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October 07, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-07

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Republic of

South Africa

Vote Shows
Afika aners

Cuba Blames Attack on U.S.

In Majority
May Result in Break
With Commonwealth
Africa has voted to become a
republic with a president instead
of the British monarch as chief
of state.
The republic will be proclaimed
next year to replace the Union of
South Africa, a setup that came
in 1910 in the peaceful aftermath
of the Boer War to reunite the
four provinces and Britain. A pre-
vious Republic of South Africa,
recognized by the British in 1853,
had dissolved in long conflicts.
Ends Monarchy Ties
The decision in Wednesday's
referendum - to return to the
republic and end the constitutional
monarchy relationship of mutual
sovereignty - may cost South
Africa its membership in the
British Commonwealth, with all
its trade advantages.
Members opposed to South
Africa's white supremacy policy
may blackball South Africa when
it seeks admission as a republic
to the British community.
Bearing out predictions of an
electronic brain, votes favoring
the republic yesterday rose to more
than half the 1,800,748 total reg-
istration in South Africa.
Five Districts Uncounted
The republican majority reached
67,528, with only five of the 156
voting districts to be heard from.
In the main, the referendum
was a battle between the Afri-
kaans-speaking South Africans of
mainly Dutch descent who favor
a republic and English-speaking
South Africans who want to re-
tain the constitutional monarchy.
The big majority in South Africa
- the 10 million Negroes and
those of mixed blood --were not
allowed to vote.
He declared the referendum was
not an endorsement of Prime
Minister Hendrik Verwoerd's na-
tionalist policies of white domi-
nation. He said the vast majority
-the nonwhites-coul not' nWke
their views known.'
Names GOP
Resp onsible
For Failures
F. Kennedy last night blamed
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
and the Eisenhower administra-
tion for policy failures which he
said led to establishment of a
militant communist satellite in
"It is the party in power which
must accept full responsibility for
this disaster," the Democratic
presidential nominee declared in
a speech at a fund raising dinner.
As for Nixon's role, Kennedy
said the Republican White House
candidate has admitted that a
strong program of United States
aid for Latin American develop-
meht might have produced enough
Cuban economic progress to pre-
vent Fidel Castro's takeover.
Visited Cuba
The Vice-President was in Cuba
five years ago "gaining exper-
ience," Kennedy said, adding that
his only conclusion expressed at
the time was that the Batista
dictatorship had impressed him
very much.
"Mr. Nixon could not see then
what should have been obvious -
and which would have been even
more obvious when he made his
ill-fated' Latin American trip in
1958 - that unless the Cuban
people, with our help, made sub-
stantial economic progress, trouble

was on its way," the Democratic
candidate said.
"If this is the kind of experience
Mr. Nixon claims entitles him to
be president, then I would say
that the American people cannot
afford many more such exper-
Repeat Mistakes
The senator declared that "the
great tragedy today is that we are
repeating many of the same mis-
takes throughout Latin America.
"The same grievances - the
same poverty and discontent and
distrust of America which Castro
rode to power - are smoldering in
almost every Latin nation."
Nixon last night charged his
opponent's record on medical care
for the aged is "up to bat three
times, struck out three times."
Nixon emphasized his own
voluntary state-operated program

HAVANA ( -Fidel Castro's
government claimed yesterday its
armed forces are in hot pursuit
of 24 survivors of a 27-man inva-
sion force from the United States
which landed near the eastern tip
of Cuba.
. United States policy directors
were blamed for the incursion.
A communique of the Armed.
Forces Ministry 'said militiamen
intercepted the invaders soon aft-
er the landing at Navas Bay, kill-
ed their leader and captured two
Leader Described
The leader, Armentino Feria,
was described as a former cap-
tain in the private army of ex-
Sen. Rolando Masferrer, a once-
powerful figure in the Fulgencio
Batista regime who is now a ref-
ugee in the United States.
A spokesman for the prime min-
ister's office said Fidel Castro,
who is in Havana, regards the
landing as "of very little impor-
Navas Bay is on the north
shore of Oriente Province, the
cradle of Castro's revolution, be-
tween the mining town of Moa
and Baracoa.
Escaped to Mountains
The communique said the two
dozen men, including three Amer-
icans who eluded the militiamen,
seized 50 Cuban farmers as host-
ages and hiked to an area in
that mountainous region called
Nuevo Mundo (New World).
"This group can not escape
pursuit of the revolutionary army
and rural militiamen," the com-
munique declared.
It reported seizure of a large
American flag, a book on U.S.

