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July 28, 1965 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1965-07-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.



WEDNESD~~fAY. T ti' Y 9_oo twits J~7*


Vr L'tiJt'IJLIOMtxs. JUL f,15, 1. 300





Year of Escalation


SAIGON MP)-The United State
has moved closer in the past yea
to a major war in Asia than a
any time since the Korean con
flict of the 1950s.
U.S. forces in South Viet Nar
have more than quadruple
American battle casualties hav
risen drastically. It has beenz
year of increasingly intens
ground battles, and American
who entered as advisers, have ha
to take an active role in comba
to keep South Viet Nam from be
ing swamped by the Viet Cong.
Gulf of Tonkin incidents form
ed one turning point of the wa
Among highlights of the year:
July 30, 1964-Hanoi charge
that U.S. warships were violatin
North Vietnamese coastal waters.
7th Fleet
Aug. 2-A U.S. 7th Fleet des
troyer fired on three North Viet
namese torpedo boats suspected a
making an attack on it. At leas
one torpedo boat was believe
Aug. 5-In the first U.S. a:
raid on North Viet Nam, 7th Flee
planes staged a retaliatory attac
on torpedo boat bases after P
boats attempted another attac
on fleet units. Two U.S. plane
were shot down by Communis
flak, but pilots reported they de
stroyed 24 boats, several base
and a fuel depot. U.S. jet bomber
arrived in South Viet Nam an
F102 fighters moved in to prote
South Vietnamese frontiers.
Aug. 19-U.S. military strengt
in Viet Nam 17,200, an increase
of 1,200 in a month.
Oct. 1-Ambassador Maxwell I
Taylor said: "The Viet Cong have
never been so far from a militar
victory in South Viet Nam as the
are now, and their. men mu
know it."
Military Strength
Oct. 5-U.S. military strengt
in Viet Nam now 19,500.
Nov. 1-The Bien Hoa Airbas
one of the three most importan
U.S. installations in Viet Nam
underwent Viet Cong shelling
Enemy mortars damaged or de
stroyed 27 aircraft, killed fo
U.S. servicemen and wounded 72
The Viet Cong escaped unscathed
Nov. 18-Terrorist bomb at Sal
gon airport wounded 18 Amer
Nov. 18-Terrorist bomb at Sai
gon airport wounded 18 Amert
Dec. 6-8-The battle of An Loa
Viet Cong seized that key outpos
280 miles northeast of Saigon
captured their first 4.2-inch mor

