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January 10, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-01-10

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tEGENTS' BY-LAW:Y
MAJORITY RULE
See Page 4

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

4br,
.741at 19

CLOUDY, WARMER
High--35,
Low-20
Partially overcast with
temperatures slightly higher.

:XI, No. 79

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 10, 1961

FIVE CENTS

SIX r

Sandiver Closes
seorgia College
Shutdown Follows Court Order
To Integrate as State Plans Appeal
ATLANTA -Gov. Ernest VanDiver last night announced the
sng of the University of Georgia, scheduled to have been integrat-
by two young Negroes today for the first time in its 175-year his-
y.
"It's the saddest duty of my life," the governor said in announe-
the closing, but said he would ask the Legislature to repeal the
7 cutting off state money to the university. He said no classes
uld be held at the University at Athens today.
He speculated that the Legislature, which convened yesterday.
ild act in time to reopen the university within a week.
To Ask Delay
The governor also said he had sent State Attorney Gleneral Eu-
ie Cook to Washington to ask United States Supreme Court As-
h sociate Justice Huge Black for a
Sdelay in the federal court integra-
tion order so that the state could
appeal the case on its merits.
But he said no action could be
expected from the Supreme Court
before noon today and therefore
he had no choice but to carry out
the provision of the state law
calling for withdrawal of state
funds to any branch of the state
university system at the moment
it is integrated under federal court
order.
Midnight Statement

Council

Upholds

WSU Speaker

Rule

Educators

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

CHARLAYNE HUNTER
...school's out
FAYET TE:
SuggeSt Aid
To Negroes
By JOHN ROBERTS
A national food and fund rais-
ing drive for the Negroes inF
Payette and Haywood counties,
Tennessee has been proposed in a
letter recently sent to 40 of the
nation's universities.
The letter, written by Daily
Editor Thomas Hayden, '61, and
Sandra Cason of the University of
Texas, urges a "carefully struc-
tured program" to relieve victims
of a white merchants' and land-
owners' boycott against Negroes
who registered and voted in the
last election.
Ask National Action
While "scattered student and
adult groups have undertaken
hlghly valuable 'food for Fayette'
campaigns," there has been as
yet no concerted national action,
the letter states. "We therefore
ask that you immediately begint
supply-raising drives in your
localities. The need seems to be
'or clothing, food (perhaps of the
nonperishable variety), money for
expenses, and utilities (such as
stoves or refrigerators).
"These are the immediate needs
of the Negro community, and are
prerequisites to any of the pro-
posed plans for alleviation of the
crisis, such as the plan for a
sharecroppers' cooperative. Fur-
ther, they are obviously vital pre-
requisites to even broader pro-
grams, such as the one for equal
voting rights in those counties."
Advise Personal Delivery
The letter advises interested
groups to personally deliver, by
truck, the supplies collected,- or,
if this is unfeasible, to mail them4
to 802 Oakland, Ann Arbor.
"David Giltrow, chairman ofI
Voice political party, indicated
that his organization was con-
idering the initiation of a campus-
wide drive in response to the
letter. If the decision is made,
the drive will be headed by Carol
Cohen, '64, and Roger Season-
wein, '61, Giltrow said.
A "blood drive" sponsored by
several campus organizations last
mnonth sold donated blood for $315,
which was sent to the distressed
areas. Similar fund raising cam-
paigns have been conducted by
he University of Chicago, Antioch
College and the University of
Caiifornia.
Secure Injunction
The federal justice department
ucceded two weeks ago in secur-
ng a temporary injunction against
white landowners in Haywood and
Fayette counties, ordering them
t show that Negro sharecroppers
were not being evicted from their
nrnncr fh.. nr....,Pa . n er o rA _^+_... -

