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Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 66-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11, 1965 SEVEN CENTS
GREEK CRISIS 'GRAVE':
Rejects King's Coalition Offer
Join Two R
ATHENS (P)-King Constantine
last night appeared in the gravest
position yet in Greece's political
crisis. His second effort to solve
the problem failed amid mount-
ing public impatience.
The monarch's request of Steph-
anos Stephanopoulos to try to
form a government was rejected.t
Stephanopoulos, a former vice pre-
mier, told the king that his ac-
ceptance of the mandate "would
have meant an attempt to split
the Center Union Party."
The Center Union voted Mon-
day against Stephanopoulos' ac-
ceptance of the monarch's offer. It
remained steadfast behind party
leader George Papandreou, oust-
ed as premier by the king July
15 in a quarrel over politics in
the armed forces.
A pro-Papandreou rally in Ath-
ens after the party's vote, brought
out 10,000 demonstrators and re-
peated cries that the king should
watch his step.
Stephanopoulos, a Center Un-
PRESIDENT JOHNSON signs the Housing Bill yesterday in the
White House Rose Garden, in a ceremony marked by the Presi-
dent's promise of better housing for more people.
Housing, Rent Law,
WASHINGTON (MP)-President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a four-
year, $7.5-billion omnibus Housing Bill yesterday and said it represents
"the single most important breakthrough in the last 40 years" in
The measure includes a controversial new program of federal
rent subsidies for people who cannot afford standard private housing.
The measure authorizes an additional $2.9 billion for continuing
the urban,renewal program of slum clearance and community develop-
ionist and former deputy premier
under Papandreou,' had said all
along he would not clash with
The 25-year-old king once again
was faced with Papandreou's de-
mand either to bring him back as
premier or call new elections.
"I do not know what the king's
next step will be," said Steph-
anopoulos after they met for 80
Informed sources said the king
probably would try to form a coali-
tion from out of Parliament, but
excluding Papandreou and the
Communist-line United Democrat-
ic Left Party.
The sources said the king's po-
litical advisers were putting more
emphasis on the 26 Center
Unionists who voted against the
tide at the party caucus than
on the 116 who voted for Steph-
anopoulos to reject the mandate.
The advisers were said to be
encouraged by the possibility of
those 26 aligning with the 99 dep-
uties of the rightist National Rad-
ical Union, the 21 deputies who
made up the three-week-old
George Athanasiadis Novas gov-
ernment and the eight Progres-
sive Party deputies. The Radical
Union and Progressives are Pap-
That would total 154, more than
half the 300-member Parliament.
If such a solution could be work-
ed out, the sources explained, it
would break Papandreou's hold on
Parliament. The entire Center Un-
ion has 170 deputies.
Papandreou would be certain to
fight any move by the king to
bring about a coalition.
Meanwhile the crisis was being
felt in the Greek economy. Tour-
ist agencies reported growing can-
cellations. Foreign investment has
come to an almost complete stand-
Young supporters of Papandreou
pledged to demonstrate every
night until he is made premier of
Some 10,000 at an Athens thea-
tre cried "Papandreou or elec-
tions," then marched toward Par-
liament. Some held placards say-
ing "King Beware," "Out 'with
the German Woman"-referring to
German-born Queen Mother Fred-
erika and "Plebiscite, Plebiscite."
SANTO DOMINGO (') - The
opposing forces in the Dominican
crisis yesterday were prepafing
counter-proposals to the latest
peace formula of the Organiza-
tion of American States (OAS).
Both the ruling civilian-military
junta and the rebels indicated
their differences with the OAS
proposal for a provisional govern-
ment were not insurmountable.
The OAS political committee
Monday offered a plan returning
military personnel on both sides
to their units, and providing a
provisional government under
Lawyer-Diplomat Hector Garcia
Godoy, a general amnesty for all
political prisoners, and elections
within nine months.
But the Dominican Communist
Party charged that the latest OAS
proposal did not include funda-
mental points proposed by the
rebels, including evacuation of all
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (')
-Malaysia and Singapore appear-
ed ready yesterday to work in
harmony if they can reconcile
Singapore's desire for trade with
Indonesia and Malaysia's fears of
Statements issued by leaders of
the 'two governments following
Singapore's sudden withdrawal
from the federation stressed the
theme of coexistence and cooper-
"We now separate on terms of
friendship," said Malaysian Prime
Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman.