1 s


s tars and inflicted about 100 cas-
r ualties. About 500 government S
t militiamen deserted. S
- Bombers
Dec. 15 (approximately)-U.S.
n Air Force F105 bombers began
d. arriving in Viet Nam and air raids
e were launched on Communist in-
a filtration routes in Laos.
e Dec. 19-Viet Cong chief Ngu-
s, yen Huu Tho broadcast a declara-
d tion that the Viet Cong controlled
t three-quarters of South Viet
- Nam's land and more than half
its 15 million people. C{
i- Dec. 24-Viet Cong terrorists - °.
r. blew up a U.S. officers 'billet, the
Brink Hotel, in downtown Saigon.
d Two Americans were killed and Malaysi
.g 107 persons, including 45 Ameri- A
cans, were injured.n
Dec. 28-Jan. 3, 1965-The s
-_ battle of Binh Gia. The Viet Cong
t- decoyed Vietnamese troops to a \sNGAPORE
f Roman Catholic refugee settle-
st ment 40 miles east of Saigon,
d knocking out three government
battalions piecemeal. Total gov-
ir ernment casualties about 500, in-
t cluding 300 killed or missing. U.S. '.'°_.""../ ..'.
k losses five killed, eight wounded, RuA
T three missing.'~.r
,k Viet Cong
s Jan. 26-U.S. officials listed x1 -
st Viet Cong strength as 29,000 to
- 34,000 main force troops and up<
s to 80,000 regional guerillas. Theyr
s said North Viet Nam had in- -A______
d filtrated between 19,000 and 34,- ______
ct 000 men into the, south since 1959. AY,____
Feb. 7-Viet Cong assault and TM~
h mortar crews attacked U.S. in-
e stallations at Pleiku, in what U S.
officials later described as "the
. straw that broke the camel's
'e back."
*y Eighteen aircraft were damaged
y or destroyed, eight American killed AP Nwsfeatures
st and 108 wounded. That touched
off a retaliatory raid by 49 U.S.
Navy planes on a North Viet- pected Viet Cong concentrations.
h namese military barracks at Dong Feb. 25-A contingent of 2,000
Hoi, 45 miles north of the border. South Korean troops arrived for
e, One Navy pilot was lost. road building and engineering
at Feb. 8-U.S. Marine Corps be- work.
, gan landing 72 Hawk antiaircraft March 4-A U.S. spokesman
g. missiles and 500 men to man them said April was the costliest month
- at strategic Da Nang Airbase. That of the war for Vietnamese forces,
r was the start of a buildingup that with 4,140 casualties and 2,590
2. has landed 25,000 Leathernecks in weapons lost to the Viet Cong.
d. Viet Nam. March 14-Two U.S. Marines
i- Feb.-U.S. dependents begin were accidentally shot dead by a
i. leaving in response to an order third Marine as they returned
from President Lyndon B. John- from a night patrol near Da Nang.
i- son "to clear the decks." Reconnaissance
i- Feb. 1Ait Cog assault March 22-U.S. Air Force began
a. squads blew up a U.S. enlisted
t, men's hotel at Qui Nhon, killings e w
-_ Feb. 11-About 160 U.S. Air
-Force, Navy and Vietnamese
planes make huge reprisal raid on By The Associated Press
North Viet Nam, hitting installa-
tions at Thanh Hoa, 80 miles Viet Nam is not the onIy tru-
south of Saigon and Chap Le, 40 ble spot this year. In almost
miles north of the border. every corner of the globe, men
Feb. 17-U. officials announc- are either using or stockpiling
ed the past week was bloodiest of weapons for killing other men.
the war for U.S. servicement in Here is an up-to-date rundown
Viet Nam: 35 killed, 196 wounded, on seven current hot spots, where
one missing. brushfire wars threaten the peace
Feb. 19-A huge Viet Cong arms of the entire world or where the
and ammunition dump was dis- shooting may break out at any
covered at Vung Ro Bay, providing time.
first hard evidence of massive * * *
seaborne infiltration from the DOMINICAN REPUBLIC-The
north. Dominican Republic is a country
Combat Missions without a government. Or it's a
Feb. 24-U.S. Air Force jets country with two governments.
began flying combat missions in Or three. It depends which way
South Viet Nam, attacking sus- you look at it.
Since May 5, when a truce end-
ed the two-week-old civil war, the
T Nrebels under Col. Francisco Caa-
mano Deno have held part of the
capital city, Santo Domingo, a
Scivilian-military junta u n d e r
,nAajwe O CARPENTER ROAD Brig. Gen. Antonio Imbert Ber-
reras has held another section
Open 7:30-Close 1 0:00 and a peace force under the di-
NOW SHOWING rection of the Organization of
ALL COLOR PROGRAM American States (OAS) has been
holding a truce zone in between.
Now the screen blazes The peace force originally was
with the story based on 405 American Marines, flown in
the blistering best-sellerI by helicopter April 28. Gradual-
ly, the United States committ-
ment rose until it reached a peak
of 22,000 soldiers and Marines.
4. The latest announced troop with-
drawals will bring the American

force down to 10,900 men, part of
the OAS force that is keeping the
peace until a provisional govern-
ment can be worked out.
ISRAEL-"We are in the most
JOSEPH E.LEVINE.,., dangerous year as far as the
Arab struggle is concerned," says
PLUS 25c
WILLIAMHOLDEN I all large 16")and
i* 512 E. William
Tuskegee Institute

