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September 27, 1960 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-09-27

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FACULTY SHIFTS
CAUSE TENSIONS
See Page 4

Y

Sir A

*1r

CLOUDY, WARMER
High-81
Low-58
Light, variable winds with
a chance of showers.

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXI, No. 7 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1960 FIVE CENTS

EIGHT PAG

'Positions Unchanged'

as Nixon,

FOR CAMPUS ACTION:
Political Party Organizes

K enned.. W ge

First

r

DiScuSSion
Sets Forth
'New Goals'
Debate 'Restricted'
To Domestic Affairs
CHICAGO (A -The rival presi-
dential candidates clashed last
night in unprecedented debate
that left issues and positions un-
changed, the goals for America
in broad agreement, the methods
of reaching them in dispute.
Vice President Richard M. Nx-
on, the Republican nominee, and
Sen. John K. Kennedy, the Demo-
cratic standard bearer, quarreled
in public, before millions of tele-
vision viewers, over such things
as the farm problem and pay for
teachers.
At no time in the hour-long
program did the issue of Kenne-
dy's Roman Catholic religion en-
ter into the discussions.
Not Satisfied
Kennedy said he definitely isn't
satisfied with the way things are
going in America and it must get
on the move once more. Nixon
challenged that. He said the coun-
try is on the move, and that it
racked up more progress in num-
erous fields in the Eisenhower
Administration than in the Tru-
man regime.
Under the ground rules, the de-
bate was restricted almost com-
pletely to domestic affairs. It
ranged over such subjects as min-
imum wage, school construction,
cost of government, federal debt
reduction, medical care for the
aged, the economic race with Rus-
sia, Communist subversion in the
United States, and the relative
experience of the two men.
And when it was all over, two
rather tense men relaxed a bit
and agreed that this "great de-
bate" was good for the country
and perhaps themselves.
65 Million Viewers
The broadcasting company es-
timated that 65 million adults
heard or saw the program via
the networks. He said that would
be a record for a political broad-
cast.
Actually, no new issues were
brought out in last night's de-
bate.
Kennedy, particularly .in his
opening remarks, pretty much
made the same speech he has
been making from Portland,
Maine, to Portland, Ore.
Nixon, particularly in his an-
swers to questions, made the same
points he has been making from
Alabama to Hawaii.
Right at the start, Kennedy
declared: "I should make it very
clear that I do not think we are
doing enough; that I am not sat-
isfied as an American with the
progress we are making."
Kennedy Request
And then at the end, the Dem-
ocratic nominee said that if the
people feel that everything is be-
ing done satisfactorily, "I think
you should vote for Mr. Nixon."
Nixon came back that he agreed
completely with the spirit of Ken-
nedy's position that the nation
should move ahead. But he said
moving ahead under Kennedy's
program would cost 13 billion dol-
lars more than under the Nixon
plan.
TV Complex
For Debaters

CHICAGO (M)-Nothing is sim-
ple any more.
And never was this better il-
lustrated than in last night's so-
called great debate between the
two presidential candidates, Vice
President Richard M. Nixon and
Sen. John F. Kennedy.
The producer-director, Don
Hewitt, kept shouting out such
comments as these: "Can I see a
wider shot please," or "let's pull
that camera in closer."

AGAINST COMMUNISTS:
Petitions Protest
WS~sI3an Lift
By MICHAEL OLINICK
Aroused petitioners moved to gather 25,000 signatures protest-
ing the lifting of a ban against Communist speakers at Wayne State
University yesterday in the wake of a resignation of a member of
one of the university's advisory boards who favored the ban.
The petitions oppose a ruling by Wayne's Board of Governors
who revoked the 10-year-old ban 11 days ago. Petitions are being
distributed throughout Michigan and read: "We believe that to grant
A Communists or pro-Communists permission to speak on the Wayne
State University campus is to openly cooperate in the latest Com-
munist campaign, laid bare by FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover, to cap-

