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Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXI, No. 13 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1960 FIVE CENTS
Hint Cuba Wants
fuevara Reported Ready to Ask
For Barter Plan with Communists
HAVANA (W)-The real purpose behind Ernesto (Che) Guevara's
forthcoming visit to Moscow is to negotiate the sale of Cuba's en-
tire 1961 sugar crop to the Communist bloc through a gigantic barter
deal, government sources said yesterday.
Guevara, Cuban National Bank chief, leaves for the Soviet Union
soon to take part in the Nov. 7 celebration of Russia's October Revo-
Informants said, however, Guevara is using the observance as a
cover for his real mission hopes of talking the Kremlin into buying
all the sugar Cuba produces in return for the Communist bloc's
right to become this island na-
WASHINGTON (M)-Vice Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon Invaded
the South again yesterday in a
new appeal for Dixie votes while
his rival, Sen. John F. Kennedy,
sought to woo the farmer vote in
the Illinois corn belt.
Each concentrated on com-
plaints regarded regionally as big
soft spots in the opposition ar-
In Virginia and North Caro-
lina, Nixon sought to capitalize on
widespread Southern dissatisfac-
tion with the Democrat platform
which many Southerners contend
is too liberal.
Kennedy, the Democratic nom-
inee, assailed Republican farm
policies. Hard times on the farm,
he said, must not be allowed to
develop to the point that "a Dem-
ocratic administration must once
again be called in to bail out the
In remarks prepared for a par-
ty rally at Springfield, Kennedy
"I say it is time to face up to
our farm situation before we
reach the bottom, before the price
of corn falls any further, before
any more farms are auctioned in;
distress, before there are any more
proposals to get rid of the sur-
pluses by getting rid of the farm-
Larger A p
Presented to Nine
By PETER STUART
The City Council approved a
resolution last night which cleared
away barriers to the city's annexa-
tion of 386 acres of land in Pitts-
field Township, of which 210 acres
are for a proposed research park,
by accepting two requests asked
by the Pittsfield Township Board.
Pittsfield Township Clerk T.
Bruce Rider has said that he and
three other members of the seven-
member board would vote to re-
lease the land if the two requests
were met. The board refused the
annexation bid 4-3 Sept. 23, but
another vote is scheduled Oct. 14.
In the unanimous council re-
solution, Ann Arbor agrees to:
1) ". . , Participate in the cost,
in the event the pending South
Industrial Research Park an-
nexation action shall be consum-
mated, of the improvements to
South State Street now underway
by the County Road Commission
to the extent of 21 per cent (esti-
mated at $2,500-2,700) of the total
cost thereof to the township of
2) ". . . in the event said an-
nexation is consummated, . .. fix
zoning theron consistent with light
industrial and research usage."
Recognizing that the requests
are "a matter of mutual interest"
to both the city and township, the
council was "prepared to make its
position known" on certain of
them, the resolution said.
A meeting between members of'
the township board and the staff
of the city administration has
been arranged Friday "to try to
reach final agreement" on the
remainder of seven requests under
consideration, City Administrator
Guy C. Larcom, Jr., said.
STRASBOURG, France ()-The
European Court of Human Rights
met for the first time yesterday.
It opened deliberation on a case
brought by an individual citizen
against a government.
In the precedent-setting action
the court took testimony in the
case of Gerard Richard Lawless
against the Irish Republic.
Lawless complained that he
was arrested on suspicion of be-
longing to an illegal organization
-the Irish Republican Army-in
1957 and was' held five months
without charge or trial. He claim-
ed his detention was a breach of
the Human Rights Convention
which guarantees the right to
liberty and security of person and
the proper administration of Jus-
Lawless asked an undisclosed
amount in damages.
The seven-judge court is head-
ed by Dene Cassin, former Vice
President of the French Council
From the ;depth
of the beloved cave
Deep in the Forest Glen
From the temple of
their beloved Stonehenge
The Mighty Oaks came.
Searching for the product of
the seedlings now three years
tion's sole supplier of imports.
There was no official confirma-
tion of the reported plan, but well
qualified Cuban sources say it al-
ready is on paper with Guevara
proposing that the Communists
buy all Cuban sugar, not only in'
1961, but in years to come.