He underscored points in the sep-
aration agreement calling for joint
action in major economic and de-
* Forced Break
Singapore's Premier Lee Kuan,
Yew accused Rahman of forcing
the break, but he too stressed the
need for working relations be-
tween the two governments, par-
tibularly in trade.
Lee's deputy premier, Toh Chin,
declared that the causeway link-
ing Singapore with the Malayan
mainland will "always be open to
At the same time Lee said he
hoped for diplomatic relations and
trade with Indonesia.
"We can't allow that to hap-
pen," said Rahman. "We would
Indonesia was one of Singa-
pore's chief trading partners un-
til President Sukarno launched his
military campaign to crush Ma-
The political-racial differences
See Related Story
which led to the break also re-
"Singapore will never rejoin Ma-
laysia in my lifetime," Lee told
Toh said: "It may well be that
a 'Malaysian Malaysia' may not
come about, but as long, as we
continue to preach multiracial
good will and tolerance, in the
end the objective will be obtain-
Lee, spokesman for Singapore's
predominantly Chinese population,
claimed the Malay - dominated
government in Kuala Lumpur was
trying to perpetuate Malay su-
premacy in Malaysia. Ultra-na-
tionalist Malays feared he would
unite his forces with the large
Chinese population on the Ma-
layan mainland and get control of
Lee said Rahman told him sep-
aration was the only alternative
to racial strife and rejected his
plea for a looser federation.
Government leaders of the Bor-
neo states of Sarawak-and Sabah,
the two remaining partners of Ma-
laya in the federation, said there
was no basis to reports that they
would also pull out. However, op-
position political parties in Sara-
wak called for a plebiscite to de-
termine whether the .people of
North Borne want to remain in
Malaysia now faces the task of
winning international approval of
the breakuli and countering the
propaganda offensive Indonesia is
likely to launch. The Indonesians
already were claiming a victory
over the federation, which Sukar-
no has denounced as a British
colonialist creation that must be
Due Co Post
Blast U.S. Bombing
SAIGON (A)-Battle-torn Viet
Cong and government troops re-
formed early yesterday for fresh
onslaughts in the battle of Duc
Co, rapidly becoming the war's
bloodiest single engagement of the
U.S military spokesmen here
said they had no reports of fur-
ther contacts last night between
government forces moving over-
land to the relief of the camp
and the strong Viet Cong units
dug in along the way. The night
also was reported quiet at the
sand-bagged camp, where a small
band of valiant American advisers
and government troops have been1
It also authorizes an expansion of the low-rent public housing
program to provide for 240,000 additional units and new methods of
Sobtaining theme Instead of being
M al limited to new construction, local
lvii ans edi Sauthotities could finance 100,000
of these units by purchase or lease
Urban Cabinet of existing housing.
Johnson said the bill is land-
mark legislation because of its
NS. Tnew ideas.
"Foremost of these," he said,
"is the program of assistance for
WASHINGTON (IP) - Senate the construction and the rehabtl-
Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield itation of housing for the elderly
oft Montana, expressed optimism and for families of low incore-
yesterday over chances of Senate the people who live in the most
passage of legislation to create a wretched conditions in our slums
cabinet Department of Housing and blighted neighborhoods."
and Urban Development.
Mansfield, after a conference Elderly
wtnsienteryndonferohnon The bill provides for grants of
with President Lyndon B. Johnson up to $1,500 to persons whose in-
attended by other Senate Demo- comes are $3,000 a year or less.
cratic leaders, said there is sub- The money is'to be used to fix up
itantial opposition to the bill with- their properties so they can con-
in both parties, but that he re- tinue to live in them. This is ex-
gards chances for passage as pected to be particularly helpful
"fairly good."to elderly people
Mansfield reported Senate lead- te eople.
ers went over the entire legislative The rent subsidy program pro-
picture with Johnson and said the vides for payments which may
President was "very satisfied" average around $45 a month to
id teprogrss m"ernsthdfamilies whose incomes are low
hou e o grthesadministration's enough to qualify them for public
houses on the housing under present law. None
program. of the subsidies could be paid to
The White House session endedprvt ndrs.
just about two hours before the private landlords.
scheduled start of Senate debate
on the plan to create an eleventh HUMPERDINCK'S
cabinet department to deal with
the ballooning problems of cities.
a debate limitation expected to P la
bring Senate approval today for
the new post which was approved
by the House on June 16 by a !
besieged for, more than two
.However, major forces still were
in the area and there was no in-,
dication that the fight for Duc Co
and the surrounding area was
Other scattered action was re-
ported last night in areas of the
Mekong Delta south of Saigon, in
Chuong Thien province and far-
ther south in An Xuyen province
on the tip of the Camau Penin-
sula. Casualties among govern-
ment forces were termed light.
