Ike's Aid Proposal
UNITED NATIONS (A -A new
East-West battle shaped up yes-
terday for the United Nations
General Assembly with a request
from the United States that the
Assembly . 0 n si d e r President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's program
for aiding the new nations of
United States Delegate James
J. Wadsworth asked Secretary-
General Dag HammarskJold to put
on the Assembly's agenda a UN
program for independence and
development of new African na-
In an explanatory memoran-
dum, he said this was along the
lines proposed by Eisenhower in
his speech to the Assembly last'
The proposal was regarded as
sure to draw fire from the Soviet
Union, which has asked the As-
sembly to consider a declaration
on the granting of independence
to colonial countries and people.
This was one of the issues
stressed by Soviet Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev in his policy
speech to the Assembly last Fri-
The two approaches reflected
the strong campaigns being waged'
by both the United States and the
Soviet Union for support of the
new African nations.
Items to Appear
It appeared likely that both'
Items would appear on the al-
ready crowded agenda of the 98-
Wadsworth's memorandum drew
attention to the five-point pro-
gram for aid to Africa as outlined
The United States delegate, in'
words apparently pointed at the
Soviet Union, declared:
"It is imperative that the in-
ternational community protect
the newly emerging countries of
Africa from outside pressures that
threaten their independence and
sovereign rights and that retard
their development in all fields."
He said the new African na-
tions "have the right to choose
their own way of life and to de-
termine for themselves the course
they wish to follow."
While discussions of Africa con-
tinued, the General Assembly ap-
proved the admission of the re-
public of Senegal and the repub-
lic of Mali to the UN.
The two new African states be-
came the 97th and 98th' members
of the world body.
UNDIPLOMAT-Fidel Castro addresses a last-minute crowd at
the airport before his departure for Havana. His sojourn in
the United States was ended by a five-hour tirade against this
country Tuesday night in the United Nations.
Castro Leaves Country
As Battered warrior'
iP WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press News Analyst
UNITED NATIONS--Fidel Cas-
tro went home yesterday-and so
far as his reputation as a states-
man is concerned, he should have
stayed in Havana.
He may still be a hero to his
revolutionary cohorts at home,
but in the eyes of many a delegate
to the 96-member United Nations
General Assembly, Castro is leav-
ing this country a somewhat bat-
The United States did well by
neighbors to the south there fre-
quently is a certain amount of
secret-or even open-satisfaction
in watching rich Uncle Sam take
it on the chin from one of his less
fortunate Latin relatives.
This latent anti-Yankee feeling
has been Castro's political capital
in Latin America, where he still
charms many among the masses
and raises hopes among those of
the extreme left.
Castro's speech obviously failed
to arouse enthusiasm for his
violent themes among Latin Amer-
itself Tuesday night. To Castro's ican delegations. Only the Com-
interminable tirade of almost five munists. cheerfully led by Nikita
hours, In which he accused the Khrushchev, and an isolated few
United States of responsibility for others joined in bursts of ai5-
every woe Cuba ever suffered, plause for the Cuban's meander-
United States Ambassador James i stter-hot attack on the
J. Wadsworth gave a deliberately
soft, calm reply.
That reply gave the representa-
tives of the world's nations the
impression of an understanding,'
tolerant uncle soothing a badly,
Castro came off second best, by
all odds. Nobody doubts that theE
bearded one came to New York'
with the intention of doing as
much damage as possible to the
United States. He missed his goal'
by a wide margin.
UN delegates, assessing the im-
pact of the Cuban prime minis-
ter's debut before the world or-
ganization, indicated they thought
Castro might even have created
sympathy for the United States
where little sympathy had existed
Scores Latin Americans
It usually is not difficult for a
Latin American speaker 'to win an
attentive audience with an attack
on the United States. Among the
Delegates of young African na-
tions, with a sort of fascination,
looked on amazed while Castro
spoke, following his gestures and
facial evpressions with an attitude
Possibly some of them had been
measuring the young Cuban as a
possible western hemisphere ally
for the notion of a buffer bloc
between the great forces of Com-
munism and the Western alliance.
Anxious young African leaders
leant their countries' neutrality
respected and guarded.
What whey heard, however, was
the speech of a man already com-
mitted to the Communist bloc.
Their interest in Castro as a po-
tential neutralist seemed to fade.
As for the veteran representa-
tives from Asia and western Eu-
rope, the onlooker could aknost
feel a sense of shock among them
at the burlesque appearance and
approach of a man purporting to
be a statesman.
The UN is a solemn assemblage.
Many of its delegates believe
deeply in their mission to create
a peaceful world.
Castro took to the platform in
shirtsleeves, the collar of his fa-
miliar fatigue uniform open. He
gave the delegates the impression
that not even the grave business
of seeking peace in the world
could interrupt his determined
How Castro looked to the Com-
munists is not important. What-
ever Khrushchev and the Com-
munists think of him in private,
they will lionize him publicly as a
hero. For the Communists, Cas-
tro is a satisfactorily usable young
man. That is all that counts to
September 30, 1960 .w. . 9-12 P.M.
Music by The MEN of NOTE
314 E. Liberty
Presented By The
GRADUATE STUDENT COUNCIL
ANN ARBOR PREMIERE
MURIEL GREENSPOON as "BABA"
... the best mezzo in ten years.''
KAREN KLI PEC "... a flower filled with music."
Marlowe Teig, Tom Cultice Suzanne Roy, Dianne Franjac