Cloudy and cooler,
clearing in afternoon.
Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXI, No. 10
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1960
ON FOREIGN POLICY, CONGRESS:
Candidates Trade Blasts
STRONG SUPPORT-Presidential Candidate John F. Kennedy
is affectionately greeted by Mrs. Alice Kruk at the Niagara
Falls Airport. The tall blonde mother, with two of her three
children watching, threw her arms around the Senator and kissed
Ike Sets Record Straight-
By The Associated Press
Senator John F. Kennedy at-
tacked Vice President Richard M.
Nixon's foreign policy yesterday
while Nixon was blasting the
Nixon claimed that Kennedy
had led Congress to failure and
was campaigning with "impracti-
cal schemes" and an extreme plat-
Kennedy charged that the Re-
publican administration had been
"hyptonized" by Nikita Khrush-
chev and had dashed American
hopes for an end to the cold war.
Kennedy delivered a major for-
eign policy address in Syracuse
over a statewide television net-
work, as he ended two days of
stumping upstate New York in a
determined bid for electoral votes.
The Democratic nominee for
president cited six fronts of the
Cold War where crises have de-
veloped in the year that has pass-
ed since the meeting of President
Dwight D. Eisenhower and Pre-
mier Khrushchev at Camp David.
"Each of the areas had been
visited by Mr. Richard Nixon,"
If Vice President Nixon, his GOP
presidential rival, had employed
the experience of which he now
boasts, Kennedy implied, the
crises in Cuba, Ghana, Japan,
Laos, Poland and India might
have been averted.
"Mr. Khrushchev has not been
impressed, deterred or confined in
his efforts to build a Communist
Nixon pulled off the political
gloves in his Democratic oppon-
ent's hometown and said "a mon-
umental failure is no recommenda
tion for success."
The Republican candidate for
the White House pinned the fail-
ure charge to the performance a
month ago of what he called the
"Kennedy Congress," in his Bos-
The setting for perhaps the
hardest blast the Vice President
has fired to Kennedy so far was
a Republican rally at the Boston
Armory, tied by television to 36
similar rallies in 24 states.
The Vice President said, "The
opposition has got to find fault
so they flail away at the idea that
peaceful and prospering America
has stood still these past eight
"'That is so wild a distortion that
the American people, will, of
course they should, pass it by.
Prof. John K. Galbraith of Har-
vard University, economic advisor
to Sen. John F. Kennedy, the
Democratic presidential nominee,
will address the Ann Arbor Busi-
ness and Professional Society at
8:30 p.m. tonight at Ann Arbor
The topic of his speech will be
"Kennedy or Nixon: Is there a
By RUTH EVENHUIS
About 100 students attended the
first mass meeting of the proposed
campus political party last night.
The party was organized into
temporary committees under the
leadership of David Giltrow, '61.
Sharon Jeffrey, '63, will head
the committee on elections which
will concentrate its efforts on
selecting and supporting candi-
dates for positions on the Student
An education committee which
will attempt to clarify issues and
arrange for their discussion will
be led by Brian Glick, '62. A
campus communications com-
mittee, headed by Judith Yesner,
Grad., will deal primarily with
publicity and inter-campus com-
munication. Jack Ladinsky, Grad.,
is in charge of a committee on
operations designed to implement
A research committee, headed by
Jean Hartwig, '61, will provide in-
formation to the committees and
candidates of Council members.
Giltrow opened the meeting with
a request that the party not be
determine by consensus what is
the party is "striving for a broad
base for issue-orientated action,"
and for candidates elected on the
the basis of ability and individual
stands on issues.
Daily Editor Thomas Hayden,
'61, told the group that "if the
party is to be dynamic it must
subject to labels. He stressed that
best for the campus, and imple-
ment such a program."
He recognized that polarization
into conflicting parties might oc-
cur, but hoped that divisions would
be based on opposing views rather
than on labels or social group
Discussing the need for student
involvement, Hayden warned that
"college is the arena in which
attitudes are learned and con-
firmed." Social scientists say that
restricted output in school pre-
sages the same performance in
Hayden called for self-direction
and responsibility as students.
"In planning significant action,"
he continued, "one must decide
whether the political party is a
Hayden sees a two-fold vacuum
of awareness and experience for
the party to fill. "Students must
see themselves as the legitimate
holders of the right to act"
"The over-riding issue of this
generation," he continued, "is that
few students are aware of the
issues and many do not care about
He referred to a political party
as a means to direct interaction
with the social order.
