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November 12, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-11-12

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Seventy-First Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OP THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
a OplnlOna Ate Fre* UNDER AUTHORIT OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Lth WIUll"VnW
STUDENT PUBLICATIoNs BLDG.* ANN ARBOR, MICH. " Phone NO 2-3241,
torials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of stafl writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"Why Don't You Watch Where You're Driving"
... / r 1ikICYN

AT THE STATE:
'All the Young Men,'
With All the Cliches
"A"' THE YOUNG MEN" is a natural for the Motion Picture Hall
of Fame. In fact, once "All the Young Men" is immortalized,
few other movies will be needed for it includes every war-movie cliche
and a. representative scene from -most every major Hollywood effort
in the last decade.
Sidney Poitier tries to recreate "The Defiant Ones" with Alan
Ladd, Hollywood's greatest monotone personality, on the other end
of the chain. (Actually, it isn't a chain, it is a blood tube. You see,
Alan Ladd's leg is crushed by a run-away. tank, and it has to be
amputated. Poitier is the only soldier with type 0 blood; there-

AY,,NOVEMBER 12, 1960

NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP SHERMAN

State's Political Split
Indicates Continuing Stalemate

ICHIGAN voters have retained governmen-
tal inaction in Lansing with the results
Tuesday's balloting clearly showing a di-
ded state capital.
The electoral mandate was again unclear and
ustrated a dichotomy of intent.
For the electorate approved the constitution-
convention, while electing Democrat John
. Swainson, who opposes con-con, to the gov-
norship.
"ONTINUATION of the stalemates of the G.
A Mennen Williams tenure is expected, as the
'ters also elected a Republican majority in
th state houses.
Definitely, the paradox of interests appears
al. However, the reasons for its existence are
it mysterious.
Although Swainson has rejected the conven-
n in favor of the constitutional commission
ethod, he did not choose to emphasize his
and after the primary. The lieutenant-gover-
ir avoided impressing his views on con-con in
e state platform, since support of the plan
d come from Williams.
WAINSON said the matter was an individual
one that should not be decided on party
ies. The fact remains that the support of
n-con and Swainson by the voters does rep-
sent irreconcilable views.
AFL-CIO State President August Scholle
ws vehemently opposed to the convention
ethod of constitutional reform, basically be-
use the urban areas where labor's strength
a would be underrepresented. Otherrlabor
lion officials have backed Scholle's stand,
it some have refused to state their opinions
acerning con-con. UAW head Walter Reuth-
the most powerful labor boss in Michigan,
a not committed himself on the subject.
WAINSON, undoubtedly was greatly helped
in his election by a large number of labor
tes who followed the suggestion of union offi-
Lls. But he was not elected entirely by labor,
fact many people forget. The Democratic
xty's strength extends beyond the labor seg-
ent of the population, and this, coupled with
e independent labor vote, was an important
ctor in the election. They voted for the Dem-
ratic slate and many also must have voted
r con-con, along with many Republicans,
uich passed by a smaller plurality than did
vainson and company.
This is encouraging to many who have always
t that labor officials ruled Michigan with
i iron hand on state issues. But still the con-
et betweenSwainson and the con-con exists,
gardless of the expression of independent
dgment on the part of voters.
'HE OTHER CONFLICT, although unfortu-
nate, does not find its basis in vote split-
ig, but rather in the apportioning of repre-
itation throughout the state. When the sys-
m of representation was established in Michi-
1, out-state rural areas were dominant and
us used their influence to assure continuance

