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July 23, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1965-07-23

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See Editorial Page



Humid and

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom


VOLl. LXXV, No. 53=S



sivu~st A

. . . - i

rvun rtaqL


Home Quits Post




No Aeti

n To




Resignation Ends Danger of Revolt
Among Conservative Leadership





LONDON (;)-Sir Alec Douglas-
Home quit last night as leader of
the Conservative Party, giving up
hopes to return as Prime Minister
if his party wins the next election.
His resignation headed off dan-
ger of a revolt within the Conser-
vative leadership, which has di-
vided over Douglas-Home's politi-\
cal ability since he led the party
when it was defeated last year.
Douglas-Home had insisted two
days ago that he would stay on.


'Report, Little
Progress, In'
Girard, Case
The Girard College controversy
in Philadelphia-whether to elim-
inate a 104-year old 'white-only'
clause in a will -moved slightly
closer to a solution yesterday, but
a final solution is still far off.
' Pennsylvania Attorney General
Walter Alessandroni said a meet-
ing yesterday' between federal,
state and. school 'representatives
had "made some 'progress," but
reported no decision on the pro-
cedure for the next. step, bringing
the case to the courts.
The meeting, called July,12 dur-
ing a stormy hearing, was intend-
ed to produce some concrete plan
for takinig the case to the. courts;
but no plan was reported yester-
More Information
"Both sides will have to prepare
additional legal information," the
attorney general explained. He
said d there would be more meet-
Both sides had put in a week
of research, as National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of
Colored Peoplencontinued their 75-
day-old picket of the school -and
citypoliticians speculated on what
would happen to Stephen Girard's
Girard's will had given $5 mil-
lion to found a school for "poor,
white male orphans." In case his
will was broken, Girard hadpro-
videdthat the money go to "in-
ternalnavigation," the widening
of canals and rivers.
State Officials
State officials, however, value
the school and tax monies on
Girard's other investments.
* The Philadelphia Enquirer said
Wednesday that "legal experts
have suggested the easiest solution
is for the trustees to ask the
Philadelphia Orphans Court to
allow them to 'deviate' from the
will without actually changing it."
Girard College-not a college
actually, but a grade and high
school-is situated in the middle
of a predominantly Negro neigh-
Civil rights officials have charg-
ed that it serves as a constant re-
minder to poor Negroes in the
area of their position.
S d rPickets
Since May 1, NAACP members
have been picketing Girard Col-
lege, protesting against what they
call "The Berlin Wall.'esurround-
ing the school.
Pennsylvania Gov. W ilsl i a m
Scranton has asked the demon-
strators to stop the picketing,
Ph4de0i O rans 7_'C.......t.L

Asked last night what made him
reconsider, he said:
"There is a possibility of an
autumn election. If there is to be
a new leader, he must have time
to get into his stride."
Leading Candidates
At 62, Douglas-Home is about
15 years older than the two lead-
ing candidates to succeed him.
They are the former chancellor of
the exchequer, Reginald Mailding,
48, and Edward Heath,. 49, who
led Britain's effort to join the
Common Market.
An outside chance for the lead-
ership was given Christopher
Soames, 44, son-in-law of the late
Sir Winston Churchill and the
party's spokesman on defense mat-
A campaign to ease Douglas-
Home out of the leadership has
been under way for months and
recently gained momentum.
Several score backbench Con-
servative lawmakers in the House
of Commons identified themselves,
in various ways, with a series of
criticisms of his leadership.
Among their criticisms:
-He has lacked the parliamen-
tary skill, background and per-
sonal aggressiveness needed to
match Prime Minister Harold Wil-
son in the House of Commons;
-He has failed to provide the
imagination and dynamism re-
quired to equip his party for
mounting world challenges, and
-He was unable to master the
techniques of television perform-
Aside from these generalities,
there were particular complaints.
Earlier this month the Con-
servative Party laid an ambush in
the House of Commons for the
Labor government. and reeled off
a succession of three voting vic-
Hours later Douglas-Home miss-
ed an opportunity to press home
this advantage with a request for
Wilson's resignation. His followers
were astounded.
He has allowed Wilson and his
lieutenantsat taunt him on per-
sonal as well as political grounds.
Often, to the frustration of his
own followers, Douglas-Home has
failed to hit back.
Bad Image
All these and other factors com-
bined to give Douglas-Home the
public image of a somewhat in-
effectual leader out-of-touch with
realities. The image, however faul-
ty began to be accepted to the
point that Douglas-Home's rating
in public opinion polls dropped to
new depths.
The party will choose a new
chief next week to lead it into the
next elections, whenever Wilson
calls them.
There is no clear indication of
a fall election. While the Labor-
ites have a margin of only a few
votes in the House of Commons,
they technically can hold on four
more years unless overturned on
a vote of confidence.
Conservative members of Par-
liament will choose the man in a
complicated procedure involving
three ballots. This isunusual. In
the past Tory leaders' have
"emerged," often a euphemism for
action by a combination of poli-
tical bosses, the old aristocracy
and the party's parliamentary

