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January 17, 1961 - Image 1

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)LLEGE TEACHERS:
FROM WHENCEZ
see page 4

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

DUIIAt

OVERCAST
High-.41
Low-21
Light showers,
continued n$iid,

fr'"T is an

XL No. 85

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1961

FIVE CENTS

Ioi P

U' Officials Praise.
Cohen Appointment
Cite Qualifications, Experience
Of New HEW Assistant Director
By JEROME WEINSTEIN
The appointment of Prof. Wilbur J. Cohen of the school of so-
ial work to be Assistant Secretary of Health, Education, and Wel-
are for legislative matters drew praise yesterday from University of-
icials.
Vice-President and Dean of Faculties Marvin L. Niehuss said
hat Prof. Cohen was "eminently qualified" for the position and that
e "couldn't think of a better man" for the job.
"No one is better qualified than Prof. Cohen to serve in the
mnportant position of assistant Secretary of Health, Education, and
Welfare," Dean Fedele F. Fauri of

Eisenhower
Announces
Last Budget
WASHINGTON (kP) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
left to the nation and the admin-
istration of President-elect John
F. Kennedy a record peacetime
budget, precariously balanced at
$81 billion.

Swainson

To

Present

Bu dge

ratrnt
Fakes Action
)n Pledging
By MICHAEL OLLNICK
The Board of Trustees of Beta
eta Pi fraternity has issued an
unction against its Williams
)iege chapter to prevent it from
tiating "any pledge~ or mem-
r until further notice."
The duration of the injunction
contingent upon an examination
the "total opportunity" rush
an practiced at the Massachu-
tts college. The action of the
tional fraternity questioning the
lnate of opinion" at Williams
imeg after the Beta chapter there
edged a Negro sophomore this
11.
The trustees took action after
ceivng a complaint that "Wil-
ma College no longer provides
climate in which the objectives
ted in the constitution of Beta
beta Pi can be achieved, especial-
in view of the policy of en-
,eed selection of fraternity mem-
!rs (known as "total opportun-
y,"~) and that the continuation
' a Beta chapter on this campus
therefgore detrimental to the
neral fraternity," Beta Executive
cretary J. Moreau Brown said
sdt night.

the school of social work said.
"His active participation in de-
veloping social welfare dates from
the early 1930's. His teaching,
writings, and public service in the
school of social work of the Uni-
versity have been outstanding. It
is gratifying to know that his
great abilities will be utilized for
the country as a whole."
Heads Task Force
Besides his teaching job at the
University, Prof. Cohen recently
has headed a "welfare task force,"
established by President - elect
John F. Kennedy to make rec-
ommendations on social welfare
programs. Part of those recom-
mendations were presented last
week before a White House Con-
ference on Aging, and concerned
plans for substantial federal med-
ical insurance for the aged, in-
corporated within the federal so-
cial security program.
Prof. Cohen was optimistic that
the new administration would be
able to effect the recommenda-
tions of his special committee. He
pointed out that the suggestions
that were presented received the
support of those attending ,the
White House Conference, as well
as the endorsement of many'
prominent Republicans, including
the present Secretary of Health,
Education, and Welfare Arthur S.
Folsom.

As usual, well over half the;
budget-58 cents of every dollar
or a total of $47.4 billion-is for
national security.
In some respects, of course, thist
budget is just a gesture, because1
Kennedy will be taking over andt1
undoubtedly will have different1
thoughts on what constitutes a
workable plan.
Prospects for the balanced budg-
ets President Eisenhower predicts
for the present 1961 fiscal yearr
ending June 30 and the next fis-
cal year starting July 1.,
Government spending will climb
from $78.9 billion in the 1961 fis-
cal year to $80.8 billion in the'
1962 fiscal year. The Treasury ex-
pects an even bigger rise in gov-
ernment income, from $79 billion
to $82.3 billion.
If these estimates hold good-
and it is a real "if"-there will
be a thin surplus of $79 million
in the till for this year and a more
substantial $1.5 billion for next
year. And the public debt can be
reduced from $284.9 billion to
$283.4 billion.
President Eisenhower's budget
reflects in large measure the eco-
nomic outlook of Robert B. An-
derson, his Treasury secretary.
Of 10 general categories of gov-
ernment spending, the new budget
calls for increases in all but two.
For the Defense Department,
President Eisenhower said, mili-
tary outlays are expected to rise
by $1,479,000,000 in 1962, to a to-
tal of $42,879,000,000.
"Much of this increase," he
said, "reflects continued emphasis
on certain expanding defense
programs, such as Polaris sub-
marines, the Minuteman missile,
the B-70 long-range bomber, a
strengthened airborne alert cap-
ability, airlift modernization and
modernization of army equipment.
Ticking off proposed spending
increases related to domestic well
being and to the nation's develop-
ment, the President said they cov-
er:
Broadening medical care for the
aged, making major improvements
in transportation programs, con-
tinuing development of natural
resources at a new record of ex-
penditures, improving health and
welfare programs, providing help
for school construction (but not
for teachers' salaries, as Kennedy
favors), assisting areas where un-
employment persists, and foster-
ing rural development.