Army regulations and seven Amer-
ican carbines in the opening
-,Time Unclear
Exactly when the landing oc-
curred was not made clear. The
communique, which was undated
but was handed to Havana news-
papers at 2 a.m. yesterday, said
it came "at dawn yesterday."
Reports circulated in Santiago,
the Oriente Province capital 90
miles southwest of Navas Bay,
that the landing was made sev-
eral days ago and the clash with
militiamen developed soon after-
A rumor in Santiago was that
the pursuit is commanded per-
sonally by Prime Minister Castro's
younger brother, MaJ. Raul Cas-
tro, the armed forces minister.
Reports Coincide
Unofficial reports of substantial
counterrevolutionary activity in
various Oriente areas coincided
with the government's announce-
ment of the Navas Bay landing.
Among these was a report that
dissidents numbering up to 150
men, including deserters from
Castro's forces, had joined insur-
gent bands in the mountains.
Travelers from Oriente reported
widespread dissatisfaction with
the government and said many
soldiers were waiting an oppor-
tunity to switch sides. There was
no official confirmation in Ha-
Though the communique refer-
red to the farmers with the in-
vaders as hostages, there was
speculation in Havana that the
farmers may have joined the
The communique said, however,

UN Absurd
To Premier
LA TOUR DU PIN, France (M)
- President Charles de Gaulle
declared last night that France
will remain aloof from the "absurd
bargaining and warlike dangers"
of the UN General Assembly.
He is the only Big Four leader
to shun the current assembly in
New York. President Dwight D.
Eisenhower and Britain's Prime
Minister Harold Macmillan have
spoken in the assembly and Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev is still
there, intermittently speaking and
The French president was clear-
ly anticipating an adverse vote by
the Assembly on the Algerian
independence issue. He made his
remarks in a brief extemporaneous
speech on arrival here from Paris
via Lyon. Today he makes a major
policy speech at neighboring
Recalling his own role as pro-
visional president of France in.
1945 at the UN charter conference
in San Francisco, de Gaulle re-
"I was once one of the founders,
along with four other great powers,
of the United Nations organiza-
tion. We brought our support to
that institution.
"But we did not do so to allow
the organization to degenerate into
a sort of permanent scandal, with
emotional speeches, absurd bar-
gaining and warlike dangers.
"France does not lend herself
to that, and will not lend herself."
De Gaulle said the UN has no
role to play in Algeria, and called
it strictly a French problem.

Report Hits
Farm Plan
WASHINGTON P) - A report
prepared at the Agriculture De-
partment says Sen. John F. Ken-
nedy's farm program would shrink
the nation's farm plant a fifth
and cost a million jobs in agri-
culture and related industry.
In addition, it said the program
would boost farm prices 50 to 60
per cent over last year and in-
crease food prices about 25 per
cent. Current farm prices are
about 1 per cent below 1959 lev-
The report was supplied to Vice
President Richard M. Nixon, Ken-
nedy's Republican opponent for
the presidency, for a speech Nixon
made in New Jersey earlier this
week. Nixon claimed the Kennedy
program would raise consumer
food costs.
A department spokesman said
no similar analysis has been made
of the farm proposals advanced by
Nixon, but he said one will be
prepared if qualified Democrats
ask for it.

Briton Expresses Confidence
LONDON W--Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan came home UN members are wearp of Pre- we failed to 'deal with in
from the United Nations yester- mier Khrushchev's tactics - a last May. I hope we shall bf
day expressing confidence that view supported by an Associated to organize a meeting for
things look better now than they Press survey of editorial opinion purpose. I am very hopef
did after collapse of the Summit in Europe and among neutral na- think the Russians will ag
conference in May. tionast,
eendced ay opinion Macmillan merely said Khrush- More Hopeful
He indicated that in his hdpinionat-.._._-

Boston Lawyer-Star Welch,
Dies in Cape Cod Hospital

*--invasion leader?
that some escaped and gave the
army information on the invaders,
including the fact that they have
three packmule loads of arms and
supplies. The report that three
Americans are in the band also
was attributed to ex-hostages.
Come one! Come all!
Folk Music
Union Ballroom
8:30... Fri., Oct. 14
Tickets at Union & Disc Shop



STsT Emom


HYANNIS, Mass. 4M) - Joseph
N. Welch, the Boston lawyer whose
dry wit and keen legal mind gain-
ed him nationwide prominence in
the televised Army - McCarthy
hearings six years ago, died yester-
Living in retirement in his se-
cluded Cape Cod home, he was
hospitalized early last month for
a heart condition. His wife was
at his bedside when death came
unexpectedly in Cape Cod hos-
pital. He was 69.
Little Known
Until the Army-McCarthy hear-
ings put his face on the nation's
TV screens he was little known
outside legal circles - but was
considered a lawyer's lawyer.
News Chain,
Backs Nixon'
NEW YORK P) - The Hearst
newspapers announced yesterday
their endorsement of Vice-Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon, the Re-
publican candidate for president.
The 12 newspapers, which list:
themselves as politically indepen-
dent, endorsed President Dwight
D. Eisenhower in 1952 and 1956.
In editorials printed today, the
newspapers say:
"Our choice is the ticket of Vice
President Nixon and Henry Cabot
"In making it we acknowledge
the patriotism, integrity and poli-
tical sagacity of Sen. Kennedy and
Sen. Johnson. These qualities are
beyond question. They are fine
dedicated Americans.

He frequently was called by
other law firms and attorneys for
After he gained fame as coun-
sel for the army in its wrangle
with the late Sen. Joseph Mc-
Carthy, he was in demand - in
the movies and on television.
Earns Nomination
In 1959 he moved from the
courtroom to the movie lot, and
portrayed a judge in a film called
"Anatomy of a Murder." His act-I
ing earned him a nomination for
an Academy Award.
Recently he had been the host
for a televised mystery series. He
also did several "Omnibus" pro-
grams, explaining the law and its
workings in laymen's terms. He
also had delivered lectures on the
United States Constitution.
Two Lens
Photo Deportment,
State St. at N. University

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