of this dominance through an intricate sys-
tem of gerrymandering and, using the method
of moiety.
The governmental stalemate and inaction of
the previous years appears destined to continue
as long as Republicans are over-represented in
the Legislature and the majority of the state
is nominally Democratic.
THE SITUATION may be resolved, for in sev-
eral counties, that have been traditionally
Republican-and George Washington running
on the Democratic ticket could not have been
elected-new trends are evident.
Democrats have made headway in such GOP
strongholds as Bay County.
The solution involved in representing the
true views of the entire state in both the Leg-
islature and executive office, seems to lie in a
Democratic victory in the legislative races.
Only then can reapportionment come, and
proper redistribution of representatives.
HE ALTERNATE solution of electing a Re-
publican governor, although probably desir-
able for many Republicans, does not seem near
realization in view of the last election when
Swainson, a man of limited experience and per-
sonality, defeated the most intelligent and most
successful candidate the GOP has run in 14
years.
Until the dilemma is resolved, election of
one party to control both branches will result
in inaction. Tax problems will continue to
plague the state, with both sides blaming the
other. The financial crises of the past few
years appear destined to recur, with divided
leadership. The sales tax approach to the prob-
lem of insufficient state funds has been tacitly
endorsed by Swainson, whose attitude has
generally been one of let's-wait-and-see. Also
approved by the voters as proposal No. One in
the November ballot, the sales tax measure
faces stiff opposition and probable defeat in
the Republican Legislature. And so the story
goes.
W"IHILE the conflict exists seemingly along
party lines, it lies much deeper than that.
Even had Bagwell been elected, he would face
the strong ultra-conservative branch of the
GOP in the House which would still have pro-
vided a lonflict, but perhaps less sharp than
the present clash.
Regardless of the solutions to the existing
impasse between the two divisions of political.
office in Michigan, the future will be more de-
manding in terms of action and forward-look-
ing, dynamic policies. The voters have spoken
their will. The methods of changing the ex-
pression of this will cannot be effected in the
near future. Therefore, it is imperative that
the state government meet this challenge in a
receptive, intelligent, and open-minded ap-
proach.
The present situation in Michigan demands
no less.
-MICHAEL BURNS

fore, even though Alan Ladd
hated "black mer," etc.)
DIRECT FROM the teen-age
epics comes Gidget's boyfriend,
James Darren, to sing the title
song while he strums' a Korean
lute. (This is an example of the
stark realism of "All the Young
Men." Instead of a good old
American guitar, there just hap-
pens to be this Korean lute lying
around the place . . .) Not only
does Ingemar Johansson leave the
fight ring for his first motion.
picture appearance, he sings a
Swedish nursery rhyme, cries, and
shows his perfect teeth and dim-'
pies for the girls.
Mort Sahl takes a few moments
away from the "hungry i" to do-
nate some iconoclastic tid-bits,
which are glaringly inconsistent
with the general tone of the script.
Mr. Sahl refused to be in the
film unless he could write his own
lines-a shrewd move on his part
since the rest of the lines sound
like "All Quiet on the Western
Front" rejects.
A FAMOUS moment from past
cowboys is refilmed for its nostal-
gic, value. Just as Sidney Poitier
and Alan Ladd are left to fight
off the two or three .thousand
attacking Chinese, the Marines
arrive. (Incidentally, the same
thing happens in the Bugs Bunny
cartoon also on the bill at the
State.)y
Hall Bartlett is entirely respon-
sible for this hodgepodge since
he wrote, produced, and directed
"All the Young Men." Unfortu-
nately, he was not satisfied with
merely cataloguing past movies;
he had to add a "message." The
message is concerned with race
prejudice, but one cannot be sure
whether he's for or against racial
discrimination.
The only key to his attitude may
be in Alan Ladd's final words to
Sidney Poitier. "Merry Christmas,"
Mr. Ladd smiles for the first time
crumbles from his chubby cheeks,
"Sergeant."
--Milan Stitt

CINEMA GUILD:
Steps'
In

UNFORTUNATELY, early Hitch-
cock is not all that it is crack-
up to be. The suspense and drama
apparent in "The 39 Steps" are a
far cry from his latest thriller,
"Psycho."
If one is to criticize his later
works for cliches, one has only
to note the action of "The 39
Steps" to recognize hackneyed
material - the Bible over the
breast, that stops a bullet and
saves our hero from the cluthes
of spys, the young damsel in dis-
tress who staggers dying from a
knife in the. back (clutching a
map in her hand), the passionate
embrace with -a female passenger
to escape notice from searching
police.. *
ONE OF THE MOST interesting
Hitchcock twists to the movie
shows Robert Donat giving a
speech due to a quick duck from
the Scottish police.
Taking the place of another
man on the platform, he manages
to stir the audience through
eloquent pleading for men's rights,
at the same time excitig them
so that their congratulations at
the end of the speech prevent him
from making an exit before he
is caught.
Madelein Carroll who plays op-
posite Robert Donat 'is adequate
and her performance gives us a
clear picture of the stereotyped
English miss.
One more word in passing, I was-
particularly impressed by Hitch-
cock's casting of the spy's daugh-
ter. Delightful creature, or should
I say caricature. .
All in all, Hitchcock hasn't
really changed much since then,
either in quality or style, but
don't take advertisments too
seriously,
-Phyllis Feldstein