Signs Bill
On School
LANSING (P) - Gov. George
Romney yesterday signed a bill
creating Saginaw Bay State Col-
lege-the state's 11th tax-support-
ed institution of higher learning.
The long-sought school is the
first created by state law since
Grand Valley College in 1960.
A legislative site committee will
start its work Aug. 1, said .Rep.
J. Bob Traxler (D-Bay City) ma-
jority floor leader.
Traxer has let it be known that
he favors a site near that of the
present Delta College, a private
institution created by area resi-
dents to serve their needs until
the state school was established.
Two months ago, however, the
site for the institution became the
subject of some controversy. Wil-
liam Groening, head of a private
organization raising funds to help
finance the school, said then that
the Delta area site might be un-
acceptable to his group.
Groening noted that the area
around Delta is becoming indus-
trialized and hence would not pro-
vide as good an environment for
a college to develop in.
He said he would feel obliged
to consult with donors who had
contributed money with another
site in mind before making the
group's funds available for the
Traxler, on the other hand, has
said that the site selected by the
Groening faction would probably
be unacceptable to him. He has
criticized it as inaccessable to Bay
City, one of the three major cities
that the new school is supposed to
Approval Needed
The site eventually will have to
be approved by both- the State
Board of Education and the Legis-
lature. In May, board president
Thomas Brennan indicated that
his group will probably be willing
to go along with a location accept-
able to local interests. The need
for the Legislature's approval is
the result of an amendment in-
serted in the bill by Traxler.
Romney said yesterday he hop-
ed to name the eight-member
board of control for the new
school by Sept. 1.
The bill, sponsored by Rep. Wil-
liam Boos (D-Saginaw) requires
that $4 million-including the site
-be raised from private local
Romney praised area residents
for already exceeding that amount.
The Wickes Foundation of Sagi-
naw and the Dow Foundation of
Midland have pledged $1 million
each for the school, which is to
serve the counties of Bay, Midland
and Saginaw.I
The issue of a college in the
Saginaw Valley area is not a new
one. Two years ago, the University
lost out on an attempt to incor-
porate Delta College. as a branch.

at the University of California's Berkeley

MVorgan Calls Lack
OfAction 'Mlistake
Decision 'Up to Heyns,' Is Expected
Monday; Between OAA, Berkeley
The Regents took no action yesterday and will take none
to change the status of Vice-President for Academic Affairs
Roger Heyns, President Harlan Hatcher said last night after
two closed meetings with the Regents yesterday afternoon
and evening.
Faculty had en masse expressed the hope this week tha
a way could be found to retain Heyns at the University in
the face of an offer from the University of California for the
chancellorship of the Berkeley campus. In addition, editorials
in the Detroit News and The

IIy g wLiJ e eLI~ or no Lo, accepL Le catncenorsnp
Poverty Fund Bill

-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
REGENT ALLAN SORENSON and Vice-President for Academic Affairs Roger W. Heyns are shown
here conferring after the last Reg'ents meeting. The Regents' regular, public meeting will be held
this afternoon at 2 vm.Hevns i p y dh tin- whe thernrn ot to %enn t the nha11 ,lnmhin

