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September 20, 1960 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-09-20

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Clearing this afternoon,
Slightly cooler tomorrow.

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom



P 1


Fraternities Alter Selective Policies
Three Units * * * * * * * * *
Ease Bias 'I' To Construct Institut(
Revise Regulations
On Local Autonomy or
13y HARRY PERLSTADTJe eallI c111
'Thv. fra ternitieshe.v.. rnFor es ar h nzu"

-AP Wirephoto
QUIET IN LEOPOLDVILLE--An armed UN soldier watches
government officials set about reconstructing the Congolese
government under the leadership of President Joseph Kasavubu,
Premier Joseph Ileo, and Col. Joseph Mabutu. Deposed Premier
Lumumba was offered a cabinet post.
Hammarsk old ins
UNCongo Support
By The Associated Press
The General Assembly early today overwhelmingly backed
Secretary Dag Hfammarskjold on his Congo policies and opposed
any military aid to the Congo except through U.N. channels.
The vote-a blow to Soviet criticsm of Hammarsi old and Soviet
aid to sometime Congo Premier Patrice Lumumba-came as a climax
to an emergency session on the Congo called on United States


It occured on the scheduled
TO Organize
The Committee on Membership
In Student Organizations should
be organized within a month, Stu-
dent Government Council Presi-
dent John -Feldkamp, '61, says.
He has hopes that the com-
inittee will be organized sooner.
There has, however, been some
faculty opposition to the plan, so
the committee may not get started
within this time, at least in its
present form.
The committee, which will con-
sist of faculty, administration and
student membersis being set up
to administer the Council regula-
tion of student organization mem-
bership practices.
Authority Cited
It will operate under the follow-
ing authority: "All recognized
student organizations shall select
membership and afford opportun-
ities to members on the basis of
personal merit and not race, color,
religion, creed, national origin or
All cases of possible violations
to this regulation will be referred
to the membership selectioncom-
Three students will be on the
Council-selected committee in ad-
dition to two faculty members and
two administrators.
The latter four members will be
selected by the Council from pan-
els of five nominated by the Fac-
jIlty Committee on Student Rela-
tions and Vice-President for Stu-
dent Affairs James A. Lewis.
To Suggest Petition
Feldkamp will suggest a peti-
tioning procedure for the student
members at tomorrow's Council
meeting. He would have a two-
week petitioning period, followed
by one week for interviews by the
members would be approved at
the Council meeting three weeks
Feldkamp will also write letters
to the faculty committee and
Lewis to get lists of their panels.
Faculty response has so far in-
cluded: doubts of the propriety of
SGC's appointing voting faculty
members to a committee; fears
for the freedom of SGC as a Stu-'
dent organization; and sugges-
tions that faculty members par-
ticipate on the committee only asj

opening day of the 1960 regular
''session, for which Soviet Premier

steps toward the eventual elim-
ination of selective membership
policies during conventions held
this summer.
Acacia completely struck a re-
ligious discrimination clause from
its constitution. Sigma Nu adopt-
ed a limited form of local autono-
my while Phi Gamma Delta em-
ployed a similar provision to
clear up confusion over the word
"compatible" in their constitu-
Acacia, which was founded by
Masons but which is not officially
tied to Masonry, previously for-
bade membership to persons
whose religion did not allow them
to associate with Masonic organi-
zations. Although this was dis-
criminatory towards R o m a n
Catholics, there are Catholics in
Acacia and in the Michigan chap-
ter of Acacia.
Spearhead Drive
The Michigan Acacians, led by
Daniel Barr, '61, andchapter ad-
visor Herbert Wagner, spearhead-
ed the drive to strike the clause
from the constitution. After lob-
bying until one in the morning,
the move to strike passed unani-
With eleven of its chapters
faced with a time limit ultimatum
to remove selective membership
clauses or leave the campus, Sig-
ma Nu adopted an amendment
which would allow these chapters
to remain on campus.
Appeal Possible
These chapters may appeal to
the fraternity's national high
council for a waiver of racial qual-
ification for members. T h e
amendment specifies that the
council could grant the waiver
only to a chapter faced with "An
official regulation or law which
threatens its continued exist-
The Sigma Nu chapter from
the University backed the pro-
posal and thought that it was a
suitable compromise between the
fraternity's northern and south-
ern chapters.
Problem Different
Phi Gamma Delta was faced
with a different type of problem.
Their national constitution states
that members must be "compatible
to the fraternity as a whole." On
patible has an unfavorable con-
several campuses the word com-
notation and the chapters on
these campuses are under pressure
to alter this clause.
The convention voted to im-
power the executive officers to
grant an individual chapter the
right to waive the consideration
of compatability to the fraternity
as a whole and may consider
compatibility in terms of that in-
dividual chapter.'

