest Military
Warsaw Treaty member country" School.
as he .prepared to visit Czecho- "Everything must be done to
slovakia's liberal leaders in Prague. put an end to the state of tension
He did not mention Czechoslo- in the Communist movement. Dif-
vakia specifically, but it was ob- ferences should be solved by direct
vious he referred to the threat negotiations."
of intervention by the Soviet His speech was reported by the
Union and other hard-line coun- official Romanian news agency
tries prior to the Bratislava sum- Angerpres.
mit conference Aug. 8. Ceausescu said the Romanian
"The observance of the inde- Communist party had supported
pendence of each party, and non- the new Czechoslovak leadership
interference in internal conditions from the beginning, and added
that his visit to Prague would
further strengthen Romanian-
He said the Romanian people
"particularly appreciate the al-
liance" with the Soviet .Union.
But he stressed that Romania
would intensify its own production
of arniaments and improve the
fighting technique of its troops
to support the Communist coun-
tries in case of an "imperialist"
Ceausescu and his delegation
will arrive in Prague today for
a three-day stay.
In Moscow, the Kremlin warned
Eastern bloc nations that Soviet-
style communism must be retained
in Eastern Europe.
Warning that "former exploit-
ers"-meaning people dispossessed
by Communist takeovers--still
exist in Eastern bloc countries,
the party newspaper Pravda
urged Communist countries not to
allow that establishment of multi-
party systems or permit dissident
elements to make their opposition
Proposals have been made in
Czechoslovakia during its liber-
alization drive for the authoriza-
tion of additional parties and oth-
er institutions meant to make the
government more subject to pop-
T h e Bratislava declaration
guaranteed all Communist parties
the right to "consider national
characteristics and conditions" in
running their own affairs. But
Pravda made clear that the
Kremlin means this to be under-
stood in only a very limited sense.
Another Soviet newspaper, Lit-
eraturnaya Gazeta, accused Lit-
erarni Listy, the magazine of the
Czechoslovak Writers Union, of
slanderous assaults on the Soviet
Union and "stubborn efforts to
misinform . Czechoslovak public
opinion about the policies of the
Literarni Listy charged that the
Soviets used pressure to try to in-
fluence the Czechs.
LAGOS, Nigeria (R)-The Nigerian high command has
launched two columns of commandos in a pincers movement
against the headquarters of Biafran secessionists at Aba, in-
formed sources said yesterday.
The drive could be the start of an all-out offensive for a
quick military solution to the 13-month-old civil war that
successive peace conferences in Kampala, Uganda, and Addis
Ababa, Ethiopia, have failed to settle.
At least two brigades of Nigerias 3rd Marine Commando
Division-perhaps 6,000 men- were reported pushing north
from the Port Harcourt sector toward Aba, a city of 130,000
about 40 miles in land.
U.S. soldiers ready for new wave of VC attacks
SAIGON (P) - American and is on a prime infiltration route
South Vietnamese troops reported and less than 10 miles north of a
finding large new enemy caches big U.S. Army helicopter base and
yesterday in a tunnel complex be- the headquarters of the South
neath a cluster of villages 25 Vietnamese 5th Infantry Divi-
miles north of Saigon. sion.
The allied sweep began Tuesday Last Friday in the same area
and so far has uncovered 500 allied forces raided the village of
rounds of rockets and recoilless Chanh Luu, killed 18 Viet Cong,
rifle ammunition and 72,000 captured 114 prisoners and seized
rounds for automatic weapons. more than three tons of food.
The search operation is designed U.S. B52 bombers flew several
to upset any enemy plans for raids yesterday on undisclosed
new attack on Saigon. enemy targets. The exact location
Ten Viet Cong who attempted of the-strikes was not given, but
to flee were killed in a 15-minute several raids were close enough to
clash Tuesday and Vietnamese rattle windows in downtown Sai-
"tunnel rats" captured another gon.
