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December 16, 1960 - Image 4

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Ce d4Awn ?fBaityg
Seventy-First Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
pInions Are Pre* .UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
. Will Prevail"
STUDENT PUBLICATIONs BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
vals printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. T* smust be noted in all reprints.

16, 1960

NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP SHERMAN

Hanson, Others Ignore
The Ethics of Politis

/

(EDITOR'S NOTE:
and of two article
national student u7
gerian question.'
'60, former Daily ed
Lee, a graduate of
lege, are overseasr
the United States]
Association studyin
sity of Paris.)
By THOMAS 3
WILLIA]
DaiR Guest
IfHE iVANIFES
and above all,
tion" are the stan
political warfare.
seemed only natur
6, UNEF publishe
calling for negotis
and announcing
ganizing a nation
for the end of thE
ed upon youth gi
ions, and "all de
izations" to join
sive manifestation
The liberal pres
announcement w
A large picture of
Pierre Gaudez a
radical weekly
teur, and the stu
hailed as the nevi
in the divided left
* ,
A NUMBER of
izations, ranging
list to Communist
ed their support.
Pierre Mendes-Fr
endorsed their sta
But the success

Students Demonstrate for Peace
This is the sec-
s on the French
nion and the Al-
Thomas Turner,
itor, and William
Dartmouth Col-
representatives of
National Student
ig at the Univer-
URN ER and
M LEE
Writers
TO, the poster,
the "manifesta-
dard weapons ofy
In France. So it
ral when, on Oct.
d a communique
anions in Algeria,
that it was or-
al manifestation-
e month. It call-k
roups, trade un-9
mocratic organ-
in the one mas-
.
s greeted UNEF's4
ith enthusiasm.
UNEF president
ppeared in the
France-Observa-
udent group wasU
v force for unity
L.
political organ-
from left-Gaul-
fronts, announc-.
Former Premiert
ance specifically ' member organizations to decide their capes, which have lead in manifestation :
nd. for themselves the entent of their the hells and are used as flails. the explosion of
of the manifes- participation. The Communist trade-unionists a few right-w
4 * ;would probably fight fire with dividuals were

WEDNESDAY night's Student Govern-
nent Council meeting, the ethical prob-
of decision-making emerged rather open-
e issue was not simply whether or not
should establish a Committee on Student
ts but rather, what would be the appropri-.
deliberative manner of establishing such
immittee. The Council decided to accept
i votes by proxy, and therein lies the two-
ethical problem: 1) under what circum-
cs ought one accept proxy votes? 2) in
ways should proxy votes be employed?
both cases Council members, especially
utive Vice-President Per Hanson, failed to
their responsibilities.
E PROXY VOTES, as it turned out, were
ast by Lynn Bartlett, Dan Rosemergy, and
Trost. Obviously none were present dur-
he lengthy debate on the Student Rights
mittee, which involved both a substitute
.n and one fairly substantial amendment.
lett, a Voice party member supposedly
nitted to bettering the condition of student
has now missed two consecutive meetings.
t, whio has consistently insisted that all
te be fully and responsibly heard, still cast
oxy vote although there has been no thor-
debate on student rights for a month.
-mergy opposed the whole idea from the
, and perhaps had no need to hear the dis-
on
tch action evokes a general problem of
onsibility. It may be wise to have no abso-
rule about the use of proxy votes-they
dnly can be cast responsibly if the issue
lection of officers, or any other matter
oughly-considered over a long time-period.
In what cases does the casting of a proxy
become an irresponsible act? When issues
little discussed? When amendments have
. added to a resolution? Bartlett and Trost,
east, seemed to draw the line too rigidly:

