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Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 6-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 12, 1965 SEVEN CENTS
U.S. EVADES TRAP:
Viet Cong Move Hints Offensive New Moong
SAIGON (A)-An estimated 1500
Communist guerrillas pulled back
into the jungled hills around Song
Be this morning, ending a savage
daylong battle in the provincial
capital that cost five American
A U.S. adviser said the fighting
may be the beginning of the Viet
Cong's summer rainy season of-
The guerrillas occupied Song
Be, 74 miles north of Saigon, for
seven hours yesterday before they
were driven out by U.S.-advised
government troops and a barrage
from U.S. jets. Five American
dead and 13 wounded were among
the 100 casualties on the South
A U.S. miiltary spokesman said
the retreating Viet Cong tried to
trap reinforcemeits lifted in by
helicopter at the Song Be air-
strip, but the snare failed because
the troops landed south of the
Song Be is a community of
15,000 in Phuoc Long province,
which fronts on the Cambodian
border. It is the first provincial
capital to be temporarily occupied
by the Viet Cong since Ham Tan,
in Binh Tuy province, was over-
run in 1963.
The ground war picked up ele-
A U.S. marine was killed and
six injured in a seize-and-hold op-
eration by a marine company that
secured a row of troublesome ham-
lets eight miles west of the Da
Nang air base, 380 miles north of
The casualties raised the total
U.S. combat dead in Viet Nam in
the last 31/2 years to 372.
Belated reports from a battle
last Sunday 25 miles west of Sai-
gon disclosed 116 South Vietna-
mese soldiers were killed and 78
wounded in one of the worst gov-
ernment beatings in recent weeks.
Two Viet Cong battalions forced
900 government troops into re-
treat in this battle and captured
174 government weapons.
U.S. air force and navy planes
continued raids against Commun-
ist North Viet Nam.
Sixteen F105 fighter-bombers
accompanied by a 24-plane escort
destroyed six barracks , around
Vinh, about 150 miles north of the
border, left a 30-foot armed junk
apparently sinking, destroyed two
trucks and damaged five buildings
along Route 8, a cross-country
highway, a miltiary spokesman
THESE MARINES were injured in fighting around the impor-
tant Da Nang air base. The Viet Cong attacks, especially on the
base at Song Be have led observers to believe that a new of-
fensive is beginning.
Two Skyhawk jets from the 7th
Fleet carrier Oriskany scored
three direct hits on a railroad1
bridge 13 miles south of Thanh'
Hoa, itself 80 miles south of the
North Vietnamese capital ofI
Hanoi, he added.
"We're really pouring the airl
on them," a U.S. military spokes-
man said. "We're giving them
everything we can lay our handsI
Viet Cong Remain
Despite the determined govern-I
ment counterattack a n d the
pounding by U.S. planes, the
Communists remained entrenched
in the jungle brush around Song
Another Marine combat battal-
ion of 1400 landed this morning
at Da Nang, site of a strategic U.S.-
Vietnamese air base 380 miles
north of Saigon. The battalion
boosts the number of Marines to
14,000 in the Vietnamese war.
The landing reinforced specu-
lation that nearly all of the 3rd
Marine Division on Okinawa
would eventually be thrown into
the battle against the Viet Cong.
In another development, a fresh
load of U.S. Army combat heli-
copters was expected to arrive in
Viet Nam soon, beefing up the
force of some 300 helicopters al-
U.S. Deputy Ambassador U.
Alexis Johnson narrowly escaped
death or injury yesterday when
a load of ammunition exploded at,
a movie studio adjoining his resi-
dence. Police believed the explo-
sion was accidental.
Johnson was standing in his
yard about 15 yards from the
blast but was not hurt.
In Washington, meanwhile, an
interfaith group planned to march
across the Potomac today and
stand outside the Pentagon in al
silent vigil disapproving U.S.
bombings in Viet Nam.
Vigil leaders estimated as many
of 1000 clergymen joining in the
MOSCOW IP)-An unmanned
Soviet space capsule will try to
alight g nlgentlyon t d y !::;":::.:::::on::.....::the:::::::::::moon:::.:":.:::...today..:....:... .......,...................,......................*............................,..*
in the most advanced experiment
toward landing men there, an
official Soviet announcement in-
dicated. each and Publisi'-Haber
The Lunik V-a 3,250-pound
spacecraft launched last Sunday- By ROBERT MOORE times overcomes good teaching. "It is very much GI tn over-
will try the landing at least halfB ERSorco eghea n"isveryt muchosfythaove
a year ahead of an American at- "The task of the University is Scholar-Teachers simplificatin to say that the
tempt to set down a functioning to make certain that the "pOur general experience has issue facing the teacher is
device on the moon. scholar teaches, that the teach- been that the teacher3 who publish or perish.' It is highly
Previous Soviet and American er searches and that the stu- are involved in scholarly e- exaggerated.
