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June 27, 1968 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1968-06-27

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1IHE LAST
RESORT
See editorial page

YI e

Lw 43ZW

Ia4,

PUDDL Y
High-63
Low-5 6
Cool with
occasional showers

Vol. LXXVIII' No. 35-5 Ann Arbor, Michigan, Thursday, June 27, 1968 Ten Cents

Six Pages

llarines wvithdraW
romKhe ani base
SAIGON OM-)-The U.S. Marines
are pulling out of Khe Sanh com-
bat base on the northern frontier,
VA N a where they weathered a 77-day
aM 225 5siege last winter with 2,500 cas-
ualties.
The U.S. Command, announcing
the move today, cited mounting
, enemy pressure as part of the
reason.
There have been two signifi-
caht changes in the military situ-
atior in Vietnam since early this
year," the command said, "an in-
crease in friendly strength, mo-
bility and firepower, and an in-
crease in the enemy's threat due
to both a greater flow of replace-
See related story, Page 3

Johnson nominates

Fortas

new

Court

Chief

Justice

Senatosmay
bock seledtion
LBJ names Judge Thornberry
to fill court asso iate justice vacancy
By The Associated Press
President Johnson announced yesterday the iselection of
Justice Abe Fortas of the Supreme Court to be chief justice,
succeeding the retiring Earl Warren.
For the vacancy thus being created on the bench Johnson
nominated a Texan wh'o succeeded to his Congress seat,
Homer Thornberry. Thornberry now is a judge of the 5th
Circuit Court of Appeals.
The President confirmed both Warren's retirement and
his choice of Fortas at a White House news conference, where

-Associated Press
Last winter's siege at the camp
BOARD DISPUTE:
Wheeler resigns
as EO chairman

ments and a change in tactics."F
During the winter siege, senior x
U.S. officers called the . base in v
South, Vietnam's northwest cor-
ner indispensable.
They said it would be held at
any cost. But the pullout decision
apparently had already been made
by the time a division-plus relief
force. arrived at Khe Sanh in
April..
The new western anchor of
American bases along the de-
militarized zone apparently was
to be Landing Zone Stud, about
10 miles to the east.
It has been supporting the eight
battalions operating around Khe
Sanh since the siege was lifted.
However, there is no reason to DEN
expect Landing Zone Stud to be 1
any more free of rocket and mor-
tar attacks than Khe Sanh.
The official statement said, _
to attack, intercept, reinforce or G
take whatever action is most ap- By JOEL BLO
propriate to meet enemy threats. The .Selective Servi
e "Therefore, we have decided to grates University grad
f continue the mobile posture we but the overwhelming
se adopted in western Quang Tri of them are glad to1
's Province with operation Pegasus II-S deferments.
)f in April. These were the res
Le "In First Corps -tactical zone survey released last w
s there has also been a net increase sored by Graduate Ass
in enemy strength. In January conducted by GA Presid
)t the enemy had at least the equiva- Katz.
:e lent of six divisions, today he has The study was based
e at least the equivalent of eight. erendum-like questionn
o This gives him the capability of out to gradauate stude
d mounting several sizable attacks registration last Janu
h concurrently." proxmiately 70 per ce

-Associated Press

Chief Justice Warren and Justice Fortas

DRAFT:
drs yearn

f

By MARCIA ABRAMSON
Dr. Albert Wheeler resigned
yesterday as chairman of the
Washtenaw County Citizens Com-
mittee for Economic Opportunity.
Wheeler's resignation follows
the decision Sunday of the coun-
ty Board of Supervisors' to as-
sume the CEO's function as com-
munity action agency for the
anti-poverty program.
Mail'opposes
gunControls
WASHINGTON (A') -- Congress
is being flooded with mail run
Sning heavily against proposals
for even stronger gun control
laws, a sharp reversal of earlier
trends immediately after the as-
sassination of Sen. Robert F.
Kennedy.
Atty. Gen. Ramsey Clark, carry-
ing President Johnson's plea for
federal registration of every gun
in the nation and licensing of
all owners, was among leadoff
witnesses before the subcommit-
tee.
An Associated Press, survey of
90 congressmen whose mail ran
heavily in favor of stricter gun
controls just after Kennedy's as-
sassination shows a strong tide
now opposed to stronger controls.

Wheeler had intended to leav
July 1, but moved up the date c
his resignation, partially becaus
he disapproved of the Board
intended takeover and because c
criticisms of the CEO from th
Michigan and Regional Office
of Economic Opportunity.
The supervisors' move is no
definite. A new Board will tak
office Jan. 1 and mlust make th
final decision whether or not t
take over the CEO. The Boar
has indicated it plans to retai
the CEO as an "administrativ
board,"
The CEO has been criticize
by the state OEO office, whic
was assisting in the reorganiza
tion process. Wheeler terme
some of the criticisms "of ques
tionable validity,"
But Wheeler Said, "A mor
significant factor in our mor
recent problems has been th
direct and indirect intrusions o
the Michigan ,OEO representa
tive."
A recent dispute between th
CEO and the OEO concerned th
CEO's decision, made possible b
Wheeler's tie-breaking vote, no
to act as legal transfer for ar
$11,250 grant to the Children'
Community School,
Wheeler said a state OEO work
er charged that the CEO "mad
no attempt to encourage adminis
trative reform and protect in
dividuals or groups against ar
bitrary action."

