Tuesday, June 4, 1968
THE MICHIGAN GAILY
Tuesday, June 4, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAILY Page Three
High court rules
on jury selection
Prohibits exclusion of jurors
for objection to death penalty
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The death
sentence cannot be imposed by a
jury from which persons with
conscientious or religious scruples
against capital punishment were
automatically excluded, the Su-
preme Court ruled yesterday.
"No defendant can constitution-
ally be put to death at the hands
of a tribunal so selected," Justice
Potter Stewart said for the de-
The Vote was 5 to 4.
Ruling in an Illinois case, the
majority found the state "stacked
the deck" against William C.
Witherspoon when he was sen-
tenced to death by a jury from
which 39 veniremen were excluded
"withput any effort to find out
whether their scruples would in-
variably compel them to vote
against capital punishment."
The court did not deal with
the constitutionality of the death
Nor did it disturb the right of
the prosecution to challenge for
cause those prospective jurors
who say their reservations about
capital punishment would prevent
them from 'making an impartial
decision about a case.
Stewart said it had not been
shown that the Witherspoon jury
was biased with respect to his
However, Stewart went on, "It
is self-evident that, in its role
as arbitor of the punishment to
be imposed, this jury fell woefully
short of that impartiality to
which the petitioner was entitled
under the 6th and 14th Amend-
In other action, the court ruled
that a teacher may not be fired
for speaking out on public issues
in the absence of "proof of false
statements knowingly or reckless-
ly made by him."
The Supreme Court agreed yes-
terday to decide whether city and
state voters have the right to nul-
lify open housing ordinances.
Brushing aside the suggestion
that the 1968 civil rights law
makes the issue moot, the court
without comment agreed to hear
an appeal next term by Mrs. Nellie
Hunter, a Negro housewife in
Akron, Ohio, and the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People.
The court also agreed to review
conviction of comedian Dick Gre-
gory in a civil rights march on
the home of Mayor Richard Daley
Gregory and 39 other marchers
were convicted Aug. 2, 1965 of dis-
orderly conduct for disobeying a
police order to disperse.
North Vietnamese delegate Le Due Tho arrives in Paris
may signal parley shift
PARIS (AP) - Premier Georges cupation of
Pompidou called yesterday for an and high sc
end to the strike wave estimated pidou's assn
to be costing France $2 billion 4 would not be
week in lost production. He urged situation."
all idle workers to return to their Teacherso
jobs today as a national 'duty. ucation Fede
The premier renewed at a news Education M
conference the go'vernment's toli tomorrow
promise of social and educational Pompidouc
reforms and echoed President tain number
Charles de Gaulle's warning of groups have
May 30 against the danger of "to- arms . . . Th
talitarian communism." tention to cr
A back-to-work movement made sake of disor
some inroads in the ranks of the lence with m
10 million strikers, but the bulk
showed little inclination to heed
The labor unions in France's
major industries and services,
though promised wage increases
ranging from 10 to 20 per cent,
seemed in no hurry to get the
national economy back in running x
Moslems and Jews battled in
the Belleville sector of eastern
Paris. The trouble started at a
cafe card game Sunday nigt,
then erupted in the streets. Four-
teen shops were sacked or set
afire in the night.
About 30 Moslems broke open :f
the front door of the Jewish com-
munity's synagogue, yesterday.
Police kept them from getting
inside. A number of bars and
shops were wrecked. Several per-
sons on both sides were injured,
one a Jew burned by flames of
a gasoline bomb.
At the nationwide news con-
ference, the premier pleaded, "It
is a national duty to get back to
work. The government will scru-
pulously fulfill its promises with-
But thousands of workers still
occupied the key state railroads
and most of the automobile and
metallurgical industries. Talks
with postal workers were dead-
Some private concerns already Ef
announced a back-to-work order f
for today, after the three-day
Pentecost weekend. But the red
flag of revolution still flew on]
hundreds of factories and public n
Pompidourepeated assurances , 3
that students dem ands, pressedin d m n t ai n of an onsce ar y M , h ve ot b n
in demonstrations off and on ill
since ea'lly May, have not been g
"They triggered the crisis for WAH
the needs which everyone felt," he exceeds 3.5
said. "The government has said the immed
it was ready for a deep reform of " showed yes
the university." With. t
He appealed to teachers, stu-
dents and others concerned to ceiling inA
join in new negotiations for re- very shortl
vision of the antiquated educa- Korea.