Gov. John B. Swainson will pre-
sent the state budget message
to the Legislature in the form of
a written message tonight in Lan-
sing, Richard Miller, of the Gover-
nor's office press department an-
nounced yesterday.
'The Associated Press did not
confirm Miller's statement.
The Legislature will not begin its
session until 8 p.m. when presum-
ably they will receive the message
and immediately go into appro-
priation committee sessions. In
committees, the bills will be pre-
pared in their final form and will
be acted upon before the end of-
this legislative session.
Whether the budget will be in
the form of a complete break-
down or whether the new gover-
nor will state only the general
amount requested for various
needs of the state, such as edu-
cation and highways, is In ques-
tion.
The University's budget re-
quest for general fund operation in
1961-62 is some $41 million. It
is expected that the Legislature
will trim this to about $35 million
in line with past treatment of
University requests. The appro-
priation request for the present
year was $39.6 million which was
cut to an appropriation of $35.2
million which was cut to an ap-
propriation of $35.2 million.
Faculty salary increases head
the list of priority items in the
request. Also, the statement to
Swainson and the Legislature,
which was approved at the Octo-
ber Regents' meeting, requests
funds for additional staff to
handle larger enrollment. Build-
ing expansion needs are included
in the increased University bud-
get, also.1
For the first time this year, a
head-count of students by classes
is being requested of all state in-'
stitutions by the Legislature.
Salary increases requests add'
up to $3.2 million and staff addi-
tions and instructional supplies
increases ask $1.7 million.
Services supporting teaching and
research are budgeted at $1.1 mil-
lion and plant, business and gen-
eral administrative requests total
$923,111.
Russian Acts
Hint Red Aid
To Laos Pilots
WASHINGTON (A) -- A Rus-
sian protest to the United States
on Laos yesterday stirred specula-
tion that the Soviet Union may
be planning to train proCom-
munist Laotian pilots in the use
of jet aircraft.
Both State and Defenese Depart-
ment officials said they are not
aware of any United States plans
to turn over F84 Thunderet
fighters to pilots of the royal
Laotian army. A top Soviet for-
eign ministry official made such
a charge to United States Ambas-
sador Llewellyn E. Thompson.
Moscow charged United States
interferenceringthe internal af-
fairs of Laos and specifically pro-
tested the delivery of four T6
trainer planes now being used by
the Lao government forces.

*

*

*

*

*

*f

State.

Department

Bans

American

Trips

to

Cubs

*7

STILL THIRD:
Wrestlers Trounce Pitt

By OTTO PENZLER
Special to The Daily
PITTSBURGH-Unleashing a savage assault of power and
speed, Michigan, the nation's third-ranked wrestling team, mauled
fourth ranked Pittsburgh yesterday, 22-6.
When referee Mike Badyak slammed his hand to the mat, giving
Michigan's Dennis Fitzgerald a fall on August Arrigone, he crushed
Pitt's hopes of victory.
Jack Barden iced the victory for the Wolverines in the next
match when he defeated highly touted Jim Harrison, 5-2, to make
the score 17-6.
Karl Fink subsequently didn't even have to wrestle when Pitt's
Bob Guzik forfeited the heavyweight match.
The Golden Panthers had achieved a quick 3-0 lead when flashy
Dick Martin defeated Willard Root, 5-2, in a come-from-behind