VanDiver's midnight statement
capped a dizzying series of events
in which one federal judge grant-
ed a delay In the integration or-
der, another overruled him and
the two young Negroes returned
to the - campus to complete regis-
tration.
Thousands of university stu-
dents demonstrated when news of
the impending closing hit the
campus. Four persons were arrest-
ed.
Earlier, about 2,000 yelling, boo-
ing students followed the two Ne-
groes, Charlayne A. Hunter and
Hamilton E. Holmes as they went
through the registration process.
To Urge Repeal
In urging the Legislature to re-
peal the segregation law, VanDiv-
er said the appeal to the United
Stales Supreme Court would ex-
haust the state's last legal reme-
dy in a 10-year battle to main-
tain segregation in Georgia
schools.
He said developments since the
state law was passed in 1956 had
turned the act "from a source of
hope to an albatross.., if allowed
to remain in the law, its effect
will be to close the doors of Geor-
gia's hallowed halls, to cease
bringing learning and enlighten-
ment to over 7,500 young men and
women . . ."
The governor emphasized that
his action referred only to the seg-
regation law applying to the state
university system, and not to a
similar statute applying to gram-
mar and high schools.
Russia Brings
Congo Debate
To UTN Council
UNITED NATIONS --~-At So-
viet request, the United Nations
Security Council was summoned
yesterday to meet Thursday morn-
ing for a new debate on the Con-
go,
It was the second time in little
more than a month that the So-
viet Union brought the Congo
question to the Council. The Rus-
sians support the imprisoned ex-
premier Patrice Luaumba against
the Kasavubu-Mobutu regime.
Omar Loutfi of the United Arab
Republic, council president for
January, arranged the meeting on
a complaint filed Saturday by So-
viet Deputy Foreign Minister Val-
erian A. Zrin.
Zorin charged Belgium had
taken part ion organizing an at-
tack by one Congolese faction on
another New Year's Day through
the Belgian-administered UN trust
territory of Ruanda-rundi to the
r east of the Congo.
Inspections
Set on Liquor
At City Council last night, City
Administrator Guy E. Larcom, Jr.,
reported that preliminary Inspec-
tions will begin for Class C liquor
licences "within the next week or

Take Stand
At Meeting
By SUSAN FARRELL
The Council of Michigan State
College Presidents yesterday en-
dorsed Wayne State University's
controversial speaker policy as "a
sound one."
"We have no disagreement with
it," Victor Spathelf, president of
Ferris Institute and of the coun-
cil, said last night after the Coun-
cil adjourned its meeting at Mt.
Pleasant.
Spathef's statement came al-
most two months after Sen. Elmer
R. Porter (R-Blissfield), head of
the state senate's appropriation
committee, had threatened to cut
any increased appropriations for
WSU as long as the university re-
fused to reinstate its 10-year-old
ban forbidding Communist speak-
ers on campus.
WSU's current policy is to per-
mit Communists to speak on cam-
pus providing that their purpose is
primarily educational rather than
propagandistic.
University President Harlan
Hatcher characterized the policy
as "wise and proper ... substan-
tially the same as that of the
state's other universities."
Spathelf said that the relation
of a speaker to the instructional
purposes of an institution is a
"commonplace measure of ap
praisal" and expresses concern
about the nature of the instruc-
tional program, whether formal
or informal.
"A university, after all, is not
a wide-open public forum. It is
primarily concerned with instruc-
tion and research and matters re-
lated to them." This involves "in-
stitutional scrutiny" to insure
that "personnel resources are
utilized for specific and valid in-
structional purposes."
"WSU's policy was discussed
and reviewed at yesterday's meet-
ing of the Council. Their action is
taken as final and the matter a
closed issue," President Hatcher
said.
The Council will resume its dis-
cussions today in Ann Arbor,
Iirksen Asks
Salary Hike
For rWorkers
WASHINGTON () - Sen.
Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois, the
Senate GOP leader, yesterday in-
troduced a $1.10 an-hour min-
mum wage bill which will stand
as a rival to the broader proposal
President-elect John F. Kennedy
is expected to submit.
Federal law now sets one dollar
an hour as the minimum wage for
many businesses and industries in
interstate commerce. Dirksen said
his proposal to boost the minimum
by 10 cents an hour would have
an "impact which will not be too
great on the economy" in the
current business slump.
Kennedy, as a senator, spon-
sored a $1.25 minimum wage bill
which the Senate passed. A
Senate - House conference com-
mittee deadlocked over this meas-
ure and a less liberal house ver-
sion, however, and both versions
were left stranded when Congress
adjourned last year.

