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May 27, 1965 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1965-05-27

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WHY SUPPORT
APARTHEID?
See Editorial Page

Yi e

due 43UU

~~Iait

CLOUDY
High--70
Low-45
Turning cooler
with showers

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 17-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1965 SEVEN CEN

TS FOUR PAGES

Witnesses Refuse
To Answer HUAC
Rain Keeps Some Pickets Away;
Many Subpoenaed Raise Objections
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO-Most witnesses refused to answer questions yesterday
at a stormy session of the House Committee on Un-American
Activities.
Outside, pickets-both for and against the hearings-decreased
markedly from yesterday's turnout of over 800, at least in part be-
cause of the rainy weather.
U.S. marshals evicted from the hearings 12 people who they
charged disturbed the proceedings by shouting and unruly conduct.
The briskest action of the day came when David Englestein was
on the stand. Alfred Nittle, committee counsel, asked ifnEnglestein
--knew Yolanda Hall-another wit-

i

Block Rights Rider
To Union Shop Ban
WASHINGTON (P)-Backers of a bill that would abolish state
laws banning the union shop moved yesterday to head off a civil
rights fight that could add new fuel to the emotional issue.
They succeeded in blocking a civil rights rider that Rep. Adam
Clayton Powell (D-NY) had planned to offer to the bill, but only by
promising to push separate legislation designed to overcome dis-
crimination in labor unions.
The fight over section 14B of the Taft-Hartley Act, which permits
states to outlaw union shop agreements between labor and manage-

--

Senate
'Rights

Approves

MVeasure

by

Center To Study Languages

NORMAN THOMAS

Professors
Hit HUAC
Loyalty Oaths
By CHARLOTTE WOLTER
In light of the controversy over
the new House Un-American Ac-
tivities Committee hearings, sev-
eral University professors were
asked to express their opinions on
the nature and function of the
committee. Debate has arisen con-
cerning the suitability of the com-
mittee to the spirit pf a democra-
tic society. The concensus among
University faculty and students
seems to be that HUAC is neither
desirable nor useful as an instru-
ment to fight Communism.
Prof. Jack Walker of the politi-
cal science department, in analyz-
ing the committee, called HUAC
an "anachronism." He said that
it was formed in the 1930's to
expose and discredit revolutionary
elements in the society, primarily
as a reaction to the New Deal.
Lowest in Prestige
Walker rated the committee as
one of the lowest in prestige
among the House committees. Its
membership consisting mainly of
conservative Republicans and
Southern Democrats. However, one
new member of the committee,
Representative Weltner (D-Ga-
Atlanta) is considered a liberal
because of his vote for the civil
rights bill. It was Representative
Weltner who introduced the idea
for the committee's investigation
of the Ku Klux Klan.
Walker thought the most dan-
gerous and undesirable aspect
of the committee was the idea of
a federal agency free to expose
and disgrace citizens for their
political views.
Prof. Norman C. Thomas, also
of the political science department,
said that there are only limited
and restricted benefits from a
House committee going around the
country with a road show to in-
vestigate professors and students.
In his opinion HUAC and loyalty
oaths were no way to counter a
subversive menace. Values other
than merely exposing these groups
are needed, he said.
Political Move
Prof. Marc Pilisuk of the Mental
Health Research Institute, and an
active member of the Inter-Uni-
versity Committee for a Public
Hearing on Viet Nam found the
idea of a HUAC investigation of
the KKK a political move to try
to justify HUAC's existence. For
those concerned with the civil
liberties of people to free and open
hearing, investigation of the KKK
is no better than any inyestigation
of any group for its ideology. Al-
though KKK members break laws,
he said, no new legislation is need-