17 prisoners in the underground South Vietnamese r a g e r s
labyrinth around Cut Dat, offi- sweeping enemy infiltration routes
cials said into the Mekong Delta 73 miles
Military officials believe 25,000 nsouthwest of the capital turned
civilians living in the area are' uthweonsecachtandtred
sympathetic to the Viet Cong. It up two weapons caches and re-
tatively plans to release 14 North
Vietnamse seamen today. This
folows the recent release of three
American fliers my Hanoi.
The U.S. Embassy would not
confirm the reports.
Only 31 missions were flown
over the North Tuesday, the low-
est number recorded in more than
The U.S. Mission announced
thatt Viet Cong terrorists killed
another 55 South Vietnamese ci-
vilians last week, wounded 156
and abducted 74.
So far this year, the mission re-
ported, Viet Cong terrorists have
killed 2,818 civilians, wounded
6,154 and abducted 4,642. This is
considerably less than the figures
given by Ambassador W. Averell
Harriman, ,who told newsmen in
Paris that Viet Cong terrorists
have killed 8,000 civilians since
the first ; of the year, wounded
20,000 and kidnapped 6,000.
A U.S. spokesman in Paris ex-
plained that Harriman included
the civilian casualties of the Tet
A high-ranking officer said a
contingent commanded by Col.
Benjmin Adekunle crossed the
Imo River 15 miles south of Aba
and occupied Akwete, a settlement
on the north bank. The leading
element of the other pincer was
belived to be crossing the river
at the Imo railway station, 22
miles from the city.
Radio Biafra reported that Umu
Abayi, a settlement on the south
bank, had been under a federal
mortar attack for three days. The
broadcast said 35,000 civilians
Lt. Col. Yakubu Danjuma, dep-
uty commander of the 1st Divi-
sion has said federal forces could
finish off the Biafran secessionists
within two weeks, "once the first
shot was fired" in an all-out push.
The army of the secessionist
leader, Lt. Col. C. Odumegwu
Ojukwu, now occupies only about
a third of the 29,000 square miles
in the Eastern Nigerian territory
that he proclaimed independent
in May 1967.
The Nigerians surround the
secessionists. The Biafrans have
no road access to the outside
In Addis Ababa, delegates to
the peace talks failed again to
agree on relief for starving ci-
The Nigerian army is believed
to have from 70,000 to 85,000
men-10 times the number en-
rolled when the war started July
Biafra is believed to have about
40,000 soldiers, plus thousands of
ill-equipped civilians forming a
'Mah fellow Americans ..:.,
Citing higher death and disease rates among blacks, President
Johnson yesterday called for broad federal and private efforts
to enlist more blacks for medical careers speaking to the pre-
dominantly black National Medical Association in Houston.
IN CONCERT AT HILL AUDITORIUM
Saturday, August 31, at 8:30 p.m.
TICKET PRICES: $2.00, $2.50, $3.00
Tickets will be on sale at the LSD Depot, on the Diag,
or in Hlil Auditorium August 26-30
An LSD-Labor Day Weekend Presentation
portea Knng 25 enemy so ilers
in scattered fighting Tuesday and
yesterday. The rangers suffered
no casualties .
Their finds included 92 assault
rifles, five mortars and assorted
mortar equipment, a rocket
launcher, 64 mortar rounds and
rockets, 60 hand grenades and 80
pounds of TNT.
Government troops also killed
10 enemy and found an other wea-
pons cache far to the north in the
A Shau Valley bordering Laos.
The cache included an antiair-
craft machine gun, nine Russian-
made rifles, 225 mortar and rocket
rounds 3,500 rounds of antiair-
craft ammunition and a large
quantity of medical supplies. Viet-'
namese casualties were one killed
and two wounded.
Tropical storm Rose curtailed
fighter-bomber raids over North
Vietnam for the third day yes-
terday. Winds whipped up heavy
seas in the Gulf of Tonkin and
.prevented 7th Fleet aircraft car-
riers from launching planes.