*

'Real Question'
"The real question is whethera
or not we will continue to havet
a chapter at Williams," Victorl
Mix, '62E, president of the Uni-
versity chapter said. He explainedt
that the Beta constitution re-'
quires that every man be accepted
unanimously before initiation.
If the fraternity must operate'
under a system which forces it
to take members it does not want,
it faces the possibility of losing its
charter with the national. Mixl
said too little was known about the'
Williams situation to indicate
which way his chapter would vote
on such a question.
The "total opportunity" system,
adopted this year at Williams,
provides that everyone who rushes
must receive a bid if he lists all
of the campus' 15 fraternities in
preferential order. The plan was
worked out by Williams students,
with each fraternity voting on its
adoption.
Complete Selectivity'
Thomas Weinland, Beta presi-
dent at Williams, said the rushing
plan still insured "complete selec-
tivity" for the fraternities. "The
system would break down before
any ultimate force would be ap-1
plied to accept a man no one
wanted."
Under "total opportunity" no
student may accept a bid unless
every rushee willing to join any
of the fraternities has received
one.
Weinland said that "total op-
portunity" brought pressure upon
a fraternity to examine a rushee
"a second or third time.",
This prevents a poor first im.-
pression from hurting a rushee's
chances. "The good in an indivi-
dual is often not seen until you
look closely at him a second time,
'Total opportunity' will insure
that the four or five rushees who
don't get bids normally will have
a fair chance of making a frater-
nity."
Every one of the nearly 300 men
who rushed fraternities at Wil-
liams this year eventually received
bids.yreevd
The three Negro sophomores
who rushed all were pledged, each
joining a different chapter. Nei-
ther of the other two fraternities
received an injunction like Beta's
Weinland said.

New Position
Prof. Cohen explained that his
new position would make him
responsible for the "formulation
of legislative policy for the sec-
retary of health, education, and
welfare, and the president." In ad-
dition, he would be working close-
ly with a good many of different,
governmental departments rang-
ing in scope, for example, from
vocational rehabilitation to the
food and drug administrations.
As far as his duties at the Uni-
versity go, Prof. Cohen said that
he had applied to the Board of
Regents for a temporary leave of
absence.

JOHN TIDWELL
...20 points
MSU Tops a
MW81-69
In Cage Duel
By TOM WITECKI
Daily Sports Editor
EAST LANSING - Michigan
staged 'another of its last-minute
scoring drives last night before
dropping a 81-69 contest to the
Spartans of Michigan State at
Jenison Fieldhouse.
The loss was Michigan's third
straight in conference play and
dropped it into a tie for the Big
Ten cellar.
After trailing for over half the
game by at least a 15-point mar-
gin, the Wolverines finally came to
life with a little over eight min-
utes remaining in the contest.
With the Spartans leading 66-50,
Wolverine sophomore Don Petroff
stepped to the free throw line and
made two throws to give him a
perfect nine for nine for the
night.
Scott Maentz further narrowed
the gap with a three-point play.
And after a free throw by Spar-
tan center Dick Williams, Maentz
added two more points on a pretty
tip-in to make the score 68-57
with 7:30 remaining.
Following Spartan Dick Hall's
two free throws, Tom Cole hit on
a longJump shot and John Tid-
well got loose for an easy layup
to make the score 70-61. However,
Williams, a big 67" soph center,
came back with a key shot under
See CAGERS, Page 6

victory. Root shad a 2-0 lead in the
match before Martin pulled it out.
But Fritz Kellerman, the agile
junior from Lansing, upset )lym-
pian Larry Lauchle, 6-4, and the
Panthers never again led. The
powerful little Lauchle escaped
from Kellerman's grasp three
times, but two take downs and
a reversal, one in each of the
three periods, overwhelmed the
Pittsburgh star.
Wilfried Hildebrandt put the
Wolverines ahead to stay when be
tossed David Osmun around for
a 7-0 win. Hildebrandt appeared
to have Osmun pinned at one
point but it went unnoticed by thej
referee. The rather partisan
crowd seemed relieved to have
Osmun lost only by a decision,
See FITZGERALD, Page 6

