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October 27, 1960 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-27

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Seventy-First Year
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Wayne Reverts to Conservatism
On Communist Speakers Issue

Comprehensives for Seniors?

All In All,.
Sahi Was Sahl

W ILL the University move to-
ward a system of compresen-
sive exams for the undergraduate?
The problem, still awaiting pre-
cise definition, was reviewed Tues-
day at a joint meeting of the lit-
erary college faculty curriculum
committee and the student steer-
ing committee.
The meeting was good not only
because of the values usually im-
plicit in combined student-faculty
deliberation, but because it served
as an important prelude to next
Tuesday's campus forum on com-
** * a

prehensive is that exam which,
given late in a student's senior
year, covers the broad implications
of his academic major. Such an
exam is relatively common on the
graduate level, but only occasion-
ally found in undergraduate pro-
What benefits are possible
through its use? "The integration
of knowledge," an unclear expres-
sion at best, is most frequently
suggested as the chief one. In
Tuesday's meeting, members of
both committees finally substi-
tuted for the phrase a more pre-
cisely-defined set of "possible good
* * *
1) MOTIVATION. If, as the stu-

TN THE LAST month Wayne State University
_V took one major step toward liberalism and
then suddenly reversed itself and retreated
two steps back toward a fear-inspired con-
The university decided to lift its ban against
Communist+ speakers at the WSU Board of
Governor's meeting in September. The ban,
which had been in effect for a decade, pre-
vented any Communist (and presumably, any
xuspected one) from addressing Wayne stu-
dents or faculty on the school's facilities.
The removal of the ban was not to be a
wholesale invitation for crackpots or propa-
gandists to speak at the school, WSU's pre-
sident Clarence Hilberry believed. He thought
the new policy was a step forward in academic
freedom. The speakers he envisioned would be
scientists or political theorists who would
discuss the Soviet Union as it now exists
and the underlying philosophies of the Com-
munist movement.
IS OFTEN very difficult for a single
i university to initiate such a liberal policy.
If the school is acting by itself and does not
have a large endowment, the publicity that
arises might destroy the school. A hostile
attitude by the public is not a good atmosphere
In which to golooking for finances.
This is especially true with a state supported
university. Wayne depends on the legislature
for the major part of its operating and build-
funds. Legislatures in Michigan have not
been overly ready to turn over their funds to
schools and colleges. The schools are more in-
dependent than the other state agencies and
hence are beyond the control of the legislature.
No one likes to give away large sums of money
and not be able to direct its spending. The
legislature, in turn, is responsible to the people
of the state. The universities, then, must
establish and maintain good public relations
the citizens of Michigan.
WHEN A SCHOOL like Wayne revokes a
long-standing policy and allows Com-
munists to speak on campus and about com
munism, there are going to be people who do
not believe in this protection and extension
of freedom of speech. In a nation which still
bears traces of McCarthysm, in a country
which still supports national congressional
committees on Internal Securities and "Un-
American" activities, in a land where people
believe that every student demonstration is
Communist-inspired, the amount of opposition
to such a liberal stand is bound to be great.
There proved to be no exception in the case
of Wayne State. A member of one of the
university's advisory boards resigned because
the ban was lifted. He reasoned, "Communists
are atheistic and destructive. Atheism is a
principle doctrine of communism and Com-
munists are working for the destruction of our
political system."
O Fanatic Detroiters carried the protest
even further. They circulated petitions
throughout the state and collected over 25,000
igna tures supporting their stand that "to
grant Communist or pro-Communists permis-
sion to speak on the WSU campus is to openly
cooperate in the latest Communist campaign to
capture and use student and youth groups."
Ann Byerlen and Donald Lobsinger, the
petitioning leaders, did not have to work
hard to collect the signatures they wanted.
"They came in so fast, we could hardly count
them," they proudly told reporters.
New York's Governor Rockefeller signed a
petition and Michigan senatorial candidate
Alvin Bentley (R-Owosso) took a public stand
against the university's position.
AN IMPORTANT spokesman for the univer-
sity, Vice-President and Dean of the Law
School Arthur Neef explained the pressure
put upon his school. "We are desperately trying
to maintain a policy that is educationally
sound in a hostile community. This can not
help but be reflected in our next appropriations
from the state."
Yet the university stood firm. Or at least it
did for a little while. Support of the ban lifting
was forthcoming from the other major state
universities, the American Association of Uni-
versity Professors, and the American Civil
[iberties Union. WSU refused to allow the