ness-while he was an instructor
at the Chicago Worker's school
Nittle charged that the school
was a "Communist indoctrination
center."
Attorney Objects
Thomas P. Sullivan, attorney
for Mrs. Hall, hurried forward to
object. Marshals, apparently re-
garding him as out of order, led
him back to his chair.
Sullivan got up again and asked
that any testimony by or about
his client be heard in closed ses-
sion. Rep. Joe R. Pool (D-Texas)
who was presiding at that time,
ordered marshals to seat Sullivan,
but Sullivan seated himself. The
committee turned down the re-
quest for a closed session.
Sullivan represents Dr. Jere-
miah Stamler, widely known au-
thority on heart disease, and Mrs.
Hall, an assistant to Dr. Stamler
at the Chicago Board of Health. ,
Both have been subpoenaed but
neither had taken the witness
stand up to the second day of the
three-day hearing. The final day
of the hearing begins this morn-
ing.
'FBI Has It'
I Sullivan argued that informa-
tion now being placed before the
committee had been given to the
Federal Bureau of Investigation
years ago for any action the gov-
ernment wished to take on it.
He also argued that witnesses
before the committee were being
denied the right to cross-exam-
ination.
Attorneys for all the sibpoenaed
witnesses made requests that the
entire hearings be held in private,
but the committee denied the re-
quest.
Irving S. Steinberg, one of the
lawyers, said he based his motion
on a Supreme Court decision ex-
cluding stale evidence from the
courts. He said most of the testi-
mony taken yesterday dated to
1959.
Six Refuse
The six witnesses refused to an-
swer most questions. One, Lewis
Diskin, asserted that the commit-
tee is "blatantly illegal." Some of
the spectators applauded.
He also contended that at least
one member of the committee was
from a district which restricted
the right to vote. Chairman Ed-
win E. Willis, a Denocrat, com-
mented: "In my district-the 3rd
of Louisiana-57 per cent of the
non-white people of voting age
were registered at the last elec-
tion and most of them did vote."
Diskin was followed to the wit-
ness stand by Englestein, Milton
Cohen, Ben Friedlander, Charles
Wilson and Wilberforce Cox Jones.
All are Chicagoans. All have been
subpoenaed. ,
Cohen walked out on the hear-
ing. Rep. Pool said he will urge
that the full committee charge
Cohen with contempt.
While the witnesses cited a wide
array of amendments, the com-
mittee accepted the 5th, which
protects a witness from giving
testimony that might incriminate
him.

ment, already appears to be one
of the most inflammatory of the
session.
In hope of limiting the con-
troversy as much as possible, sup-
porters of the legislation want to
restrict it to a repeal of 14B and
not go into any other sections
of the Taft-Hartley Act.
Amend Section
However, Powell would amend
another section of the act to make
it an unfair labor practice for a
union to discriminate on the basis
of race, particularly in apprentice-
ship programs.
Ten of the 19 states that havel
laws banning the union shop are1
in the South and Powell says he
fears the Negro worker might be
harmed even more if 14B were re-
pealed and the Negro had to deal
with a hostile union.
Powell was reported planning to
propose his amendment before a
House labor subcommittee yester-
day but he didn't appear. No ex-
planation was given for his ab-
sence.
It was learned later that leading
Democrats on Powell's Education
and Labor Committee have offer-
ed an alternate approach and are
trying to win support for it both
from Powell and organized labor.
Civil Rights Act
They would amend the fair em-
ployment practices section of last

He added
to achieve
means:

that the center hopes
this goal by four

"The basic objective of the
newly established Center for Re-
search on Language and Language
Behavior is to enable people of
all ages and abilities to learn lan-
guages more effectively," Prof.
Eric M. Zale of Eastern Michigan
University and director of dis-
semination for the center, said
recently.