By PHILIP SHERMAN
A campus political party is be-
ing organized "to take an active
and articulate part in the student
government."
It will write a platform and run
candidates in the upcoming Stu-
dent Government Council election.
The party's organizational mass
meeting is set for 7:30 p.m. Thurs-
day in the Henderson Rm. of the
League.
Stressing the unity of student
movements around the world and
the belief "we can and must work
on our own campus to create a
better university experience for all

members of our community," the
nascent party sees itself as a
needed instrument for "defining
and focusing attention on issues"
important to students.
Changing World.
This feeling, the party's organiz-
ing committee of 18 said in a
prepared statement, springs from
the fact of a changing world
where the future will be shaped
by contemporary changes.
"In the United States, the stu-
dent is groping for political and
moral direction, cohesiveness and
structure" - functions a student
party can perform.

-AP Wirephotos
STRAIGHT FROM THE BOLSHOI - Primadonna Nikita S.
Khrushchev seen cutting up at Glen Cove as a prelude to later
antics displayed before an audience of American Industrialists.
Khrushchev ay usi
Ready To Resume Talks
NEW YORK ({--Nikita S. Khrushchev, lunching off 14 carat
gold plates with a group of North American capitalists, said yester-
day Russia is willing to resume disarmament talks-as long as they
deal with total disarmament, rather than just the control of weapons.
The Soviet Premier said he favors strict international control
of disarmament. But he told a hotel luncheon, where he was guest
of Cleveland financier Cyrus Eaton:
"We are demanding disarmament precisely under control, and.
not control over armaments.
Danger Not Decreased
"Indeed, control over armaments does not lessen the danger of a

ture and use students and youth g
Southerners
See Change
In Campaign
HOT SPRINGS (M) - Southern
governors supporting Sen. John
F. Kennedy contended yesterday
that fareign policy has become an
overriding issue in the presidential
campaign.
Because of this some of them
said the Democratic nominee is
overcoming what they regard as
widespread Dixie dissatisfaction
over the party platform and op-
position to the election of a
Roman Catholic as President.
Gov. Buford Ellington of Ten-
nessee told a news conference at
the 26th Annual Southern Gover-
nors Conference that in his Judg-
ment Kennedy's attacks on the
Eisenhower administration's hand-
ling of international affairs have
become "the overriding issue in
the campaign."
"Our people are concerned about
what is happening to Latin Amer-
ica, particularly with reference to
Cuba and Castro," Ellington said.
Ellington predicted Kennedy will
win his state's 11 electorial votes
in a close battle with Vice Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon, the Re-
publican presidential nominee.
Ellington said he based this part
on the belief that opposition to:
Kennedy because of his religion
has died down. He said that his
mail, which previously ran 75-25
against the Democratic candidate
on this count, shifted and now is
pro-Kennedy.
Gov. Price Daniel predicted
flatly that Kennedy will wrap up
Texas' 24 electorial votes. Daniel
said Kennedy's appeal to move
ahead toward great military
strength andrtoward action in
international affairs has helped
swing voters behind him.
Gov. Bert T. Combs said in a
separate interview that things are
looking up for Kennedy in doubt-
ful Kentucky, where 10 electoral
votes are at stake.
"It's not going to be easy to
carry Kentucky especially since
it's the home state of Sen. Thrus-
ton B. Morton, the Republican
national chairman."

