THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Effect of Progress on Japan
By BEATRICE TEODORO
Japan is changing rapidly, at
the expense of its ancient culture,
but it must continue to change
if the Japanese want a higher
standard of living, Prof. Sususmu
Kobe is on leave from the eco-
nomics department of Waseda
University in Tokyo. A recipient
of a doctoral degree from the
University, 30 years ago, he has
returned to lecture on the econo-
my of Japan which he says is ex-
periencing "one of the fastest
rates of expansion, not only in
the present world, but in history."
One of the manifestations of this
rapid growth is the introduction
of the automobile age, Japanese
"Whether we like it or not, it
is going to core" Kobe said. "On-
ly a dictatorial government can,
absolutely control the number of
cars. Our government can only
make it harder to get drivers' li-
He told of the long lines of
people waiting to take their driv-f
ing test, sometimes standing up'
to five hours until the offices
close. Some older people, unable
to wait day after day, have hired
students as drivers.
A recent poll by a Japanese
automobile company showed that
many young people have licenses
S already and plan to buy cars with
the first money they earn.
The majority of motorized ve-
hicles in Japan are used for busi-
ness purposes. "Roughly 50 per
cent are commercial trucks, while
the passenger cars are owned by
companies to provide transporta-
tion for their executives. Taxis
also take up some percentages of
the cars, so actually very few
people own a private automobile."
Kobe sees this number growing.
"The number of second hand cars,
available is increasing, so the price
of all cars will go down. At the
same time, the per capita income
in Japan is. rapidly rising and
more people will soon be able to,
buy private cars."
He cited the excellent suburban
train service as contributing, para-
doxically, to the popularity of the
"First, cheap, fast railroad trans-
portation has made it easier for
people to work in the downtown
areas of cities like Tokyo and
Osaka. But because the daytime
population is so great, the com-
muting trains are very crowded.
It is no longer a question of whe-
ther passengers will have to stand.
It is a question of whether there
is any room to stand. Evidently
the private, comfortable car is
He added that the grain sta-
The fifth annual Christmas Sale
Show, of the Ann Arbor Art As-
sociation is taking place now
through Nov. 26, at the Rackham
Hours for the exhibition are 10
a.m. to 10 p.m., except-Sunday and
tions in the suburban and "satel-
lite" towns are not within walk-
ing distance of private homes.
"When a man must walk more
than 30 minutes to get home af-
ter getting off a train, he be-
gins to think of a car," Kobe
Kobe also noted that the con-
centration of population in areas
limited by zoning laws is forcing
the construction of high apart-
ments and skyscrapers, which are
not representative of the low,
smooth Japanese architecture.
Work for Nothing
Architecture is not the only
cultural sacrifice to progress,
Kobe said,rEven the famedKa-
buki theatre in Tokyo is not a
paying proposition. "A lot of minor
actors and stage hands are ac-
tually people who live near the
theatre, shopkeepers and small
business men who work for al-
most nothing. If they didn't give
these services, the Kabuki danc-
es would not be self-support-
"These volunteers have an in-
interest in the theatre dating
back in their fanilies for genera-
tions. But under present condi-
tions how long can this keep up?
I'm afraid that only in a very
small way will the culture be
KISMET CAST-- the 60-member east of Kismet, the forthcoming
MUSKET produclion, rehearses for opening night. A 32 piece
orchestra, the largest for a University student show has been
assembled to play the full broadway orchestration of such Kismet
melodies as "Bauble, Bangles and Beads" and "Stranger in
Alpha Phi Omega Celebrating
Twenty Years Service at 'U'
To Feature Classical Works
In Michigan Singers Concert
The Michigan Singers, part of
the Music School, will give a con-
cert at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in
Prof. Maynard Klein of the Mu-
sical School will conduct, John
Flower will play the harpsichord
and William Osborn will play -the
The program will open with
Bach's "Ah! Dearest Jesu," La-
Rue's "0' Saving Victim" and
Pierluigi da Palestrina's "Magni-
(Author of "I Was a Teen-age Dwarf", "The Many
Loves of Dobie Gillis", etc.)
ficat Prim Toni." The Tudor sing-
ers will sing the middle part of
the program. Their selections will
include "Thou Serene, Bright
Light" and "I Shall Now Suffer
Death" by de Venoso.
