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November 23, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-11-23

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"Okay, Boy-We'll Let You Co-exist
With Us A While Longer"

4r Allrigan, 344,111
Seventy-First Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD mq CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUmucAroNs BLDG. * ANN ARDoR, MICH. " Phone NO 2-3241

Will Prevail"
1nio2 Are Free

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Colloquium Lacks
Real Challenge
To the Editor:
NOW THAT THE Challenge Colloquium weekend is past perhaps we
can engage in a llttlt evaluation. As a listener and minor participant
I was somewhat disappointed. Challenge tid not live up to its name or
its published proposals.
This may or may not be the fault of the planners. I don't know
what problems they may have had. But the Challenge brochure prom-
ised us "a program of critical discussion and debate." And the topicwas

fitorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
er the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

0

NOVEMBER 23, 1960

NIGHT EDITOR: ANDREW HAWLEY

Personal Commitments
Add Up To National Policy

STATEMENT "You can't legislate moral-
;y" became a catch-phrase in 1954 with
ipreme Court's action on segregation in
schools.
i democratic government the motivation
gislation comes from the populace and
upward to the government, not vice
When law comes down from high gov-
ntal levels without corresponding gen-
upport, the people soon become masters
mmvention.
le Rock and New Orleans show clearly
people will not respect moral legislation
does not agree with their personal atti-
The resulting disrespect for authority
nines the entire leg system.
PROBLEM is that nations do not have
ral commitments: individuals do. Gov-
nts, although they may claim to do so, do
t on the basis of such commitments..
thermore, only in rare instances do indi-
commitments generalize to national
or commitments. What usually happens
tindividual moral attitudes, if widespread
h, may turn into profitable political ar-
its. The originally idealistic aims can take
as practical national policies.
southern sit-in demonstrations are cur-
reshaping personal convictions in the
of race relations. When and if enough

equalitarian attitudes are developed, the issue
becomes political. Evidence of this can be
found in the work of both major party plat-
form committees last summer.
THE INDIVIDUAL moral commitment is still
primary. Alone, it cannot produce national
policy or action. Yet without it probably no
change can occur. Personal conviction, borne
out by personal action, is the agitator and in-
stigator for group progress.
Even when the issue is partially political
from the start, the moral element can only
be pressed, by individuals. Pressure for the
abolition or modification of the House Un-
American Activities Committee represents per-
sonal interest in civil liberties rather than in-
terest in a particular political faction.
; The question of disarmament, perhaps more
than any other, must be handled as a moral
issue if legislation or policy in the field is ever
to be effective. The individuals who work ac-
tively for disarmament are quite aware of
the general mistrust of their proposals. Still
they speak out; still they work.
DO A THOUSAND Quakers stand quiet-
ly in front of the Pentagon to demonstrate
their convictions? Why do scientists like Linus
Pauling sign petitions to protest nuclear weap-
ons?
The committed individual acts for two rea-
sons: First, because he holds a belief so
strongly that he can't keep still; and second,
because he hopes that if he just keeps crying
in the wilderness maybe one or two others
will hear and understand.
He knows that most Americans don't really
think about civil liberties, equality and peace
seriously; he knows they aren't going to no
matter what he says.
At the same time, he knows that once in
a while somebody hears; he knows that some-
times a few strong voices are enough to bring
about political interest in his moral question;
and he knows that time is passing.
-PAT GOLDEN

Welfare State Charges False

Dead Issue

T WEEK the Regents of the New York
1001 system decided to change the title of
rea of studies back from "citizenship ed-
mi" to "social studies."
original change from social studies to
wship had been made several years ago
members of the board had expressed
that the original title might be interpret-
mean that socialism was being advocated.
eph McCarthy is dead.
--R. FARRELL

HERS SEE IT:_
The Gods Are Angry

INTERESTING CASE will soon come be-
ore the Supreme Court which will pit the
Commandment against the First Amend-
issue is the refusal of Maryand authori-
to commission Roy R. Turcaso as a notary
is because he would not sign a declara-
that he believed in the existence of God.
e would be notary took his case to the
appeals court, but the court ruled in
r of the Almighty. Disbelief in a supreme
r "not only renders a person incompetent
od public office but to give testimony or
as a juror," the court said. The ruling
that "religious toleration . . . was never
ght to encompass the ungodly."
W ADMITTEDLY the appeals court made
liberal extention on the Maryand Tolera-
Act of 1649, which guaranteed religious

toleration but which provided penalties for
non-Trinitarians.
Turcaso could have merely proclaimed belief
in Belial, Baal or some other off-beat deity and
have avoided the squabble.
But not satisfied with some "graven image,"
Turcaso wants to go all the way in his viola-
tion of the First Commandment. So he is tak-,
ing his case to the Supreme Court to prove
that he can be notary public and an atheist
at the same time.
W THINK that the Supreme Court will agree
with Turcaso that the oath discriminates
agaist him as a non-believer and violates the
constitutional safeguards of religious freedom.
But isn't there another consideration? Do
notary publics rule the Divine Right? If so, it's
no wonder that the gods and Maryland offi-
cials are angry.
-JOHN FARRELL
-The Colorado Daily Student