petitioners to disrupt a Board of Governors
meeting in spite of a warning that the peti-
tioners would go to Lansing and "have you
people taken out of office."
Apparently the school was going to stand
by its liberal stand no matter what might
1 HEN SUDDENLY WSU turned an abrupt
about face and refused the use of the
McGregor Memorial Center to an organization
whose secretary was a Communist. As the
ACLU was voting last Wednesday to endorse
the lifting of the ban, the university notified
Eelen Winter that her group, the Global Book
Forum, would not be allowed into the center
Friday night.

the center and was going to have that con-
tract enforced. Thus she and her lawyers
requested an injunction forbidding the uni-
versity to interefere with the holding of the
In legal terminology, it was a "show cause"
order that brought WSU to the court of
Circuit Judge George E. Bowels last Friday
morning. But the court appearance was only
a tangible symbol of a university's sacrifice of
truth and freedom for expedience and comfort.
IN THE FIVE-HOUR sham court battle, Neef,
who argued for WSU, claimed that the
Global Books Forum had attempted to perpe-
trate a "fraud" on the university. He said that
the Forum was the same agency as the Global
Book Store which Mrs. Winter owns. He said
the group was motivated out of a commercial
interest to sell books.
Arguing for the plaintiff, attorney Ernest
Goodman said the group's main purpose was to
schedule public lectures and discussions on
current topics. Books are displayed at meetings,
but urging their sale was not a policy of the
"The books are not important or necessary
to the discussion," he added. "We will even
agree not to sell them if it will make the uni-
versity happy."
Silver-haired Carl Haessler, an "unaffiliated
left winger" who is chairman of the forum,
was also not ready to accept Neef's contention
that his organization was out to make money.
"In all the meetings we held last year. our total
receipts amounted to $30."
AFTER NEEF and Goodman had addressed
the court, it was pretty well apparent that
the university had no legal stand for cancelling
the meeting and that its action was prompted
by an outside pressure on the university that
was strong enough to force WSU to back away
from reason.
The specific reasons Wayne issued publicly
in court were obviously ones that resulted from
desperate late night meeting the evening be-
fore the trial. The pressures to which Neef
alluded were given out painfully by a man who
was facing once again what is probably the
most prevalent problem of his administrative
career: How to reconcile the university's de-
pendence on public funds with the desire for a
citadel of learning impregnable to anything
but truth.
THE QUESTION of abridging free speech
and right to assembly, the basic issue in
the injunction proceedings, was not mentioned
by Neef and only scantily touched on by Good-
man. The Detroit Chapter of the ACLU, acted
as a "friend of the court," brought the issue
to the forefront. ACLU attorney Theordore
Sachs charged that "basic rights have been
seriolusly infringed upon and impaired."
Sachs claimed that one a public facility such
as the McGregor Center is made available to
the community, all members of the public have
a constitutional right to use it on equal terms.
Wayne did not have to open any of its build-
ings to the public if it didn't want to do it,
but once a facility is given over to the com-
munity, especially a building like McGregor,
which was conceived and built as a conference
center for public discussion, the university
could not limit its use by arbitrary or preju-
diced decision.
Judge Bowles held the same opinion as the
ACLU. He ruled that the denial of the facilities
of McGregor Center was "discriminatory and
capricious and in denial of constitutional
THE COURT DECISION and the action lead-
ing up to it harmed the University in two
ways. WSU, which had orginally tried to main-
tain a policy that extended constitutional
rights, was rebuked by the court for attempting
to limit them. The liberal elements who gave
their support to the school's original ban lifting
now appeared reluctant to champion WSU's
More that a mere loss of allies to continue
a battle against those seeking to restrict free
speech and thought, Wayne seems to have
lost the entire battle. Examine the reasons
that pressured the school into backing down:
the threat of 25,000 protest signatures, the
possibility that the Hungarian students would

demonstrate on campus, the feeling that the
school might be embarrassed by a group that
might be Communist propadandists, and the
fear of a lower appropriations figure from
the state legislature.
F THIS IS THE courage Wayne State Uni-
versity displays when a set of possibilities
and likelihoods arise, how liberal a stand can
they maintain on any issue when all the sig-
natures are presented, when a few students do
demonstrate, when (as has already happened)
the court decision embarrases the school, and
when the state give WSU a lower operating
Perhaps no university can stand alone and
certainly no single one ought to be asked to.