By KAY EMERICK

ADAM CLAYTON POWELL
Two-Man
Presidency
!?t"MihJ-1giw

-Basic research on language
Ilearning with people of all ages
and levels of language profi-
ciency;
-Activities to improve the tech-
niques of language learning;
-Applied research to field test
instructional techniques, mate-
rials and devices;
-Distribution of information
for the enhancement of research,
development and instruction in
language learning.
Linguistic Competence
Today's world demands linguis-
tic competence in an ever-increas-
ing number of people, Zale said.
Scientific research has contributed
much toward the improvement of
methods and materials in lan-
guage teaching. But a greater ef-
fort is needed to co-ordinate the
work of scientists and educators
concerned with different facets of
language study and to carry out
comprehensive and integrated re-
search.
The center began operating last

The center is an outgrowth of
the Behavioral Analysis Labora-
tory (BAL) which was organized
in 1960 by Prof. Harlan L. Lane
of the psychology department and
the present director of the new
center.
Lane, while working at the BAL
with specialists in fields other
than psychology, conceived of a'
center particularly designed to
correlate all research in language
and language behavior which
would appeal to all people work-
ing in that area, regardless of
their field of specialization.
The center currently employs
36 people, among them specialists
in the fields of linguistics, psy-
chology, electrical engineering,
education, acoustics, speech cor-
rection and sociology.
Cataloging Research
Zale said that the center is now
in process of cataloging all re-
search in language and language
behavior currently being done
around the country.

A brochure describing the cen-
ter is being published. "It is hoped
that many researchers in the
United States will be attracted by
the unique opportunities the cen-
ter offers for research now and
in the future," Zale said.
These opportunities include not
only the centralization of special-
ists and equipment, but also the
availability of many reference
materials, Zale explained.
Present plans for publicizing
and expanding the center call for
the publication of an abstract
journal noting all articles pub-
lished which relate in any way to
language or language behavior,
and the establishment of a com-
plete language research library
that will become a universal
source for any material pertain-
ing to language research. It is
hoped, Zale said, that these meas-
ures, the library, will lead to
broader financial support from
foundations and organizations.

L1J e7 UE.t'I U'U-'.I N EiC year's civil rights act to make its
enforcement provisions stricter.
LA PAZ, Bolivia (A)-Bolivia's The Fair Employment Practices
ruling military junta was reshuf- Commission doesn't take effect
fled yesterday to establish a two- until July 1. Furthermore, many
man joint presidency while spor- liberals were disappointed by the
adic fighting continued between enforcement procedures Congress
the army and tin miners. approved.

3
J
7
1

General Alfredo Ovando, com- The act now requires court ac- month and i
mander of Bolivia's, armed forces, tion to enforce it. Under the pro- in 25 differen
moved up to share the presidency posal, enforcement would be vest- utilizing comp
with Rene Barrientos, an air force ed in the FEPC itself. A separate equipment va
general. bill to accomplish this was sug-
The two men shared the presi- gested. Powell's committee would One projec
dency for a few hours last Novem- have jurisdiction over such legis- with compute
to-Instructo
nyber after the overthrow of Presi- lto. developed ucby
dent Victor Paz Estenssoro. Ovan- Powell was reported willing to ters scientist
do was forced to resign in the go along with such an approach loudness, and
face of public demonstrations if it is acceptable to House lead- cadns
against him. ers and the civil rights and labor caion.
Political Maneuvering organizations backing repeal of The purpos
Ovando's return to the co-presi- 14B. extend the
dency climaxes nearly a week of President Johnson faces a pos- speech teachin
political maneuvering and bitter sibly tough fight in Congress' - out if it can
fighting in the wake of a gen- especially in the House-in try- dent's individ
┬░ral strike that has virtually im- ing to repeal 14B. A recent poll sonant respon
mobilized the country. in the House showed that he had mation from
Ovando negotiated the truce only a slim possible majority muscles and b
Tuesday which ended most of the there; he should have less trou- T .w
fighting between the army and ble in the Senate. The clause has This would
miners, been in effect since the Taft- ward the dev
Yesterday, however, miners were Hartley Act was passed in 1946. tomatic speec
said to have fired at an army
post near Catavi, 280 miles south INFIGHTING D S UTES
of La Paz.C0h,
The fighting was reported by
Defense Minister Hugo Suarez
who accused the miners of break-e
ing the cease-firep
One Purpose

s currently involved
nt research projects,
puting and measuring
lued at $300,000.
ct being conducted
rs is the Speech Au-
al Device. This was
a group of the cen-
s. It teaches pitch,
rhythm in pronun-
e of the project is to
usefulness of the
:g device and to find
also check the stu-
.ual vowel and con-
nses by using infor-
his voice, speech
reath.
also contribute to-
velopment of an au-
.h recognition system.

