Russians-How Much Do They Believe
Education at Bei
Continued from Page Three
many within the next ten years, a
civilan with_ the U.S. Armed
Forces told me.
"I personally believe if it can
be postponed that long," he con-
tinued, "the Soviet Union will de-
THIS,AS contrasted with the
opinion of a Yugoslavian news-
paper editor: "Conditions in the
U.S. now, such as mass unemploy-
ment and concentration of pro-
duction power in armament, are
building up to an unavoidable de-
"But this, time, the masses will
not recover. They will rise and
turn against their masters.
"I will not be alive in 50 years
to witness it, my child, but you
will live to see the United States
flourish and grow under Com-
Both the Army official and the
editor could not be right. Large1
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world Communism. But Inside the
,. Kremlin, the stronghold of first
Study of a People and Their W ants; the Russian and now the
munist state, are five churches,
The irlwerst- nite Staes Marx, Enge ls and Lenin dictated
- Their in h United the system to which citizens of
the "classless society" of the
s numbers of drunk, evidently dis- itself under perfected communism
satisfied men wh~o are carried off - "the withering away of the
trains in Poland, start fights in state:'
streetcars in Leningrad, and clus-
ter on Moscow's Red Square each THIS LACK of trust is mani-
night might seem to give support fested just inside the triple-
to the former's theory. barbed-wire "iron" curtain, where
trains are stopped on their way
LIFE FOR THE Russians in jos-into and out of the Soviet Union.
cow and Leningrad is an il . Border guards spend a minimum
nite series of paradoxes. hour sehrching under, over, and
A true socialist state is one in inside each car for Russians with1
which the government controls a sudden whim to travel.
the means of production, distri- But the people are trusted in
bution, and exchange. And since such minute problems as payment1
the government of the Soviet for public transportation, a plant
Union is the people ("dictatorship that would undoubtedly end up in
of the proletariat"), everything is the red in major American cities.
supposedly owned and controlled Travelers in Moscow's and Len-
by the people. ingrad's streetcars and buses are
But store "signs simply read free to deposit their own money
"Books" or "Drugs" or "Depart- and take a ticket. They are equally
ment Store No. 78." Never, as in free not to.
the West, "Smith's Hardware" or The Soviet state has developed
"Jones' Restaurant." since the glorious revolution into
Despite the "dictatorship of the the number one power in Europe.!
proletariat," however, appointed Within a matter of years, it will
Soviet officials have amounted to be the first in the world, the!
'a "dictatorship over the proletar- people are told.
iat" until the time when the work- Surely, though, the Russians
ing class can be trusted to rule Wonder at still having to line up
outside milk stores or waiting a Soviet Union are subjected. Whe-
ther the people do or will continue
half-hour before they can- be Ito believe in living as -re nTd
served in a five-and-ten kopek is another qu:ston.
The people are subtly encour- A VISIT to the Soviet Union
aged to renounce GRod and to be- .leaves one unforgettable mem-
lieve in the heavenly glory of I Continued on Page FWve
Continued from Page Eight
through teaching can the fellow
finance himself. The professor, a
unit of the same cycle, often has
as his goal the publieation of his
research (if he wishes to survive
at Berkeley). Students, in his case,
are also a means to financial
stability, or to phrase it more
accurately, students are a neces-
Administrators are caught up in
the self-aggrandizement struggle
which adsorbs administrators
everywhere, but to perhaps a more
intensive degree at Berkeley.
since the university's vast re-
sources must be preserved and
since graduate and research pro-
igrams are particularly expensive
The Board of Trustees, finally,
are elected for nearly life terms
and are greatly detached from
University experience since Cal's
nine campuses sprawl all over the
And the student? He is not only
a necessary impediment to many
a scholar, not only a cipher in the
lecture hall, but his capacities as
a human being are seriously un-
dermined bya restrictive adminis-
And thein there are those of us who were not
meant to become President.
