6loo . .. .6\Michigan State 211Syracuse... .21'Minnesota . . . 21Navy . .... .35 ' Purdue:. . .24IIowa . .. ...28 Ind
. Smith .. . 0 ' Notre Dame ..0 Penn State . 15 Illinois .0... 10jAir Force... . 3Ohio State. 21 Wisconsin . . . 21 Ma
See Page 4
VOL. IXXI, No.24 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1960 FIVE CENTS
Survey Tells How
By SANDRA JOHNSON
Three University researchers have investigated how parents
pay for their children's college education and what effect this
has on their finances.
They also looked into parents' attitudes about college for
their children, and probed the anatomy of college costs, from
the parents' point of view.
They found that the average cost for an American student
to attend college for one year is $1,550.
Of this amount, parents pay the major share-$950. The
student himself earns an additional $360. Another $130 comes
from scholarships, and the final $110 is paid from "other
These figures have been published in a new study on "How
People Pay for College," by John B. Lansing, Thomas Lorimer,
and Chikashi Moriguchi of the Institute for Social Research.
"For years colleges have been estimating the amount it costs
a student to attend their school; but no one had ever investigated
college expenses from the parents' point of view," Lorimer said
Friday. "Therefore this study, which we began last September
at the request of the United States Office of Education is unique,"
"Because we wanted to investigate the parents' feelings about
college expenses, our study included only unmarried college stu-
dents who had at least one living parent."
Lpoking back on the financing pf their children's education;
about one-quarter of the parents interviewed felt it had been
difficult for them and that the job they did was not adequate.
Often these parents proved to be in the lower income groups.
When asked to explain why financing was difficult, over half of
these people who had difficulties said they found it hard to live
on a budget or to refrain from buying new things in order to
meet the expense of putting their children through college.
Others said that someone in the family had to work more
than they otherwise would have worked, or that some other event
such as illness or unemployment made the financial obligation
difficult to meet.
Another quarter of the parents interviewed said financing of
their children's educations was both easy and adequate. This
quarter is found predominately in the upper income groups.
In approximately ten per cent of the cases where the parents
had no difficulty, the children financed their own education.
About the same number received outside help from the G.I.
Bill or from scholarships. Another group found it easy because
the children lived at home and the cost of their education was
Although the parents' contribution, to their son or daughter's
education average $950 the actual amount varies substantially
from one family to the next, the study points out.
The survey results show that this variation depends upon
the income of the family, the level of education of the parents
Meet in Atlanta
By THOMAS HAYDEN
Special to The Daily
ATLANTA - Top leaders of the civil rights movement from
15 Southern and border states converged here this weekend to
assess the results of their crusade and plan a broader assault on
segregation in all areas.
They meet this morning in general sessions to consider the
application of direct action techniques against segregation in drug
and department stores, restaurants, rest rooms, beaches, schools,
churches, voting places, recreation facilities and public transportation.
The three-day conference was hosted by the Student Non-Violent
Coordinating Committee created
Stand in UN
UNITED NATIONS (MP) - The
United States was understood yes-
terday to be keeping the door open
to enlargement of the 10-nation
disarmament committee if UN de-
bate should show a majority in
favor of that.
But while the United States
might agree to the addition of
five more countries to the com-
mittee, this did not necessarily
mean it would accept all the five
that the Soviet Union has pro-
posed to add.
The issue will come up soon in
the Assembly's Political Commit-
tee, when a Soviet resolution is
pending to put Ghana, India, In-
donesia, Mexico and the United
Arab Republic on the disarmament
The Soviet idea is to supple-
ment the Eastern and Western
sides on the negotiating body with
a neutral side of equal strength.
The United States view, as
authoritatively reported, repre-
sents a shift from the position
taken at the 1959 Geneva for-
eign ministers' conference of
Britain, France, the Soviet Union
and the United States.
So the committee was set up
with a membership of five Com-
munist countries - Bulgaria,
Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania
and the Soviet Union-and five
Canada, France, Italy and the
last April in Raleigh, N. C. to
"/coordinate the activities of the
students who participated in lunch
counter sit-ins and other protest
Among the significant confer-
ence developments so far is the
indication that Negro adult com-
munities are preparing to poin
students in expanding the impact
of mass action.
Rev. Ralph Abernathy of Mont-
,;gomery. Ala., one of the leaders
of the Southern Christian Leader-
ship Conference, said yesterday
that Southern adults will be "pre-
paring to join in a massive flesh
and blood action by Jan. 1. "We
have been idle too long while the
students have acted."
Martin Luther King, head of
SCLC, and symbol of Southern
non-violent direct action, also
sees the need for more adult in-
volvement. "There is a danger in
the 'student movement' since it
suggests that adults are not neces-
sary," he warned. "This movement
must become a comunity move-
ment, cented in the urban areas
where the Negroes have created
power and mobility."
Election Day Action
Massive direct action is next
expected on election day, Nov. 8.
The conference is expected to ap-
prove a resolution today, calling
for a national demonstration at
the polls to illustrate the disen-
franchisement of many Southern
Negroes. In the meantime, stu-
dents will continue maneuvers,
designed to focus attention on
discriminatory practices in their
The emphasis, in other words,
has expended beyond its original
center, the lunch counters. "This
is somewhat good," United States
National Student Association Pre-
sident Richard Rettig feels, "since
FULLBACK TALLIES - Bill Tunnicliff (30) registers the second Wolverine tally in the middle of the fourth quarter. Blocking are
Tackle Jon Schopf (behind Tunnicliff) and End Bob Johnson who two plays before took a long pass from Quarterback Dave Glinka
and three Northwestern defenders to set up the score.
JUNIOR YEAR ABROAD:
'U' Considering ForeinStudyPln
By HARVEY MOLOTCH
year program for French speaking allots $650' for transportation, or of the program's operatic
The literary college has approv- students at a French provincial approximately twice the cost of icit of $900 is expected
ed a report urging establishment university. Centrally I - located the Union airflight to Europe. Tui- first, year, after which
of a University foreign-study pro- Strasbourg was preferred by the tion, to be paid to the University, grant of $25,000-$30,000
gram. Committee, but James A. Robert- will be $600.00 for both in-state The committee indicat
The report, written by the Com- son, Associate Dean of the liter- and out-of-state students for both would be willing to ap
mittee on Undergraduate Study ary college, said Bordeaux was al- semesters abrodd. I foundation for a ."pump
Abroad, is now pending Univer- so under consideration. If at all possible, the report grant of $25,000-$30,000 "
sity-level decision after being af- Total Cost recommends that students be bil- anticipated costs of laun
firmed Wednesday by literary col- The total cost of the program leted with individual families in program."
lege Dean Roger M. Heyns and to each student is expected to be the manner of the Experiment in An original enrollmer
the college's Executive Commit- $2,350. International Living which is will- students has been proje
tee. This approximate figure in- ing to aid the University in solv- missions will be on a
Quick action could result in the cludes tuition, room, board, trans- ing housing problems. basis with a minimum 2.5
program's materialization by next portation from Ann Arbor to The Committee estimates that necessary to apply. The
fall. France, and incidentals. total expenses to the University would be open to all unc
The proposals call for a full- The "generous" student budget will be $30,900 for the first year See LITERARY, pag
COOL, DANK DA Y:
They Carried Black Umbrellas