* * *
"Philoctetes" by Sophocles, the
first in a series ,of five classical
dramas produced by Jerry Sand-
ler on a grant from the National
Educational TV and Radio Center,
will be produced a 1:30 p.m. to-'
day over WUOM. The translation
of Robert Grene will be used with
original music by Jerry Bilik, re-
cently an arranger for the U.S.
Army Band and the University
The play retells the story of the
Greeks' attempt to win the Tro-
jan War with the help of Phil-
f Prof. Richard Miller will give a
vocal concert with pianist Eugene,
Bossart at 8:30 p.m. Tuesday in1
Aud. A. A veteran of 250 operatic
performances in' Europe, Miller
will open with (lasiarini's "Deh
lasciatemi it Nemico" and Scar-
latti's "Nevi intatte." Miller was
first lyric tenor at the Stadt-
theater (Opera House) at Zurich.
By RISA AXELROD
"One of the hardest .jobs in
the world is to run a service fra-
ternity on a large campus," ob-
served Tim Meno, '62, president
of Alpha Phi Omega.
The fraternity, celebrating its
20th anniversary at the Univer-
sity today, often finds itself in
4Continued from Page 4)
New York Civil Service: Openings for
college grads in various fields includ-
ing education, engineering, social wel-
fare, nursing, psychiatry, business, andj
law. New York State residence not re-
quired for many of available positions.
Applications for exams must be in by
U. S. Civil Service, VII Region: No-
vember announcement of open exanic
has been received at Bureau of Ap-
pointments. Openings in fields of agri-
culture, business, engineering, ncal-
cine, etc. for college grads. Locations
primarily in I11., Mich, Wis.
Wisconsin Civl Service: Openings for
seniors and graduate engineers in elec-
trical. civil, and mechanical fields,
for work in state commissions. Applica-
tions accepted on a continuous basis. '
HOW TO BEAT THE BEAT GENERATION F
My cousin Herkie Nylet is a sturdy lad of nineteen summers
who has, we all believed until recently, a lively intelligence and
an assured future. Herkie's father, Walter 0. Nylet, is as every-
one knows, president of the First National Artificial Cherry
Company, world's largest maker of artificial cherries for ladies'
hats. Uncle Walter had great plans for Herkie. Last year he
sent Herkie to the Maryland College of Humanities, Sciences,
and Artificial Cherries, and he intended, upon Herkie's gradu-
ation, to find him a nice fat wife and take him into the firm as
a full partner.
Could a young man have more pleasing prospects? Of course
not. But a couple of months ago, to everyone's consternation,
.Herkie announced that he was not going into the artificial cherry
business. Nor was he going to stay in college. "I am," said
Herkie, "a member of the Beat Generation. I am going to San
Francisco and grow a beard."
Well sir, you can imagine the commotion in the family when
Herkie went traipsing off to San Francisco IUncle Walter would
have gone after him and dragged him home, but unfortunately
be was right in the middle of the artificial cherry season. Aunt
Thelma couldn't go either because of her old leg trouble. (One
of her legs is older than the other.)
competition with the social fra-
ternities and clubs on campus.
Meno sees the fraternity's role
as a threefold one: Service to the
University, the community and the
nation. In the University area, Al-
pha Phi Omega maintains 53 bill-
boards around, campus on which
its members will post any or-
ganization notices. The boards
may be found as close to campus
as the Union and the Fishbowl
or as far away as the Nursing
A second function on campus is
maintaining a workshop in the
Student Activities Bldg. where or-
ganizations or individual students
may have material mimeographed
or dittoed at cost. Alpha Phi
Ovxiega gains no profits from this
operation; its only source of funds
are the 10 paying positions it
holds each semester at registra-
In the community the mem-
bers of this unique service frater-
nity work as Scout troop leaders
or assistants. "In fact," he noted
Meno, "most of our members have
had previous Scouting experience
and have joined the fraternity as
a continuance of Scouting."