House O1i
gave President Lyndon B. John-;
son's anti-poverty campaign a
big boost last night, passing a
bill that would double the funds+
available for it.
It overrode Republican com-
plaints that the year-old program
has bogged down in local political
squabbling and poor administra-
tion and sent the Senate the.$1.9-
billion measure by a roll call vote.
The count on final passage was
245 to 158 with 221 Democrats
and 24 Republicans making up
the majority and 109 Republicans
and 49 Democrats the minority.
GOP Efforts1
All Republican efforts to trim
the size and scope of the legisla-
tion were defeated, including an
amendment that would have con-
tinued the power of governors to
veto certain projects.
This key amendment, offered
by Rep. William H. Ayers (R-
Ohio) was aimed at eliminating a
new provision written into the
bill by the Education and Labor
Committee. Democrats first knock-
ed the amendment down by a
nonrecord vote of 155 to 150, then
sustained the action by a 227-178
roll call vote.
Rep. John Brademas (D-Ind),'
author of the new provision, said
it is needed to prevent "arbitrary,
capricious a nd discriminatory"
vetoes by governors of purely local
Present System
As now written, the bill would
authorize the director of the Of-
fice of Economic Opportunity to'
review a veto and override it if
he finds the local project fully
complies with the law.

The new authority for the di-
rector would apply only in com-
munity a c t i o n, neighborhood
youth corps and adult basic edu-
cation programs, all developed by
local authorities. Governors would
retain absolute power to veto job
corps camps or the assignment of
volunteer service corps workers in
their states.
Existing Authority
Brademas said the existing
authority given to governors far
exceeds that they get from their
own states. State legislatures can
review and override vetoes, he
said, and purely local matters are
beyond the reach of any gover-
nor's veto.
The Republicans lost but also
on efforts to cut the funds in the
bill, to tighten state control over
programs and to divest the Office
of Economic Opportunity of
authority over programs operated
by other agencies.
The anti-poverty campaign in-
volves a variety of programs, most
of them aimed at helping im-
poverished, untrained, unemploy-

ed youths to find a means of earn-
ing a livelihood.
Key Programs
Its key programs, and the levels
of activity they are expected to
reach under the bill, are:
-Job corps, which provides job
training and basic education in
residential camps for youths,
80,000 enrollees;
-Neighborhood youth corps,
which provides work experience
for youngsters living at home,
300,000, plus an-additional 100,000
next summer;
-College work - study, w h i c h
provides parttime work to help
needy students finish their edu-
cation, 145,000 students;
-Community action programs,
which provides federal grants to
local organizations for anti-pov-,
erty projects, 1,100 grants in 70&
-VISTA, the volunteer service
corps that has been called a do-
mestic peace corps, 5,000 volun-
teers in 200 communities, and
-Adult basic education, which
teaches illiterate adults to read
and write, 70,000 trainees.