The students, however, showed Figure
little desire to abandon their oc- 3,492,793 m
iverqity buildings tic, negative and revolutionary in-
ls, despite Pom- tentions, sometimes directedifrom
ces that they abroad."
e "victims of the "We believe that this crisis has
shown that the republic is in
he National Ed- danger," he added. "The Com-
n agreed to meet munist party has shown all its
Ler Francois Or- ambitions."
orning. Pompidou made no secret of
'ged that "a cer- the disastrous effects of the strike
f individuals or ; on the economy. He said 6 per
laid down their cent of the gross national product
ame with the in- would be lost after three weeks of
disorder for the paralysis, thus cancelling out the
violence for vio- projected 5 to 6 per cent increase
or less anarchis- for 1968.
PARIS W)-A top-level Noirth
Vietnamese flew to Paris via Mos-
cow yesterday to join his govern-
ment's peace talks 'delegation and
charged that only an "obstinate"
U.S. attitude prevented the con-
versations from entering a more
But the statement failed to dis-
pel new and cautious hopes here
of a change in Hanoi's basic
Le Due Tho, a member of the
ruling Communist Politburo of
North Vietnam, issued a statement
which seemed milder in tone than
some of the harsh denunciations
which have been issued by Hanoi's
delegation in Paris.
This appeared to keep alive the
STUDENTS, POLICE CLASH
Riots erupt in Rome, Belgrade
By The Associated Press
Student unrest struck Rome and Belgrade yesterday.
Riot police seized the embattled University of Rome yesterday
from 2,000 rebellious leftist students who had held the campus
for three days.
Policemoved in at the request of university Rector Pietre
Agostino d'Avack after an hour-long battle between rival student
groups. Ten students were injured and 53 were taken into custody.
The occupying students dispersed quickly and without resis-
tance when police cut their way in through the chained main
gates of the campus. They left behind their red flags of revolution
and black flags of anarchy.
The attacking students, seeking to get classes and examinations
going again, made one brief break-thfough. They charged through
the partly opened gate hurling rocks and bundles of flaming rags.
The rebels occupied the grounds Friday with different banners
but wi h placards and slogans indicating they had a common
purpose: to overthrow the present social and educational system.
Yesterday was the first time police have moved onto the
campus since March when hundreds of police and students were
injured in fierce fighting there.
In Belgrade students crying "we want action-enough with
words" shouted down Communist party leaders and marched into
a free-swinging battle with police yesterday, just six hours after
a night-long, bloody riot gaveYugoslavia its first taste of the rest
of the world's university unrest.
Over 60 students were injured after the two clashes involving
thousands of students and helmeted policemen. The students ac-
cuser the police of brutality, and authorities replied that "provoca-
teurs" had capitalized on the student grievances, expanded the
violence and looted shops.
The issues-acknowledged as real ones by the Communist
party and university professors-are the students demand for
better living conditions, reorganization of Belgrade University,
worthwhile jobs after graduation and a voice in discussing what one
student called "open social problems."
Fierce fighting broke out when Communist officials refused to
allow a protest parade to enter downtown Belgrade and the students
charged a police line at a bridge over the Sava River.
Police flailed with clubs and ambulances streamed away from
the scene carrying injured policemen and students, to hospitals.
There was no official injury count.
hope that Tho carried with him
some sort of new decision by the
Politburo and Central Committee
of Hanoi's participation in the
Tho's sudden assignment to
Paris and his arrival here by way
of Moscow, where he had talks
with top Soviet leaders, aroused
speculation that he might be car-
rying with him a decision of the
nine-man Hanoi Politburo and the
Central Committee with regard
to the talks.
Tho ranks high in the party,
possibly third or fourth after
President Ho Chi Minh.
Tho told reporters at the air-
port he -might sit in on the talks
which resume Wednesday after a
four-day recess, but refused to
elaborate on his statement or an-
swer any other questions.
After three weeks of exchanges
of denunciations, some sources
said that cumulatively some pro-
gress might have been made
which was not readily discernible
from one working session to an-
The American negotiators are
being careful about placing too
much hope on the hints of a
North Vietnamese shift. But Am-
bassador W. Averell Harriman,
the chief U.S. negotiator, and his
deputy, Ambassador Cyrus R.