Voting
77-19
Third Ballot
Ends 25-Day
Arguments
Southern Senators
Call Bill 'Diabolical,
Perverted Attack'
WASHINGTON (,) - Am i d
echoes of a bitter southern assault,
the Senate yesterday passed Pres-
ident Lyndon B. Johnson's Negro
Voting Rights Bill and sent it to
the House.
After a 25-day debate, John-
son's top-priority measure won
Senate passage on a 77-19 roll call
vote.
The bill calls for a court chal-
lenge of state poll taxes.
Terms of Bill
The following are terms of the
bill:
-Any state or county with a 20
per cent nonwhite population
which used a literacy test or sim-
ilar device in enrolling voters for
last year's election and which had
registration or voter turnout of
less than 50 per cent in that elec-
tion will be subject to a literacy
test ban by federal authorities.
This covers Louisiana, Ala-
bama, Mississippi, Georgia and
South Carolina; sections of North
Carolina and Virginia; two sparse-
ly settled election districts in
Alaska and Apache County, Ari-
zona.
-The government could send
federal examiners to register
voters in any county where less
than 25 per cent of the adult
Negro population is registered.
--Special census surveys would
be authorized, on Justice Depart-
ment request, to determine exactly
what areas that would cover.
As the bill stands, sponsors say
this provision would affect some
counties in Tennessee, Florida and
Texas.
-In areas not covered auto-
matically, the Attorney General
could go to court seeking proof of
discrimination in voting, an order
for appointment of examiners and
the suspension of literacy tests.
100 Years
"It has taken us 100 years to
catch up with this problem," said
Senate Minority Leader Everett
M. Dirksen of Illinois who helped
white the bill and chart its course
through the Senate.
"Not since reconstruction has
the Senate permitted this Union
to be so perverted and subjected
to such a diabolical attack,"'said
Sen. Allen J. Ellender, (D-La)
one of the bill's opponents.
The outcome was never in
doubt. Sixty-six senators-more
than enough to pass the measure
-sponsored it in the first place.
Major Hurdle
The major hurdle was cleared
Tuesday when the Senate voted
to impose cloture.
"I am confident that the bill is
constitutional and will stand up
before the Supreme Court," Dirk-
sen said.
"Many senators have rubber
stamped a vicious proposal merely
to please the President and an
entourage of demagogues which

prevailed upon him to take the
lead," Allen J. Ellender (D-La)
said.
And he charged the Supreme
Court, by applauding Johnson's
March 15 voting rights appeal to
a joint session of Congress, gave
"handclap approval" to the meas-
ure.
Majesty and Power
Sen. Jacob K. Javits (R-NY)
said the Senate was at last invok-
ing "the majesty and power" of
the nation to guarantee Negroes
the right to vote.
Actually, there were three Sen-
ate votes on the measure.
First, the Senate adopted, 78 to
18, the amended version it has
been considering, and substituted
it for the measure recommended
April 12 by its Judiciary Com-
mittee.
The next step was approval of
the revised committee measure. It
came on a voice vote.
Actual Passage
The final measure was actual

-Associated Press
STUDENTS PROTEST
DEMONSTRATORS, MOST of them Michigan State University
students, staged a street sit-down yesterday in front of City Hall
to protest discriminatory practices of East Lansing landlords.
About 60 youths were arrested and taken to Ingham County Jail.
The sit-down followed a two-hour meeting with Mayor Gordon
Thomas in which the students demanded an open occupancy ordi-
nance. The demonstrators charge that Negro students and faculty
members at MSU have been denied equal housing rights.