Republican
Seeks Seat

Thre ussanRadar Ships
Wait Possible Space Shot
WASHINGTON (M--Three Russian missile tracking ships hove
to in the Pacific yesterday amid.signs the Soviets may be preparing
a spectacular space shot as a pointed inauguration salute to President-
elect John F. Kennedy.
The radar-packed vessels, watched by United States planes andj
ships, were reported "dead in the sea," stationed in a loose triangle
about 1,000 miles southwest oft

Hawaii.
The Soviet ships took up an ap-
parently predetermined position
amid mounting belief Russian sci-
entists would follow up a mystery
rocket last Friday, perhaps with
an attempt to put a man in space.
Alerts Outposts
The Defense Department alert-
ed all radar-detection outposts to
be ready to monitor what appear-
ed to United States experts to
be an imminent Soviet missile-
space test.
The ships' new position led to
some belief their role was to track
a satellite shot rather than to,
check the accuracy of any Soviet;
missile fired into the usual target'
zone.
American missile watchers,
'meanwhile, reported signs that
Friday's shot by the Soviets was
a routine test of a shorter range
missile.
Dubbed Mystery
This was dubbed a mystery
rocket because United States
trackers lost it quickly and there
was no word from Russia on its
nature.
Premier's Apology
Ends Israeli Crisis
JERUSALEM (P) - A cabinet

IN SOUTH AFRICA:
RacialCommunication 7Poor
"The segregation of higher edu-
cation in the Union of South
Africa provides little chance for
f communication across racial lines,"
Simon Biesheuvel, a visitor to the
University of Johannesburg said.
But white universities in special
instances allow the admission of
non-whites where facilities are not
available elsewhere.
s Biesheuvel, in the United States
y on a joint American-South Afri-
can exchange program with a
grant from the Carnegie Founda-
/"'"tion, traveled in the South to see
the way in which problems of race
relations are being handled here.
J He noted that "although there
is a marked contrast between the
situation in the North and the
South, a visitor nevertheless gets'
the impression that the progress
towards social relation between
the races are consistent with the
dignity of the individual.
Working with the national in-
stitute for personnel research in
Souht Africa, Biesheuvel is con-
cerned with the positive aspects
, of the policy towards African ad-

Government
Called Partner
In Segregation
The Civil Rights Commission,
headed by President John A. Han-
nah of Michigan State University,
called the federal government "a
silent partner in the creation and
perpetuation of separate. colleges
for Negroes," in a report released
yesterday.
Issued after a year's study, the
report urged that all publicly sup-
ported schools that discriminate
because of race, religion or na-
tional origin be denied federal
financial aid.
After citing Supreme Court rul-
ings that the federal government
is not permitted to maintain seg-
regated educational institutions,
the report stated:
"It is not sound policy for the
federal government toysubsidize
the unconstitutional operations of
others, or to do indirectly what is
not permitted to do directly."
Appeal for Action
The report's appeal for congres-
sional or presidential action to
withhold federal funds from seg-
regated schools was supported by
five members of the six-member
commission.
Only Doyle E. Carlton, former
governor of Florida, dissented.
Calling the proposal "unsound
from a political, governmental and
moral standpoint," Carlton claimed
such action would impede rather
than advance public higher edu-
cation.
Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi
and South Carolina drew much
of the commission's fire;. At the
time the report was drafted 49
public institutions of higher edu-
cation in these states had no Ne-
groes 'enrolled.
Labelled Resistant
The commission labelled Florida
and Louisiana "resistant states"
along with the other four. In these
two states Negroes have been able
to enter public colleges only with
court orders.
Hannah, supported by two other
members of the commission, sug-
gested that the federal govern-
ment withhold funds from private
as well as public institutions which
discriminate.
He also requested giving the
attorney general the authority to