shots at the moon have either dent is exposed to a teacher search i their fields are us- "We have many tera're pro
crashed into it, stopping the flow who is himself a learner," Dean ually also creative, stimulating fessors in this University who
of radioed information, or missed William Haber said in a recent and imaginative teachers. have published little and have
it. But a soft landing could pio interview. not perished. We are always
vide a continued flow of surface Haber, dean of the literary sensitive to the need .f recog-
?izing and rewarding excep
data vital for sending men to the college, the University's largesttiamgod
moon safely. school, was talking about the tionally good teaching. And we
The brief announcement, di- place of research and teaching often do so even when not
brefclearly accompanied b v
tributed by the Tass news agency in education.
said the Lunik V is scheduled to Research budgets and pro- .. dence of creative or prolific
reach the Sea of Clouds area this grams at American universities scholarship," Haber said.
afternoo"Anunversityoehae, however, would
afternoon, have c a u s e d dissatisfaction" niver
The Sea of Clouds is the name among many campus liberals cease to be a university if it
given by earthbound moonwatch- and student activists. They did not require of its teachers
ers to a plain near the moon's charge large. research-oriented active and vigorous participa-
south pole. universities lose sight of the in- tion in the process of learning,
"The automatic station Lunik V dividual student who wants of searching, if discovering.
carries for the first time equip- stimulating instructors and not 'More True Today'
ment for a soft landing on the big-time research. "Thi tr td. th
moon," the announcement said. Disagrees ever. T isbgin with, our eco
The announcement about a soft Haber disagreed with the va-
landing carne after the course of tolidity of this charge as applied tnal tan reqie us totrain
the Lunik V had been corrected, to the University. experts in research. In addin
apparently giving Soviet kuthori "Teaching-good teaching-- tion, we are living in a period
ties confidence that everything is our primary academic re- wherethere i a a delof
was going according to plan and sponsibility," Haber said. "Uni- hobsolescence of knowledge,' '"
a soft landing would be a success versity teaching, however, in- Haber said.
Reports published in the West volves More than appearing be- DEAN HABER
have indicated the soft landing fore a classroom several times "Very much that we have
would have to be made. on the a week. It involves some clear, "Our teachers must be scho- known before has become obso-
blast of rockets that slowly lower and measurable evidence on the lar-teachers. The teacher who lete. The teacher who is not
the capsule, part of the teacher that he is only teaches is not a creative aware of these developments,
The U.S.'s plans for putting men capable of intellectual growth person. He cannot be stimulat- who is not helping in this pro-
on the moon this decade were and that he is growing; that he ing and exciting to learners un- cess of discovery, can hardly be
described as improved last night keeps up with 'he subject; that less he is himself learner." an e x c it i n g and creativea
by Space Administrator James E. he is a learner and that he is Haber pointed out, however, teacher.
Webb. creative." that reports of extreme em- "We need, therefore, good:
He told the Washington Boaid Haber disagreed witn the as- phasis by the administration on and hopefully great teachers.
of Trade these improved prospects sertion that good research wt. k research by individual teachers We believe that such people are
resulted from the smooth progress often interferes with and some- are not true. also fine scholars."
of the Gem inimspacec:aft..:o::.am... ::. .:.:::.. . . . . . ....... .
Webb was not available Imme-
diately for comment on the Rus- CHANGES IN POWER:
sian moon shot.,
In the first manned Gemini
flight several weeks ago, astro-
nauts Virgil I. Grissom and John I tr eley S ud sks eform
Young Jr. were able to change the/
velocity and orbital attitudes ofj
King Sets Plan of Action
For Protests in Alabama
May Lead To
Change in Measure
On Legal Grounds
WASHINGTON (M-The Unit-
ed States Senate rejected yester-
day an amendment to the Negro
voting rights bill that would have
banned poll taxes as a require-
ment for voting in state and local
The vote was 49 to 45.
The amendment, proposed by
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-
Mass) and 38 other senators and
strongly supported by civil rights
groups, was opposed by the ad-
ministration and Senate leaders
as of doubtful constitutionality.
The Voting Rights Bill already
contains a provision directing the
attorney general to test in the
courts the constitutionality, of poll
axes still collected from voters in
four states-Alabama, Mississippi,
Texas and Virginia.
Senate leaders hoped that de-
feat of Kennedy's amendment, an
issue that has divided supporters
of the bill, would open the way
for passage of the voting rights
measure by the end of the week.