AreasI Around the Globe

China made their first appear-
ance. U.S. Navy planes clashed
with the MIGs over the Gulf of
Tonkin 35 miles from Hainan Is-
land. One Navy F4 Phantom was
downed, one MIG disappeared in
flames into clouds.
April 15-About 230 Vietnamese
and American planes dropped
1.000 tons of bombs into jungle
60 miles northwest of Saigon on
suspected Viet Cong concentra-
tions. Ground forces reported they
found no evidence of enemy cas-
Regular Unit
April 26-U.S. officials confirm-
ed that one regular North Viet-
namese army battalion was fight-
ing as a unit in Kontum Pro-
vince. It was identified as 2nd
battalion, 101st regiment, 325th
May 4--In the first important
clash between U.S. Marines and
Viet Cong, one guerrilla was killed
and three Marines wounded 12
miles from Da Nang.
May 5-The first U.S. Army
combat troops arrived. The 173rd
airborne brigade, 3,500 men, be-
gan landing at Bien Hoa and
Vung Tau. U.S. military strength
now 36,000.
May 10-13-The battle of Song]
Be was a draw, with both sides
suffering casualties in the hun-
Bombing Halted
May 12-18-Bombing of North
Viet Nam was halted as a peace
gesture from Washington. Hanoi
rebuffed the gesture and the raids
resumed. U.S. officials said a total
of 43 planes had been lost.
May 20-U.S. 7th Fleet began
shore bombardments of Viet Cong
in South Viet Nam.
May 29-31-The first battle of
Ba Gia. The government suffered
about 500 casualties, Viet Cong an
estimated 600. The Vietnamese
commander, Brig. Gen. Nguyen
Chanh Thi, asked for help from
U.S. Marines and was turned
June 3-Some 2,000 U.S. para-
troopers and Vietnamese troops
combed D-zone jungle 25 miles
north of Saigon. They killed three
Viet Cong. Six Americans were
U.S. Estimate
June 5-New U.S. Estimate of
Viet Cong strength: 34-38,000 full-

- 4': I

Trbi ,sl F+


"route reconnaissance" over North
Viet Nam, flying continuous small
raids against targets of opportun-
ity along roads, waterways and
March 25-Peking said Com-
munist China will "not stand by
in the face of U.S. aggression
against North Viet Nam. -
March 30-Viet Cong terrorists
explode a huge bomb outside the
U.S. embassay in Saigon, killing
22 including two Americans, and
wounding 190, mostly Vietnamese.
April 4--North Vietnamese MIG
17s scored the first dogfight kills

of the war, shooting down two U.S.
Air Force F105 jets near Thanh
April 7--President Johnson said
the U.S.- was ready for uncondi-
tional discussions with North Viet
Nam on ending the war, and that
America was willing to spend $1
billion in aid to Southeast Asia.
April 8-Premier Pham Van
Dong of North Viet Nam said the
war will end only after U.S. forces
are withdrawn from Viet Nam and
the Saigon government is turned
over to the Viet Cong.
April 9-MIG 17s to come from