Area Exams at Chicago:
An Abandoned Child

EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
article, printed on the editorial
page of the University of Chicago
Maroon recently, discusses the grad-
ual elimination of comprehensives
at Chicago.
THE TIME has come to revive a
dying question. The compre-
hensive system, that formerly
sturdy hybrid which once marked
the annual flower of Spring, is
rapidly becoming another of the
vanishing signposts of the old col-
We view its passing with the
greatest of regrets, for, in our
view, the comprehensive idea was
one of the soundest innovations
and one of the most significant
contributions that this University
has presented to the academic
* * *
GRADES are supposedly an in-
dex of a student's academic prow-
ess. They are not a totally accur-
ate means of analysis; the letter
'C' cannot speak fully to a stu-
dent's imagination, drive, prepara-
tion, class contribution, back-
ground, and so forth. Such a grad-
ing scheme is the best economical
system yet devised.
However, the fact that it is, at
best, an approximation forces us to
ever remember that which it ap-
proximates. Here we come to the
distinction which separates the
educational idea of the "compre-
hensive exam" and the more cur-
rent doctrine.
The old college buff would ar-
gue that a grade represents a
student's command of a field of
knowledge; the new theorist
would seem to hold that a grade
approximates a student's excel-
lence in a given course.
* * *
duced upon this campus in the
thirties. They were conceived as a
sort of area examination. For the
first time in American education,
degree requirements were stated
not in terms of courses, but rather
comprehensive examinations.
A given exam was not tied to a
given course; students taking the
same comp could register for
quite different sorts of preparatory!
The exams, which were not writ-
ten or administered by the faculty
presenting the courses, were in-
tended to measure a student's
grasp of a whole academic area.
This total division between aca-
demic lectures and tests was not
maintained for long. By the 1940's
specific courses had been con-
structed to prepare students for
specific exams, but the basic idea
and ideal remained: what mat-
tered most was a student's total
and final grasp of a field.

FOR THIS REASON, quarterly
grades did not count. The prog-
ress of the intellect through a
new area mattered. less than did
the place where that mind con-
cluded its meanderings.
It mattered little, at the end
of the first quarter a student
could barely conjugate the sim-
plest French verb, provided that
at the end of the year he could,
read the language with clarity.
Just because a grade did mat-
ter to the student, it didn't mat-
ter to the grader that the student
began the year with great and
grave deficiencies progressed
slowly and stumbled frequently,
as long as the Springtime found
that student well prepared.
*' *
tion could be repeated over and
over again, as long as the student
remained an undergraduate. It
was not necessary to retake the
course to retake the comp, and
the cost, which was quite small,
covered only the clerical fees.
Should a student not be satisfied
with a comp grade, he could work
to raise the grade: the highest
grade received would become the
final entry on his transcripts.
By the current process of grad-
ual elimination of the comp sys-
tem, both of these great advan-
tages are voided. Since some
grade must be given, obviously
quarterly grades become grades
of records.
And as daily class assignments
then become part of the final
grade, a poor record can no longer
be improved by merely retaking
one test; the entire course must
be repeated.
* ., * .
old system, not the least of which
was a frequent tendency for stu-
dents to put off all work until the
last few weeks of the year and
cram for the one test that counted.
Others blithely put off, comps,
knowing that they could take
them whenever they wanted: fre-
quently they remained "untaken".
Others consistently failed to
work up to capacity, relatively
secure in the knowledge that by
frequent comprehensive repetition,
luck would sooner or later be with
* * *
but to scrap the system to avoid
these flaws is to throw out a most
promising baby with the not too
dirty bath water.
We find it most disheartening
to note that the humanities three
staff has decided to substitute
quarterly grades of record for
comprehensive examinations.
--The Chicago Maroon