Foreign

Asks

Adl

Exchange
Lion by K

Court Rules
Old Stocks
Go to State
LANSING (AP) - The state
Supreme Court ruled yesterday
that Michigan may claim any
stoek and accumulated dividends
which have not been acquired
within a reasonable time by heirs,
of the owners.
Atty. Gen. Paul Adams said the
d.ecision would bring "millions of
dollars of new revenue into the
state's primary school fund."
The case involved a suit against
the Continental Motors Corp., aE
Virginia company doing its prin-
cipal business in Muskegon, in
which the state sought to obtain a
total of 4516 shares of stock be-
longing to dead or missing per-
sons.
The stock, at current market
prices, is worth abd'ut $100,000.
Worth $100,000
But Solicitor General Samuel
J. Torina said the high court's
opinion is expected to affect mil-
lions of dollars in General Motors,
Chrysler and Ford stock out-
standing in the same category.
Adams said he would order pro-
ceedimgs started immediately to
get all possible proceeds.
Michigan Law
Under Michigan law, all es-
cheated money goes into the state's
school fund. Property coming un-
der the escheats law includes (1)
death intestate; (2) owner missing
for seven years with no known
heirs and (3) abandoned property.
In yesterday's unanimous opin-
ion, the high court rejected Con-
inental's claim that the sites
of the property involved in the
suit were not within the state of
Michigan.
The opinion was written by
Justice Leland W. Carr, with only
Justice Thomas M. Kavanaugh not
taking part.
Justices Give
Labor Ruling,
WASHINGTON (P) - The
Supreme Court - in a landmark
decision - ruled yesterday that the
National Labor Relations Board
is required to decide conflicting
job rights claims between labor
unions.
The unanimous decision was
hailed by union attorneys as mean-
ing probably that jurisdictional
strife will be minimized.
Justice Hugo L. Black delivered
the decision which reversed the
board's own 13-year old concep-
tion of its duties under a section
of the Taft-Hartley labor law.

CONFERENCE:

AMA Opposes Meany on Aid

WASHINGTON (P) - A bitter
controversy between the Ameri-
can Medical Association and the
head of the AFL-CIO flared at
the White House conference on
aging yesterday.
This happened after President
Dwight D. Eisenhower advised
delegates to air every view "no
matter how bitterly opposed it
may be."
The AMA accused George
Meany, president of the AFL-CIO,
U-S. Opens
''to Soviets
By BUEL TRAPNELL
The University is now open to
Russian visitors, as a result of the
State Department "opening" of
five Michigan counties.
However, five other previously
open counties will be closed.
The University has been offI-
cially barred to Soviet visitors
since 1955, when the State Depart-
ment first restricted certain areas
to Russians.
Hatcher 'Pleased'
"The University is pleased to
learn of the State Department's
action," University President Har-
Ian Hatcher said.
-"With the nation's expanding
interest in international and
scientific exchange programs, such
action will assist the University
in carrying out its assignments
and responsibilities."
Vice-president Lyle M. Nelson
said he sees "no really great sense"
in the patchwork pattern of areas
inaccesible to Russian citizens,
calling it "game-matching the
Russians."
He said that the State Depart-
ment tries to keep about the same
types and amounts of territory
open as does the Soviet govern-
ment, which keeps changing its
prohibited territories for no ap-
parent reason.
'Should be Open'
"In principle, the University
be open to all foreign visitors,"
Nelson added.
The University has no real prob-
lem in allowing Russian scholars
to study here, he said, "because
the State Department has been
cooperative in granting exceptions.
But the trouble has arisen in al-
ways having to get these excep-
tions."
Most of the central part of the
state is fair grounds for Russian
diplomats, Nelson said, but they
are forbidden in most of the land
along Michigan's shoreline. In
Wayne county, Dearborn is open
and Detroit is closed.