Daily had urged that Heyns'
job be expanded or his re-
sponsibilities altered to make
his position at the University
more attractive.
Editorial Comment
The News editorial, after refer-
ring to Heyns as a' posssible suc-
cessor to President Hatcher in
1967, stated, "Heyns cannot be
expected to keep himself dangling
on mere hope and expectations.
One promising suggestion is to re-
create the post of chancellor at
Ann Arbor, thus providing greater
scope for his talents."
These urgings, along with a se-
ries of statements from powerful
faculty groups and deans offering
to back up the Regents."in #hat-
ever action they might take to re-
tain Heyns," were apparently ig-
"The decision is being left com-
pletely up to Heyns," President
Hatcher said last night. Regents
Eugene Power and Frederick Mat-
thael confirmed President Hatch-
er's statement, saying that there
would be no move publicly or be-
hind closed doors by them to alter
Heyns' present position or make
any promises.
After being told of this deci-
sion, Prof. James Morgan, chair-
man of the Senate Advisory Com-
mittee on University Affairs, said,
"I'm flabbergasted. I guess we
might have been a little naive,
but I'm sure we all hoped they
would do something.;
"This may be a little presump-
tuous of me, but I think this is a
mistake on their part. I suppose
this is a matter for the Regents,
but I don't think there has ever
been a case where the faculty
consensus was as clear as this one,
and no action was taken."
Close observers of the situation
expressed both disappointment
and surprise, saying that they had
received indications earlier that
the Regents were generally favor-
ably inclined towards some sort
of positive action to keep Heyns.
Heyns' Decision
Heyns' decision apparently rests
now strictly on his evaluation of
his academic affairs post here and
the chancellorship of the troubled
Berkeley campus. He indicated
several times this week that the
issue would "come to a head"
next Monday, and that no decision
has yet been made.
Dean William Haber of the lit-
erary college reiterated last night
statements he had made earlier
on the importance of Heyns to
the University. "We hope that he
will stay," he said, "He is an in-
dispensable force in our academic
News of Heyns' offer from Cali-
fornia leaked out last Friday when
two California regents mentioned
him as one of their major can-
didates, "one who would be ac-
ceptable to all the factions" in-
volved in disputes over the future
of the strife-torn Berkeley cam-
Heyns spent last Thursday night
and Friday meeting in California
with regents, faculty, students and
President Clark Kerr; he has been
on vacation most of this week, re-
+..a i n if .rnc:-- ri- + n nn -_


Dirksen, Liberals Fight
Over Reapportionment Law
WASHINGTON (P) - Sen. Everett M. Dirksen (R-Ill) slipped
his reapportionment amendment through a legislative side door yes-
terday-and hopes for a Labor Day adjournment of Congress may
have flown out the window.
The Republican leader is pushing for a constitutional amend-'
ment which would; permit the voters of a state to decide whether
one House of its legislature could be apportioned on a basis other
" than population. This would by-j
pass the Supreme Court's one-
man, one-vote ruling.j

Unit Approves
Housing Bill
WASHINGTON ('P) - Senate
House conferees agreed yesterda
on terms of a compromise $7.
billion omnibus housing bill whic
includes a controversial new prc
gram of rent subsidies for low-i
come families.
The rent subsidy program wou
cost $350 million. Congress men
bers predict it may be twot
three years before completion
the main volume of rent-subs
dized housing units by nonprof
and other groups.
Sen. John Sparkman (D-Ala
who presided at the conferenc
said the compromise bill probab
will be submitted to the Sena
Monday and to the House Tue
The measure embraces feder
mortgage insurance,' urban rc
newal, and many other prograr
Although staff aides had nc
yet added up the newdollar tota
they told reporters they expect
will be "just about the same"
the $7.5 billion. total the Sena
had approved. The House versic
had -been calculated at approx
mately $7 billion.
The rent subsidy program ai
thorizes an early start on this al
The entire program is design
for persons in low income bracke
eligible for public housing.
Subsidy Payments
The subsidy payments will
to the operators of the housli
projects, rather than to the occi
pants whose benefit will lie
lower out-of-picket outlays to pe
the rent.
In addition the bill calls for
$47 - million - a - year program
provide 240,000 additional uni
of low rent public housing in
four-year period. The House a
cepted a Senate provision increa
ing from $2,000 to $2,400 a roo
the limit on the basic cost of cor
struction of most units, ar
boosting from $3,000 to $3,51
the per-room cost for' speci
housing for the elderly.
Tt wnnld lift the hasic cnt lin

The 8-8 deadlock in the Senate
Judiciary Committee this week
prevented Dirksen from bringing
the resolution before the Senate.
along the customary legislative
route. So yesterday he offered it
as a substitute for a routine reso-
lution designating Aug. 31-Sept.
6 as American Legion Baseball
Dirksen made it clear to the
Senate that he is very much in
earnest in his determination to
force a vote by parliamentary
maneuvers, saying, "If I get lick-
ed this time . . . I'll be here to
hook it on any bill that comes
before the Senate."
Majority Leader Mike Mans-
field (D-Mont) indicated that he
is "leaning very strongly in the
direction of supporting Dirksen's
man~rimnc '"

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