According to Hayden, SOC has
considerable power and potential;
a party might serve to focus re-
newed student interest in the
The party has not reached a
decision regarding application for
UNITED NATIONS - Prime Minister Harold Macmillan of Great Britain spoke yesterday to the
United Nations General Assembly. His speech was interrupted throughout by Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev of Russia, who shocked spectators by his outbursts.
Macmillan Angers Khrushchev
. S. Plans o lose Down
Big Nickel Pant in Cuba
w : Tell Citizens
Plans Export Control
On Industrial Goods;
CHICAGO UP) - President Dwight D. Eisenhower said last
night Vice-President Richard M. Nixon's "counsel has been invaluable
to me," and that Nixon is better prepared for the Presidency than
anyone he knows.
Eisenhower said he wanted to "set the record straight" as to
allegations he had heard "that the Vice-President has contributed
little to the affairs of government over these last seven and a
half successful years."
Some of these allegations, used against the Republican presi-
.Ydential candidate on the campaign
circuits, stemmed from an off the
it cuff reply Eisenhower gave several
weeks ago to a newsman's request
that he name a specific major de-
YS"tcision to which Nixon had con-
fISI lfIT tributed. Eisenhower suggested the
questioner give him a week to
1 T tD d1rm hink.
D ee s, T ruth'Obviously out to counter any
impression that - he was down-
grading Nixon's participation in,
By HARVEY L. MOLOTCHI his administration, Eisenhower
"The sacred artist must convey last night heaped praise on the
the invisible truth of God in na- vice-president as "dedicated, per-
ture; for this truth is the center sistent in pursuing new ways for
of his faith ahd thus the center improving government, and a man
of his art," Rev. Fr. Daniel J. possessed of the character, pa-
Berrigan, S.J., lecturer from Ietience, and soundjudgment so
Moyn Colege Syacue, sid es-essential for effective leadership in
Moyne College, Syracuse, said yes- the troubled world of tomorrow."
Speaking on the topic "The Eisenhower spoke at a 'Go for
Spirit of Modern Sacred Art," '60" Republican dinner organized
presented under the auspices of whip up enthusiasm - and
the Office of Religious Affairs, raise funds -for the party's pre-
the mceof Rligoussidential campaign.
Father Berrigan noted that reli- The president's talk was carried
gious art "rose organically to along with those of other top Re-
satisfy a need. Its purpose was publicans by a closed television
to give the beholder a Christian circuit to 35 similar gatherings in
view of man's destiny." various parts of the country.
This can be accomplished by the Eisenhower preceded Nixon, who
imaging of personages, through spoke from Boston, and introduced
narrative art which depicts the the candidate in classical cam-
deeds and events of Christian his- paign style as "the next president
tory, or via symbolism, of the United States."
UNITED NATIONS UP) - Brit-"
ain's Prime Minister Harold Mac-
millan presented the United Na-
tions yesterday with a cooly
phrased assessment of key world
issues, and sent Nikita S. Khrush-
chev into four furious outbursts of
heckling shouts and table-thump-
For delegates to the 98-nation
General Assembly, it was the
most astonishing performance in
the history of the world organiza-
tion. Delegates were obviously
But hours after the Macmillan
speech, Khrushchev still exhibited
boiling anger and indignantly de-
nounced the Briton's address, in
a sidewalk interview, as reminis-
cent of Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain's attitude at Munich
in advance of World War II two
In U.S. ry
At New Mark
CAPE CANAVERAL (P) -- The
Air Force attempted to launch a
Titan missile on a record 10,000-
mile flight yesterday, but the big
rocket fell 4,000 miles shortbe-
cause of premature engine shut-
If the test had been successful,
it would have been the longest
surface-to-surface missile flight
on record, surpassing the 9,000-
mile mark registered by two Unit-
ed States Atlases. Russia has re-
ported hitting targets up to 8,000
miles away with- rockets fired in-
to the central Pacific.
This was the second time with-
in a week that the Soviet Pre-
mier had upset the dignified de-
corum of the General Assembly.
He insisted Macmillan's speech
was "absolutely not" constructive.
Macmillan and Khrushchev
later had a two hours and nine
minutes meeting at Soviet UN
headquarters. Among other things,
they talked about disarmament,
Berlin and Khrushchev's proposal
to overhaul the UN structure, but
apparently neither led nor budged
an inch from his stated views.