dent enters his major program, he
is directly given the responsibility
for continued, thoughtful analy-
sis of his chosen discipline, he will
benefit educationally. The ap-
proaching comprehensive operates
in this sense as a stimulant or,
perhaps, a threat.
2) Organization. The student's
insights may be deepened if he en-
gages in the process of noticing
relationships between the various
ideas embodied in his separate
university courses. Through a com-
prehensive exam, for example, a
history major might be able to
better visualize distinctions and
similarities in the patterns of
thought of the British and Chi-
nese. Or a student of sociology
might see his discipline as a mean-
ingful network of ideas (if in fact
it is) rather than a congeries of
vaguely-similar courses.
* * * ~
FURTHER, a comprehensive
might not just sample the stu-
dent's accumulated knowledge; in-
stead, it might provide a test of
skills, or capacity to imaginatively
handle new material.
Finally, the comprehensive
might shift some departmental
emphasis from graduate study
and research to the undergradu-
ate student.
The hypothetical drawbacks to
the comprehensive system involve
questions both of administrative
procedure and actual effect on'the
' * *
stance, is the comprehensive con-
trary to the specializing tenden-
cies of many departments? What
kind of examination would be giv-
en a student concentrating not
just in political science, but in.
specific departmental area, such
as "Africa?"
Is the curriculum currently
structured so as to permit the in-
jection of a comprehensive exami-
nation late in a student's program
of study? Is machinery available
for administering and grading the
tests? What importance would be
attached to the grade? How would
it be determined? , .
Would the comprehensive ac-
tually enforce problems It is in-
tended to help break down, such
as the obsession with isolated
ideas (to what degree should he
isolate the meaning of his disci-
pline from other disciplines?) or
student worries about The Grade
("If I don't get a B on my com-
prehensive, my job opportunities
are ruined!")
* * * '
tinue to "branch out" freely in
other fields if they were wary of
the strenuous comprehensive ap-
proaching in their particular dis-
Are certain fields, e.g., the nat-
ural sciences, less appropriate
than others for comprehensives?
These are a few of the implica-
tions such a vast change In col-
lege policy might have. However,
the change could be more moder-
ate If one of several alternative
proposals are adopted; these in-
clude the possibility of senior pa-
pers, or an independent study pro-
gram under which all students In
a certain field would be respon-
sible for various readings in the
most significant literature of that
field. .
What is encouraging these pre-
liminary discussions is the active-
student-faculty analysis of the
questions, which indicates the pos-
sibility of an eventual conclusion
(sometimes a rare occurrance at
a university). Hopefully, further
progress in clarification will
emerge from the open meeting
next week.

"LADIES and gentlemen, the next President, Mort Sahl," the voice
announced, and the tall nervous young man walked out on the
stage and began his show to an audience which was very full in the
balcony, and sparse in the front row seats.
Sahl did much of his usual routine-most of it taken from con-
temporary news-referring to the Mitchell and Martin incident, "When
I went .to Russia, I took this girl, see-if you take a guy they think
you're defecting."
He laughed harshly at himself and scratched his head. Claiming
that he wasn't going to talk about the campaign, he immediately
launched into a discussion of what would happen if Kennedy was

elected -with scattered audience
reaction. "You see, its like the
election -one of you hissed, one
applauded, and the rest of us are
all victims."
THE TWO MAJOR themes from
which he digressed, were the reli-
gious issue, and the comparison
of candidates-during which he
spent considerable time knocking
the campaign - as everyone had
After a short altercation with
the lighting technician, who
seemed to be changing carbons
during the show, Sahl went on to
the Great Debates-as he puts it
"those two giants of passion fac-
ing each other."
"Nixon stands there and talks
about getting your children to bed
before Truman comes on, and
Kennedy keeps talking about the,
gross national product."
Going on with the campaign, he
referred to our foreign policy as
"so flexible that it allows us to
lose whole nations, while retain-
ing their leaders," and Eisen-
hower's campaigning for Nixon'
as "an unfortunate blot on his
record of not being involved in
American politics" which prob-
ably got the biggest laugh of the
* * *
"NIXON has a stronger run-
ning mate, the papers say-you
konw, he knows how to stand up
to the Reds-his Job in the UN
was to sit there, denying flights,
while the Russians sat truculently
across the table, re-assembling the
As for critique: All in all, Sahl
was Sahl, but somehow the transi-
tion from nightclub to auditorium
was never quite made--and it just
wasn't as cutting as the midnight
show at the Crescendo.
Sahl was accompanied by the
Limeliters, a group of folksingers
who sang subversive songs, some
of them in Russian,
--Faith Weinstein