of trying to undermine the con-
ference. And Meany accused the
AMA of spending two years "in
negative and hostile criticism" of
a medical care for the aged pro-
gram.
Ike's Statement
Eisenhower's statement, made
in an almost Jocular manner, was
a comment on accusations that
the conference had been stacked
by those-opposed to medical care
for the aged tied to social secur-
ity. The social security approach
is favored by President-elect John
F. Kennedy.
"Now, I thought that was the
purpose of conferences-to get op-
posing or opposite views," the
President said.
A statement then was issued by
Dr. J. Lafe Ludwig of Los An-
geles, chairman of the AMA
Council on Medical Service.
Cooperative Spirit
"Delegates to this conference
representing medicine and many
other groups came here in a spirit
of cooperation determined to take
realistic action to help the elder
citizens of this country," Ludwig
said,
"Meany, through his campaign
of smear and hostility, is making
this difficult, if not impossible.
"If this conference fails, the
responsibility rests squarely upon
the shoulders of Meany."
In the statement, however, Lud-
wig did not specify what actions
or statements by Meany had pro-
voked the AMA's ire.
Makes Reference
Meany, before delivering his
prepared speech to a section of
the White House conference last
night, made joshing reference to
the fact that it had been attacked
by a spokesman of the AMA prior
to its delivery. Meany read the
statement which accused him as
attempting to undermine the con-
ference.
"May I appeal to you, ladies
and gentlemen," Meany said with
a smile. "Please don't have the
conference fail. I'd hate to carry
this responsibility."

He said he wanted to point out
that the only contribution he was
making to the conference was the
talk he was about to give "and it's
quite clear I am in favor of medi-
cal care for the aged through so-
cial security."
Gets Applause
A burst of applause from some
200 delegates greeted his com-
ment.
Meany in his speech restated
the AFL-CIO's support of a medi-
cal care for the aged bill tied to
social security. While doing so,
he discussed the AMA's opposition
to the bill.
"The first attack launched
against it (medical care for the
aged) echoed the old refrain that
it would constitute 'an opening
wedge toward socialized medicine,"
Meany said.
"This cry of 'wolf,' so over-

Recommends
Mutual Fund
University's Davis
Heads Task Force
On U.S. Program

ii

By CAROUNE DOW

worked
and so
factual

Grou

ennedy
iComimittee

by the AMA in past years
clearly unrelated to the
issues, fell flat."

To10Publish
Supplement
The Board in Control of Student
Publications has approved Alpha
Phi Omega's proposal to publish a
mid-year supplement to the stu-
dent director, Maurice M. Rinkel,
secretary of the Board said yes-
terday.
The proposed supplement would
include the addresses of new and
transfer students and changes in
present student addresses. Under
the proposed method, changes in
addresses would be registered vol-
untarily on the students' part.
"We will work with Alpha Phi
Omega in deciding whether or not
we will have the supplement di-
rectory as now proposed," Rinkel
said.
Formal approval of the plan by
the service fraternity is expected
to come soon.