Never before had a UN General
Assembly seen such a perform-
ance as Khrushchev's. It was the
Soviet premier's second assault
upon the Assembly's decorum
within a week, and some delegates
said they were appalled.
Macmillan, currently the rank-
ing western statesman at the 98-
nation Assembly session, was
making a major pronouncement
for the West, appealing for a
reasoned, three-stage approach to
the "key problem" of disarma-
With clipped British under-
statement, Macmillan told the
Assembly Communist slogans were
outworn and obsolete and were
distorting the world's most perilous
See Related Story, Page 3
issues. At the same time the Brit-
ish leader had glowing praise for
Eisenhower's speech last week
presenting the United States pro-
posals and point of view.
As Macmillan progressed, the
Soviet leader seemed to get stead-
ily more angry.
The Communist bloc, led by
Khrushchev, interrupted noisily
and dramatically three separate
The first interruption came
whensMacmillan rejected a Soviet
proposal to replace UN Secretary-
General Dag Hammarskjold with
a three-man, veto-wielding execu-
tive. Macmillan praised Ham-
marskjold's handling of the UN
peace machinery in Africa's tur-
Suddenly Khrushchev, at first
smiling sardonically and then
quickly shifting to an angry
scowl, began thumping on his ta-
LANSING (P)-James W. Miller,
former state controller and now
secretary of Michigan State Uni-
versity, has been named president
of Western, Michigan University,
it was announced yesterday.
Miller's appointment broke a
long deadlock on the State Board
of Education over a successor to
Dr. Paul V. Sangren who retired
from the Kalamazoo institution
presidency last July 1.
Miller will assume the $25,000-
a-year post on Jan. 1. Reins of
the school temporarily are in the
hands of Dr. Gerald Osborn, 57,
dean of liberal arts and sciences.
Announcement of the selection
was made by Chairman Stephen
S. Nisbet after a special meeting
of the board. Nisbet said the vote
WASHINGTON AM-The Unit-
ed States announced last night
that it is closing down its big
Nicaro nickel processing plant in
The action came some hours
after announcement that Ame i-
can residents in Cuba have beet
advised to send home their wives
These developments dramatized
the rapid worsening of relations
between Washington and the re-
gime of pro-Communist Prime
Minister Fidel Castro.
It was learned also that the
United States is planning to im-
pose new controls on exports to
Cuba, probably covering some in-
dustrial machinery and supplies.
From Havana, meanwhile, came
word the Castro.government in a
new slap at the United States had
refused to accept a United States
note protesting nationalization of
American banks in Cuba. Ambas-
sador Philip Bonsal was unable
to deliver the protest to the for-
eign ministry in Havana.
The $110 million, Nicaro nickel
plant in Oriente 'Province em-
ployed or contributed to the em-
ployment of 2,800 Cubans. The
plant was built in 1942-43 to pro-
vide nickel, a strategically im-
portant metal, for United States
operations in World War II. It
also performed the same function
in the Korean conflict.
It now has a capacity of 5
million pounds per year. Suspen-
sion of operation, effective almost
immediately, appears to be a blow
to the Cuban economy to which
Nicaro has contributed $80 mil-
lion over 18 years in local wages
A formal announcement by the
State Department, however, blam-
ed the closing on "harassment"
by the Castro regime and on the
imminent imposition of "confis-
catory" Cuban taxes.
The United States had negoti-
ated with the Cubans in a series
of three meetings since June 28
to sell the plant to Cuba. Castro
representatives offered the "ri-
diculously low" price of $5,386,000.
That offer brought the negoti
ations to a breakdown and Cuba
then gave the United States "an
ultimatum" that after next Sat-
urday~ Oct. 1, the Cuban taxes
would either be paid on the nick-
el or no nickel would be shipped.,
The United States said it had
offered to pay "a reasonable tax"
but Cuba rejected that offer.
The action involving American
dependentscame earlier inthe
A State Department press offi-
cer, Francis W. Tully, said that
the advisory warning appliesonly
to dependents of United States
citizens, such as businessmen, liv-
ing in Cuba. A press dispatch from
Havana said the embassy there
has also been quietly advising all
other American residents to leave
if they possibly can.
Tully said that two weeks or
more ago there were an estimat-
ed 4,500 nonofficial United States
citizens in Cuba. This means that
at least 500 Americans have left
in the last two to three weeks.