MICHIGAN'S ultra-conservative
legislators have made much
political hay in the past year by
alleging that the state's executive
branch is trying to construct a
welfare state.
They have also said the state's
"over-spending" has led to an op-
pressive tax load that is driving
business out of the state and
creating fiscal choas.
* * *
A STUDY conducted in 1959 by.
William Haber of the University of
Michigan, sponsored by the Up-
john Institute for Employment Re-
search, has turned up information
that not only belies some of these
fiscal falsehoods, but also points
up the need, we think, for overall
tax revision.
If, to determine the degree of
the asserted tax overburdening we
measurethe level of state-local
tax receipts as a percentage of
personal income received in the
state-one of the more meaning-
ful measures of gross tax "burden"
--we find that Michigan ranked
thirty-first among the states ac-
cording to 1957 tax figures.
* * *
HOWEVER, Michigan ranked
twelfth among the states in per
capita tax receipts. From where
does the difference come? From
business, obviously. This, however,
should not necessarily be con-
sidered bad.
There is good reason to believe
that taxes paid by business firms
in Michigan are somewhat higher
than they are in Illinois, Indiana
and Ohio, states in which there is
no major business tax comparable
to Michigan's business activities
tax or annual corporate privilege
fee. Michigan's taxes are higher
than the income taxes of New
York, or Wisconsin, or the income
and franchise taxes of Pennsyl-
vania.
TAXES MUST be payed either
by individuals or business and in-
dustry. The question becomes one,
then, of whether we, in Michigan,
are saddling industry with an un-
due proportion of the tax load and
thus driving business out of the
state.
The weight of evidence suggests
that in most cases taxes are not
the major consideration in the
location of industry, but that they

are an important consideration, all
other things being equal.
* * *
THUS TODAY, as we look at
Michigan, we find taxes on busi-
ness substantially higher than
they are, for example, in Ohio.
However, when we consider out
state as a place ~to live. we may
note with pride the outstanding
attention we have given to our
needs for higher education, local
schools, and health and hospitals.
The question of whether this
thinking is correct or not depends
upon one's viewpoint.
We must also remember that
sooner or later the population in
our neighboring states is going
to demand services on a par with
those in Michigan. The longer
their consideration is delayed, the,
more they will cost and the greater
will be their tax impact.
* * *
IN MICHIGAN, In the future, if

we want a fair distribution of the
tax load, then it would seem that
the only answer to the need for
increased state revenue would be
a graduated income tax, thus in-
suring taxing of those with the
greatest ability to pay.
Some will say, though, that
taxes in this state are too high
already. Where, then, shall we
reduce expenditures? The ultra-
conservatives will immediately
point to public welfare expendi-'
tures, and it is a mistake.
Welfare expenditures in Michi-
gan account for only six per cent
of the budget. Per capita expendi-
tures for welfare rank the state
thirty-fourth in the nation. This
hardly places Michigan in the.
welfare state category. In fact, it
may point out the need for greater
rather than less expenditures in
this area.
-Michigan State News