Vance, were studying the North
Vietnamese statements carefully.
Vancereturned here Sunday from
consultations with P r e s i d e n t
Johnson and reported he had no
new instructions from the Presi-
Flame throwers at Rome University
Death of Vietnamese
may strain relations
Department of Speech
SAIGON UW The killing of
six high-ranking Vietnamese mili-
tary and police officers by a mis-
fired rocket from a U.S. helicop-
ter may put new strains on U.S.-
Almost without exception, the
officers were intimate associates
of Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky.
and Maj. Gen. Nguyen Ngoc Loan,
director of the national police.
Loan and Ky have reservations
about the depth of the American
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commitment in South Vietnam,
and their zealous nationalism has
sometimes turned to anti-Amei-
The two men lead a segment of
South Vietnam's military and ci-
vilian officials whose anti-com-
munism precludes dealing with
The incident has shocked both
men. Loan, in a hospital recov-
ering from wounds received while
leading his men against the Viet
Cong in Saigon last month, is
said to have taken the news hard.
Ky has canceled his schedule.
The shock also ran through the
U.S. mission, which issued a state-
ment extending "deepest, regrets
and condolences to the Vietnam-
ese government and the families
of the officials involved in this
U.S. officials, visibly shaken,
announced an investigation, and
Indicated disciplinary action
might be taken against the heli-
U.S. officials acknowledged pri-
vately that it would be natural for
some bitterness to develop among
Vietnamese over the deaths.
The Saigon Daily News said,
"the seemingly inexorable recur-
rence of accidents in which lives
and properties of innocent civil-
ians are destroyed by the Amer-
ican shells and bombs has given
the people at large the feeling
that the Alpericans take little
The deaths of the six officers
and the wounding of several oth-
ers, including the mayor of Sai-
gon, meant the loss of highly
trainedand efficient men. Most
were well thought of by their
Fighting continued for the 10th
day in the four-block area of
C ho 10o n, Saigon's Chinatown,
where the m
linked by ho
the Viet Co
stantly out o
the tanks, fir
quickly to n
ects of the national strike multiply
ied forces near
1 post-war level
INGTON R) - The size of the armed forces now
million and is approaching the highest level since
iate post-World War II period, Pentagon figures
;he Pentagon still building toward a 550,000-troops
Vietnam, the over-all size of the services should
y outnumber the force in being at the height of
s released by the Defense Department listed
en and women in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps
-_ --- ,"and Air Forces as of April 30.
The estimate for May will not
Cbe ready until the end of this
ce rs month but thousands of serv-.
icemen have joined the active
roles in recent days.
I OK *0The May draft was set at 45,900
men, one of the highest of the
en had come to visit Vietnam wat. The bulk of these
are replacements for men wind-
th Vietnamese tanks ing up their specified tours, re-
natically devastating tiring or leaving service for other
officers said the y reasons.
re were 15 to 20 Viet Spokesmen noted that 24,550
up in a number of reservists and National Guards-
fur-storynbuildings men came aboard In the last half
four-story ddingh of May after a callup designed in
oles smashed through part to meet Vietnam demands.
But based on this year's average
amese rangers found manpower losses of about 39,400
ong difficult to pin a month, the May draft should
y snipers moved con- have provided a net increase of
of the rubble made by about 6,500.
ring bursts from their The callup plus the May draft
uns, then slipping would thus place over-all military
ew positions. . strength at slightly more than
Before the major buildup for
Southeast Asia began in 1945, the
armed forces had dipped below
The Vietnam force level now
stands at 533,000 and an addi-
tional 17,500 men are authorized
for war duty under the current
ceiling due to be reached by this
After that over-all U.S. military
F7 .strength should level off.
Group to study
oVt. pay rates
AUSTIN, Tex. (P) - President
Johnson announced yesterday a
nine-member commission, author-
ized by Congress, to review the
pay rates of high-level govern-
ment officials including Congress,
Cabinet, Supreme Court, federal
judges and executive appointees.
He named Frederick, R. Kappel
of NewYork, formerly chairman
of the board of American Tele-
phone and Telegraph Co., to head
the commission and asked that
the group begin work next month.
The President emphasized the
importance of the job and the
significance. "of the establishment
by law, for the first time, of a
systematic approach to the re-
LYDIA MENDELSSOHN THEATRE
Vice President Ky
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