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September 16, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-09-16

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) sk7o

Claims

Red

SmILear

!State Lawmakers
Called into Session

Cheers M

f NTo

Hide Congo

i

Plot

I

Mks Council
SMaintain
X1l Support

Russians Demand.
Complete Withdrawal
In Counter-resolution
UNITED NATIONS (A) - The.
U.S. accused the Soviet Union yes-
terday of conducting a campaign
of smear and slander against the
United Nations in order to cover
up a plot to turn the Congo into
a Red satellite.
In addition the U.S. called on
the UN Security Council to ap-
prove a resolution that would
give full support to Secretary-
General Dag Hammarskjold-now
embroiled in a bitter quarrel with
the Soviet Union over his Congo
policies.
The Soviet Union countered with
a resolution calling for withdraw-
al of the entire UN command from
the Congo-but not the 16,000
man UN force itself. It asked also
that Hammarskjold and the comn-
mand be instructed not to inter-
fere in the Congo's internal af-
fairs.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Valerian A. Zorin introduced the
proposal at an afternoon council
session. He again attacked Ham-
marskjold, saying he had distort:.
ed interpretation of previous coun-
cil resolutions.
He said the Soviet Union cate -
gorically opposed the U.S. resolu-
tion, which he described as
amounting to giving a mandate
to Hammarskjold to establish a
UN trusteeship over the Congo.
"The historic UN action on the
Congo is at the crossroads," U.S.
delegate James J. Wadsworth told
the Council in a hard-hitting
speech. "Under attack by the UN,
it must be supported."
He introduced a five-point reso-
lution that would reaffirm the
Council's request to all states not
to send military equipment to any
of the factions involved in the in-
ternal struggle for power in the
Congo. This was aimed directly at
the Soviet Union.
In addition the resolution would
urge Hammarskjold to continue
to give vigorous effect to previous
Council resolutions on the Congo.

-AkP wirephoto
AFRICAN CRISIS-Events concerning the Congo made yesterday news both at the United Nations
and in Leopoldville. The UN intervention began after the return of Belgian troops in mid-July.

Experts Probe UN -Plan
To Administrate Congo

GENEVA ) - - Assuming the
Congo survives its current crisis,
experts at the UN European head-
quarters said yesterday they are
thinking in terms of a UN pro-
gram, tremendous in scope, that
would run to 19710 or 1975 to put
the African republic on its feet.
A basic feature of the program
would place UN advisers and ex-
perts tinder the direct orders of
Congolese authorities. '
This would give the Congo an
administrative structure similar to
that of Ghana, where most of the
British former colonial civil serv-
ants have stayed on to carry out
the orders of African superiors.
Top experts at the European
headquarters said the plan, still
in its drafting stages, would mean
a radical departure from UN poli-
cies so far practiced in the Congo
and elsewhere.
Have at Side
Each Congolese minister would
have at his side a UN adviser obey-
ing his orders and carrying out
his policies short of the' point
where these might conflict with
UN principles.
The same dual system would ex-
tend through every branch of the
Congolese government to fill the

gaps left by the mass exodus of
the Belgians.

To Revive

-

Informants said the idea was
otiginated by Secretary-General
Dag Hammarskjold and aimed
broadly at reviving and repairing
the administrative framework
created by the Belgians.
"The Congolese must be on the
top," a UN official said. "And one
of the basic aims of the plan is
to train them for it on the spot."
UN experts said it is impossible
to estimate the cost at the pres-
ent stage, though the bill for
this year's efforts is expected to
run to $175 million.
Officials said the UN civil serv-
ants and experts would be obliged
to serve under any Congolese gov-
ernment, though they would not
carry out any Congolese orders
violatifig United Nations princi-
ples.
The general Congo plan now
being worked out would be put
into effect when a reasonable
measure of stability can be
achieved through the current
emergency operation.

Khrushchev
May Request
UN To Move
LONDON (A - Authoritative
British diplomats said today they
expect Soviet Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev to demand removal
of United Nations headquarters
from American territory unless
Washington relaxes its curbs on
Red leaders.
These British sources said they
also have been given to under-
stand the Soviet Premier almost
certainly will call for dismissal
of Dag Hammarskjold. Khrush-
chev is expected to contend the
Secretary-General exceeded his
authority in the Congo crisis.
Khrushchev is believed ready to
make these points when he ad-
dresses the General Assembly next
week.
The Soviet Union's stance on
both issues has been shaping up
unmistakably in the past few days
in preparation for Khrushchev's
appearance before the Assembly
Sept. 23.
The United States government
has explained that security factors
lie behind the order confining
Khrushchev to Manhattan Island.

Tiroops Tr
Two Attacks
On Premier
Lynch Attempts Fail
As UN Interferes
LEOPOLDVILLE (P) - Angry
Congolese soldiers tried twice yes-
terday to lynch Premier Patrice
Lumumba.
They were twice foiled-first by
United Nations Ghana troops,
then by Congolese police of Col.
Joseph Mobutu, the Congo's
emerging strongman.
"Konoma, Konoma! (K ill,
Kill!)," the soldiers shouted at
the disputed Premier as he final-
ly escaped, panic stricken, from
a visit to Camp Leopold II.
Lumumba had lost his grip on
many of his Congo followers, both
military and civilian, in a fight
against President Joseph Kasavu-
bu and Mobutu, lanky, 29-year-
old army chief of staff.
It was a chaotic day that seemed
to leave Kasavubu and Mobutu
in command,though for how long
was anybody's 'guess,
Lumumba's aides insisted this
morning that he had everything
under control and that Mobutu
was under arrest.
But Lumumba's visit to Camp
Leopold, the base of the 3,000-
man Congolese army garrison of
Leopoldville, showed that was
wrong.
Lumumba hoped to rouse the
army against Mobutu, but was as-
sailed at Camp Leopold by Con-
golese soldiers who are concerned
over reports of casualties among
their relatives in the now quieted
Kasai Province civil war.
With his own Gen. Victor Lun-
dula, Lumumba took refuge in the
officers' mess of the Ghana bri-
gade of the UN command.
Armed Congolese tried to get at
him in the building, but Ghana
troops shoved them away. Some
were thrown out after a struggle
on a stairway.
"It was a very close shave," a
British officer of the Ghana
troops said. "The men were very,
very angry. It looked as though
nothing would stop them."
For seven hours Lumumba and
his general were besieged in the
building. The Congolese pointed
three machine guns at the mess
door but Ghanaofficers moved in
and out freely.