roups and we further believe that
the Communist party is a con-
spiracy which incidiously plots the
violent overthrow of our govern-
ment."
Resigns Post
Clarence R. Landrigan, one of
the more than 50 members of
Wayne's Businessmen's. Advisory
Committee, resigned his post Sat-
urday in opposition to the Board
ruling. Questioned on his position
yesterday, Landrigan said, "Com-
munists are atheistic and destruc-
tive. Atheism is a principle doc-
trine of communism and Commu-
nists are working for the destruc-
tion of our political system.
"I am not opposed to letting
others speak about communism on
our campus, in fact I encourage
instruction about it. But I feel
our own people should be the
ones to teachhcommunism. Any
Communist who came on the
campus to speak would surely use
his opportunity to propagandize."
Led By Adults
This campaign to re-establish
the ban is being led by two adults
not connected with Wayne, Anne
Byerlein and Donald Lobsinger.
Miss Byerlein, a registered nurse,
said, "It is not necessary to taste
poison in order for it to kill you.
Communism should be treated like
bubonic plague, for the more con-
tact you have with it, the more
your immunity is worn down."
Lobsinger claimed that the pe-
tition signatures were "coming in
so fast I couldn't estimate their
number." The former University
of Detroit student said he could
not understand the Board's de-
cision, "With the Communist par-
ty in America stronger than it
ever was before, I can see no log-
ic in lifting the ban against Red
speakers."
Not Students
"We are not students at Wayne,
and we don't really care what the
students there believe," he added,
"but we are voters of the state
and the Board is responsible to us.
As voters, we feel that a state-
supported institution should have
nothing at all to do with Com-
munists."
The petitioners received a lift
Sunday when Governor Nelson
Rockefeller endorsed their cause
by signing the protest letter while
he was in the Detroit area cam-
paigning for the national GOP
ticket.

Auditor General Addresses
YD's on Politics, Civil Rights
By MICHAEL HARRAH
State Auditor General Otis M. Smith addressed the Young Dem-
ocrats last night with a barrage of subtle criticism for the Repub-
licans, praise for the Democratic slate, brief references to something
called 'Rule Nine,' and near admission the Republicans will gain
control of the next legislature.
Though his topic was the "Democratic Party and Civil Rights,"
Smith prefaced his remarks with a general rundown of the Demo-
cratic ticket, terming Sen. Johns
F. Kennedy (D - Mass.) . as
"straight-forward," Sen. Lyndon k
B. Johaon (D-Tex.) as "a doer,'' I e Lsr s
and Sen. Patrick V. McNamara ()
(D-Mich.) as "a conscience of the
United States Senate. Y4LIUI'~
Sn "th said the state campaign
was moving along well, but "I NEW YORK () - President
don't think it has reached the mo- Dwight D. Eisenhower appealed
mentum it is goin gto reach. We yesterday for "calm voices" to help
came to our peak a couple of check renewed attacks by Russia
weeks before the election in '58, and her allies against United
and I feel we lost some points by Nations leadership.
being out in front too soon." At the same time, President
He summed up his party re- Eisenhower strongly backed UN
marks by saying, "I don't need to Secretary General Dag Hammaar-
tell you how important experience skjold against Nikita Khrushchev's
is," referring only to the state drive to fire him and revamp the
ticket. International Peace Agency.
Smith then proceeded into an The President, topping off a
analysis of the two party plat- busy day of personal diplomacy,
forms. "I fidn the opposition's sought support from India's Prime
platform very general, and ours Minister Nehru and President
very specific. We need specific Gamel Abdel Nasser of the United
motions, not generalizations," he Arab Republic.
said, though he admitted he would He met for one hour with each
personally prefer to take the GOP of the two neutralist leaders after-
stand on limiting filibuster. flying from Washington via Phila-
In the areas of civil rights, delphia.
Smith said he could "see not Huge street crowds hailed Eisen-
meat" in Vice-President Richard hower as he drove from Newark
M. Nixon's statement that the airport to his temporary White
"decision of civil rights lies in House headquarters high in the
the minds and hearts of the peo- towers wing of the Waldorf-
ple." Astoria.