Democratic leader Mike Mans-
field of Montana and Republican
leader Everett M. Dirksen of Illi-
nois had urged defeat of the
amendment. They had questioned
Mansfield said the provision in
the Voting Rights Billfor a court
challenge of poll taxes "avoids
any constitutional doubts."
Despite the stands by the par-
ty leaders, both the party whips,
or assistant leaders, voted for the
amendment. They are Sens. Rus-
sell B. Long (D-La) and Thomas
H. Kuchel (R-Calif). Tennessee's
Democratic senators, Ross Bass
and Albert Gore, also voted for
Kennedy's amendment. So ;did
Sen. Ralph Yarborough (D-Tex).
All the other senators from the
Southern states also lined up
against the amendment.
Now that the poll tax ban
amendment has been voted down,
both sides are preparing strate-
gies for the upcoming clash over
the Voting Rights Bill.
Sen. Allen J. Ellender (D-La)
spokesman for the Southern sen-
ators battling the Voting Rights
Bill as unconstitutional, said they
decided at a recent closed strategy
meeting to block any request for
an over-all debate limitation
Ellender said, however, they
would not object to limiting de-
bate on individual amendments as
they are called up.
He said the Southerners have
only had one amendment brought
to a vote so far and have others
they intend to offer. He said he
could not predict when action on
the bill might be completed.
Reminded that Mansfield and
Dirksen have expressed hope of
Senate passage of the bill this
week, Ellender said that "with the
machinery greased up the way it
is, they have the power to do it."
But, he said, "I don't think they
will exercise it."
Ellender apparently was refer-
ring to the power of the leader-
ship to move to table amendments
offered by the Southerners. Mo-
tions to table are not debatable.
The party leaders indicated they
may be willing to go along tem-
porarily with placing a time limi-
tation on debate on each amend-
ment, if an over-all limitation is
Mansfield said he hopes the bill
can be passed this week but Dirk-
sen said he couldn't guess how
long it would take to get final ac-
SELMA, Ala. (P)-Martin Luther King Jr. outlined yesterday plans their spacecraft.E
for massive new demonstrations at the state capital if the Alabama . Another manned Gemini flight
legislature fails to heed demands for improving the Negro's economic is scheduled in the near future,
possibly next month, Webb said.
and political status. In this one, the techniques of
King's rallying tour of target areas in his four-month-old voter maneuvering and docking in space
drive took him to nearby Camden where he told about 200 Negroes
--that petitions will be presented
Vivian Asks Constructive
Criticism of Viet Policy
By MICHAEL BADAMO
to the legislature next week.
Small groups of Negroes from
the Black Belt, a stretch of rich
dark soil, will attempt to petition
lawmakers to "do something about
the conditions we f a c e as
Negroes," he said.
While King was making his
fourth stop in the two-day Black
Belt tour to pump new life into his
voter drive, police at Demopolis-
where he spoke Monday-arrested
about 50 persons for trying to lead
a march of Negro school children.
Those arrested were charged with
contributing to the delinquency of
will be studied.
"Gemini is a planned step in
hopefully achieving our announced
goal of putting a man on the moon
by the end of this decade," Webb
"As we successfully complete
each phase of the program, we
enhance our prospects for a lunar
landing by 1970," he declared.
The next exploratory step in
this direction in the U.S. space
program is the lunar orbiter series.
This is expected to be seven or
more flights, and is the combining
of two earlier projected programs,
termed Surveyor, designed to soft-
land an instrument package on
the moon in 1966.
LOS ANGELES (M)-Sweeping
changes in the structure of the
University of California and a
great lessening of control by re-
gents were recommended yester-
day in a special report triggered
by last autumn's disorders on the
The report, issued by a nine-
member team appointed by the
regents and headed by Beverly
Hills attorney Jerome C. Byrne
after a four-month study, was
made public at a news conference.
Implicit in the 85-page docu-
ment was lack of censure of the
students and acceptance of what
they claimed as the basis of their
8-month-old revolt-demands for
free expression and the rights of
Equally striking, in a massive
series of recommendations, was
the implicit criticism of present
Congressman Weston E. Vivian (D-Mich) who has expressed
his dissatisfaction with the present United States policy in Viet Nam
is of the opinion that most of the dissention on President Lyndon,
B. Johnson's policy is lacking in constructive nature and merely;
criticizes rather than gives possible alternatives.'
Vivian, when asked to explain why he voted for the President's
request for an additional $700 million for military spending in the
Viet Nam war and the Dominican crisis he referred to a statement
---',made by Rep. Henry Reuss (D-
Wis) in congressional debate
N Policywhich he supported.