attle in Livingston County

In describing the new two-man By MARK R. KILLINGS WORTH
presidency, Suarez said "it is a
co-presidency, but it has butone SIecial To The Daily
purpose and commands with only HOWELL-Reports of vicious
one voice." infighting and possible violence
The 10-day old strike was called among Democrats of Livingston
in protest of government banish- County, the county immediately
ment into exile of the tin miners' north of Washtenaw County, were
leader, Juan Lechin, a former "ice- heard by Visiting Circuit Court
president of Bolivia. After rioting Judge Leo Bebau yesterday.
in La Paz, the junta sent 17 more The charges came out during a
labor leaders into exile in Para- lawsuit by one of the party's fac-
guay.t
Barrientos, in the midst of the tn
strike, said, "This is unfortunately The lawsuit-brought by a group
no longer a general strike or state led by Martin Levean of Brighton,
of subversion but a state of civil a long-time former Livingston
war, which is what the extremist County Democratic chairman, and
leaders wanted." his son, Brian-would unseat Ed-

TO VISIT JOHNSON:.
Erhard To Campaign

ward Rettinger, whom the state The Rettinger attorney, Thomas Bator as indicated on the petition.
Democrats recognize as the pres- Downs, then: -Declared Ellis had gone "be-
ent county chairman. I -Entered evidence charging El- hind the face of the petition" in
Today's Hearings lis "did not display equal diligence striking down several Rettinger
Judge Bebau indicated that to- and scrutiny" in examining each candidates' petitions for having
iay's hearings will be "the end of faction's petitions. Goo many invalid signatures, but
the trial-I hope." He said he -Said Ellis ruled 65 Rettinger had refused to do so when similar
wants to rule on the case this petitions which had been filed on zomplaints were raised about the
afternoon. May 26, 1964, as invalid because notarization and or signatures of
Rettinger, who unseated Levean they had been filed early, although circulators on Levean petitions.
in 1962, was challenged for the a May 22 directive from state Primary Election
.ounty chairmanship by young Le- Elections Director Robert Mont- In the primary election after
vean in 1964 in the primary elec- gomery indicated that the date the filing, the Leveanites won 84
tion Sept. 1, which picked dele- was valid. delegate seats and the Rettinger
gates to the Democratic county -Questioned Raymond Mann- forces 26 in the 110 member con-
convention and half of the coun- leim, who said a petition nomi- vention. As a result of Ellis' rut-
ty's Executive Committee in the nating him had been circulated ings and several complaints the
person of its nominees for county without his name at the top by Leveans had 107 candidates on
offices. Both sides ran slates. Martin Levean and not by Claude the ballot to the Rettinger forces'
forty-three.
Stanley Beattie contended that
these issues were "irrevelant" to
j the case, repeatedly asking Bebau
to strike Downs' charges from the
record and added that Downs, in
claiming a "pattern of action"
that had deprived Rettinger's
forces of their rights had not
given a single instance of specifi-
to see if there is any offer worth making to keep De Gaulle in the cation that would indicate my
Alliance. clients are involved."
Preliminary exploration may start at next week's meeting. John- Bebau over-ruled Beattie's ob-
son and Erhard will want to assess the danger of De Gaulle's pulling jection but added twice during the
out, what can be done to prevent it. trial that he felt Downs' attempt
Erhard and Johnson are bound to discuss how to create an at demonstration of a "pattern of
Atlantic force that would give West Germans some voice for the first action" was "kind of weak."
time, in the use of nuclear weapons. Accepted Recommendation
Erhard has spent most of his 69 years wrestling with economic When Rettinger accepted the
Droblems and he has huilt a venutation a the father of West German I recommendation and then began

By CARL HARTMAN
Associated Press Staff Writer
BONN - With a crucial election less than four months off.
Chancellor Ludwig Erhard of West Germany will be riding hard on
the campaign trail when he sees President Lyndon B. Johnson next
week.
He is due in New York Monday to collect an honorary degree
from Columbia University.
It is a.fair bet that one of the things uppermost in his mind will

mofommm n

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