Nikita S. Khrushchev has already
arrived in New York.
Endorses HanmmerskJold
The Assembly's endorsement of
Hammarskjold-and its warning
against outside aid-came with
adoption of a 17-nation Asian-
African resolution.
The resolution passed by a vote
of 70-0 with 11 abstentions. The
abstainers were the nine-nation
Soviet bloc, France and South
On separate preliminary votes,
parts of the resolution were
adopted 71-0 with 9 abstentions
and 80-0 with 1 abstention.
In Leopoldville
Meanwhile, in Leopoldville, Pre-
sident Joseph Kasavubu's pro-
Western government sought yes-
terday to make peace with
Lumumba by offering the deposed
Communist - backed Premier a
cabinet post.
Kasavubu fired Lumumba as
Prime Minister Sept. 5 and ap-
pointed Joseph Ileo to replace
him. Lumumba countered by fir-
ing Kasavubu and the Congolese
parliament subsequently nullified
both firings. Since then, the Congo
has had two rival factions claim-
ing to head the government.
Col. Joseph Mobutu subsequently
staged a bloodless military coup
to "neutralize" the disputing
factions. He has clearly favored
Kasavubuand fleo,however, and
forced the departure from the
Congo of Soviet and Czech mis-
sions which were giving Lumumba
military and technical aid.
Mobutu has repeatedly prevent-
ed the pro-Lumumba majority of
Parliament from holding a session
in defiance of Kasavubu's suspen-
sion order.
Soviets Give Up
The Soviet Union, faced wit'
solid Asian-African opposition,j
gave up efforts early today to get
the U.N. General Assembly to1
challenge Hammarskjold's policies
on the Congo.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Valerian A. Zorin announced to
the Assembly that he would not
press for a vote on a Soviet re-
solution and Soviet amendments
on the subject.
The amendments sought to re-
serve an Asian-African resolution
favorable to Hammarskjold's con-
duct of the U.N.'s operation to
keep law and order in the Congo.
To Meet Today


Highest Yet
University enrollment for the
fall semester of 1960-61 is esti-
mated at a record-high 24,229
full-time and part-time students
working toward a degree, Edward
G. Groesbeck, director of the Of-
fice of Registration and Records,
But even so, this year's student
body is the most carefully selected
and limited in University history,
James A. Lewis, vice-president for
student affairs, said.
Shortages in facilities and funds
necessitated limiting enrollment.
Building Slack
"Our building program is prac-
tically at a standstill," Lewis said.
"Until we have more facilities it
will be impossible to expand ex-
cept in the schools and colleges
which still have room for a few
more students."
Citing examples, Lewis said that
the literary college and the archi-
tecture and design college cannot
absorb more students but that the
engineering college and nursing
school could.
Vacancies in these were caused
by an insufficient number of
qualified applicants, Lewis ex-
Enrollment Higher
The estimated record enrollment
total is 241 more than last year's
final enrollment of 23,988, itself
a record at that time.
It includes students here in Ann
Arbor and those in Flint and
The Flint Branch was opened in
1956 with a total enrollment of
167 Juniors.
Freshman enrollment exceeds
last year's 3,227 by more than 100.
A complete and precise break-
down of enrollment statistics can-
not be made until registration in
all units of the University has
been completed and the number
of students who drop out of
school is known, University of-
ficials said.
Last year the 100 person in-
crease over the year before was
said by Groesbeck to be "practi-
cally maintaining the status quo."
Last year's enrollment increase
was in contrast to that of 725 the
year before.

