THE MMCHI# ' N DAILY
22, IRGO THE MICHU' ~N DAILY
LETTER TO NATIONS:
African Students Protest
Racial Bias in Moscow
Steel Umon Volence
Erupts at Convention
Delegate Asks Government Help
To End Union 'Reign of Terror'
Rebels Stopped in Attack
Declare Nations Give
Support to Attackers
MOSCOW (A1-The Soviet gov-
ernment charged the United
States and its SEATO allies yes-
terday with organizing a rebellion
against the neutralist government
which came to power in Laos last
It declared the Western powers
are "grossly violating the Geneva
agreements of 1954"-the pacts
which drew the boundaries of the
new states born after the Indo-
"The Soviet government... .can-
not ignore in silence instances of
crude interference by the United
States and its allies of the ag-
gressive SEATO (Southeast Asia
Treaty Organization) block in the
internal affairs of Laos," a state-
ment broadcast by Radio Moscow
and Tass said.
The statement charged that
after the coup which saw the
downfall of the pro-Western Laos
government Aug. 9, "the United
States began to encourage its
stooges to organize an uprising
against a government which en-
joys the confidence of the parlia-
ment and the people...
"It is no secret now that money,
weapons and ammunition are
flowing in a wide torrent to the
insurgents and United States mil-
itary advisers are the real masters
of the insurgent forces."
"It is precisely with the en-
couragement and support of the
United States that the uprising,
headed by Gen. Phoumi Nosav-
ana, was organized against the
IMPROMPTU PERFORMANCE-Soviet Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev, full of complaints and threats, gave an informal press
conference from the balcony of the Soviet United Nations delega-
tion building yesterday.
Khrushchev Calls U.S. Rule
'House Arrest' fron Balcony
NEW YORK (A')-Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev walked
out on a balcony at his quarters
yesterday and complained, he was
under house arrest.
He also raised the possibility
he might nQt even listen to Presi-
dent Dwight' D. Eisenhower's
United Nations speech today.
The Soviet Premier spoke in an
impromptu press conference from
a balcony in front of the Soviet
All students who did not in-
elude their Ann Arbor tele-
phone number, extension,
and address on their regis-
tration card may be placed
in the Directory by calling
the Student Publications
Building between, 8:00 A.M.
and 5:00 P.M. Numbers will
not b be accepted after Fri-
day, Sept. 23.
United Nations delegation build-1
ing along Park Avenue.
The Kremlin boss, seemingly in
bubbling good spirits, strode out
on the balcony about 3:20 p.m.--
20 minutes after he should have
been at the UN as head of the
Soviet delegation - and said he
was going to be working at the
delegation building during the
Then, asked what progress he is
making on his trip to America,
"I'm not seeing America."
"This is my America," he con-
tinued, pointing to the balcony he
was standing on. The United
States government has restricted
Khrushchev to Manhattan Island
during his UN visit, saying this
was needed for security.
"I'm under house arrest, so what
I can do is restricted," Khrush-
Under further questioning,
Khrushchev said he would be go-
ing to the United Nations General
Assembly meeting tomorrow.
Eisenhower is slated to address the
body late in the morning.
Asked if he would hear Eisen-
hower, Khrushchev said that he
did not know who would be speak-
ing while he is at the Assembly
Comments on Issues
Khrushchev had these com-
ments on a wide range of other
issues, some of which he treated
seriously and others in joking
He would like to talk with
British Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan, who is expected to
come to the UN session later.
He plans to go to Havana. at
the invitation of Cuban Prime
Minister Fidel Castro, "as soon as
we come to terms with Fidel Cas-
tro about the travel time."
As to whether the two Ameri-'
cans captured by the Russians
when they shot down an American
RB47 reconnaissance bomber July
1 are to be tried for espionage,
that is for the Soviet prosecutors
and investigators to decided.
On who he would like to see win,
the American presidential election
this year, Khrushchev quipped
back to his questioner: "I shall
welcome you if you are elected. I
wish you success."