Dependence Would Result
Such a deal would bind Cuba to,
dependence on the Soviet econo-
my even closer than this year's
petroleum agreement by which
Russia supplies all of Cuba's
crude oil requirements.
Sugar experts here said the re-
ported barter deal could upset
operations of the world sugar
stabilization agreement, to which
Nine faculty members received
awards totalling $7,000 yesterday
in recognition of their achieve-
ment and service to the Univer-
For the fifth successive year,,
five professors were given "Dis-
tinguished Faculty Achievement",
awards, consisting of a certificate'
and $1,000 each. They are Dr. Paul
S. Barker, professor of' internal
medicine in the medical school;
Dr. Thomas Francis Jr., professor
and chairman of the epidemiology
department; Prof. Lewis M. Hol-
land of the electrical engineering
department, Prof.rE.iLowell Kelly,
chairman of the psychology de-
partment; and Prof. Hans Kurath
of the English department and
editor of both the Middle English
Dictionary and the Linguistic At-
For the first time, four "Dis-
tinguished Service" Awards were
given to those of the rank of in-
structor or assistant professor,
consisting of a certificate and $500
FACULTY AWARD WINNERS-University President Harlan Hatcher (left) and George E. Parker,
Jr., Vice-Chairman of the Development Council (right) congratulate (from left to right) Prof. Hans
Kurath, Dr. Paul S. Barker, Prof. E. Lowell Kelly, Dr. Thomas Francis, Jr., and. Prof. Lewis N.
Holland, after the President's annual address to the Faculty Senate.
Kadar Protests Debate
On Hungarian Uprising
UNITED NATIONS (M)-Hungarian Communist Party Leader Awards went to Prof. Sheridan
Janos Kadar said yesterday the discussion of the Hungarian ques- W. Baker of the English depart-
tion in the General Assembly is an inadmissible attempt to inter- ment, Prof. A. Bruce Clarke of the
fere in his country's domestic affairs. mathematics department, Prof.
Kadar was the last of the six satellite leaders to address the Gen- John A. Flower, assistant dean of
eral Assembly. As did his colleagues, he fully endorsed Premier Ni- the music school, and Prof. Law-
kita S. Khrushchev's views on disarmament, colonies, the Congo rence B. Slobodkin of the zoology
crisis and the Algerian war. The awards made possible by
Everyone is aware, Kadar said, that "the much disputed 1956 The U wrsy deeosmeby
events in Hungary are outworn questions, settled by history and be- presented by President Harlan
longing to the past." He describ- ITEtcher followini his annual
Full Program Starts.
At Dearborn Facilities
By SUSAN FARRELL
The Dearborn Center began classes yesterday with a full academic
program and 215 full-time students.
There are 14 new faculty members to handle an expanded cur-
riculum which Includes the new liberal arts program-history,
philosophy, political science, chemistry, mathematics and psychology.
Electrical engineering has beei; added to the work-study program
and courses necessary for certification as secondary and elementary
For Red China
UNITED NATIONS (A) - The
Soviet bloc resumed its all-out
campaign last night to win a seat
for Red China in the United Na-
At a special night session of the
98 - nation General Assembly,
Czechoslovak President Antonin
Novotny called for a reversal of
the Assembly's Steering Commit-
tee recommendation that action on
the China representation issue be
deferred for another year.
Despite the support of a num-
ber of Asian and African nations,
there appeared no chance that
the Assembly would place the
question on its agenda. But the
long list of speakers already in-
scribed assured a thorough debate
even though the issue is not for-
mally'listed for action,
Novotny said he considered the
United States opposition to action
on the China representation ques-
tion as provocative and unaccept-
able. The seating of the Peiping
regime, he said, would enhance
the prestige of the United Nations.
ed the 1956 anti-Russian national
uprising as "a counter-revolution-
ary putsch organized abroad, pre-
pared for many years by interna-
tional reactionary forces."
"State of the University" address
to the faculty in Rackham Lecture
Hall last night.
The ceremony was presided over
by Prof. Wesley H. Maurer, chair-
S --o* J.i C(
Invites Officials !man oz the ;Li.e 8 Ste £1u', I o
Kadar invited United Nation of- mittee. Also taking part was
ficials to visit Hungary to see the George E. Parker, Jr., vice-chair-
situation in his country, which he man of the Development Council
depicted in rosy colors. and vice-president and trust offi-
But, he said, his government is cer of the National Bank of De-
not willing to receive or to give troit.
information to Sir Leslie Munro, The citations were read by Erich
special UN representative on Hun- A. Walter, assistant to the presi-
gary, who has been assigned, Ka- dent and secretary of the Univer-
dar said, "to deal with a cold war sity.