--Daily-James Warneka
AID FOR DEAF: Stanley Kresge, president of the Kresge Foundation, yesterday presented a
check for $200,000 on behalf of the foundation, to University President Harlan Hatcher, for the es-
tablishment of a $2 million laboratory devoted to research on problems of hearing and deafness, to
be added to the University Medical Center,
Survey Chart Medicao-l Co--,Sts

A survey of medical economics
in Michigan shows that persons
over 65 "have twice as big a medi-
cal bill as others, are hospitalized
more often and for longer per-
iods, and that only half of them
have insurance," Prof. Walter J.
McNerney said last night.
Prof. McNerney, director of the
University Bureau of Hospital Ad-
ministration, headed the project,
which gathered information on
the cost of medical care compar-
ed with the liquid assets of fam-
ilies in this state, broken down
by age, financial status, and race.
The material has been given to
Governor G. Mennen Williams for
the special legislative session
which meets this week to con-
sider expansion of old age health
benefits under a new system of
federal grants-in-aid.
Presents Facts
The new survey, called the most
comprehensive available to any
state in the country, "presented
only facts, not judgments, said

McNerney. "But the facts speak
for themselves." In addition to
those above, the findings of the
study involving elderly citizens in-
clude the following:
-Over one-fifth of families
headed by persons 65 or over have
family incomes under $1,000 a
year, and over four-fifths are
under $4,000. The median income
for aged families is $2,135, while
the average for other age groups
was more than double this
amount. Aged families, however,
are in above-average condition
with respect to total liquid assets.
Need Greater
-Aged and low-income groups
showed a greater tendency than
other groups to mention help from
the government as a possible
source of funds in case of a
large, uninsured medical bill
-Individuals under 65 have
over three-fourths of their hospi-
tal bill paid by insurance and
other sources outside the family,
but less thanshalf is paid by these
sources for older persons. More-



Kennedy Blames Ike for Unemployment

over, it appears that the prem-
iums paid by those aged who are
insured exceed in cost the value
of the service received. This is
true of no other age group. For
persons under 65, the value of
medical care received exceeds the
total cost to the individual by
about $50 due to employer con-
tributions to health insurance and
the better quality Insurance avail-
able to younger persons.
Declines Comment
Prof. McNerney, who presented
testimony before the United
States Senate Subcommittee on
the Aged and Aging, a few weeks
ago, declined to compare direct-
ly the findings of the Michigan
survey with information circulat-
ed by the American Medical As-
sociation. This latter report, re-
leased in the midst of the con-
gressional debate on health aid
to the aged, stated that elderly
persons were in "moderately
good" financial shape and were
opposed to compulsory federal in-
The AMA survey has since come
in for strong criticism on the
grounds that it did not include
interviews with Negroes and per-
sons in institutions or receiving
welfare assistance. As these are
the groups with the lowest in-
comes and greatest need, the
study has been called unrepresen-
tative. Moreover, critics claim that
the study cited by the AMA in-
cluded questions so worded as
to discourage positive replies
about federal support.
Professors Object
The AMA data was gathered
by 16 professors at 15 universities
who, however, had no part in its
evaluation and analysis. Nine of
the participating professors have
since objected to the conclusions
drawn from their data by the
authors of the report and the
The University study was con-
ducted by the Survey Research
Center. Over a thousand families
were interviewed, and all data onf
hospitalization and insurance was!
directly checked with the institu-
tion or agency named. Special
techniques were used in the
analysis to provide a more ac-
curate picture of the relationsI
among the different variables.1
The study was not oriented to-
ward persons over 65 more than