And BadO'An
lieb, Alex Hassilev, and Glen
Yarborough - are typical of a
number of recent groups who have
discovered' that folks like folk
These groups range from frank-
ly commercial prostitution to seri-
ous attempts at intepretation of
traditional music.
The Limeliters 'are serious mu-
sicians trying to do something of
value musically while earning a
livingat it. They all sing, and
sing very well. Their harmony is
excellent, and their arrangements
show imagination and good taste.
S ** S
UNFORTUNATELY in trying to
interpret for a mass audience they
sacrifice too much of the feeling
of the traditional music.
Folk music is a highly subjective
and emotional art that requires
an understanding of the music
and its origins. Arrangements and
techniques may change, but it is
the communication to others that
is the vital element. Here the
Limeliters fail. To. reach a mass
audience, they have changed the
music until its only value is com-
Their most enjoyable songs are
their comedy numbers such as
"Have Some Mareira, My Dear-a,"
and "Gari-Gari." They do these
with an uninhibited vigor that is
quite refreshing.
In conclusion, the Limeliters are
probably the best of the commer-
cial singers of folk songs and good
entertainers. As folk musicians,
they leave altogether too much to
be desired.
-Howard Abrams



The Daily Offieal Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to,
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 32p.m. two days preceding
General Notices
The Mary L. Hinsdale Scholarship
amounting to $148.12 (interest on the
endowment fund) is available to single
undergraduate women, who are wholly
or partially self-supporting and who do
not live in University Residence Halls
or sorority houses. Qrls with better'
than average scholarship and need will
be considered. Application blanks are.
available from the Alumnae Secretary,
Alumni Memorial Hall and should be
filed by Nov. 4. Award will be granted
for use during the second semester
of the current academic year,- 1980-41

_ _ .

UN Civil Service Idea Gains Support

To the Editor:
IN A RECENT speech at the
University of Michigan, Sena-
tor John Kennedy asked Amer-
ica to recognize her responsibility
in world affairs. He called upon
members of the academic com-
munity to contribute their tal-
ents for the purpose of aiding the
developing countries of Asia, Af-
rica and Latin America. Short-
ly after, Representative Chester
Bowles visited this university. He
complemented Senator Kennedy's
remarks by a plea for an expand-
ed International Civil Service of
the United Nations.
In response to their challenge
for an individual approach to
foreign affairs, we have formed
the Americans Committed to
World Responsibility. We wish to
express our willingness to meet
this challenge. Our purpose is to
urge the United States Govern-
ment to expand our Foreign Serv-
ice and to actively work towards
an expansion of an International
Civil Service of the United Na-
tions. These large-scale programs
would send young, capable doc-
tors, engineers, teachers and the
like to the developing countries of
the world that ask for assistance.
Our thought is that at present
such trained people are often de-

Bowles and Vice-President Nixon,
either pledging their personal par-
ticipation in such programs or
expressing their support. We also
urge interested persons to write
to Senator Kennedy and Repre-
sentative Bowles asking them to
spell out in greater detail their
ideas along these lines. We sug-
gest that they write to Vice-Presi-
dent Nixon requesting him to in-
dicate his position on the prob-
lem. In particular we would like
them to show wherein their plans
differ from what already exists.
Address letters to: Americans
Committed to World Responsibil-
c/o Kennedy for President
261 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
Washington 1, D.C.
c/o Nixon-Lodge Headquarters
Washington, D.C.
1625 Eye Street, N.W.
Washington 6, D.C.
To develop our program on a
long term basis, we need the names
of individuals who are interested
and wish to be contacted in re-
gard tohour continuing work. We
hope that organizations will be
established on other campuses
which will co-ordinate their ef-
forts with ours. It is our ultimate