CK
ce System
students,
majority
keep their
suits of a
eek, spon-
embly and'
dent Stuart
on a ref-
aaire given
nts during
nary. Ap-
ent of thel

grad students on campus respond-
ed to the questionnaire, which
contained five ,questions on the
draft system.
Responding to a question wheth-
er the present draft system
should be retained, 73 per cent
of the respondents said they did
not favor the system as it is.
When presented with three al-
ternatives to the present draft
system, 39 per cent favored com-
pulsory national service with sub-
stitute channels of service such
as the Peace Corps and Vista.
While 28 per cent wanted to

e
d
h
d
-e
"e
e
e
e
y
e

Orientation officials announce
procedure for access to dorms

abolish all military conscription,
eight per cent favored compulsory
military service for all male cit-
izens. Twenty-five per cent either
gave other alternatives or did not
respond to the question.
Other results of the study show-
ed that 73 per' cent wanted to re-
tain grad student deferments and
that 71 per cent desired defrments
be given to "all graduate students'
provided satisfactory progress to-
ward a degree is being made."
The questionnaire also asked
the students how they would im-
plement the results of- the ref-
erendum they were taking. Of
those responding, 33 per cent said
the graduate school should make
a public statement on the position
of the grad student body and
exert informal political pressure.
A quarter of the students want-
ed only to make a public state-
ment while another twenty-five
per cent wanted .the grad school
to not cooperate with the present
draft laws in addition to the
statement and political pressure.
Katz was assisted by past pres-
ident of Grad Assembly Roy Ash-
mall and several other members
of the body. He used funds from
his research grant at the Institute
for Social Research to help fi-
nance the project and used the
computer at the ISR to tabulate
the data.
Copies of the report have been
distributed to Dean Stephen
Spurr of the Graduate School and
several top-level administrators,
including President Fleming.
United States Representative
Marvin Esch also asked for the
study. He is participating in a
House investigation of the present
Selective Service System.
In addition, Senator Edward
Kennedy of Massachusetts accept-
ed a copy for use in a similar
probe in the Senate.

he signed the nominations of
Fortas and Thornberry for
dispatch to the Senate, which
must approve the selection$.
Some Republicans had indicat-
ed, when reports of Warren's re-
tirement leaked out last Friday,
tj'at they would oppose selection
6f a successor by a "lame duck"
President.
One Republican, Rep. Robert P.
Griffin of Michigan, the first to
speak out against a president ap-
pointing a chief justice in the.
waning months of his term, in-
dicated he and others may fili-
buster against confirmation.
If the nominations are brought
up, he said, there will be "ex-
tended debate." He called his
objections a matter of principle,
not of personalities, and said he
has considerable support in the
Senate.
Senate Democratic Leader Mike
Mansfield of Montana said of
YFortas' nomination: "I imagine
t meets with approval of the
court and I hope it meets with
the approval of the Senate."
He described Thornberry as
"A fair mani, a good man, a de-
cent man."
Sen. James 0. Eastland (D-
Miss), chairman of the Senate
Judiciary Committee which must
first consider the nominations,
declined comment.
But the next ranking Demo-
crat, Sen. John L. McClellan of
Arkansas, said he does not expect
the nomination of a new ,chief
justice "will sail through" the
Senate.
McClellan said in view of the
many controversial issues decided
by the court, some by 5-4 margins,
such a nomination "should be
carefully examned and fully con-
sidered."
Asked if he agrees with Grif-
fin's view, McClellan said, "That
is an issue that directs itself to
the Republicans . . . Whether'
they want to make a party issue
out of it, I don't know."
At the same time, Richard M.
Nixon forecast yesterday in Lan-
sing "substantial opposition" in
the Senate to the nomination of
Fortas and said he hopes the de-
bate over President Johnson's
action will not damage the pres-
tige of the Supreme Court.
Nixon adled, however, that he
believed the Senate ultimately
would confirm the selection of
Fortas and Thornberry.