Y

3

ea ae" ~ Et ra,-m " oc tc

SOUTH VIET NAM:
Communists Subvert U.S. Allies
Through Military Rebellion

A

ROM OTHER CAMPUSES:
Protests ND
HE National Defense Education Act, passed
by Congress in August 1958, provides colleges
id universities with funds for low-interest
ins to students, particularly those who are in-
ested in teaching or who are studying in
ids related to national defense.
[t also provides that students applying for
I under the Act sign statements declaring
eir loyalty to the United States. Further, each
plicant must execute and file "an affidavit
at he does not believe in, and is not a mem-
r of and does not support any organization
at believes in or teaches the overthrow of
e United States Government by force or,
lence." The Executive Board of the Cornell
ident Government will consider this aspect
the Act.
This disclaimer affidavit is alsturbing. It
ims sensible that the United States Govern-
cnt would wish to man'e loans only to students
o supported it. But it is the governr, , not
e university or the student, that a.cides
ich organizations are taboo.
STUDENT in the NDEA program must not
belong to or support any organization con-
ered subversive by the Attorney General's
ice. The subversiveness of many of the groups
ed by the government is debatable; the sub.,
'siveness of some of the more innocuous ac-
ities of these groups is even more debatable.
3lacklisted groups have had such innocuous
cmes as "Civil Rights Congress," and have oc-
ionally participated in worthwhile projects.
ving signed the NDEA disclaimer, students

EA Affidavit

could be convicted of perjury for attending a
lecture sponsored by such a group.
Plainly such a restriction is not in the best
interests of the student or the institution. It
gives some ground to fears that Federal sub-
sidy, however urgently needed, means Fed-
eral control. The loyalty oath, on the other
hand, is much more common to government
programs. It involves little additional danger of
legal prosecution. Our main quarrel is not with
the oath, but with the disclaimer affidavit.
CORNELL has benefited from the NDEA pro-
gram. By June 30, 1960, more than five
hundred students had received NDEA loans
totaling $263,806. The amount allotted to the
University for the 1960-61 year, $250,000, is
almost as much as the total received in the
first two years. It provides an essential source
of funds.
Therefore, the Executive Board will face a
difficult problem when it considers the univer-
sity's stand on NDEA. A number of influential
colleges and universities, faced with the neces-
sity of forcing applicants to sign disclaimer af-
fidavits, have withdrawn from the NDEA pro-
grom. Among them are Harvard, Swarthmore
and the University of Chicago.
Cornell has not refused NDEA money. The
university's financial resources are not great
enough to absorb such a loss comfortably. Last
December University President Deane W.
Malott restated the university's current posi-
tion towards the loans: The disclaimer oath is
"unwise, unnecessary, disciplinary and super-
fluous," but we would still participate. Fur-
ther, the university generally will provide other
loan funds for deserving students who refuse
to sign the oath.
T HE EXECUTIVE BOARD can take a stand
against loyalty oaths in general. and the