Earlier, U.S. planes pressed at-
tacks both north and south of the
The U.S. air attacks on North
Viet Nam were greeted with more
blasts from the Soviet Union as
three Soviet correspondents told a
Moscow television audience that
American air raids on North Viet
Nam cause widespread terror, dis-
ruption of communications and
damage to schools, hospitals and
"The raids were calculated to
paralyze the economy, on said.
They never stopped. They went on
at night with the aid of flares."
"Hospitals and schools were
hit," he said. Then a strip of film
showing burning buildings appear-
ed on the screen. These he iden-
tified as a school and a hospital.
The three correspondents are
Yuri Yukhananov of Moscow radio
and television, Vadim Kassis of
Izvestia, and Alexander Ter-
Grigoryan of .Komsomolskaya
Referring again to reported
school bombings, one journalist
said one map.had been taken from
a plane shot down and on it were
marked the coordinates of schools
"That showed that the bombing
was intentional," he said.
Correspondents with world war
experience remembered that pilot
maps normally were marked to
show known schools-and hospitals
so they could be avoided.
AIR DROPS like this one today have been the sole means of
support since June 3 for the South Vietnamese outpost at Dus Co.
This air drop, made Monday, carried food and ammunition to the
besieged government troops.'
Over 2,000 Slain
WASHINGTON (I)-Viet Cong terror, including the murder of
more than 2,000 officials and civilans, is causing more Vietnamese
to flee to the safety of South Viet Nam government areas, Ambassa-
dor Henry Cabot Lodge said yesterday.
Lodge said the Viet Cong has slain more than 2,000 local officials
and civilians in the past year and that at present 380,000 of more
than 400,000 who fled unsafe places this year are still classified as
The ambassador said South Viet Nam, the United States and
various other countries are all-,
contributing to the care and relo-
cation of these people. D ietetics
Lodge said that refugees have
been an important element in in
Viet Nam ever since the Geneva Tr i e1.1
accords of 1954.
He pointed out that in 1954and q itchens
1955, more than a million refugees i
left North Viet Nam for the
South. Most of these refugees were By BE'SY CON
of Catholic religious background
and chose to live under the Three visiting home economics
southern government of the Cath- majors have been watching your
olic Ngo Dinh Diem rather than diets and dietitians as part of a
under the northern Communist 10 week training program in col-
government of Ho Chi Minh. legiate food service.
In addition, Lodge said, since The girls, from Texas, Kansas
then hundreds of thousands of and Missouri, are three of 15 stu-
others have come down from iso- dents sponsored by the Associa-
lated mountain villages to safer tion of College and University
areas. Housing Offices. Five years ago
Lodge, who plans to return to this national association establish-
Saigon next week, said the prob- ed programs in six western and
lem of refugees will be a major midwestern universities to further
one on his return, acquaint students interested in
Economic Aid dietitian careers, with the oppor-
'Our economic aid programs," tunities and duties of a residence
he asserted, "including aid to hall dietitian.
refugees, are, as President John- According to Miss Elizabeth
son has been careful to stress, just Hyde, director of trainees visiting
as important as our military aid the University, "The increase of
to Viet Nam," he said. residence .halls brings with it an
increase in the need for residence
staff. Thesencareers are often
overlooked and there are more
job opportunities than there are
£ J ' people to fill them."
Grew~-No Home Ec
e"Michigan does not have its
own home economics department,"
she explained, "however, our fa-
cilities and food service staff have
been approved by the association
as adequate training ground for
the men and women interested in
residence hall service. This is our
fourth summer of participation."
The trainees follow a thorough
food cycle, beginning withi pur-
chasing the food in Detroit, visit-
ing the fruit and vegetable ter-
minals, the butcheries, packing
houses and poultry plants. They
participate in activities held in
the University's Central Food
Then, they move from here to
the individual residence halls
where they work in each depart-
ment preparing salads, supervis-
ing meal orders, menus, produc-
tion and employment. At present,
Morse Blasts War
By The Associated Press
don B. Johnson stressed again
yesterday public unity behind the
Vietnamese war and continued his
briefings with congressmen that,
two House members reported, were
marked by "cautious optimism."