The committee asserts "we stu-
dents are determined to be an
active and effective voice in our
times." This can best be done
through political action, hence the
attempt to organize a political
party.
'MeaningfulVoice.
The committee further feels
"SGC can become a government
in the truest sense of the word;
educating, acting when appropri-
ate, and creating a meaningful
student voice."
The party will be a "do-some-
thing" organization, spokesman
Robert Ross, '63, said, and its ap-
peal will be "broadly based." It
will not appeal "to one group as
the opposite of another," because
its basic motivation is for all
"aware" students.
Action would be taken on the
basis of the consensus of mem-
bers.
Statement of Principle
Ross says any opposition would
probably not arise until after the
party's first statement of principle,
which he expects will be reached
Thursday. "The opposition party
would be based on our platform."
Ross, hopes the opposition will
be on substance, and not the new
party's right to organize.
The group will decide whether
to apply for SGC recognition
when it is organized. (SGC must
recognize, by approving iti? con-
stitution, any student group that
wishes to use University facili-
ties.)
The federal government does not
"recognize" parties, Ross argues,
and SGC debate on the technical
form of the constitution implies
debate on substance, so the party
may not apply for recognition.
Dues Financing
Party financing will come from
members' dues once the party or-
ganizes. At present the 18 com-
mittee members are paying ex-
penses from their own pockets.
Ross said the Henderson Room
holds 150 people and that "we
expect to fill it and more" at the
organizational meeting.
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis said the new
party "might help to get issues out
into the open." He added that,
on other campuses, organization
of a political party has tended to
stimulate others.

l
f
i
s
4
t
i
a

r'
10 elevise
MSU Game
For the first time in many years,
students of the University and of
Michigan State University will be
able to watch the annual football
game between the two schools on
television.
It was announced Friday by
MSU Athletic Director Clarence
"Biggie" Munn that special per-
mission had been granted by the
National Collegiate Athletic Asso-
ciation to televise this Saturday's
game over MSU's educational TV
station, WMBS (channel 10).
For the last 13 years, the an-"
nual encounter has been a sellout,
but despite repeated protests of
state legistlators that people in
the state srould be allowed to
see the game between the two
state-supported schools, the NCAA
has failed to alter its established
policies.
The NCAA's policy is that a
game not scheduled as part of the
weekly NCAA program may not
be televised if there is another
college game within a 90-mile
radius - whether the game is a
sell-out or not.
There is a loop-hole, however,
and it this which enables WMBS
to televise this week's game. That
rule states that, if the game is
sold out, the college involved may
telecast it within a 70-mile radius,
without sponsor, over its own
educational TV station.
This means that in addition to:
the approximately 5,000 Univer-
sity students who are expected to
attend the game, the about 20,000
remaining in Ann Arbor will be
able to see the game on channel
10.
MffSU To Aid
Africa School
Michigan State University offi-
cials. including 'President John A.

sudden outbreak of war. Control
over armaments is fruitless in the
economic, sense of the word, as
well, since it does not alleviate
the burden of the arms race
which, in its entirety, lies on the
shoulders of the nations."
Khrushchev's speech to a group
of American and Canadian busi-
nessmen was his first formal
public appeal to world opinion
since his address last week to the
United Nations.
The leader of world communism
told his host, Eaton, and the oth-
ers:
"The Soviet delegation has
come to New York to the United
Nations Assembly to prove again
and again the vital necessity of
general and complete disarma-
ment under international control.
I repeat-under strict interna-
tional control...
To Help Clarify
"We are ready to sit down at
the conference table and help to
clarify those questions that are
not clear. But before sitting at this
table to conduct negotiations, firm
agreement must be reached that
we must resolve the disarmament
problem.

He said he preferred Kennedy's
stand, which endorses the Su-
preme Court decision, sit-ins, and
other institutions, indicating he
felt the people needed to be shown
a solution.
"I am happy that the Vice-
President has recognized a prob-
lem in the area of civil rights,"
he said, "but I can't see where
he has presented any solution,"
(referring to Nixon's 'leave it to
the people' statement).
"We've got to break up this
coalition of Republicans and Dix-
iecrats," he went on. "They are
blocking vital legislation. We must
fill the halls of Congress with
liberal Northern Democrats."
He concluded by answering
questions about the situation in
the state saying that "a Con-Con
is not the answer to our prob-
lem. Real constitutional and tax
revision is what we need," he
pointed out calling for appropri-
ate reapportionment.