Petitioning opens today for
prospective candidates for mem-
bership on Student Government
It will close 5 p.m., Oct. 28, Dick
G'sell, '62, election director for the
Students interested in running
for seats may secure petitions in
room 3011 of the SAB where ad-
ditional information is also avail-
"This last method requires that
truths be exhibited in a hidden
way," Father Berrigan continued.
"The artist must portray mysteries
which allude expression.
"The finished work of art must
Invite the beholder but at the
same time withhold something. It
must veil mystery and simultan-
eously 'reveal it."
Father Berrigan was quick to
distinguish between two compet-
ing forms of modern sacred art:
the "traditional" versus the "con-
The latter form does not inves-
tigate mysteries, but "merely tries
to capture the emotional state of
a given age. It is a nursery of art,
childish, and attempts to assure
man that all is well and serene.
"Free play of symbol is suffo-
cated; it is stereotyped and un-
realistic to the mystery which
should be presented."
Father Berrigan defined this
"mystery" as the "intention of
God revealing itself through his-
tory; the coming of Jesus and His
continued existence among man-
Traditional art, conversely, seeks
out these mysteries from the past
and brings them to bear on the!
present. It does not avoid reality;
it presents mysteries with the de-
mands and sacrifices which they
AT POLITICAL SCIENCE ROUNDTABLE:
Experts Assess Ideology, Strategy for Election
By MICHAEL BURNS
Four University political scien-
tists discussed and sometimes de-
bated the current political race
with regard to ideology, strategy
and pressure groups at a round-
table forum last night.
Although most of the time was
devoted to analyzing the presiden-
tial contest, the political situation
in Michigan was also the subject
of varying opinion.
Michigan government is hamp-
ered by the "sharp ideological
distinction" between the two par-
ties, Norman Thomas warned.
There is not a "complete polarity"
of parties but they do represent
opposite ends of the spectrum,
because the legislators do repre-
sent opposite ends of the spectrum,
because the legislators are led by
men of clearly differing ideologies.
"I am disturbed by this. Do we
want this?" Thomas asked.
The leadership of the ultra-
conservative Republicans in the
Senate and the control of the
Detroit AFL-CIO and UAW labor
unions of Democratic elements
have kept agreement from being
reached on legislation, he said.
There has been no compromise
and there is not much chance of
a change in the situation in this
campaign. "Accomodation is im-
possible" with the present atti-
Thomas found the national
campaign marked by "a blurred
distinction of ideology between
parties". Kennedy appears to be
the more ideological candidate,
influenced greatly by Harvard
economist John Kenneth Gal-
The lack of ideological differ-
ence between the parties is due
to the cultural homogeneity of
the country, he explained.
Prof. John White answered some
of Thomas's contentions about
state politics, by blaming the
governmental institutions rather
than the parties for the legislative
impasse in Lansing.
Michigan would probably be
found in the top three of states
dominated by pressure groups, but
at the same time the state pro-
bably ranks as one of the most
effective in party organization.
He denied that Michigan politi-
cians are controlled by the whims
of General Motors and other cor-
porations on the one hand, and
not influenced by heavy industry
and organized labor, he said. Both
parties have built up strong "grass
roots" support of the organiza-
Prof. White also predicted that
the constitutional question would
pass on the November ballot in
Wayne County, despite the ve-
hement opposition by powerful
union leaders, such as AFL-CIO
president Gus Scholle.
Karl Lamb, in outlining ideolo-
gy's role in the election, explain-
ed that it is an accepted opinion
that American parties should not
be polarized in their beliefs. Thus
the situation today which finds
the parties so identical is not
cause for grave concern.
The issues dividing American
parties have never been ones of
widely differing economic policies,
he said, and even the tariff and
the New Deal found some agree-
ment in principle within the op-
Lamb said that he agreed with
WIFE-Mrs. Pat Nixon has been campaigning with her hus-
band. She heads the growing list of women in politics.
ersveld said he saw Kennedy as
believing in basing his campaign
on these assumptions: 1) an in-,
creasing liberal ideology in the
country; 2) the party in power is
not a "sacred cow" and may be
attacked with profit: 3) the ma-
The Vice President also is count-
ing on the fluidity of party affili-
ation. He is "scared stiff" of the
religious issue although he realizes
there could be possible advantage
in it. Foreign policy is the Re-
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