Informed sources in Saigon re-
ported that the United States ten-
National news roundup
By The Associated Press
HOUSTON, Tex. - President
Johnson appealed to the entire
medical profession yesterday to
hold down fees and charges-and
then was off ad lib on violence
and racial discrimination. There
was even a cryptic reference to
some of his own future plans.
His audience was the national
convention of the predominantly
Negro National Medical Associa-
At one point, Johnson said he
would continue to push for "kiddy
care" in the years ahead. He
didn't say in what capacity he
VIENNA (')-In a puzzling
move, Soviet Premier Alexel Kosy-
gin' proposed in a message yes.
terday establishment of an inter-
national space communications
network to be called Intersputnik.
The plan is patterned almost
exactly on that of the existing
62- nation Intelsat network With
the exception that each parti-
pating nation would have one
In Intelsat, the countries vote
according to their investment,
with the United States, through
its Communications Satellite Corp,
Comsat, having a 51 per cent in-
The Soviet Union has refused to
join Intelsat primarily because it
would have a small voice in the
Some U.S. officials here inter-
preted Kosygin's message as a
move to force Intelsat to the one-
country-one-vote rule, a change
that has been proposed.
Others said the Soviets may
set up a separate international
network to compete with Intelsat
or as a means of spreading Rus-
sian influence in underdeveloped
A Comsat official, terming the
Kosygin statement puzzling, said
the Soviets were proposing a
worldwide system which already is
in effective operation with inter'
The Russian surprise came at
the opening session of the first
United Nations Conference on Ex-
ploration and Peaceful Uses of
Outer Space. The two-week con-
ference, attended by representa-
tives from 74 nations, will discuss
how best to apply space benefits
to the social and economic ad-
vancement of mankind.
Before delivering the speech,
the leader of the Soviet delega-
tion, A. A. Blagonravov, read a
telegram from Kosygin. The
message wished the conference
success and then said:
"In order to better satisfy the
needs of the developed and de-
veloping countries the Soviet
Union and other Socialist coun-
tries are proposing the creation
of an international communica-
tions system through artificial
satellites based on democratic
principles with a total equality
for all its participants."
Blagonravov hinted at a pos-
sible motive for the systen when
"With the aid of both radio
and television transmission via
communications satellites, it be-
comes possible to influence the
culture of developing countries by
In reply to a newsman's ques.
tion about the purpose of the pro-
posal, a member of he Soviet
delegation displayed a draft of the
Intersputnik proposal which has
been forwarded to the United
Nations and interested countries,
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would back the proposed health
program for children.
* * *
MEMPHIS, Tenn. - The Rev.
Ralph David Abernathy, successor
to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,
said yesterday there was strong
possibility that Sen. Eugene Mc-
Carthy would attend the Southern
Leadership Conference convention
* * *
WASHINGTON - Vice Presi-
dent Hubert H. Humphrey yes-
terday issued an "action plan" to
improve life in the United States,
with emphasis on local initiative
and less federal control.
WASHINGTON - Sen. Eugenej
J. McCarthy yesterday proposed aj
new national housing policy, say-
ing current federal programs
favor the rich and ignore the poor,
"thus actually widening the in-
come gap in America."
SAN DIEGO, Calif. - Richard'
M. Nixon has enlisted one of de-
feated rival Nelson Rockefeller's
top strategists, Sen. Thruston
Morton (R-Ky) as a special
traveling adviser in his Republican
* * *
COMPTON, Calif. - A heli-
ter carrying children and adults
from Los Angeles to Disneyland
exploded in a fireball over a
playground Wednesday, and po-
lice said its 21 occupants were
- Has refused to accept the University's 8-month lease.
* Has accumulated the most complaints (damage depo-
sits, repairs and cleaning service), according to the
Student Rental Union Complaint Service.
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