Eisenhower Joined Nehru in
pledging to press ahead toward
world disarmament as the surtst
way to ease dangerous East-West
tensions.
In his first face-to-face meeting
with Nasser afterward, Eisenhower,
outlined the reasons he firmly
opposes Khrushchev's one-man
campaign to replace Hammar-
skjold with a triumvirate.
White House spokesmen declin-
ed to say whether Nehru and
Nasser promised to side with the
United States in trying to block
Khrushchev's plan.
Nasser said his talk with Eisen-
hower was very friendly. The
meeting helped strengthen re-
lations with his government, he
added.
Eisenhower, cheered on his ar-
rival by three-quarters of a million
New Yorkers, endorsed Hammar-
skjold's stand a few rours after
flying in from Washington, by way
of Philadelphia.

Jet Crashes
Near iTampa
ST. PETERSBURG W - A
$2.5 million Air Force bomber
crashed last night in Tampa Bay
and two Coast Guard helicopters
sent to the rescue also plunged
into the water.
All of the 10 men involved were
rescued. One suffered minor in-
juries.
A 13-year-old boy, Robert
Singleton, spotted the flaming six-
jet bomber as it headed downward
toward the bay. He summoned his
father as the plane's crew bailed
out.
Together they went to the scene
in a 15-foot boat and rescued six
of the men, three of them from
the B47 and the others from a
helicopter.
"They told me, 'Man, you're
the prettiest person we've ever
seen,' when we picked them up,"
Owen Rex Singleton reported.
The other helicopter, carrying
four men, crashed in water near
shore and the men were taken to
the Coast Guard station at St.
Petersburg.
The B47, from MacDill Air
ForceBase at nearby Tampa,
crashed only a short distance
south of heavily populated St.
Petersburg.
A Mac Dill spokesman said the
plane, from a bomb wing of the
Strategic Air Command was un-
armed and on a training mission.
The stratojets at MacDill are cap-
able of carrying atomic bombs.
'U ' To Expand
Parking Space
Plans are currently being com-
pleted by the University for the
erection of a large parking struc-
ture to alleviate the acute park-
ing problem in the area of the

ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOLS:
Todd Notes Value of Religious Education

By RICHARD OSTLING
"You can no longer rely upon
the home as the instructor of the
morality of its young," Miss
Helena Todd said at an education
school lecture last night.
In tracing the nationalization
of England's school system, the
speaker, a former president of
the Hull Teachers' Training Col-
lege and an authority on Ameri-
can educational history, noted
that England's public schools give
students the opportunity of learn-
ing about the Christian religion,
"upon which our morality is bas-
ed."
This 'and other features of the

Government secondary educa-
tion was offered for the first time
early in this century, although
students were required to pay a
fee.
Under the 1944 act, the govern-
ment took responsibility for all
students from 5 to 18 years of
age, and nationalized teachers'
colleges a year later. The new
system discriminates according to
ability by a system of examina-
tions, but it is all free of charge.
Government Burden
%Sixty per cent of the cost of the
schools is borne by thesgovern-
ment, and 40 per cent by the lo-
cal educational authorities.
Schools sponsored by religions,
which have h en imnnrtant in

The speaker feels that this
teaches students to "reverence.
Something worth their reverence,
and not false totalitarian idols."
Act Aided
The Education Act was aided
by other welfare acts of the same
period, she said. The National
Health Service has greatly Im-
proved the health of the students
and their parents. A system of
government allowances for chil-
dren other than the firstborn who
attend school has encouraged par-
ents to continua their family's
education,
University students also receive
liberal help in England.
No child today fails to receive

t' r;> . .

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