Civil Liberties, an- area which has
in the past decade been subject
of repeated and vigorous litiga-
tion going all the Way to the Su-
preme Court. It has figured in
armed troops patrolling a school,
in riots and bombings, in almost
every recent election from the
presidential on down. It looks like
a subject on which there could
be some critical discussion and
debate.
BUT THAT DISCUSSION and
debate never materialized. Be-
neath the personalities of the men
and their skill as public speakers
the major addresses were boring-
ly similar. (Even the jokes had a
surprising similarity.) It is hard to
think of a single substantial point
on which any two of the major
speakers differed.
Paul Blanshard presented his
well-known views on religion and
civil liberties. But no representa-
tive of any other view on this sub-
ject appeared on the program.
So we got Blanshard's view' only.
Michael Harrington talked about
racial problems. Again, no alter-
native point of view appeared.
.* *
FINALLY, THE HOUSE Un-
American Activities Committee did
appear on stage in the guise of a
villain (complete with hisses from
the audience). The villain was
promptly vanquished by Harring-
ton and Thomas. But this is rather.
an easy task when the villain is
confined to a tape recorder.
I'd like to have heard Harring-
ton and Thomas debate this ques-
tion with an equally skilled and
competent defender of HUAC, per-
haps its chief counsel. That might
have been. a critical discussion
worth listening to.
Is it too much to expect that in
a campus-wide program of this
sort in a university of this size
and standing that we could have
something more than a spoon
feeding of a carefully selected and
approved line of thought? Would
a real challenge be too danger-
ous?
* * *
JUDGING FROM audience reac-
tion my guess is that the views
of the speakers were quite popu-
lar with a large majority of the
listeners. They heard just what
could rather easily have expect-
they came to hear, what they
ed to hear.
This was evident especially
in the singular lack of critical
questions or comments in the ses-
sions after the addresses (with the
exception of some questions posed
by a small minority after Blan-
shard's talk.)
They were all good, safe speech-
es-safe for the audience and safe
for the speakers, who knew, I
suppose, what kind of audience
they would have. Well, maybe a
student program does have to have
safety rather than challenge after
all. But I was sort of disappoint-
ed.
-George I. Mavrodes, Grad.
Powers That Be.. .
To. The Editor:
R EGARDING the article on the
twenty-four hour living at the
University in the Sunday magazine
-I sat up all night wishing the
powers that be would see fit to try
it.
-Carolyn Berryman '64
Letters to the editor must be
signed and should be limited to 300
words in length..The Daly reserves
the right to edit or withhold any
letter.

INTERPRETING:
Kennedy's
UNAPlc
By WILLIAM N. OATIS
lAssociated Press. News Analyst
J OHN F. Kennedy's election as
President of the United States
has awakened echoes in the United
Nations General Assembly, even
though he will not be inaugurated
until. Jan. 20.
The Soviet Union, discussing
disarmament. in the assembly's
political'committee, has offered'to
enter into negotiations with his
government on that subject.
When Democrat Kennedy was
elected to succeed Republican
Eisenhower, Soviet Premier Nikita
Khrushchev cabled congratula-
tions aldsaid he saw "no In-
preservation and consolidation of
peace."
READING Khushchev's cable-
gram to the committee afew days
later, Soviet Deputy Foreign
Minister Valerian A. Zorin said
his government was ready for
"contructive negotiations on gen-
eral" and complete disarmament
with the new United States goyern-
ment."
Blaming the .current disarma-
ment deadlock on the Eiser-
hower administration, he express-
ed hope "the new United States
government will seriously poder
the. situation which "has "been
brought about through the fault
of its predecessor and that it will
draw the necessary conclusions."
xe said if that happened, a
special summit session of ' the
General Assembly on disarma-
ment next March or 'April-as
proposed by- Khrushchev-should
be able to achieve positive results.
UNITED STATES chief delegate
James J. Wadsworth, an Eisen-
hower appointee, denied the United
States was against general dis-
armament. He expressed regret
Zorin had made remarks "about
what t he next government of the
United States might possibly
think."
Despite what' Wadsworthsaid,
Zorin was only doing publicly what
other delegates had been doing
privately. Nearly all have been
speculating on what Kennedy's
foreign policy will be.
But experienced diplomats ex-
pect that until he is inaugurated,
United States policy at the'United
Nations will be frozen.
Delegates from all parts of the
world showed a keen interest in
the election returns. A number
were clearly pleased that Kennedy
won.
THIS WAS particularly true, of
Asians, who seem to have some
expectation that the new Secre-
tary of State may be Chester A.
Bowles, with his thesis that the
United States must help countries
like India win an economic con-
test with Communist China.
It was true, also, of Latin
A m e r i e a n s, who remembered
Franklin D. Roosevelt's good-
neighbor policy and hoped that
Kennedy would revive it As one
said, "The Democrats were nice
to Latin America."
Africans were encouraged by
Kennedy's victory since he had
spoken of the importance of their
continent in' world affairs and had
sent Averell Harriman there to
survey the situation for him.

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY:
A Iter Questionnaires

ntici pates Creeping Socialism

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This article ap-
peared In the Spokesman, a new
magazine at Ohio State University.)
HE STATE of the Ohio State
University program to remove
the race and religious questions,
and the photograph requirement,
from various student application
forms was spelled out to The
Spokesman by Dean of Student
Affairs William S. Guthrie.
Dean Guthrie said that "as of
now, these questions and the
photograph requirement have been
removed from all admission forms,
dormitory application, placement
office forms and College of Medi-
cine forms.",
A revised statistical card will,
according to Dean Guthrie, ask the
race and the religious preference
of the registering student. There
will be no requirement that stu-
dents fill out this statistical card,
Dean Guthrie said. On the other
hand, like the old card, the new
one will not indicate that answer-
ing questions is optional.
* * *
"SO FEW STUDENTS would-
fill out the card if they knew

