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January 18, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-01-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

K hrushchev
Supports W

Say s
rs for

Communiss:
Freedom

11

4>

Speech Cites
Three Kinds
Of Fighting,
Red Premier Opposes
Limited,- Total Battles
MOSCOW (P)-Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev says the
world Communist movement fully
supports wars of national libera-
tion.
The Soviet leader in a 20,000-
word speech published yesterday
in the magazine Kommunist call-
ed such conf icts a third class of
war as distinguished from total
thermonuclear and limited "brush
fire" wars.
Khrushchev declared that war
is not necessary for a victory by
world Communism, which he said
"is not far off."
Resistance Means War
But he warned in his speech,
a report delivered Jan. 6 to a
general meeting of party organi-
zations in Moscow, that war will
come if capitalist nations try to:
resist Communism's victory - a
victory he said is "inevitable by
the laws of historical develop-
ment."
(In Washington, the State De-
partment declined to comment on
Khrushchev's speech until it has
studied the full text.)
Khrushchev cited the present
Algerian conflict as an example
of the third class of war.
'Sacred War'
Khrushchev said of Algeria:
"It is a sacred war. We recog-
nize such wars. We have helped
and shall go on helping people
fighting for their freedom."
As another example he men-
tioned the revolution in Cuba and
said that "led by Fidel Castro the
people of Cuba won." Khrushchev
noted that the United States "did
not directly intervene in that
war."
His samples of the scond class
of war, ocal war which might de-
velop into big ones, were the In-
dochina fighting of 1953-54 and
British-French action in Suez in
1956. He made no mention of the
current fighting in Laos.
Avoid Other War
He said it was to Communism's
advantage to avoid annihilating
thermonuclear and "brush fire"
wars.
Khrushchev also declared the
Soviet Union was sincerely for
disarmament which he called "the
most important factor in prevent-
ing war," and also an important
factor in the fight against im-
perialism.
"In this fight the socialist
camp has most of mankind on its
side," he said, and added a little
later:
"The fight for disarmament is
an active fight against imperial-
ism-a fight for narrowing its war
potential."

ROBERT S. McNAMARA
...quizzed by Senators.
Senate Grills
MeTV1amara
WASHINGTON (M)-Secretary
of Defense-designate Robert S.
McNamara, who sold his Ford
stock in a move to allay fears,
discovered the fears still around
yesterday-among the senators
who must approve him.
Their concern focused on the
problem of conflict of interest.
While the Senate Armed Services
Committee had no question about
McNamara's sale of $1.5 million
1 worth of Ford Motor Co. stock,
two members questioned him
closely about what he is going
to do with the money.
McNamarahhas put the total--
$1.1 million after taxes-into gov-
ernment bonds. He then plans to
convert the bonds into a trust
fund. Trustees would invest the
money without consulting him.
"It's not my purpose to be
harsh," Sen. Harry F. Byrd, (D-
Va) said to McNamara. But, Byrd
said, the trust fund presented the
same problem as the Ford stock
-for the fund trustees might in-
vest in companies that did busi-
ness with the Defense Department,
just as the Ford Motor Co. might
do business with the department.,
Byr d said the trust fund thus
might violate the conflict of in-
terest law, which was passed in
1873.
"I will be quite happy to modi-
fy the agreement any way you sug-
gest," McNamara told Byrd and
the other members of the commit-
tee.
Crisp questioning also failed to
uncover the reason McNamara
passed over labor union leader Jo-
seph D. Keenan for a top Penta-
gon job.
McNamara denied he had veto-
ed appointment of Keenan as as-
sistant secretary of defense for
manpower.
But McNamara, former presdent
of Ford, said he would have to
consult his notes, and then con-
sider further, before saying why
Keenan did not get the job.

Transport
Lumumba
To Katanga
ELTSABETHVILLE (A) - Ex-
Premier Patrice Lumumba was re-
ported flown here yesterday un-
der close guard and in handcuffs,
but the reason was a mystery.
The reports came from airline
officials, who said they saw the
firebrand ex-premier arrive and
from Katanga province officials
commenting privately.
Sources close to the central gov-
ernment in Leopoldville, however,
professed ignorance of any trans-
fer.
For some time rumors have cir-
culated in Leopoldville of a plan
to take Lumumba to Elisabethville
from the military camp at Thys-
ville 80 miles southwest of the
capital. Elisabethville is the
stronghold of secessionist Katanga
province, headed by President
Moise Tshombe, arch enemy of
the leftist Lumumba.
There was one possible reason
for the transfer, if it actually oc-
curred. Albert Delvaux, one of the
ministers organizing President Jo-
seph Kasavubu's projected round-
table conference of Congolese
leaders, said in Leopoldville the.
meeting will be held in Elisabeth-
Ville.
Originally it had been schedul-
ed for Leopoldville on Jan. 25. A
new date now will be set by
Tshombe and Kasavubu.
About 500 representatives are
expected at the conference, called
to try to work out peace among
warring factions. The meeting
could hardly be held without
Lumumba who holds the loyalty
of forces controlling Oriental, Ki-
vu, and parts of Katanga and
Kasai provinces.
On the other hand, Kasavubu
might want to get Lumumba out
of Thysville because of the doubt-
ful loyalty of the Congolese army
guard assigned to the former pre-
mier.

Brazer Delays Release
Of New Fiscal Report
(a.Reor

I.

A new report analyzing Michi-
gan's current tax structures by
Prof. Harvey Brazer of the eco-
nomics department will not be
released until' Jan. 25.,

An article which appeared yes-
terday in the Ann Arbor News
was based on a tentative pre-
liminary mimeographed copy of
the report which was produced
for a special committee of the
Citizen's For Michigan, Prof.
Brazer indicated.
The completed work "Taxation
in Michigan-An Appraisal," when
released, will analyze the state's
tax structure from three aspects:
equity, adequacy, and conductive-
ness to economic growth.
Prof. Brazer has stressed in pre-
vious manuscripts that Michigan's
fiscal problems indicate the need
for a personal income tax and cor-
porate profits tax. He noted yes-
terday that many newspapers have
greatly exaggerated the importance
of business taxes as a cause of
the state's economic problems.
Instead, Prof. Brazer declared.
that changes in defense spending,'
the failure of the demand for
automobiles to rise, automation,
and the recent trend towards de-;
centralization are the real prob-
lems of the Michigan economy
which have produced the un-
employment of 200,000 workers.
"To expect a change in tax
policy, by itself, to reverse the
of

trend of recent years is obvic
to' expect too much. That itr
contribute to such a reversal, h
ever, is quite conceivable," he s
Ikse Message
Asks.,Repeal
Of NDEA Oa
WASHINGTON-In his an
budget mesage to Congress
Monday, President Dwight
Eisenhower again recommer
the repeal of the provision in
National Defense Education
that requires a student seeking
to swear he is not disloyal to
government.
This is a provision provi
for an affidavit disavowing n
bership or, belief in an organ
tion teaching the illegal o
throw of the government. The
also provision in the NDEA fc
oath of loyalty to the governm
The President said that
NDEA, due to expire in 1962,
provided outstanding assistant
American education." Expe
tures under this act will be
proximately $190 million for 1
some $29 million more than
1961, he said.

TAX STRUCTURE:

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