On Regents
Mrs. C. C. Harrah of Niles last
night became the third Republi-
can to informally announce can-,
didacy for the Board of Regents.
Mrs.' Harrah said she cannot
officially announce her intention
to run until when the county party
conventions are held, but she has
sent out letters to county chair-
men asking delegate support at
the state convention.
Others Announced i
Paul M. Chandler, Plymouth
journalist, and Charles S. Kenne-
dy, Jr., Detroit advertising execu-
tive, have previously announced
their candidacies for the two
eight-year posts which will be up
for election in the April 3 con-
test.
The positions will be vacated
on Jan. 1, 1962 by Otto E. Eckert,
Lansing, and Dr. Charles S. Ken-
nedy, Sr., of Detroit who is the
father of the younger Kennedy.
Both are Republicans.
No Democrats have announced
as of yet, but several possibilities
have been rumored.
Help Welcome
She said any help "that an in-
terested person could give would
do some good." Local school dis-
tricts have problems of finance
and construction she pointed out,
but by serving the University,
whose dominant position in state
education influences these schools,
the state-wide cause of education
can be furthered.
Mrs. Harrah is presently secre-
tary-treasurer of her husband's
aircraft part manufacturing con-
cern, Duke Harah, Inc., in Niles.
She is a graduate of Columbia
University and Walch School of
Accounting. She is the mother of
two children, one of whom is at-
tending the University.
Other Republicans expected to
toss their hats in the ring for the
party nominations are Robert
Brown, Kalamazoo; Harold Drap-
er, Saginaw; Paul Goebel, Grand
Rapids; Ted Kennedy, Ann Ar-
bor; and Charles Rogers, Dear-
born.
Two Democrats have been eye-
ing the nominations are Earl Mc-
Laughlin, Midland, and Reid Bra-
zell, Alma.
Both parties will hold their
state conventions on Feb. 3-4, the
Republicans in Detroit and the
Democrats {in Grand Rapids.

Ca~sro Tries
o Round Up'
Insurgents
Still Maintains Full
Alert against Awaited
Invasion from U.S.
By TheAssociated Press
The United States yesterday
banned travel by Americans to
Cuba because it can no longer
protect United States citizens
there.
The only exception to the travel
embargo will be persons whose
visits to Cuba the State Depart-
ment decides are "in the best in-
terests of the United States."
This special permission will be
given to newsmen and business-
men who already have established
business interests in Cuba.
Cuba thus joins four Communist
countries labeled off limits to
Americans. They are Red China,
Albania, North Korea and North
Viet Nam.
Yesterday's United States ac-
tion, announced by the State De-
partment, is a followup to Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower's Jan.
3 move. cutting diplomatic ties
with the regime of Premier Fidel
Castro.
Louis Jones, Grad., chairman of
the Committee for Improved
Cuban-American Relations, said
that the ban on travel was 'the
worst possible thing President
Eisenhower could do at this mo-
ment, and he hoped that the ad-
ministration of President-elect
John F. Kennedy would move to
reverse the present trend in re-
lations with the Castro' govern-
ment.
"The only ones who are sub-
jected to the much publicized'anti-
Yankeeism are government of-
ficials, businessmen, and reporters.
Castro is very careful to see that
the average tourist is well treat-
ed." Jones said that this was born
out by his own experience and
that of the other twelve University
students who have traveled to
Cuba recently.
The Cuban government yester-
day pressed its drive to flush
rebel bands from the caves and
woods of the Escambray Moun-
tains while, maintaining a full
alert against invasion from abroad,
The only news from official
sources about the campaign was
negative. Castro's office denied the
prime minister had gone into the
mountains to direct the campaign,
saying he' remained in Havana.

C
F
n
a
a

See Naming
Of Seaborg
To AEC Post
PALM BEACH (A) - Glenn
Seaborg, chancellor of the Ur
versity of California and a Nol
Prize winner in chemistry, is
line to becone chairman of t
Atomic Energy Commission, it w
reported yesterday.
Announcement' of the a'ppoir
ment by President-elect John
Kennedy was expected soon,
Season shared the Nobel cher
istry prize 14i 1051 for research
producing elements heavier th
uranium. He head pioneered in I
discovery of such man-produc
substances. as plutonium, the fi
of many atomic weapons.
Kennedy yesterday named Fre
erick C. Belen, chief counsel a
staff director of the House p
office committee to be assista
postmaster general for postal o
erations and Ralph W. Nichols
of New York, assistant postmas
general for finance.
Michael Monroney, son of S
Mike Monroney. (D-Okla.)a

S wa inson Asks1
For Expirator
Of Special, Tax
LANSING W-) - Gov. John B.
Swainson said yesterday the Legis-
lature should allow the state's
emergency "nuisance tax" pro-
gram to expire June 30 as promis-
ed when adopted.

al Army
rpg ,an of

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