Reuss said, "I shall vote for the
resolutionan the appropriation
Revam pi g today because I believe that the
troops we have committed in
C111~d 'e' C southeast Asia deserve the support
Considered the President has told us they
ned. That is what my vote today
The National Science Founda-
tion, long engaged in administer- a .gI this not a t oflict in
ing government grants to various Sorut Vitepresen o vote of
scientific research projects, will satisfaction with things as they
shortly be before the House Sci-a
university policy, the administra-i
tion's structure and the board of
regents' present view of its own
Board Chairman Edward W.
Carter, asked how much weight
he thinks his fellow regents will,
attach to the report, said he was
disappointed in the report, adding:
"It's stimulating, but I doubt
they'll treat most of the recom-
mendations with great seriousness.
That's my personal opinion."
The report suggested that the
nine campuses be reorganized into
a "commonwealth of universities,"
with each chartered autonomously.
And it recommended that the
regents formulate their role to
concentrate on legislative func-
tions, delegating executive and
judicial functions to university
"The wise use of power requires
its wide distribution," the report
said. "This suggests that the
regents must be willing to delegate
their enormous powers as the
people have been willing to dele-
Ordered by Regents
The report was ordered by the
regents after a series of Berkeley
campus uphevals that included a
two-day sit-in in the administra-
tion building last fall during
which more than 700 demonstra-
tors were arrested.
The controversy flared anew in
March when a handful of youths
flaunted on the campus a four
Because of a dispute between
himself and the regents over the
discipline of students following
that demonstration, University of
California President Clark Kerr
had threatened to resign, but
withdrew his threat later after
discussions with the regents.
The report said investigators
found no evidence to indicate that
the Free Speech Movement on the
Berkeley campus was organized
by the Communist Party, the pro-
gressive labor movement or any
other outside group.
It called for a new charter pro-
vision giving "full freedom of or-
ganization by faculty and stu-
campaigns against bans on ob-E
The administration has been
opposed to the faculty in most3
areas concerning the student pro-
The Free Speech movement,
which was the moving force be-
hind most protests here since the"
original demonstrations last fall,
disbanded recently for reasons re-
lated to what its leader, Mario
Savio, called "Bonapartist" lead-
Another group, the Free Student
Union, has taken its place.
May Be Upped
By $20 Million
It looks like Gov. George
Romney's recommended $780 mil-
lion general-fund operating budget
will be increased by at least $20
million by the Legislature.
The Senate appropriations com-
mittee has reported out four bills
that would significantly increase
For higher education (operat-
ing money for Michigan's ten
state-supported colleges and uni-
versities), the committee recom-
mends $4.9 million more than
The higher education bill in-
crease is intended primarily to in-
crease salaries of professors, and
includes an additional $1.2 million
to cover any unexpected jump in
the number of students and to
entice colleges to expand summer
Two of the Senate bills concern
capital outlay-$56,996,228 to fi-
nance construction of several pro-
jects, and $2.8 million to study
and prepare plans for others.
Though the capital outlay total
is below the expected level, Sen.
Garland Lane (D-Flint), chair-
man of the appropriations com-
mittee, said the amount was be-
ing kept low for a purpose.
A supplemental appropriation
for capital outlay is being planned
fr. early next. Year.TLane said. By
ence and Astronautics Committee
for a complete policy revamping.
This will be the first revision
of the Foundation since its insti-
tution. Rep. Weston E. Vivian (D-
Mich) said that, "The organiza-
tion has not had enough pblicy
Now that the Science and As-
tronautics Committee's budget re-
quests for the next fiscal year are
completed the committee will de-
vote much of their time to re-
working the Foundation's more
basic policies. The project is slat-
ed to begin immediately.
In Vivian's estimation there will
be three major policy changes
which will be taken into consider-
ation. They are:
-A better geographical distri-
Vivian refused to say exactly
what he thought of the admin-
istrative policy in Viet Nam be-
cause in his estimation "it would
serve no purpose." Local consti-
tuents have been led to believe
by some of Vivian's past state-
ments of an ultra-liberal nature
that he had grave reservations as
to the validity of U.S. policy in
He said that the President's re-I
quest for $700 million was an at-
tempt to dramatize congressional l
involvement in the Vietnamese
Concerning a recent resolution
passed by local Democrats con-
demning U.S. policies in Viet Nam
Vivian was critical because they
offered no alternatives to the
problem but he added that he was
BRITISH PRIME MINISTER WILSON addressed the opening of the annual meeting of the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization yesterday. The meeting is expected to discuss both Viet Nam
and the Dominican Republic.
France Drops German Issue
LONDON (A)-France gave upj
that President Lyndon B. Johnsont
Germany on the bases of self- dhe Berkelev campus