(EDITOR'S NOTE-This analysis
of the situation in South Viet
Nam comes from two Associated
Press writers with experience in
that country. John Roderick cover-
ed closing phases of the Indo-
chinese war and saw 'go Miem's
rise to power. Rene-Georges Ina-
gaki was assigned to Saigon until
last month when the government.
displeased at his writings, expelled
him.)
1rOKY (P) -- Communist sub-
version, rising prices and grow-
ing pessimism within the army
have long plagued president Ngo
Dihn Diem of South Viet Nam,
one of the staunchest of United
States allies.
His own army battalions rose
against himearly today in a coup
aimed at ending his firm, often
rigid rule of the southern half
of divided Viet Nam.
A major reason listed by the
military revolutionary committee
for its action was a charge that
President Diem had built up a
family dictatorship. He denied his
family had any influence on his
final decisions, but the criticisms.
perhaps inflated and spread by
the Communists, persisted.
THESE ARE THE facts about
his family:
Brother Ngo Dinh Nhu has been
No. 1 adviser to the president,
member of the National Assembly
and head of the Can Lao party
which acted as a sort of watch-
dog body, and included all offi-
cials of the government.
Mrs. Ngo Dinh.Nhu was a mem-
ber of the national assembly and
president of the Vietnamese
Woman's Association. She became
the most powerful woman in Viet
Nam.
Ngo Dinh Can (elder brother),
virtual "king" of central Viet Nam,
residing in Hue.
Ngo Dinh Tuc (elder brother),
senior bishop of South Viet Nam,
played an important role among
Roman Catholics in Viet Nam.
Ngo Dinh Luyen (younger
AUSTRIA:
Foreign
Student A id
LIFE is to be made easier for
foreign students in Austria.
The National Union of Aus-
trian Students and the 26 or-
ganizations for foreign students
existing in Vienna wish to realize
the following measures: To give
advice in all university questions;
assistance to ease gaining con-
tact with Austrians; support in
the search for sub-let rooms;
health service provided by the Na-
tional Union of students.
These measures became neces-
sary after the recent increase in
the complaints of the foreigners
studying in Austria that they
mn av no disnh'nnotiontel hiorh

brother, ambassador to London, all
of Europe except France, and
Africa.
Mrs. Nhu's father was ambas-
sador to Washington and Diem's
niece was married to Tran Trung
Dung, until recently Deputy Sec-
retary of State for Defense.
* * *
BUT DIEM'S suppression of free
speech arrd political opposition
aroused hostility among some of
the very men who could have help-
ed him most. Son of a mandarin
and inclined to an autocratic out-
look, he had the old Confucian
attitude that a leader must be
obeyed. Many intellectuals in the
young republic chafed at the fet-
ters he put on their activities. The
army, called on to fight a Com-
munist enemy that struck and
vanished in the dark, grew more
and more restive.
The basic cause for the grow-
ing resentment in Viet Nam was
the government's inability to cope
with increased Vietcong (Com-
munist) activity. The Communists
have terrorized peasants, killed

local militia and officials, blown
up an American oil company tank,
and recently killed two Filipinos
and an American.
Despite army operations, their
activities have increased. The
population has found itstlf caught
between Communist terror by
night and government reprisals
by day.
* * *
EXAMPLE: THE army fires
with mortar at areas where rebels
are suspected to be operating. The
shells drop on villagers as well as
on Vietcong.
Example: A handful of Com-
munists arrives in a small village
at night and forces peasants at
,gun,, and knife point to "demon-
strate" against the government
march through another village or
listen to "subversive" speeches.
Then the army or civil guards are
alerted and shoot down or round
up these frightened peasants.
Thus the government's way of
fighting the rebels alienated the
population. Whether the new re-
gime will be more successful re-
mains to be seen.

ACWR:
Nonpartisan Stance

By JOHN ROBERTS
Daily Staff Writer
THE Americans Committed to
World Responsibility continues
to call itself a nonpartisan or-
ganization, but the stance is be-
coming increasingly h a r d to
maintain, and its leaders know it.
The desire to keep the plan for
an international civil service
from degenerating into a political
issue is a purely pragmatic one.
Support will be needed from both
parties, conservatives and liberals.
if the scheme is to be enacted
without crippling amendments.
Opposition and organized pressure
will almost certainly be forth-
coming from veterans groups and
isolationists.
The ACWR therefore seeks to
convince Congress that the issue
involves America versus the spe-
cial interests, rather than liberals
versus conservatives or Demo-
crats versus Republicans.
4'* *
FOR THIS REASON, the en-
thusiastic backing given the
movement by liberal Democrats
from President-elect Kennedy on
down may prove to be a mixed
blessing. Kennedy seized on the
student interest to revive the idea
of a Youth Corps, converting it
into a major campaign issue in
the last days before the election.
President Eisenhower, who could
hardly be expected to endorse a
Kennedy idea, led the attack on
the proposal, calling it "imma-
ture." Vice-President Nixon sec-
onded the criticism, warning that
the Youth Corps would undercut
the draft. The Republican press
i n i