strikers
re ,ach paet
DETROIT (A')-The last two
striking unions in the 225-day-old
Detroit newspaper shutdown have
tentatively accepted economic
terms proposed by special media-
tor Dr. Nathan Feinsinger, the
president of the Detroit News-
paper Guild said yesterday.
The head of the Guild in De-
troit, Jim McMahon, said it was
his understanding the Stereotyp-
ers had reached a complete ten-
tative agreement and -the Mailers
had only non-economic problems
to solve with the publishers of the
morning Detroit Free Press and
afternoon Detroit News.
The Guild and several other
non-striking unions sti11 have to
negotiate contracts with the
newspaper before they can re-
sume -publication, but observers
foresaw no problems.
The settlement proposed by
Feinsinger called for a raise of
$33 ' week, spread over a 3412-
month contractrperiod 4
The increment schedule calls
for an $11 raise with the re-
sumption of publication, $10 at
the start of the 11th month, $9 at
the start of the 21st, and $3 at the
beginning of the 34th.
The proposal was accepted
Tuesday by the Pranters, Press-
men, Photoengravers and Plate
and Paperhandlers, all of which
previously had rejected a prior
Feinsinger proposal with a slight-
ly different schedule of incre-
ments.
The Teamsters, who had voted
acceptance in March of a 'pub-
lisher offer of $30 over three
years, are entitled to the economic
settlement accepted by the re-
maining craft unions under pro-
visions of a contract they signed
with the publishers last week.
McMahon said the Guild has
only unresolved noneconomic is-
sues to discuss with the publish-
ers, 'but he added none of the
problems was insurmountable.

By ANN MUNSTER
The Office of Orientation is-'
sued a statement yesterday clari-
fying the procedure for access to
Mosher-Jordan Halls by student
organizations, and the organi-
zations have offered little conflict.,
The statement was a response
to meetings conducted by mem-
bers of Voice Political Party, Ann
Arbor Resistance, People Against
Racism (PAR) inside the dormi-
tories where freshmen are staying
for summer orientation.
The three groups decided to
hold informal discussion sessions

with the freshmen because they
agreed that the orientation pro-
gram offered by the university
gives a narrow and biased image
of campus life.
The regular schedule for orien-
tation presently includes programs
provided by the larger student
organizations such as SGC, UAC,
and The Daily, Meetings are also
held for students interested in
the ROTC program. There are
also mixers and concerts by folk
singer Bob Frankie on alternate
evenings.
Resistance and PAR hope to
confer with the housing officel

I

later this week about the regula-
tions.
The agreement reached with
Voice provides that "One table
shall be placed in the lobby of
Mosher Hall and one table in the
lobby of Jordan Hall. These tables
shall be available to any student
organization currently recognized
by SGC.
"SGC Fishbowl procedures ap-
ply except as follows: Only one
organization may schedule a
table on any given day with no
more than two representatives
from that organization manning
the table.
"No more than eight students
may be present at the table at
one time. If more than eight stu-
dents at one time wish to visit
with the representatives, the rep-
resentatives must either move
outside the residence hall and
hold a meeting or ask the stu-
dents who arrived last to wait
elsewhere until fewer than eight
students are at the table.
"Solicitation of funds or sale
of materials is prohibited."
The statement continues,"Be-!
cause of the diversity of the orien-
tation programs offered, no stu-
dent organization shall hold meet-
ings inside Mosher-Jordan Halls.
Meetings may be held at any
point outside the residence halls
as consistent with Civic Law or
in other university buildings.
Sue Mitchell, an orienttation
leader, said that the official
schedule for orientation programs
will probably be revised' to inforni
students of alternative programs,
such as the meetings held by Re-
sistance to deal with questions
which are not answered or are
only vaguely answered at ROTC
meetings.
She also explained .that the
Bob Frankie concerts which have
coincided with the discussion ses-
sions held by Voice, Resistance,
and PAR are on evenings when
there are no orientation mixers,

NEW RESISTANCE GROUP
Grand Rapids enlists

By NADINE COHODAS
Grand Rapids has joined the
ranks of Resistance.
Following similar organiza-
tions in Ann Arbor, Detroit and
Lansing, about five hard-core
Resistance workers opened up
an office on a downtown Grand
Rapids corner to begin their
anti-war, anti-draft activities,
Ann Arbor Resistance mem-
ber Dennis Church explains
the Grand Rapids contingent
has had a few "very success-
ful" meetings with faculty fem-
bers from the ,Grand Valley
Junior College and Aquinas
College, two schools in the
Grand Rapids area.

Church says the Grand Rapids
movement has picked up a
"general constituency" of sup-
sport. "Several sympathizers
aie willing to start work this
summer," he acids.
Grand Rapids Resistance s
not structured yet, however. It
has no formal meetings or spe-
cific programs other than the
proposed draft-counseling ser-
vice. Its first draft card turn-
in is scheduled for early July.
Church says Resistance is
the first anti-war, anti-draft
movement to exist in Grand
Rapids, the state's second lar-
gest city. Although some anti-
Vietnam activity started lastJ

tacted by phone or letter. A
Resistance member tells the
man about the movement, the
war, the draft, and sometimes
provides "political counseling,"
Bauchner says.
Ann Arbor Resistance will
start its "Senior Program" in
the near future. This is similar
to the "1-A program" but
deals with university students
who have graduated and have
been or will be reclassified 1-A.
Bauchner s a y s Resistance
wants to "let the students
know about the non-coopera-
tion (turning in draft cards)
policy."
In other Resistance action
around the state, the Detroit

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