Democratic Majority Leader Carl
Albert of Oklahoma used this
phrase in talking with reporters
and Speaker John W. McCormack
of Massachusetts agreed.
McCormack also agreed with
statements by Johnson Monday
that there is no substantial divi-
sion in the nation over Viet Nam
policy, then commented:
"In my opinion, for whatever
value my opinion might have, the
country is more united than it
was before Pearl Harbor."
A third of the House member-
ship was briefed by the President
and his top advisers yesterday
morning. Another third was invit-
ed to the White House last night
and the remainder today. Senators
were briefed in two groups Mon-
McCormack called the briefing
sessions "very helpful," not only
for the conduct of government
"but for the people of the United
Basis for Optimism
Asked the basis of the cautious
optimism voiced by the House
leaders, Presidential Press' Secre-
tary 'Bill D. Moyers mentioned
A sense Of understanding be-
tween the executive and legisla-
tive branches; reports of increas-
ed losses of the Communist Viet
Cong over the weekend, and a
"feeling of general support in the
Moyers, hbwever, noted the
President cautioned reporters
Monday against saying he was.
talking glowingly pn the situa-
tion in Viet Nam. "He is not,"
Moyers said a number of ques-
tions were asked at the first brief-
ing about war materiel used in
Reaction of senators who at-
tended Monday's briefings ranged
from caution throtigh enthusiasni.
Severalsaid they heard nothing
But Sen. Ernest Gruening (D-
Alaska), who voted last year
against the resolution giving the
President wide authority to use
armed forces in Viet Nam and has
since been critical of U.S. policy
there, said he was heartened by
the briefing. He added, "I think
the President is making a greater
effort than ever before to try to
bring the issue to the conference
Sen. Daniel K. Inouye (D-Ha-
wai) said if the people generally
could have sat in, "there would
be very few picketings and dem-
Johnson announced four more
briefings this week to give all-
members of the House of Repre-
sentatives a chance to hear and,
question the top executive officers
concerned with the Viet Nam war.
He said there will be a similar
session Aug. 17 for representa-
tives of business, labor and the
But Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore)
pinned an "Alice-in-Wonderland"
label on the discussions with Con-
gressional leaders by President
Johnson and his top advisers.
The Oregon Democrat has long
been one of the most vocal critics
of the U.S. position in Viet Nam.
"It is a remarkable thing,"
Morse told the Senate, "to be able
n on n oto the White House
yres To Give 'Hansel and
T. IL4 is l? T!'l it
Mansfield won acceptance of a!
plan to limit debate on the bill
and any amendments to one hour
after the Senate meets today at
Sen. Abraham A. Ribicoff (D-
Conn), floor manager for the bill,
claimed enough Senate votes to
Ribicoff accepted an amend-
ment by Sen. John Sparkman (D-
Ala) which would assure a Fed-
eral Housing Administrator in the
new agency. The Federal Housing
Administration, which handles the
bulk of Federal insurance of home
mortgages, is a part of the Hous-
ing and Home Finance Agency
which would be converted into a
cabinet department by the bill.
By KAY EMERIUK
The Opera Department of the School of Music in conjunction
with the University Players will present tonight the first of five per-
formances of Humperdinck's "Hansel and Gretel."
The opera follows the classical fairy tale of the brother and
sister who have fanciful adventures after getting lost in the woods.
Several characters, the Sandman, the Dewman, and the Angels have
been added to the story to create an atmosphere of charm and delight.
The children's parents add a note of reality and serve to balance
the different realms.
The production will feature Annafield Walker as Hansel, Nancy
Hall as Gretel, Lee Davis as the Father, and Susy Morris and Noel
Rogers as the Mother on .alternate nights. The Witch is played by
John Bohrer, and the Sandman and Dewman by Elizabeth Olson.
The opera is directed by Prof. Joseph Blatt and staged by Prof.
Ralph Herbert, both of the music school. The stage sets were designed
by Daniel Lomax, Grad, and the- choreography is by Mrs. Bernard
Both Herbert and Blatt are long-time collaborators on the Uni-
versity Opera productions. Herbert explained that although "Hansel
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