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Libe al duca ion I. DETAILED history o student
affairs at Berkeley since 1957
would pros ide many complex
'questions. In simple, impressionis-
tic form, it runs this way:
SLATE was founded three years
ago as a liberal student party
c nt ued from Pa e Seten ' contradict one another in almost dedicated to improving the cam-
all of their assertions nevertheless pus and increasing student in-
problem by alt ring the ature of 1justify their vocation b, holding volvement. After a year, SLATE
man, Although there is 1 Oge before them the spotted fabric of candidate David Armor was elected
hand that is attempting this huge "human nature." "Inhumanity" is student body president.
ioect, it is nevertheles pro- a term often used by humanists Within several months, SLATE
ceeding, impelled by all the forma- to describe efforts made to lessen became involved in protests
tive powers of the nation, the chaos that their teaching has against capitol punishment and
HE MA media do not appeal wrought. the House Committee on Un-
to MAwo man. Wh oul What they have failed to per- American Activities.
i ceive is that man is a domesticated The Berkeley administration too little for the student. Those
they? Never in history has a animal; just as all bull heifers are soon rescinded the right of gradu- who do care, or those paid speci-
society been run for whole men; gelded save for a few whose seed ate students to vote in campus fically to care, base their opera-
never have governments addressed is needed to perpetuate the pro- elections, thus furthering the tions on the assumption that stu-
their efforts toward this creature's cess of cattle-raising, so most men alienation of SLATE and impair- dents should only be granted their
must be carefully groomed in ing the party's on - campus freedoms if responsibility is first
advantage. What is needed, now their education if the process of strength. demonstrated.- But they generally
more than before, is the part- people-raising can endure. The administration, through do not admit the converse-that
man, the man who can do his part President Clark Kerr and Vice- student responsibilities might de-
cheerfully and reliably, who can HE AIM of the humanists is Chancellor for Student Affairs velop best if students were both
be happy without regarding him- sound; they want to see every Alex Sheriffs, finally handed down appreciated and given large meas-
man a king-even if his sovereign- the "Kerr Directives" which limits ures of freedom. However, at an
of his country. and so as a person ty covers only his own mind. But, the student government's jurisdic- institution of the size and scope
who must carefully debate within whenever they achieve this, their tion to those issues which the of Berkeley, it becomes tremen-
himself the future course of product desires to extend that administration will define as "on- dously difficult for the administra-
world, The average man is not sovereignty over areas which al- campus" and legitimate. tor to meet the student on a one-
capable of being President-why ready have masters-mechanical to-one basis, which is perhaps the
torture him by demanding of him masters that need no sympathy, FINALLY, The Daily Californian, finest way for both appreciation
that he think as if he held his fate but only an occasional winding the student newspaper, has and responsibility to be developed.
in his own hands? Whytrequire ofup. been placed under the general
a man tired from the tensions ofupjben ladudrth gnrl
a day's work that he turn his The modern people, who are at authority of a "consultative" A PROBLEM rises at this point
thoughts to the novels of Kafka peace with their society, who are board-Sheriffs says the paper, for ' for Michigan, as well as Berke-
or the plays of Pirandello. The at peace even with atomic war one thing, has been devoting too ley. Surely, there is more empha-
whole man cannot be happy doing (should it prove necessary)-these much attention to events which sis on the student here-both in
a part-man's work, nor can the have substituted "Queen for a occur off the Berkeley campus. the classroom and in extra-curric-
part-man ever feel what it means Day" for an ephemeral kingship. Obviously a crisis stage has been ular activities-than at Berkeley.
to be otherwise than he is; at On afternoon television programs, reached, partly engendered by But certainly Michigan is tending
most he will feel a resentment, expensive and symbolic appliances students who do not always at- in the same academic directions
and a rightful one, towards those are given away to those who can tempt conciliation or understand- at the California school--graduate
who tell him there is something guess their prices. Charcoal broil- ing with their opponents, but and professional enrollment is
evil about being content to mark ers and electric ovens go to hun- mostly by administrators who take pushing to 40 per cent of the total
off one's life with autos, or, in the dreds of happy folk who utter either bored or paranoid attitudes enrollment, and research and sci-
phrase of T. S. Eliot, "with coffee- oohs of animal pleasure, while towards students. ence are the most financially im-
spoons.',Continued on Page Twelve In short, many at Berkeley care portant activities.
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NO ONE could argue that study'
in the humanities is fruitless.
The fables of Jeremiah and those
of Nietsche offer us interesting
views of bygone times. The history
of the downfall of the Roman
republic is absorbing in its ac-:
count of that ancient rage. The
gradual gap that arose between
Issues and their representation,
the restriction of the governors
to members of a power elite, and
the apathy of the mass of Roman
voters are undeniably interesting,
because of their superficial re-
semblance to events nearer at
It is ironic that scholars who
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