President-electJohn F. Ken-
nedy's task force on "Exchange
of Persons," headed by James M.
Davis, director of the Interna-
tional Center, turned in its report
yesterday calling for presidential
leadership in strengthening a pro-
gram of educational cooperation.
Suggestions for immediate action
included the creation of a mutual
educational and cultural coopera-
tion fund, federal financial aid to
United States universities for more
work with foreign scholars and.
action to "remedy certain techni-'
cal irritants which afflict the pro-
gram."
"Task forces represent 'brain
storming' by private citizens." The;
administration has the responsI-
bility to consider the report but
they have no obligation beyond'
that. Kennedy has seen the report
and Instructed that it be trans-
mitted to the legislative and exec-
utive branches, Davis reported,
Asks Better Program
"We are asking not for a bigger,
but for a better progrm," Prof.
Davis continued, speaking of the
34-part report prepared by the
six-man committee in the last
month.
The committee recommended
that an"action center" be estab
lished in the government perhaps
under an Undersecretary of state
for Educational andCultural Af-
fairs. The report cautioned against
the present: arrangement of the
coordinator of international edu-
cational and cultural relations be-
ing both the operating head of
that organization in the State De-
partment and coordinating office
of all governmental agencies.
This dual position should be
avoided as one officer has difficulty
coordinating departments as the
operating head of one of them.
The committee did, ' however,
recommend an Advisory Commis-
sion, on. Educational Exchange to,
advise the proposed new under-
secretary.
Suggests Mutual Fund
The group asked that the Pres-
dent ask the Bureau of the Budget
for foreign currncy accumulate
from agricultural sales and loans'
to make up a Mutual Education
and Cultural Cooperation Fund (a
Kennedy Plan).
These funds could assist financ>
ing United States government and
private university programs
abroad. The report also called for
general aid to universities for
their direct services to students
and foreign visitors.
Requests for change in the
technical irritants of the immigra-
tion law, social security and visitor
per diem regulations and several
recommendations, including the
suggestion of increasing exchange
programs with Communist bloc
European countries, were also in-
cluded in the report.
'Task Force'
Asks Change
In Visa Laws
Changes in the immigration laws
to allow foreign students to "worl
their way through school" were

'MODERN, WEALTHY':
Ley alk on Change ii

Start Work This- eek
On New Science Bilding
By CYNTHIA NEU
First steps in the construction of the new Physics and Astronomy
Building to be built on the East Hall site on East University Avenue
will begin by the middle of this week, the University announced
yesterday.
The Physics and Astronomy Bldg. will be the second of three
buildings financed by a blanket $7 million appropriation made by the
made by the legislature last spring.
The legislative appropriation did
not specify whether the buildings
were td be combined or separate,
and the Physics and Astronomy
Bldg. and the Institute for Science
and Technology are now conceived
as separate structures.
caused quite a stir in Japan," Next Summer
Prof. Levy said, for the "peculiar, The IST building will cost $2.8
special and unusual system" of million and construction will begin
Tokugawa did not call for such next summer on North Campus.
care. The structure housing the cyclo-
He also cited a "convertability tron, using $1 million is also lo-
of people to new roles" as a reason cated on North Campus.
for the great economic success Test borings for the Physics and
of the Japanese society. A "mag- Astronomy Bldg. using $3.2 mil-
nificent administrative system" lion, will start this week.
with a civil service reinforced by The removal of East Hall will
inheritence and adoption was get under way as soon as possible
created. The Bushi, originally after the transfer of the Engineer-
members of the military, became ing college English department to
the civilian personnel, new quarters on the top' floor of
Strong Economy the remodeled West Medical Bldg.
The Japanese became skilled Cease Parking
merchants and experts in ex- Francis C. Shiel, manager of
..t__ - r__- *vep RtenisQ £sai arin

By GLORIA BOWLES
"By any criteria Japan is one
of the most modernized and
wealthiest nations of the world,
and an understanding of the
feudalistic Tokugawa regime is
important to an understanding of
that success," Prof. Marion Levy
said in a speech last night on
"Social Change in Japan."
A member of the sociology and
anthropology departments at
Princeton University, Prof. Levy
returned recently from nine
months in Japan.
The rapid modernization of
Japan can be attributed, in part
to the "loyalty system, which left
nnl mi ,s inn... bc n n famnily,,ane

Emosa

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