INTEGRATION-United States deputy marshals escort a small Negro girl into an all-white New
Orleans school yesterday. Two first grade Negro students, both girls, entered the school on a federal
court order In defiance;of the state legislature.1
Guatemala Sends Ultimatum
The child wore a spotless white
dress with ribbons in her hair.
She iore high blue stockings
pulled up to her knees. A loud wail
of boos came from the crowd, but
she walked straight ahead toward
the front door.
"There she is," someone it the
crowd roared. Photographers scur-
ried to get a picture.
The child and her mother slowly
mounted the six steps and van-
ished through the door.
A news vendor, whose voice
boomed across the scene like a
loud speaker, shouted: "Animals
don't mix. The birds and the bees
don't mix. Why the hell should
were already seeking negotiations
with his government.
But the 62-year-old president
I said he would refuse to deal with
"traitors." He said some Guate-
malans have been deceived and'
feel themselves "to be defending
However, he made a distinction
"between those who were deceiv-
ed, and those who sullied their
uniforms, selling out for the gold
of Castro and Khrushchev.
"We will go on until . . . all
Marxist-Castro contamination is
removed from the nation," he de-
Although the Nicaraguan in-
surgents were based outside the
country, the Guatemalan upris-
ing flared in the army. Ydigoras'
government said it was started
by low-ranking officers working
with Cuban help.
Officials in Havana denied this,,
but it was obvious the rebels had
at least moral support in the
Cuban capital, a haven for many
exiles from Guatemala.
Fourteen rebels surrendered
yesterday in the Nicaraguan town
of Diriamba, where they had been
holding 200 students as hostages
in a school. This signaled the end
of the uprising against President
However, some other Nic-
araguan rebels fled to their bases
in Costa Rica, where Costa Rica
armed forces hunted them. Three
were captured there yesterday.
Stop Cuban Aid
The government reported that
the air force, which remained loy-
al, bombed the airport at Puerto
Barrios and destroyed the run-
ways to prevent any attempt at
"reinforcements for the rebel,
movement that might be flown
in from Cuba."
Ydigoras made a nationwide
broadcast yesterday claiming the
insurgents had been defeated and
NEW ORLEANS WP)-Potected
by federal marshals, four Negro
first-grade girls marched into
two white schools in New Orleans
yesterday, breaching a racial bar-
rier that had lasted since Recon-
But, two private citizens renew-
ed the segregationist war to
force the girls out of their new
mixed classes by getting a state
district court order that restrains
the New Orleans school board
from using any money.
District Judge Fred S. Leblanc
signed the temporary order in Ba-
ton Rouge during the afternoon.
The suit was filed in Baton
Rouge by George L. Singlemann
of Orleans Parish and Lewis S.
Doherty, Jr. of East Baton Rouge
Parish as citizens and taxpayers.
In a counter move, the state
asked-and received-an order
against four members of the New
Orleans School Board restraining
them from taking any action
"whatsoever in interfering in any
way with the operation of the
school system by the Legislature."
Cibil District Judge Luther E.
Hall signed the order and set Nov.
:18 for a hearing. However, there
were reports that a move would
be made to transfer the case to
a federal court.
An angry state House of Rep-
resentatives appealed to all states
to join its sovereignty fight and
then voted to oust the four mem-
bers of the New Orleans School
Board. Only board member Emile
Wagner, a segregation leader, was
Physical resistance to actual in-
tegration did not develop despite
a gathering of 75 state policemen
working for the state Legislature.
Nor was there violence among
the racially-mixed crowds of
spectators. Cheers from watching
Negroes echoed Jeers and boos
from impassioned whites,
"They ought to take Judge
(United States District Judge J.
Skelly) Wright and hang him by
his toes," yelled one woman at
the William Frantz Elementary
School. She yelled it again and
again. It was Wright who issued
the desegregation order last May.
"The niggers are going to take
over. They're going to run us all
out of here," one spectator yelled.
Police Move In
Cordons of city police blocked
off a two block area around
Frantz. City police superintendent,
Joseph Giarrusso, said police were
there "strictly to preserve order."
The three Negro girls left Mc-
Donogh at 2:45 p.m., picked up in
three cars by federal marshals.
"You better not come back to-
morrow," someone in the crowd-
swelled to 400 at school closing-
yelled as the cars pulled away.
More than one thousand Quak-
ers assembled outside the Penta-
gon Sunday to demonstrate their
protest against the cold war and
its arms race.
The demonstration was held in
perfect weather, as participants
who came from Quaker organiza-
tions throughout the country stood
silently facing the massive build-
ing's five walls.
Some six hundred were on hand
Monday morning as Pentagon em-
ployees came to work.
Throughout the Washington
area, Quakers distributed a state-
ment explaining why they held
the "vigil" in which they said,
"We appeal to our fellow citizens
to turn from the immorality and
futility of the arms race to a
search for non-violent alterna-
tives." A delegation took some
$30 thousand to the United Na-
tions raised from voluntary tax
Local Quakers were represented
by fifteen participants.
(2 days only) Tues. - Wed., Nov. 15-16
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