'lund

they should have been present to hear debate
Wednesday, or not voted at all.
THE - OTHER PROBLEM connected with
proxy voting is more specific. Executive
Vice-President Hanson had learned, early in
the debate, exactly who had cast proxy votes
and who had not. Hanson turned this knowl-
edge, which other members of the Council did
not have, to sheer political advantage. On
what he called "just pure assumptions," Hanson
figured twQ of the proxies were voting "nay,"
and their votes would be crucial ones. He thus
showed little interest in debating the issues
and instead, tried to move all previous ques-
tions. In brief, Hanson was attempting to settle
the issue on the basis of votes, not discussion.
The question of who was present and who
was absent and who were proxies should
have been known to persons other than Han-
son, and further, should have been the sec-
ondary considerations. There is nothing neces-
sarily wrong with counting heads or playing
politics, but any member of a deliberative body
has a greater responsibility to clarify the is-
sues and justify his position with regard to
them.
T1HIS HANSON DID NOT DO. And to make
matters worse, he had earlier in the eve-
ning distinguished himself by adopting three
successive, conflicting positions on another is-
sue. When SOC Treasurer Arthur Rosenbaum
sarcastically pointed this out, Hanson laughed
it off. After the meeting, he said he likes
"politics."
At its best, SOC is a deliberative body which
puts ideas before deals. At best, a proxy vote
can represent a responsible judgment by some-
one not present and should be used with at
least as much responsibility or discretion by
the person entrusted with the use of the proxy.
Neither of these conditions was approximated
Wednesday night.
--THOMAS HAYDEN
Editor

Romp
THI JUVENILLE deliquency
is a modern problem? If you
do you'd better head for the State
Theater, where "The Plunderers",
a quartet of teen age desparadoes
terrorize a town in a manner which
would do their contemporaries
proud, are currently holding forth.
Trail City is a small sleeply
hamlet, somewhere in the West,
until the four boys ride into town.
Returning from Dodge City where
they have been pushed around
following the cattle drive, they
vent their frustrations in progres-
sively lawless acts.
After numerous filchings, beat-
ings and finally murder, the weak-
livered townsmen decide they must
take a .stand. And to lead them
they have a one-armed civil war
hero Captain Sam Christie, Jeff
Chandler, a man who's spirit has
been ruined by his war wound,
but who's soul has been refur-
bished by a woman's wiles and a
new strength of conscience.
THE CHARACTERS are straight
from a sociology\ text. Temem.-
bers of the gang are the phil-
osphical,, experienced Mexican
(John Saxon), who has suffered
continual frustration as a mem-
ber of a minority group; "Mule,"
the oversized boy, anxious to turn
his great physical strength against
anyone who stands in his way;
Davy, the follower; aid Jeb, the
leader, a coward at heart who
hides behind a show of bravado.
Despite the heavyhandness of
the characterization, and the fa-
miliarity of the plot "The Plun-
derers" is an enjoyable evening
of entertainment. Appealing' both
to Western and suspense film
fans, The Plunderers" deserves a.
somewhat better fate than a three
day run. at the start of Christ-
mas vacation.
Harold Applebaum

ithin the hall was
a smoke-bomb by
ingers. These in-
hustled out and

JNE ON SGC:
The Recognition Problem

DENT GOVERNMENT Council spent half
i hour Wednesday night discussing re-
tion of a group called Young Americans
Ieedom, YAF is a politically conservative
zation, dedicated to the principles of
Iharon Statement.
s commendable that the Council take this
t time for the process of recognition. SGC
d not be a rubberstamp for enthusiastic
ants who want to organize for weak rea-
mbership selection and its relation to
Irawal of recognition have caused much
est and some action in recent months,
e Council has an even greater responsibility
cognize properly and cautiously in the
place, so that the question of withdrawal
not arise.
WEVER, THE Council session Wednesday
id not generally center on points relevant
e basic criteria for recognition. At times
liscussion seemed to be a mocking attack
ae political views of YAP President Wil-
Sikkemga.
e group's foundation, the Sharon State-
, was adopted by the founders of national
g Americans for Freedom Sept. 11, 1960,
iaron, Conn. It outlines conservative views
berty, the purposes and limits of govern-

ment, the Constitution, market economy, the
Communist menace and American foreign
policy.
One premise of the statement says, . *.*.
foremost among the transcendent values is
the individual's God-given free will, whence
derives his right to be free from the restric-
tions of arbitrary force . . . " Roger Seasonwein
quizzed Sikkemga for ten minutes on the
term "free will."
SEASONWEIN CLAIMS that he has an ob-
ligation to show the Council and others
present whether the members o an organiza-
tion understand the phrases they use in their
constitution. Regardless of this, the point be-
labored and did not deserve a third of the
time given to the process of recognition.
Philip Power asked Sikkemga how the group
would verify that persons joining it did in
fact support the Sharon Statement. The ques-
tion was valid, yet Power's tone, both in asking
and in receiving the answer, indicated that
perhaps he was more interested in needling a
conservative than in really hearing an answer
for recognition purposes.
Dennis Shafer's comments were only par-
tially relevant to recognition. As a fellow-
conservative, he was inclined to use Council
time for personal questions about the group.
"I think the Sharon Statement is great; I
think your constitution and the whole set-up
is great, but what kind of activities are you
going to hold to implement the statement?"
he asked.
oNE REQUIREMENT for recognition is that
the organization's program be in the stu-
dents' hands. This need not necessarily cause
the Council to ask about the specific activities
planned by a group. The Calendaring Com-
mittee deals with specific activities.
Besides this requirement, a group asking
for recognition must adopt certain financial
procedures, have objectives consistent with
the educational goals of the University, adhere
to the membership regulation, and neither
engage in subversive activities against the
government nor advocate the overthrow of
the government by force.
The University Regulations booklet says that
"recognition does not signify endorsement of
specific ideals or programs of the organization,
but provides an opportunity for those interested
in such a group to utilize University facilities."
Thus, in considering a grant of recognition
the Council should limit its debate to questions
which pertain to the conditions of recognition.
The debate should not serve as a springboard
for the oratory of members, nor should 'it
become a source of Council humor at the
expense of te organization's delegate.
-PAT GOLDEN

tation was still in doubt; it re.-
mained uncertain whether the
major trade unions would go along,
The Socialist (FO) and Catholic
(CFTC) trade-union confedera-
tions were reluctant to undertake
any common action with CGT, the
Communist confederation.
* * .*-
UNEF SPOKESMEN, however,
appeared less concerned about the
failureofuunion support to jell,
than about the attitude of the
government. It seemed likely that
the manifestation would be ban-
ned, which would cut down sub-
stantially on student participation.
President Gaudez declared in a
press interview (Oct. 14) that in
sponsoring the manifestation,
UNEF was playing its last legal
card:
"Among students, the movement
for insubordination (refusal to
answer the draft) is growing from
day to day; if the enterprise
which wethavegundertaken were
to fail, then great numbers of
young people would for lack of
any other course choose clandes-
tine action, insubordination, re-
fusal: already the pressure on
UNEF has reached a critical point
Words and writings have not
sufficed; let us hope that action
will be more successful in con-
vincing (the government) to act
quickly."
THE NEXT DAY, Oct. 15, the
Communist Party central commit-
tee met, and heard leaders Wal-
deck Rochez and Maurice Thorex
blast UNEF for its unilateral ac-
tion. (The Communist Party or the
CGT had not been consulted before
UNEF published its communique.)
The Party declared in a resolu-
tion that "the working class and
its party, without which nothing
is possible, will not serve as a tool
for any sort of organization."
Their reaction was in part doc-
trinal-the proletariat must be in
the vanguard of all social action
--and in part resentment at hav-
ing been out-maneuvered by the
youngsters of UNEF.
ON OCT. 19, the morning papers
caried the text of a joint appeal
for a manifestation:
"On invitation of UNEF. re-
presentatives of the CGT, CFTC,
UNEF and FEN (teachers' federa-
tion) met. A national day of action
was decided upon, for Oct. 27:-
for peace by negotiation in Al-
geria;-for mutual guarantees of
the faithful application of the
principle of self-determination;--
for the safeguard of democracy
and its fundamental principles."
UNEF, PEN, COT and CFTC
each published a similar state-
ment of its own, and called upon
members to participate. There
were, one noted, several dis-
crepancies in these statements.
CFTC, the Catholic group, went
no further than declaring its sup-
port for the aims of the mani-
festation, and calling upon its

CGT, THE COMMUNIST group,
announced that while it supported
the idea of a national day of pro-
test, it was not prepared to under-
take a centralized Paris mani-
festation such as that sought by
'UNEF. Its members were urged to
demonstrate at their factories one
hour before the usual end of the'
work day.
The Socialists (FO) published a
communique the same day, making
it clear that they had replied
negatively to the UNEF initiative.
However, the Paris section of FO
announced its support of UNEF.
With the demonstration only
eight days away, the gaps in the
united syndicalist front were clear
to all.
UNEF HAD LITTLE time to
dwell on its predicament, however.
That same day, it was announced
that its Assistant Vice-President
for International Affairs, Domini-
que Wallon, was being drafted into
the army, effective Nov. 1.
Since Wallon's academic stand-
ing was excellent, it was clear that
the move was politically-motivat-
ed, and was aimed at UNEF itself.
UNEF immediately went to the
telephone, getting in touch with
all the liberal newspapers, while
Wallon closeted himself with a
lawyer.,
* * *
IT WAS DECIDED to appeal the
decision to annul his deferment
in two ways: through the re-
cruitment board of the district
in which Paris is located, and
through the administrative courts,
charging an illegal action by the
Ministry of Defense.
The next day, it being clear the
manifestation would be banned,
UNEF apparently obtained the
agreement of the Communists to
go along with their plans. UNEF
formally requested permission to
hold a manifestation on the Place
de la Bastille at 6 p.m., and was
turned down by the government.
UNEF announced it would hold
it anyhow.
Once it was clear that UNEF
and the trade-unions would at-
tempt to hold the manifestation
despite the ban, political groups of
all shades made their positions
known. These ranged from those
of the Left which for the most
part supported the UNEF initi-
ative, to Rightist groups such as
the Union of Veterans of North
Africa, which asked that the mani-
festation not be banned so all
veterans from North Africa, and
all nationalists, might come to the
rendezvous "to see that our sol-
diers are respected."
* * *
AS OCT. 27 drew near, it be-
came clear that if a manifestation
were held, it woijld be in the classic
tradition of French political rallies.
The police would attack with zeal,
as they always did when the
demonstrators were of the Left,
using their heavy night-sticks and

fire, pulling up paving stones and
filling the air with them. It was
clear people would be injured;
deaths might result.
Yet to pull out was impossible,
in UNEF's view. The manifestation
was essential to demonstrate the
degree of opposition to the govern-
ment's Algeria policy.
* * *
DURING THIS period, the UN-
EF office was an armed camp.
A visitor had to shout his name
and errand through the door, and
was then scrutinized through the
keyhole. Once in the vestibule, he
found himself surrounded by ath-
letic types carrying sticks. The
entrances to the individual offices
were all but blocked by packing
cases and filing cabinets.
These precautions were 'not ex-
cessive, apparently, because 30
members of Young Nation did
break in on Oct. 25. They were
repelled by the student syndi-
calists, who had wisely prepared
teargas bombs for such eventuali-
ties.
* * *
ON OCT. 24, UNEF resolved the
dilemma of the banned manifes-
tation with a brilliant stroke.
The Minister of the Interior met
with UNEF President Gaudez, and
representatives of CFTN, FEN,
and the Paris section of FO, and
received permission to hold a,
modified manifestation.
The conditions agreed to were
that UNEF and the others would
hold a "private" meeting inside
one of Paris' largest halls, using
the area immediately outside the
building to assemble.
The Communists were made to
look ridiculous, for that same
morning they had again reversed
their stand, and announced that
they were not supporting the cen-
tralized manifestation. UNEF
would be holding the meeting with
-the support of all Paris trade-
unionists save the Cofimunists.
* * *
CGT (TIE Communist trade-
union federation) tried to regain
the initiative by sponsoring local
demonstrations all over Fraxce,
but one of its own members, the
Paris Metal Workers, criticized
it publicly for "letting the stu-
dents down."
The day of the manifestation,
trouble again brewed, as the police
denied that permission had been
given for any activity outside the
hall. It was obvious more people
were going to appear than the
hall could hold, and that meant
violence.
* * *
AT 6 P.M., Oct. 27, there were
3500 people inside the large hall.
Outside, 10-15000 more, mostly
students, had gathered.
Gaudez read a speech which had
been approved by the other three
participating organizations. Both
he and Wallon received huge
hands when introduced.
The only sign of , counter-

locked in the washrooms.
Outside, things were not so
calm. Several Socialist deputies
and even two former Ministers;
of the Interior were beaten by
police.
* * *
THE FINAL TOLL was 533
people led off to the police-stations
and 38 policemen injured. Num-
erous demonstrators of the Left
and of the Right were injured, by
each other but especially of course
by the police.
The New Work Herald Tribune
reported that the police attacked
the Rightists most heavily, to pay
them back for almost 'breaking
the lines three weeks earlier be-
fore the Presidential Palace.
Le Monde, prestigious liberal
daily, reported that the police had
been singling out reporters and
press photographers in their at-
tatks, seemingly in an attempt to
prevent documentation of police
brutality-
"The attitude of certain police-
men left no doubt about .their
sympathy and their political or-
ientation," Le Monde commented
acidly.
* * *
ALMOST COMPLETELY lost in
the noise about the manifestation
was the news that the government
had taken a thorough beating on
the attempted drafting of UNEF
officer Wallon.
The administrative court de-
clared the case "not receivable,"
saying that the recruitment body
had sole jurisdiction. As the re-
cruitment body does not meet
before next March, and can not in
any case consider criterion other
than academic, Wallon's defer-
ment is insured.
The morning after the manifes-
tation, the Communist newspaper
l'Mumanite declared the previous
day of national protest to have.
been "an immense success.
"The Communist Party salutes
the working class, the students and
the intellectuals, the peasants, the
French men and women of. all
classes and all opinions who joined
together in the action for peace
in Algeria."
~ *.*
THE DUST HAVING , settled,
several things seem clear. UNEF's
manifestation accurately demon-
strated the strength of feeling
against continuing the war in Al-
geria.
It represented a victory by unit-
ing the non-Communist left in a
single action, and hence an as-
sertion of leadership within the
Left by democratic forces.
It also seems clear, however,
that one can never know what
effect if any the manifestation
and other protests have had on,
the policy of Gen. de Gaulle, who
seems bent on arriving at snail's
pace at a solution acceptable to
neither Right nor Left.

Suggestion.,.
To the Editor:
W E APPRECIATE the difficul-
ties and problems associated
with the idea of a Peace Corps
which have been anticipated by
the people whose signature is
"Americans for the Prevention of
the Second Generation of Ugly
American." These people obviously
attended the ACWR Work Sym-
posium held last weekend and
should then well understand solu-
tions to the very problems which
they suggested.
* * *
IF THE AMERICANS for the
Prevention of the Second Genera-
tion of the Ugly American are
really serious about their criti-
cisms and are interested in some-
thing other than a Goldwater-ian
posture (seated with feet on desk),
they will join with us in the ACWR
-study program to make sure that
their concerns are given the con-
sideration which they deserve.
--Bert Qarskof, Grad.
J. Joseph Pia, Grad,
Disappointment....
To the Editor:
WOULD LIKE to add my name
to those of Anita Fecht, Felix
Pappalardi, and 86 other music
students in expressing 'my dis-
appointment in finding no men-
tion nor review of the University
Choir Christmas Concert in your
newspaper.
** *
THOUGH I AM not a music
student, I have had the privilege
of singing in Maynard Klein's
University Choir for three semes-
ters and feel. that the tireless of-
forts of Mr. Klein and his Choirs
to properly prepare and perform
the ;complex and beautiful works
of J. S. Bach, Michael Praetorius,
and others, at least deserves some
mention in the campus newspaper.
-David C. Macleod, Spec.
Knowledge...
To the Editor:
AFTER attending the program
last night on the House Un-
American Activities Committee and
seeing the movie "Operation Abo-
lition," the importance of knowl-
edge becomes quite clear.
Perhaps many Americans upon
seeing the movie that was in part
compiled with the active support
of HUAC will believe what they
were 'told. This is sad. In many
places, the narrative completely
contradicted what was being
shown. When pictures of students
standing were shown, the announ-
cer said that there was active
resistance to the demands of the
police. These obvious contradic-
tions were in addition to the errors
of fact and false representation
that appeared in the film.
It is hard to undersand how the
basic freedoms of the United
States can be protected if the
American public are only given