Seven More

World Trouble-Spots


time regulars, 80-100,000 regional
June 8-Australian infantry
battalion of 800 men moved in
and was assigned to Bien Hoa
with American paratroopers.
June 9-Two thousand five
hundred U.S. Army combat en-
gineers landed at Cam Ranh Bay,
190 miles northeast of Saigon, to
build a port and air strip.
July 10-14--The Battle of Dong
Xoai. Government forces suffered
about 600 casualties, Viet Cong
casualties were estimated at 700
and several hundred civilians were
killed or injured in the fight 60
miles north of Saigon.
June 16-A Viet Cong bomb at
Saigon airport wounded 46 per-
sons, including 34 Americans.
Phantom Jets
June 17-U.S. Navy Phantom
jets,. ranging to a point 40 miles
south of Hanoi, shot down two
North Vietnamese MIG '17s.
June 18-First raid of war by
Strategic Air Command B52
bombers based on Guam. They
dumped 500 tons of bombs into
jungle 25 miles northeast of Sai-
gon. Ground troops reported no
apparent results.
June 22-First raid north of
Hanoi, on Song La barracks 110
miles north-northwest of the Com-
munist capital.
June 25-The Viet Cong explod-
ed two bombs at Saigon's My
Canh restaurant, killing 43,
wounding 80.
Da Nang Base
July 1-A Viet Cong assault
squad penetrated Da Nang Air
Base. They killed one American
and destroyed three planes, dam-
aged three.
July 8--South Korea's govern-
ment approved sending 15,000-
man combat division to Viet Nam.
July 5-Second battle of Ba Gia.
The Viet Cong captured two
105mm howitzers intact, along
with two trucks full of ammuni-
tion, and inflicted about 200 cas-
ualties on the garrison.,
July 6-The district capital of
Dak To, 280 miles northeast of
Saigon, with its 150 defenders fell
to Viet Cong.
July 8-Advance element of the
New Zealand combat unit, an ar-
tillery battery, arrived in Viet
July 9-A joint agreement was

announced under which the U.S.
will send 50,000 tons of rice in $
aid to South Viet Nam. The coun-
try normally has a large rice
surplus, but the Viet Cong has cut
transportation routes so com-
pletely it can no longer be moved
around adegately.
July 9-Pentagon officials were
quoted as saying U.S. armed-
strength in Viet Nam will rise to
100,000 by late summer. Johnson
said in a speech the war "will get
worse before it gets better."
July 10-Two MIG 17s were
downed 25 miles south of Hanoi by
four U.S. Air Force F4 Phantoms.
July 12- Four thousand U.S.
Army 1st Division troops began
landing at Cam Ranh Bay and
Bien Hoa.
More Troops
July 16-The Vietnamese gov-
ernment asked Defense Secretary
Robert S. McNamara on his ar-4
rival here for more U.S. troops.
U.S. officials said an entire North
Vietnamese regiment has infil-
trated into South Viet Nam and
possibly an entire division.
July 20-U.S. Coast Guard
joined the war, with eiglt patrol
boats based at Da Nang. Mc-
Namara, ending visit to Viet Nam,
said the military situation was
serious and has deteriorated since
his last survey here in May 1965.
July 20-Ho Chi Minh said in
a broadcast from Hanoi that his
people "will fight 20 years if
necessary to drive out the Ameri-4
can pirates."
July 21-U.S. military strength
now 75,000.
Chinese Border
July 22-U.S. planes bombed
closest to date to mainland Chi-
nese Communist border in North
Viet Nam, 41 miles from border.
July 22-Secretary of State
Dean Rusk described the military
situation in Viet Nam as critical.
Peking said the war is now "in-
ternationalized" and is right on its
border, adding, that it will help
drive U.S. troops out of Viet Nam
but not saying how.
July 24-First suspected use of a
Soviet-built surface-to-air missile
against U.S. planes over North
Viet Nam. A U.S. Air Force F4
was blown up while flying cover
for a raid on\ the Lang Chi ex-
plosives plant, 55 miles northwest
of Hanoi.

DIAL 5-6290

Dial 8-6416
eccentrics ---
anguished ---
the confused
taking off - --
Italian Documentary
in Eastman Color
A Ride On
This Wide,
Wide World