it was optional," Guthrie said,
"that the resulting statistics would
bie of little value."
The old statistical card stated
that "registration is not complete"
until the student answered all
questions.
The Student Placement Office
will not have access to the statis-
tical card, Guthrie. said. There are
no plans, however, to specify on
the card the uses to which the,
answers will be put. According to
Dean Guthrie they will have "only
positive uses." That is, if groups
such as churches request such in-
formation, it will be given to them.
The whole issue of race and
religious questions on university
forms was brought to a head last
spring quarter, when Norman'
Clary, representing Students for
Liberal Action, exposed Form 2A,
a statistical questionnaire issued
by the Entrance Board.
SLA passed a resolution con-
demning Form lA. The from has
since been eliminated completely,
according to Guthrie.

hough the winds of the coming hurri-
ould already be felt, the warning flags
w fluttering freely over America.
i before the socialistically inclined Dem-
party has been tested, a rising yelp of
t is being heard.
w America," the official publication of
cialist Party-Social Democratic Federa-
s quoted by the Daily Iowan as saying,
are unmistakable signs that we are at
wn of a new day for the Socialist youth
aent in America."
Daily Iowan goes on to cite that cam-
Socialist Discussion Club, and a brag-
tatement by James T. Burnett, national
ry of the Young People's Socialist League
iming "Student Radicalism Returns to
us."
;ontinuing, Burnett commends students
Editorial Staff
THOMAS HAYDEN, Editor
NAN MARKEL JEAN SPENCER
City Editor Editorial Director
'TH McELDOWNEY ...., Associate City Editor
EEN MOORE ..... Associate Editorial Director
.S WITECKI . . ............Sports Editor
D APPLEBAUM ,...... Associate Sport. Editor
EL GILLMAN ......... Associate Sports Editor
i DONER ............. Personnel Director

for activities in the San Francisco demonstra-
tion against the House tVn-American Activities
Committee; the New York City Civil Defense
protests; the Youth Marches for Integrated
Schools; the sit-ins; and the sympathy picket-
ing.
He further declares that the signs that we
are at the dawn of a new day for the Socialist
youth movement are tremendously important,
not only for youth, but for the whole nation.
"For if the students will not challenge the
status quo," he asks, "who will?"
It's a pretty sad day when social misfits
have to interfere with the function of a prop-
erly run government and invade private busi-
ness establishments in order to receive atten-
tion and publicity for their aching egos.
Nobody is knocking the right of assembly or
the right of protest, but the ballot is the ac-
cepted form of expression and not demonstra-
tions which border on the ridiculous childish
tantrum.
Certainly our country is long over due for a
radical change. Just think, we haven't had a
real rousing depression, or a world war or any-
thing exciting lately. Shucks, every student
ought to jump on the bandwagon so he won't
have to walk down the stony road to ruin.
-MAC DALE
The Mississippian
Mi eroenoi'n

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

What Have You Done With Our Colonel?

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The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p~m. two days preceding
publication.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23
General Notices
Regents' Meeting: Fri., Dec. 16. Com-'
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than December 6.
University libraries will be closed
Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 24. Libraries
will also be. closed Sat. and Sun., Nov.
26 and 27.
The General Library and the Under-
graduate Library: will close Wed., Nov.
23 at 5 p,m., as will many of the
divisional libraries. The GeneralrLi-
brary will be open on Fri., Nov,. 25 from
8 a.m. to 5 p.m., and the Undergraduate
Library will be open from 9 a,in. to
5 p.m. All units within :the General
Library Bldg., excluding the Map Room,
will be open on regular Friday sched-
ules, except for theclosing hour, which

which is ready in all respects for
publication, not later than Mon., Jan.
9.
Vacation Reminder for Bicycle Own-
ers: University Bicycle Regulations
state that bicycles will be impounded
by the University for the following
violations:
1. Bicycles stored (left over 48.
hours in classroom areas will be
impounded. May we at this time
remind owners that over the
Thanksgiving vacation bicycles
must be stored at their place of
residence.
2. Bicycles on University property
(including classroom areas, regi-
dence halls, Medical Center, Uni-
versity apartments, etc.) which do
not bear a current license (Exp.
9-30-61) will be impounded.
3. Bicycles parked illegally will be
impounded.
Also, we might point out that effective
immediately the Ann Arbor \City Police
Department will impound bicycles to
enforce the licensing regulations on
city streets and lawn extensions
throughout Ann Arbor. Be sure your
bicycle is properly licensed and stored
at your place of residence when you
leave for Thanksgiving vacation.
'3 . -

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