The organization's 22 members
include fraternity and independ-
ents. Any male student is eligible
to join. "The only prerequisite is
interest, with a capital '11,11 ex-
Alpha Phi Omega holds an open
meeting at the beginning of each
semester and conducts a rush sim-
ilar to that held in all social fra-
ternities. The fraternity is now
pledging 12 men, its largest class.
Future plans include publishing
a spring student directory with
names and addresses of transfer
students, incoming freshmen and
students who have moved since
the fall. The directory will be dis-
tributed without charge.
So I went. I searched San Francisco for weeks before I found
Herkie living underthe counter of a Pronto Pup stand. "Herkie,
how are you?" I cried, looking distraughtly upon his tangled
beard, his corduroy jacket, his stricken eyes.
"Beat," said Herkie.
I offered him a Marlboro and felt instantly better when he
took it because when one smokes Marlboros, one cannot be too
far removed from the world. One still has, so to speak, a hold
on the finer things of life-like good tobacco, like easy-drawing
filtration, like settling back and getting comfortable and enjoy-
ing a full-flavored smoke. One is, despite all appearances, basi-
cally happiness-oriented, fulfillment-directed, pleasure-prone.
"Herkie, what are you doing with yourself?" I asked.
"I am finding myself," he replied. "I am writing a novel in
the sand with a pointed stick. I am composing a fugue for
clavier and police whistle. I am sculpting in experimental ma:
terials-like English muffins."
"And what do you do for fun?" I asked.
"Come," he said and took me to a dank little night club
where men in beards and women in basic burlap sat on orange
crates and drank espresso. On a tiny stage stood a poet reciting
a free-form work of his own composition entitled Excema: The ,
Story of a Boy while behind him a jazz trio played 200 choruses
of Tin Roof Blues.
"Herkie,"said I, "come home with me to the artificial cherries."
"No." said Herkies n madly I want home to tell TTnol Wnlte
Going Abroad this Summer?
FREE Brochures and Information
Show, to you~r farents Thanksgivingi
1329 South University
Baha'i Stud. Group, Nov. 20, 8 p.m.,
League. Speaker, Dwight Allen, "The
End of Alchemy in Religion."
Congr. Disc. E & R Stud. Guild,
"what a Christian Believes," Nancy
Prime, 10:45 a.m. Bethelehem E & R
Church Lounge; 'Peace & Politics in
1960," Norman Thomas & Michael Har-
rington, 8 p.m., Congr. Church Pilgrim
Hall: Nov. 20.
Folklore Soc., Informal Folksing, Nov.
21, 8 p.m. League, flussey Rm. Bring~
instruments, refreshment charge.
Gamma Delta, Luth. Stud. Club, Sup-
per, Illustrated talk on foreign medi-
cal missions by Mrs. Theo. Meves, Nov.
20, 6 p.m., 1511 Washtenaw.
Hillel Fdn. The building is open as a
dstuyhall Monday through tuesday.
stuydy hall, Sunday thru Thursday. 7-
12 p.m., 1429 Hill. Refreshments avail-
able for a study break.
La Sociedad Hospanica, Tertulia, Nov.
21, 3-5 p.m. 3050 FB. Cafe y conversa-
Lutheran Stud. Assoc., Nov. 20, 7 p.m.
Hill & S. Forrest Ave. Speaker: Rev. R.
Snyder, Faith Luth. Church, Detroit,
"History and Use of the Liturgy."
Newman Club, Evening of Recollec-
tion canducted by Fr. H. Mathey, Nov.
20, 7:30 pm., 331 Thompson.
Wesley Fdn., Seminar: "Christianity
from the Conservative Position," J. W.
Ney, Grace Bible Church, leading the
discussion, Nov. 20, 10:15 a.m., Pine
~W' A A " ~ A .f
I II may: