THURSDAY, JULY 22, 19I5TYE MICIIIEAN JAIIV
a\1A11 aD[ aL J. -
* McNamara Returns from Saigon;
Urges Heavier Troop Commitment
..... _. _..
Uncle Sam May Want You
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara told'
President Lyndon B. Johnson yes-
terday that the situation in South
Viet Nam has deteriorated and
many more troops are needed to
fight the Viet Cong guerrillas.
"The situation has deteriorated
over the past 12 months," Mc-
Namara reported to newsmen up-
on arriving at Andrews Air Force
Base in suburban Maryland at
dawn from a five-day inspection
of the war front.
He said heavy infiltration of reg-
ular army soldiers from North Viet
Nam has dramatically boosted
Viet Cong guerrilla strength to
some 165,000 - compared with
South Viet Nam's government
forces totaling 500,000.
That is a "totally unacceptable
ratio," McNamara declared.
About 75,000 American , troops
are in South Viet Nam now. For'
an anti-guerrilla campaign,. ex-
perts figure government forces
should outnumber insurgents by
somewhere between 5 and 15 to 1.
There is talk of sending in an-
other 1000,000 U.S. GI's.
After McNamara's return here,
Johnson promptly summoned him
and other senior advisers to the
White House fornthe first of a
series of meetings which could
lead, to major decisions on how
the United States will proceed in
the Southeast Asian conflict.
The description of two separate
White House sessions was given to
newsmenrby PressaSecretary Bill
D. Moyers, when asked if it was
fair to describe the conferences as
a reappraisal of policy in Viet
Nam. Moyers, instead, called it "a
review of our situation out there."
With another session scheduled
today, no immediate decisions were
NEW YORK (P)-Theodore C.
Sorensen, a top aide to the late
President John F. Kennedy, says
* that after the 1961 Bay of Pigs
fiasco he heard Kennedy ask him-
self, "How could I have been so
stupid, to let them go ahead?"
Sorensen gives his account of
Kennedy's role in the abortive
Cuban invasion in the current
Look magazine. The article is the
first of a series of excerpts from
a forthcoming book.
Sorenson says the whole Bay
of Pigs disaster "seemed to move
mysteriously and inexorably to-
ward execution without the Presi-
dent's being able either to obtain
a firm grip on it or reverse it."
Sorensen's account agrees in
substance with the version of an-
other Kennedy aide, Arthur M.
Schlesinger Jr., published by Life
magazine this week. While Schle-
singer was in on the invasion plan
and advised Kennedy against it,
Sorensen learned of it afterward
in long talks with Kennedy.
The first strike was made early
-Associated Press Saturday, April 15, two days be-
h President Lyndon B. Johnson fore the landing. The second strike
turned from a trip to Southeast was scheduled for dawn Monday
after the landing party was ashore.
ence eight days ago that new and Sorenson said the cancellation
serious decisions could be expect- of the air strike was unimportant
ed on Viet Nam and that increas- because the project was doomed
ing the draft quotas and calling long before that. He said Kennedy
up reserves was under considera- told him later he should have can-
tion, he said. McNamara's mission celed the entire operation, not
to Viet Nam should help to pro- merely the air strike.
vide some answers. "For it was clear to him by
Senate Democratic Leader Mike then," Sorensen wrote, "that he
Mansfield of Montana said in a had in fact approved a plan bear-
By CLARENCE FANTO
Special To The Daily
WASHINGTON - An expected'
mobilization of approximately
200,000 men to cope with the es-
calating war in Viet Nam will
probably mean an increase in
draft calls during the next several
months, but no change in the
policy of deferring college stu-
dents is presently anticipated,
Selective Service officials report.
Most of the men needed to fill
gaps in the Army's troop strength
around the world because of com-
mitments in the Viet Nam War
will be provided by a callup of
224,000 Reservists, including 120,-
000 men from the National Guard.
Draft calls, which have increased
1.000 per cent since last winter,
may rise to 25,000 a month, simi-
lar to the peak level reached
during the 1961 Berlin crisis.
A great part of the increase in
the draft calls can be attributed
to falling enlistments rather than
the stepped-up tempo of the war
in Viet Nam, officials say.