He said he wanted to answer , r' A 1_
those who "are eager to know
when Soviet troops will be with-
drawn from Hungary."
Dissolve Warsaw Pact
This will happen, the Hungar-
ian Communist said, as soon as
the Warsaw Pact can be dissolv-
ed, simultaneously with the disso-
lution of the Atlantic (NATO) Al-
liance. "Then there will be no
foreign military units in any one
of the countries in the world,"
He invited all Hungarian refu-
gees who left his country after
the Russians crushed the 1956 re-
volt to return to his country be-
cause they are "the unfortunate
victims of cold war propaganda."
Party 1o Ask
The executive committee of the
recently organized campus politi-
cal party decided yesterday to
apply for Student Government
Recognition is necessary for the
use of University facilities.
The executive committee will
meet Wednesday at 8:30 in a ses-
sion open to interested students
to begin drafting the platform in
Rm. 3k at the Union. It will be
preceded by committee meetings
school teachers are being offered
for the first time.
"We have laid a firm foundation
for the undergraduate program,"
Vice-President William E. Stirton,
director of the Center said.
"Now we can begin to think of
establishing a more complete pro-
gram for full and part-time grad-
uate students as well as extending
the cooperative program to include
the liberal arts."
Stirton said that last year's
"pilot operation" at Dearborn,
which opened a year ago Septem-
ber with 33 students and 8 fac-
ulty members, has been "an un-
usually rewarding one."
"It has been a real satisfaction
to the students participating, a
complete satisfaction to every em-
ployer, and extremely helpful to
the faculty and administration;
it has confirmed our judgement
and given us ideas and stimula-
tion for the extension of the pro-
This term's full-time enrollment
of 215 includes 70 students in
business administration, 100 in
.and mechanical - and 45 in the
liberal arts program and teacher
certification courses which are
not included in the cooperative
The full slate of speakers for
the fall semester of the Challenge
program was announced recently.
Paul Blanshard, author of
"American Freedom and Catholic
Power will speak Oct. 10.
General Counsel to the AFL-
CIO Arthur Goldberg will speak
on the civil rights of labor union
members Oct. 13. Racial discrimi-
nation will be discussed Oct. 27 by
Michigan State University Presi-
dent John Hannah.
Henry Steele Commager, pro-
fessor of history and American
studies at Amherst will be keynote
speaker for the colloquium week-
end beginning Nov. 18. Tentative
arrangements schedule a discus-
sion of due process by law by
Michigan Supreme Court Justice
Talbot Smith on Nov. 19.
Michael Herrington will dis-
cuss racial discrimination, also
Leading socialist Norman Thom-
as, the final speaker, will speak
on the United States security pro-
gram and civil liberties Nov. 20.
WASHINGTON P) - United
States delegates to the annual
conference of the International
Association of Chhiefs of Police
yesterday debated the merits of a
national crime commission but
took no action on the question.
Milton R. Wessel of New York,
who headed a special group on
organized crime for Atty. Gen.
William P. Rogers, opposed the
commission idea. He said its pow-
ers would be limited to investiga-
tion, and that investigation and
prosecution should always go to-
Wessel said when he ended his
special assignment in the Justice
Department last year, his group
recommended a permanent new
federal enforcement unit to corre-
late information and prosecute
Expressing regret that this
recommendation was not adopt-
ed, Wessel said:
"There is a vacuum in syndi-
cated crime enforcement which
has permitted crime syndicates to
flourish to such an extent that
they have become one of our most
serious domestic problems."