Fund Base
Kresge Aid Enables
Building of Addition
To Medical Center
The world's largest medical
laboratory devoted exclusively to
research on hearing will be built
at the University Medical Center,
it was announced at a press con-
ference yesterday.
The cost of the facility is eat!.
mated at $1,750,000, which was
started with $200,000 grant from
the Kresge Foundation. It will be
known as the Kresge Hearing Re-
search Institute, and is expected
to be completed in the academia
year 1962-63."
Plans for the center have not
been completed, but present plans
call for a 5-story addition to the
existing Kresge Medical Research
Building. Special equipment such
as echo-free and reverberation
chambers, vibrationless platforms,
an electronics laboratory and
shielded rooms will be included lu
the building.
Although extensive work will be
done with patients, the primary
purpose of the building will b -
to advance knowledge of hear-
ing through a broad, multi-dis-
ciplinary attack.
In presenting the Initial dons-
tion, Stanley S. Kresge, president
of the foundation, saK, "Any
progress in man's fundamental
ability to understand and correct
a single hearing disorder literally
will have a worldwide Impact
which could transcend. any
amount of help to one individual.
University President Hajan
Hatcher noted that individuals
and corporations, in addition to
governmental agencies, have play-
ed a large part in facilitating the
contribution of science to human
need, and pledged "full coopera-
tion of the University to the ends
we share, and dedication to fur-
ther advance in such areas."
Dean of the Medical School
William N. Hubbard, Jr., said at
least seven departments of the
school intend to expand their re-
search activities into hearing
problems once the Institute Is
Council Asks
City HallVote
Faced with an "urgent" over-
crowding situation, Ann Arbor will
vote Nov. 8 for the second time in
less than four years on a bond
issue for a new city hall.
The city council by a unanimous
vote last night put on the ballot
the bond proposal in the amut
of $2,275,000.
The city hall proposal, which
requires a three-fifths majority
for approval, was defeated by a
three-to-two margin in a similar
balloting Feb. 18, 1957.
$One needs only to be in the
city hall a short time or talk to
the people who work there, to see
that this is a project long over-
due," Mayor Cecil O. Creal said
in pointing out to the council the
"urgent" overcrowded conditions
which exist in the present 53-
year-old city hall.
Nearly 50 per cent of the city's
office space downtown is located
in accomodations rented outside
the city hall, City Administrator
Guy C. Larcom Jr. explained.
A principal factor in the failure

of the 1957 proposal was that a

ATLANTIC CITY (MP-Sen. John F. Kennedy, speaking yesterday
before the United Steelworkers Union convention, said the Eisen-
hower Administration was to blame for joblessness.
Delegates seemed to lose none of their enthusiasm for Kennedy
when he then rejected a pet union proposal for a 32-hour work week
in the steel and other American industries.
The convention later endorsed the Democratic presidential nomi-
nee, and gave Kennedy an ovation as he appeared before the 3,000
delegates who represent the union's half million members.
Cites Use For Labor
"We Democrats have a use for their steelworkers' labor," he said.
"We see the need for schools. We see the need for highways. We
need stronger defenses. We need to rebuild our cities. And all these
projects use steel."
The steelworkers reportedly are still bitter over President Eisen-
hower's use of a federal injunction to halt their 116-day 1959 strike
at what they regarded as a crucial stage.
Kennedy indirectly accused the administration of siding with the
steel companies when it invoked a Taft-Hartley injunction forcing
the men back to the mills last November.
Appeals For Restraint and Responsibility
Kennedy also appealed to Americans to exercise great restraint
and responsibility during the United Nations visit of Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev and other Communist bloc leaders.
His theme was the same as that expressed earlier by President





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