whether the issue is not an in-
herently partisan one.
It should be emphasized that
the suggestion for a Youth Corps
did not originate with Senator
Kennedy. Its roots go deep into
the past. Prof. Samuel Hayes
points out, for example, that after
the Spanish-American War, many
U.S. soldiers remained in the Phil-
ippines as teachers under a spe-
cial program. But the term 'Youth
Corps' apparently did not come
into use until last summer.
AT THIS TIME, legislation was
introduced in the House of Rep-
resentatives by Henry Reuss of
Wisconsin, calling for the con-
duct of a study of "the advisabil-
ity and practicability of . . . a
Point Four Youth Corps, under
which young citizens will be
trained and serve in programs of
technical cooperation." An iden-
tical measure was introduced* In
the Senate by Richard Neuberger
of Oregon. Both men are Demo-
crats.
The bill outlined several fac-
tors which should be considered
by the study group, including the
question of draft exemption. It
was recommended that not more
than $10,000 of government mon-
ey be spent on the study, with the
rest to come from private founda-
tions.
The proposal was passed as
part of the Mutual Security bill,
and after much delay, the neces-
sary appropriations were also ap-
proved. But the International Co-
operation Administration felt that
too little noney was provided, and
si +u p nrv+a + man~lincr 2.as

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Will Kennedy *Dilute
Strong Social Program?
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press Analyst
A GREAT MANY PEOPLE, including some stock market exp'erts, ex-
pect John Kennedy to modify his social program, from the stand-
point of expense, in view of the congressional situation and the nar-
rowness of his endorsement by the public.
But if there's one thing the campaign showed it was Kennedy's
willingness .to stand and slug for his sincere beliefs. He had to back-
track sometimes from positions taken on the spur of the moment,
but on the preconsidered points of
his-platform he was highly con-
sistent.
Courage is certainly not lackig
Uin a man who would take his stand
moment when he knew the turn
Last September, Kennedy ap- of a few Southern votes could
pointed Prof. Hayes of the Univer- mean everything to him, and at
sity to lead a faculty group in a a moment when his running mate
more thorough exploration of the was trying desperately to save
problems and possibilities of a those votes.
Youth Corps. Prof. Hayes drew * * 4
up a preliminary draft, which was THAT DOES not mean that
one of the documents used by the Kennedy social program,
Mike Feldman, a Kennedy speech which Vice-President Nixon call
writer, in preparing the address i Kennedy'srspending program,
given by the presidential candidate edKwill not enedy's ed
two weeks ago.
* * Kennedy knows just as well as
UNDER PROF. HAYES' plan, a _ anyone what he will be up against
corps of "thousands" of young in the conservative-controlled
Americans would provide semi- Congress. Even the most liberal-
skilled educational and technical minded of his followers would not
assistance to developing nations. demand that he beat his brains
The three-year tour would be an out before there is some clarifi-
alternative to Selective Service cation of what his relations with
and would be paid for primarily Congress will be.
by the United States. It is more likely to be Congress
The ACWR appeared on cam- than Kennedy which makes the
pus shortly before the Kennedy revisions, if any.
speech, and has been given credit The prospective attitude of
by several top Democrats for pro- Congress, however, m u s t be
viding Kennedy with the student weighed against the possibility of
support he wanted before inject- a strong popular demand for im-
ing the idea of a Youth Corps into proved security programs if the
the campaign. - business recession continues.
The Kennedy speech, as well as * * .
the full endorsement given the ANALYSIS OF the election re-
group by the Young Democrats turns is revealing the existence of
earlier, were of course welcomed. more depressed areas in the coun
Nevertheless, they seriously cam- try than had been realized.
promised the group's alleged non-
partisanship. The turning of these areas to
* * . Kennedy hardly seems to have
THUS, THE LEGISLATIVE his- been an expression merely of dis-
tory of the youth corps and the trust of the incumbent adminis-
campaign statements from both tration, as happened in similar
parties indicate that the program circumstances. It also represents
is about as nonpartisan as free a feeling among people who are
silver. But there nevertheless unemployed, or who feel a fear of
exists some evidence that at least unemployment, that they will get
a few Renuhicans k the da greater consideration from a Dem-

4

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