On the other hand, FBI Direc-
tor J. Edgar Hoover, in an ad-
dress before a general session of
the convention, condemned "fed-
eral crime commissions, national
clearing houses and special prose-
cuting teams to cover the United
States." Describing them as poten-
tially dangerous to the American
system, Hoover said:
"No profession in our country
has been so beset by outside theo-
rists and pressure groups as law
Sees Need for Unity
In Age of' Paradox
By MICHAEL OLINIC
"The state of the University Is,
in many respects, the best it has
ever been," University President
Harlan Hatcher said last night in
his annual address before the Fac-
"We have not, however, moved
as fast as we would have liked,"
he said, announcing that the Uni-
versity would ask the state leg-
islature for an increased budget
this year. This would be necessary
even if we only considered the
growing economy of the state and
the increased population, he ex-
"Although we have certainly
not lost position," President
Hatcher said, "our hopes far out-
ran our accomplishments."
Obstacles to a larger budget
can be removed only by the peo-
ple of the state, he said, noting
a growing awareness of the public
of the absolute necessity to pro-
vide more state services.
"The University faces the need
of getting and keeping a feeling
of unity with an age of paradox,"
he said. "We have shattered the
physical difference between na-
tions, yet at the same time we
have separated the world into
groups because of their differences,
instead of their overwhelming
"In the midst of material
plenty, we still profess the need
to search for goals. On our own
level we have to avoid separating
schools, colleges, and .departments
and strive to create one great
In attempting to define the pur-
pose of the University, President
Hatcher emphasized the "en'r-
mous responsibility we carry to
unite all individual capacities and
dedications." The creation of a
proper atmosphere for the in-
quiring mind of the student is the
function of the faculty and ad-
ministration he said. "This we
"The student comes to us at an
age of paramount importance to
the unfolding of his personality,"
he added. "He has no sustained
involvement in a work situation
and his basic commitment is to
his studies. Yet he is aware of thie
tense world about him and of his
WASHINGTON W?)-Dr. Linus
Pauling yesterday accused the
Senate Internal Security Sub-
committee of harassment and said
it "is a discredit to the Congress
of the United States and to the
people of America."
Sen. Thomas J. Dodd, D-Conn.,
vice chairman of the subcommit-
tee, earlier in the day had accus-
ed Pauling of posing as a martyr
in refusing to name those who
helped him get signatures of 11,
021 scientists 'opposing nuclea
' Asks Names :
The committee has been de-
manding the names of Pauling's
helpers and the Nobel Prize win-
ning scientist has requested the
Supreme Court to uphold his re-
fusal to name them.
Dodd said the only thing the
committee is investigating is this:
"Was there substantial Com-
munist participation in the or-
ganization of the petition? Was
the petition utilized for Commu-
nist propaganda purposes, in sup-
port of Soviet foreign policy, and
if so, in what manner and to what
Pauling, whose home is in Pas-
adena, Calif., said in a two col-
FIRST TO PICK UP SATURN:
U' Scientists Set New Record in Radio Astronomy
By RALPH KAPLAN
University scientists became the
first in the world to receive radio
waves from the planet Saturn and
the planetary nebulae this sum-
University radio astronomers re-
ceived a radio signal from Saturn
on August 25, but their work in
radio astronomy has been going
on since 1957.
The science of radio astronomy,
or gathering data on outer space
based on recording of radio waves,
was begun in 1932, but since then
measurements have been taken on
the planets Mars, Venus, Jupiter
and now Saturn.
Work on Saturn
"Work on Saturn was made
nnih1 hv is of a ruby maser.
of four years. The research was
begun by Prof. Chino Kikuchi, of
the nuclear engineering depart-
ment in the summer of 1956. In
December 1957, the ruby was
proved to be feasible as a radio
amplifier, when a successful dem-
onstration was made of maser ac-
tion in ruby.
In 1957 an improvement and
development program was started
on the maser, and in the summer
of 1958 a project was begun to
consolidate the maser into a
smaller, portable unit. In charge
of this project were Jerald J.
Cook and Lloyd G. Cross, research
associates at Willow Run, They
were aided by Blake Arnold and
Max Bair, research assistants. All
entists working at Peach Moun-
tain, received their strongest sig-
nal from Saturn and announced
the discovery. The Willow Run
group, working with University
radio astronomers, also received
signals from a planetary nebula
this summer, thus becoming the
first to do so.
"Radio astronomy," said Prof.
Haddock, "has three advantages.
First is the scientific advantage
of its ability to see through cosmic
dust clouds. Second is the value
of its relative practability com-
pared with space probes, and third
is its technological value for col-
lecting data useful in the plan-
ning of space vehicles."
Radio astronomy utilizes the