VIENTIANE, Laos (AP-The gov-
ernment of neutralist Premier
Souvanna Phouma claimed yes-
terday its troops have stopped a
drive on this administrative capi-
tal by anti-Communist rebels un-
der the command of former De-
fense Minister Gen. Phoumi No-
Gen. Ouane Rathikone, govern-
ment army chief, said Gen. No-
savan's forces fell back Tuesday
at Paksane, 110 miles northeast
of Vientiane, following the first
clashes of the 11-day-old civil
Gen. Ouane said three of No-
savan's soldiers were killed and
a large number wounded. The
general added that three of his
men were wounded.
Western military sources here
said reports they received on the
fighting indicate his casualty fig-
ures are accurate.
Reports reaching Thailand from
Gen. Nosavan's headquarters gave
a different picture. They claimed
a significant victory over Vien-
tiane forces and said a river gun-
boat and two tanks had been cap-
tured in the Paksane area.
(Thailand Premier Sarit Than-
arat meanwhile warned in a ra-
dio broadcast that if Laos goes
Communist, Thailand would act
on its own if need be to meet any
Phouma's government charged
that two companies of rebel
troops reached Paksane by crops-
ing through neighboring Thailand
and that Thai officials have sup-
plied Gen. Nosavan with arm and
The Premier said he had ask-
ed the United States to intercede
with the Thai government.
"I think the United States has
done so," he added, but Thailand
is ignoring it. Every opportunity
they have, they help Nosavan."
LANSING (M)-Gov. G. Mennen
Williams and key legislator were
scheduled to meet behind closed
doors last night to clear away any
potential barriers to swift adop-
tion of a new program for medical
care for the aged.
The same group of Republican
and Democratic legislators reached
agreement last week on the gen-
eral outlines of the plan, geared
to the federal program to go into
effect Oct. 1.
The full legislature will meet in
special session today. The gover-
nor told a news conference yes-
terday he had spotted no sign of
disagreement and hoped the law-
makers would accomplish their
task in one day.
The program would be financed
for the first six months with exist-
ing welfare funds, leaving the 1961
legislature the job of making up
the allocated amount and setting
up permanent financing.
The Federal government would
pay half of the $7 million cost
through next March, counties 10
per cent and the state the rest.
The proposal calls for home
nursing care and physical examin-
ations for 60,000 residents receiv-
ing old age assistance.
"Three African students have sent
an open letter to the heads of all'
African governments charging
"constant (racial) discrimination
and threats" while they were
studying at Moscow University.
Announcing their intentions to
"expose Soviet colonialism" be-
fore Premier Nikita S. Khrush-
chev addresses the United Na-
tions, the three told a news con-
ference in Frankfurt today that
they and scores of other African
students are leaving Moscow "dis-
gusted" at Communist pressure.
They identified themselves as
Theopohilus Okonkwo, 28, of Ni-
geria, who said he was the secre-
tary of the executive committee
of the African Students Union in
the USSR; Andrew H. Amar, of
Uganda, and Michel Ayih, 28, of
Togo. All were medical students in
Moscow during the last three
"We left-and others are leav-
Ike T UMeet
22 Off icials
WASHINGTON (P) -- President
Dwight D. Eisenhower will meet
with President Tito of Yugoslavia
and leaders of Ghana, Nepal and
Lebanon this afternoon in New
The White House announced
the appointments last night,
bringing to 22 the number of high
government officials with whom
the President will confer after
his speech to the United Nations
General Assembly this morning.
It had been announced earlier
that Eisenhower would give a
luncheon for 18 representatives of
Latin American countries.
SHis scheduled meetings with
foreign leaders were part of a
two-pronged diplomatic campaign
which will open with his speech
to the UN General Assembly. The
White House said the speech will
be about 40 minutes long.
The President reportedly will
try to steal the play away from
Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrush-
chev with a revamped version of
his open skies inspection plan to
forestall sneak nuclear attacks!
and a proposal to aid the emerg-
ing nations of Africa.