To the Editor:
WANT to add my wholehearted
endorsement to the efforts of
the group "Americans Committed
to World Responsibility." In these
days of immense change, with the
world in foment and a growing
sense of urgency about America's
position in it, I consider it to be
imperative that we actively as-
sume our responsibility as citizens
by pledging our efforts to a
spreading of American Ideals
throughout the world. The partici-
pation of our teachers, profes-
sionals, and students in an active
way is an important step in this
Even though the call for this
participation came from Senator
Kennedy, I do not consider it to
be a partisan political issue.
Rather, it is an American effort,
recognizing the forces and needs
of the 1960's. and deserving the
interest and support of all re-
sponsible citizens. For this reason,
I strongly urge you to become a
part of the movement.
-Richard L. Cutler
Psychology Department
To The Editor:
J WAS happy to read Judith and
Allan Guskin's enthusiastic

that for once the students will
shake off their apathy and get
interested in this great issue.
-Ingrid Hendrick
To the Editor:
EVER SINCE this campaign be-
gan we have wished for a ways
to demonstrate our conviction that
the real issue which faces Ameri-
cans at this time is whether or
not we are willing to take respon-,
sibility for the welfare of, the
world community, instead of en-
trenching ourselves behind out-
moded lines of national defense.
Now we learn that concerned
students are organizing a group,
"Americans Committed to World
Responsibility" and are proud to
know that young people of our
academic community have had the
imagination and courage to pro-
pose this practical commitment to
a course of action which .we hope
both political parties will support.
WE HOPE that other "oldsters"
like ourselves will feel that this
is . not only a commitment for
young people to make. Already
many members of this University,
have given one or more years of
useful service in the "developing"
areas of the world.and orrtm.

and will be announced by the end of
this semester.
Woodrow Wilson Fellowships. Nom-
ir~ations for Woodrow Wilson fellow-
ships for the academic year 1980-81 for
first year graduate work leading to a
career in college teaching are due Oct.
31, 1960. Only faculty members may'
nominate candidates. Letters of nomi-
nation should be sent to Prof. Frank
Grace, Department of Political Science,
University of Michigan.
College of Engineering Faculty Meet-
ing: Oct. 27, Thurs., 4:15 p.m. Room
317, Undergraduate Library (Multi-Pur-
pose Room).
Political Cartoon Exhibit:' A collec-
tion of original current political car-
toons in the display caseon the first
floor of the Michigan Union. Because
of the number of cartoons to. be ex-
hibited, the display will be changed
several times during this week.
Events Friday
Astronomy Department Viitors' Night.
Fri., Oct. 28, 8:00 p.m., Room 2003 An-
ge11 Hall. Alan H. Barrett, Lecturer
and Research Associate, will speak on
"The Planets and -Their Properties."
After the lecture theStudent Observa-
tory on the fifth floor of Angell Hall
will be open for inspection and for
telescopic obaerft~tions of the moon
and a-planet. Children welcomed, but
must be accompanied by adults..
World's Fair: Fri., Oct. 28 from 7
p.m. to midnight. Sat., Oct. 29 from 1
p.m. to midnight.'Twenty international
expositions, Pour 18-act variety shows
at 8 and 10 p.m. both nights. Informa-
tive and enjoyable.
Psychology colloquium: Dr. Oscar
Oeser, Chairmpan, Dep't. of Psychology,
University of Melbourne, Australia, will
speak on "Information and the Mak-
ing of Decisions; Ecological Approach,"
B. Coffee in 3417, Mason Hail at 3:45
Doctoral Examipation for Carleton
Douglas Creelman, Psychology; thesis:
",Human Discrimination of' Auditory
Duration," Fri., Oct. 28, 3405 Mason
Hall, at noon. Chairman, W. P. Tanner,
Placement Notices
The Board of Education of the Meth-
odist' Church winl have a representative
at the Bureau of Appointments on Oct.
31 and Nov. 1 to interview prospective
teachers in the fields of English, Psy-
chology, Sociology, Economics, Guid.
ance, and Librarians.
For any additional information and
appointments contact the Bureau of
Appointments, 3528 Admin. Bldg., NO
3-1511, Ext. 489.
The Mead Corp. Chillicothe,,0.-Op-
portunity as Asst. to Director of Em-
ployee Communication. Journalism or
English grad preferred. E'1xperience in
nd. Publications :Editing, layout and
graphic arta production. Age 30-35.
Argus Cameras, Ann Arbor-Opening
as Personnel Asst, for recent graduate
(or Jan. 1941' M.A. candidate.)' with ma-

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