The armed forces currently have
a total strength of about 2,600,000
men, including Reservists. Selec-
tive Service officials say as many
as 250.000 men could be sent to
Viet Nam without an increase in
the overall strength of the armed
forces, but a callup of Reserves
would be necessary in order to
ensure that the Army remains at
full strength in order to deal with
possible crises in other parts of
The Army has been sending
some draftees to Viet Nam after
four months of basic training, but
officials report that they make up
only one tenth of the total force
now in that nation.
Selective Service officials strong-
ly recommend that college stu-
dents write to their local draft
boards to ensure prompt renewal
of their student deferments. High
school graduates entering college
this fall and college graduates be-
ginning advanced studies are urg-
ed particularly to communicate
with their draft boards before
Officials added that the present
deferment of married men is like-
ly to continue for the foreseeable
future. However, a proposal to re-
duce the average age of induction
is being seriously considered in,
Washington. At present, draft
SECRETARY OF DEFENSE ROBERT McNAMARA conferred with
yesterday on the Viet Nam situation. McNamara, who had just re
Asia, said the U.S. will have to commit more troops to the war.
announced and none appeared
forthcoming soon on how much
larger the U.S. troop commitment
will be. The next meeting will fo-
cus on purely military aspects of
the Vietnamese problem, with Mc-
Namara and members of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff sitting with John-
Moyers said that, during yes-
terday's hours-long morning and
afternoon sessions, the discussions
centered on operations of the in-
telligence apparatus in the Far
East, the role of the U.S. Infor-
mation Agency and economic
problems as they relate to pacifi-
cation and reconstruction.
He said the meetings are among
a series Johnson will hold in the
next few days with this group
and members of this group to re-
view McNamara's report and dis-
cuss it in detail.
"They are discussing in great
detail all aspects of the many
problems we face in Viet Nam,"
Johnson told a news confer-
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
MIAMI, Fla.-The Cuban government indicated again yesterday
that Ernesto (Che) Guevara, the mysteriously absent No. 3 man in
the country, is still in good favor.
S ; * *
CAIRO-Unconfirmed reports said one or more members of the
U.S. embassy staff in Cairo were arrested yesterday.
The rumors said the Americans may have been seized in connec-
tion with the reported arrest of Mustafa Amin, chief editor of Akhbar
Elyoum, one of Egypt's leading
daily newspapers. W
* * *
boards induct the oldest eligible
men first, thus increasing the
average age of draftees during the
past few years. The armed forces
prefer men aged 19 or 20, so a
change in priorities might result
in the youngest eligible men being
drafted first. The recent increases
in monthly draft calls has reduced
the average age of draftees from
23 to 21, and plans allowing men
as young as 18%/ who are not in
college to be drafted are in the
Draft Will Last
The current authorization of the
Selective Service ends in July,
1967, but military officials an-
ticipate that the draft will be
necessary at least until 1975. Con-
gress is thus expected to renew
the authorization next year.
Discussing the chances that an
individual will be called upon to
serve in the armed forces, defense
officials point out that at the
present time, 58 per cent of men
aged 26 have served or are serving
in the armed forces. About 30 per
cent of men at this age did not
serve because they failed to meet
physical, mental or "moral" stan-
dards, and about 10 per cent did
not serve because they were mar-
ried or otherwise deferred.
Since the number of draft-age
men is steadily increasing, the
odds that an individual will have
to serve are declining slightly, but
are expected to level off at about
As for the current situation,
defense officials report that no
units of the Michigan National
Guard are currently being consid-
ered for call-up. Among infantry
brigades currently being consider-
ed for call are the 157th of Mas-
sachusetts, the 187th of Penn-
sylvania, the 205th of Minnesota,
and the 42nd "Rainbow" division
of New York. At the same time,
the Navy is planning to call 40,-
'000 men .from the 329,000 Ready
Reservists; the Marine Corps may
call 44,000 men from' the Fourth
Division and its air wing, and the
Air Force is planning to call about
20,000 men in National Guard and
Air Reserve transport units.
Officials add that President
Johnson is likely to seek a resolu-
tion from Congress authorizing the
call-up of reserves and extension
of current. enlistments. President
Kennedy sought and was granted
similar authority in 1961. An in-
crease of 1 to 2 billion dollars in
the new defense budget will prob-
ably also be necessary. This ap-
propriation may cause delays in
new social-welfare programs, of-
U.S. Bombers Attacki Viet Cong
SAIGON, Viet Nam (M-Tacti-
cal. squadrons stepped up the air
war against the Viet Cong yester-
day and 30 B-52 jet bombers cap-
ped their efforts with a raid at
dusk on a jungle sector 30 miles.
north-northwest of Saigon.