Gov. G. Mennen Williams today
formally summoned state law-!
makers to Lansing to enact legis-
lation bringing Michigan under
the FNE federal program for medi-
cal care for the aged.
The Governor issued a call for'
a special session of the legislature
at 10 A.M. Sept. 22,
Legislative leaders of both par-
ties agreed Tuesday at a special
meeting with the Governor to work
for enactment of a six-month, $7
million program that would take
effect Oct. 1, effective date of the
federal program.
The plan would benefit 61.000
persons now receiving old-age as-
sistance and 60,000 others over the
age of 64 whose annual incomes
total less than $2,000 a year.
Existing Funds
Williams would finance his plan
by drawing from existing welfare
funds, and then make up the defi-
cit by an appropriation next
spring "when there is a clearer
picture of the state's revenue
sources."
The state money would be
matched by federal funds if the
government's medical care for the
aged act is approved as expected.
The proposal provides for medi-
cal care ranging from preventive
medicine to hospitalization and
dental work.
Specific Proposals
Williams' memorandum listed
the following specific proposals,
based on benefits to be available
under the federal act: X
Twelve dollars a month "aver-
age" for all kinds of medical serv-
ice to those already on old-age-as-,
sistance rolls; the present mini-
mum amount paid by the state is
$3 a month;
Expanding the present OAA
medical care program to include
home nursing services and the
physical exam at time of applica-
tion:
$18 Per Month
An average of $18 a month for
the new category of 60,000 oldsters
not on old-age-assistance rolls. In
this category, the federal govern-
ment will match state contribu-
tions for medical care, including

hospitalization, home nursing, vis-
its to doctors, physical therapy,
dental care, laboratory and X-
rays, durgs, eye glasses, dentures
and prosthetic devices and diag-
nostic and preventive services.
As to this list. Williams' memo-
randum notes it is not as broad
as the services for those on old-
age assistance, but, "regrettably
the state's resources do not permit
this at this time."
The $18-per-month average
benefits he suggests are an ap-
parent cutback from $25 a month
he suggested in his first public
statements on the question.
Military Says
Satellite Lost
In Rough Seas
VANDENBERG AIR FORCE
BASE, Calif. (A') - The lost-and-
found capsule of the Discoverer
XV satellite has been lost again-
this time in the wind-tossed seas'
off Christmas Island.}
The capsule may have gone
down when a fierce raidt squall
hit the search area, a project
officer said. A recovery ship,
carrying helicopters which could
save the space package, ploughed'
through heavy seas a few hun-
dred miles away.
Planes circling over the bobbing
capsule "lost visual and instru-
ment contact" with the buoy-
sized package, the officer said.
The recovery ship was 250 miles)
from the capsule at the time con-I
tact was lost. Its helicopters have
only a 70-mile range.
"It looks like we'll reach the
recovery area about midnight
(Hawaii time)" radioed a Navy
officer on the Dalton Victory.
"That means we won't be ablae
to launch copters until dawn."
The Dalton Victory was head-
ing for the area-near Christmas
Island, 740 miles south of Hawaii
-at its maxium crusing speed, 15
knots.

Nixon Tour
Of Virginia
Kennedy Breakfasts
At Jersey Turnout
By The AssociatedP res
In Roanoke Vice President
Richard M. Nixon stood before
thousands of applauding Virgin-
ians last night and laid un-
qualified claim to another Re-
publican victory in the Old
Dominion in November.
The Republican presidential
nominee said he was doing that
because the Democratic platform
showed. "'cqmplete disregard for
the principles and precepts of the
founders of that party."
Many Democrats now are hav-
ing second thoughts, Nixon said,
and he predicted a lot of Virginia
Democrats will join Republicans
in voting Republican again in
1960.
"I make one pledge to you here
tonight." the Vice President said.
"I believe the President of the
United States must not be a man
who owes his allegiance to, or
takes his orders from, any one
group in our society."
Kennedy Predicts
En youte, Sen. John F. Kennedy,
campaigning across New Jersey,
predicted yesterday that this
presidential election will not be
a repeat of 1928 when Al Smith,
a Roman Catholic, went down to
defeat.
No one was surprised when
around*7,000 showed up for early
morning coffee and rolls in Jersey
City. This is a red hot Democratic
city, and as Kennedy himself
pointed out, they loyally turn out
at any time. On Kennedy's last
visit here, he said he had a fine
crowd in the middle of the night.
Lodge Hammers Theme
In Champaign, Henry Cabot
Lodge, Republican candidate for
Vice President, hammered the
theme of practical leadership ex-
perience in a dangerous world
during a cross-section campaign
swing in Illinois today.

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