Egyptian President Gamal Abdel
Nasser, a leader of an Arab world
that has been in a technical state
of war with Israel for nearly 17
The latest crisis involves an
Israeli pipeline that has been
siphoning water from the Jordan
River to irrigate desert lands.
Water has been flowing in the
line for more than a year and, at
full capacity, it is expected to
take 30 to 40 billion gallons a
The Arab answer to the Israeli
project is a threat to divert the
waters of the Jordan before they
reach Israel. The threat has not
yet become reality but there have
been reports of special forces in
training for raids into Israel to
destroy the pipeline.
* * *
MALAYSIA-"Our tactics may
change 24 times in one day as
long as our goal is the same," said
Indonesian President Sukarno in
a May Day speech. "We will not
cease until we have pulverized
this neo-colonialist project." Su-
karno's unyielding attitude that
Malaysia must be destroyed has
'cast a shadow of violence over
the land since its formation in
Almost daily, infiltrators slip
across the Strait of Malacca into
Malaysia from Indonesian Suma-
tra. The land border between the
two countries on the island of
Borneo is in a constant skirmish
state. Great Britain, under a de-
fense agreement with Malaysia,
has poured troops, warships and
aircraft into the area.
* * *
THE CONGO - The Congo,
. - FRI. - SAT.
d med.<(14") pizzas
mm mm un m mm um um m mmmm nt

born in 1960 amid confident pre-
dications that it wouldn't last as
a nation more than six months,
celebrated its fifth birthday re-
cently in relative peace and quiet.
Government troops, spearhead-
ed by the controversial white mer-
cenaries, have all but crushed the
Communist-backed rebel move-
ment of Christophe Gbenye, pres-
ident of the Congolese People's
But the rebels still raid spor-
adically in the northeast Congo
and Gbenye is still at large, head-
ing a 20-member Supreme Coun-
cil of Revolution based in Cairo.
With the Congo chronically on
the verge of anarchy and finan-
cial chaos, the rebellion could
heat up again anytime.
* * *
YEMEN-The civil war in Ye-
men, a backward country in the
darket corner of the- Arabian'
peninsula, has been going on for;
nearly three years, since the oust-
er in September, 1962, of Imam

Mohammed el Badr by republi-
can revolutionaries. Theoretical-
ly, a cease-fire has been in effect
since last November but it has
been widely violated by both sides.
Egypt maintains a military
force of 50,000 men in Yemen to
support the regime of President
Abdullah al Sallal. But they
have been unable to administer
a knockout blow to the royalist
forces of Imam, who is hiding out
in the mountains and receives
considerable aid from Saudi
* * * .
COLOMBIA - A Communist
conference in Havana last No-
vember designated Colombia as a
top priority target for revolution
in 1965. And the populous coun-
try on the northwest shoulder of
South America may be ripe. Al-
though it is one of the most pros-
perous nations in Latin America
Colombia is also suffering from
acute political and financial trou-

There are indications that the
1957 truce between its warring po-
litical parties, the Conservatives
and the Liberals, may be coming
apart. Murderous bandit gang's
roam the hinterlands. A wave of
kidnapings for ransom (reported-
ly more than 130 in the past year)
have terrorized wealthy Colom-
bians. A decline in value of the
peso has precipitated a financial
The chief revolutionary threat
is the so-called "Army of the Na-
tional Liberation," which has
been trying to mount a Castro-
type revolt in the mountains and
rural areas. Their biggest liandi
cap is lack of a leader who is able
to capture the imagination of the
people. Should one come along,
then Colombia is in real trouble.

VENEZUELA-Like neighboring
Colombia, Venezuela is high on
the Red list of priority targets for
revolution. Only recently, three
Soviet-trained agents from the
Italian Communist party were ar-
rested trying to smuggle $330,000
into the country for use by the so-
called "National L i°b e r a t i o n
Front," the Communist guerril-
las who operate in the hills.
Since Raul Leoni became pres-
ident in 1964, the National Lib-
eration Front has been relatively
subdued. Leoni is devoting near-
ly half of the nation's budget of
$1.6 billion to schools, housing,
industries and m a j o r public
works, projects which strike at
the heart of the discontent on
which Communism thrives. Nev-
ertheless, the Communists are still

Viet Cong Cut Roads,
Paralyze South Viet Nam

1313 S. University
Salad, Potatoes, Bread & Butter .......... $1.10

Associated Press Staff Writer



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