The President's Press Secre-
tary, James C. Hagerty, said the
meeting with Tito, scheduled for
5 p.m. (EDT), would be Eisen-
hower's first get-together with the
independent Communist leader.
ing-because of constant discrim-
ination, threats, restrictions on
our freedom and even brutalities,"
"Used as Agents"
"Students from all over Africa
and the Near East are finding in
Moscow that they are merely be-
ing used as agents of Soviet pow-
er politics, One hundred and fifty
students left last year. Scores
have left and are leaving this
-The three distributed copies of
a letter they said they sent to UN
Secretary General Dag Hammar-
skiold last night,
Act for Majority
They said they were acting for
a "majority" of the 75 to 90 Afri-
can students still at Moscow Uni-
The trio claimed that students
from Algeria, the Cameroons, the
Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya,M
Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, the Su-
dan, Togo, Tunisia, the UAR and
Uganda had met recently in secret
session in Moscow and empowered
them to "present our case against
communism when we arrived here
in the West."
Decide to Protest
The decision to protest "Soviet
deceit" was taken, they said, after
conflicts with Soviet authorities.
Okonkwo said he felt that the
western powers were keeping the
doors open for communism to
flow into Africa by their outmod-
"The West," he said, "has not
yet found a way to convince the
African people that they belong
to the community of free people."
ATLANTIC CITY, (AP)-Another
outbreak of violence at the steel-'
workersdunion convention yester-
day led to a formal complaint
that the federal government step
in to end an asserted "reign of
terror" at the meeting.
Donald C. Rarick of Mc Kees-!
port, Pa., a political foe of union
President David J. McDonald,
engaged in a bloddy melee with
McDonald supporters just off the
convention floor, A Rarick sup-
porter was roughed up in another
such incident Monday.
McDonald, blaming Rarick for
instigating yesterday's rough stuff,
bluntly warned that if he did itj
again he would be ousted as a;
convention delegate. Rarick said
he wasn't so sure he wanted to
chance another fistfight.
Rarick said he was jumped
upon, beaten and robbed without
provocation just before Secretary
of Labor James P. Mitchell was
called upon to address the conven-
tion. He later sent Mitchell a for-
mal complaint that union demo-
cracy guarantees of the Landrum-
Griffin law are being violated.
Mitchell told newsmen he could
not pass on any such complaint
without knowing the facts, but
the labor secretary added:
"I think it's very unfortunate
in a democratic union such as this
that acts of violence take place."
A man identified by Mc-
Donald supporters as George
Elliott, a staff representative of
the union, suffered a bloody nose
in yesterday's melt. The wild-
swinging group overturned and
broke a water-cooler before police
and ushers restored order. Some
newsmen were jostled and told
to "go back to your cage." Rarick
suffered badly bruised ribs.
Rarick charged later to re-
porters and in his complaint to
Mitchell that the convention was
illegally stacked with union staff
employes and that violence was
being provoked to discourage
Rarick forces in their attempted
drive to unseat McDonald as
national union president in elec-
tions next February,
Rarick got about one third of
the votes in the official tally of
votes in an election race with Mc-
Donald four years ago, but Rarick
said he actually won.
"I have been warned by ad-
ministration men that if I stay in
Atlantic City I will be killed,"
Rarick said in his telegram of
complaint to Mitchell.
NEW YORK (P)-A gang of Cas-
tro sympathizers invaded a Latin-
American restaurant on Eighth
Avenue yesterday, and started a
barroom brawl with rival Cubans
that ended in gunfire.
A 9-year-old girl bystander was
gravely wounded by a stray bullet.
Three anti-Castro Cubans were
injured, one of them by a bullet
and the others by beer bottles
smashed over their heads.
Cuban Prime Minister Fidel
Castro's presence in New York for
the United Nations General As-
semnbly has provoked street fight-
ing but this was the first eruption
of gunfire between Cubans divided
for and against his regime.
The El Prado restaurant near
51st Street was thrown into an
uproar by the battle, and diners
scattered in terror.
SATURDAY, SEPT. 24
Bikes on display from 8-9 A.M.
AUCTION at 9:00
at S.A.B. LOADING DOCK
I1 Tf^kI If!Li. T I
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