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR

I

I

Reversal

HE SOUTH has found a new way to fight
ithe federal government in the battle over
isI integration of the public schools. Since
anksgiving, a nearly 100 per cent boycott by
ite students of the newly integrated New
eans schools has been maintained. .
1 this form of resistance spreads as the
lional courts continue to order more and
re integration, it could have interesting
isequences. In a generation or so, the Ne-
es could be the educated professional class
the South, while the "superior" white citi-
s would be illiterate and fit for little but
nual labor.
-R. FARRELL
Editorial Staff
THOMAS HAYDEN, Editor
NAN MARKELLJEAN SPENCER
City Editor Editorial Director
NNETH McELDOWNEY ..... Associate City Editor
OMAS WITECKI .............. Sports Editor
ROLD APPLEAIAM ...... Associate Sport. Editor
rl A 41WTnfl R A .,A..ninto Snors+ Eitor

/DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETI'N,
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The Daily Oftictal Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN foram to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m. two days preceding
publication.
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16
General Notices
LIBRARY HOURS DURING CHRIST-
MAS VACATION: The General Library,
the Undergraduate Library, and all di.
visional libraries will be open on regu-
larly scheduled hours until noon on sat
urday, Dec. 17.
The University Libraries will be open
on short schedules beginning Mn., pec,

Dean's Monthly Certification forim for
December, signed by all instructors, to
the Dean's office, before 5 p.m., Fri-
day, Dec. 16.
NOTICE TO BICYCLE OWNERS-
University Bicycle Regulatione state
that bicysles will be impounded by the
University for the following violations:
1, Bicycles stored (left over 48 hours)
in racks in classroom areas will be im-
pounded. May we remind you that over
the Christmas vacation your bicycle
must be stored at your Ann Arbor
residence.
2. Bicycles on University property (in-
cluding classroom areas, residence halls,
University apartments, Medical Center,
etc. which do not bear a 1961 Ann Ar-
bor City License will be impounded.
3. Bicycles parked illegally (on pave,
merit, under canopies, or on the grass
when rack space is available) will be

December 14, 1960
Approved: The minutes of the pre-
vious meeting, as corrected,
Approved: A Council meeting will be
held on January 4, 1961.
Interim Action Announced:
Dec. 13 ULLR Ski Club, speaker, Mr.
Gunnar Samson, describing the Holiday
Dills Ski Area, also movies pertaining
to this, union, 7:00 p.m.
Dec. 13 Young Republican Club,
speaker, Mr. N. O. stockmeyer, "Union
Political Activity and Its Challenge to
the Republican Party," 3511 SAB, 7:30
p.m.
Dec. 14, 15 NAACP & SOC Human
Relations Board, Blood Drive for Fay-
ette County, Tennessee, Lane Hall, 5:00-
9:00 p.m.
Activities Approved:
Dec. 12-14 Democratic Socialist Club,
NAACP, Political Issues Club, Young
Democratic Club, Young Republican

lowing motion for the one in vol, ;,p.
45:
Move: Student Government Council,
after receiving a report~ from its Com-
mittee on Membership in Student Or-
ganizations, may mae use of the docu-
ments submitted concerning member-
ship selection in fraternities and sorori-
ties in carrying out its functions; the
SOC Committee on Membership in Stu-
dent Organizations may make use of
these documents In carrying out its
functions. In addition, these documents
may be used as follows:
1) Those organs of the University to
which Studen tOovernment councilris
"responsible, iLe:, the Vice-President for
Student Affairs, the President of the
University. and the Board of Regents,
may make use of these documents in
carrying out their Iunctions.
2) The vice-President for Student'Af-
fairs may make these statements avail-

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