A U.S. military spokesman an-
lnounced the eight-engine B-52's,
striking from Guam for the fifth
time in less than five weeks, loos-
THURSDAY, JULY 22
1:30 p.m-The Audio-Visual
education center will present a
film preview entitled "Overture,"
"T h r e e Grandmothers," and
"Children Without" in the Multi-
purpose room of the UGLI.
4:10 p.m.-The History of Art
Department will sponsor a lecture
by Prof. John Jacobus on "Manet
and the Italian and Spanish Tra-
ditions," in Aud B. (The Daily
regrets any inconvenience caused
by the incorrect listing of this
event in yesterday's Across Cam-
7:30 p.m.-The Linguistic In-
stitute Forum Lecture will present
John Carroll speaking on "Sub-
jective Measurements in Psycho-
linguistics" in the Rackham Lec-
8:00 p.m.-The Department of
Speech and the University Play-
ers will present Peter Shaffer's
"The Private Ear and The Public
Eye" in Mendelssohn Theater. ,
ed 500 tons of explosives "in a
program of continuing harass-
ment and disruption of known
areas of Viet Cong activity.",.
In the war as a whole it was
disclosed 28 U.S. servicemen were
killed, 100 were wounded and sev-
en were missing or captured last
week. The American losses were
among the heaviest in any seven-
day period of the Vietnamese con-
The extent to which these will
swell totals in the Pentagon's of-
ficial weekly summary today re-
mained to be determined. The
Pentagon covers the periods from
Tuesdays through Mondays. Its
last report-for the week ended
Monday, July 12 - showed 503
Americans dead, 2,720 wounded
and 57 missing or prisoners.
Briefing officers said South Viet-
namese forces suffered 240 killed,
340 wo'inded and 155 missing or
captured in the week, against Viet
Cong losses of 419 killed and 28
captured. There was no report
on the Viet Cong wounded, usual-
ly estimated to total about twice
their death roll.
On security grounds, American
and Vietnamese authorities no
longer announce specific casual-
ties among their forces on a day
to day basis, limiting the descrip-
tion of losses in various engage-
ments to light, moderate ori heavy.
Casualties were again described
as light in the third harassing at-
tack by the Viet Cong in as many
nights on U.S. 1st Division infan-
trymen encamped' near the Bien
Hoa air base, 12 miles northeast
A U.S. Marine amphibious com-
pany, equipped with armored,
tracked vehicles, rumbled ashore
near Da Nang from the U.S.S. Car-
ter Hall. This brought to about
25,000 the number of Leathernecks
in Viet Nam. Most are stationed
around the Da Nang air base, 380
miles northeast.of Saigon.
The 45-minute attack of the
Strategic Air Command B-52
planes, launched at 6:45 p.m., fol-
lowed up heavI strikes by fighters,
and fighter-bombers throughout
most of the day at suspected guer-
rilla concentrations, emplacements
and support areas elsewhere in
South Viet Nam.
Senate speech that with McNa-
mara's report to the President "it
appears that the groundwork has
been laid for a further intensifi-
cation of'the military effort in
"Obviously," he said, "if this
continues the American presence
is going to assume the predomi-
nant role in the conflict."
Duration of War
It is even anticipated "on our
side," Mansfield said, "that the
war may go on for four or five
or even 10 years and Ho Chi
Minh, president of North Viet
Nam, has stated in the last day
or so that he is prepared for a
war of 20 years duration."
"It is better to face up to this
problem than to ignore it in the
belief that it will wash away at
the end of the monsoons," he
said. "We are in, not for a sum-
mer of pain and difficulty, but for
an ordeal of indefinite duration
and increasing sacrifice which will
persist until the problem can be
resolved at the conference table,"
ing little resemblance to what he
thought he had approved."
Sorensen said there had been
objections. from such men as
Schlesinger and Sen. J. William
Fulbright (D-Ark) and there were
even doubts among some of the
CIA and military planners.
Doubts Not Pressed
But those doubts were not press-
ed, Sorensen wrote, because "both
the CIA and the Joint Chiefs were
moved more by the necessity of
acting swiftly against Castro than
by the necessity for caution and
"He should have paid more at-
tention to his own politically sound
instincts and to the politically
knowledgeable men who did voice
objections directly," Sorensen
wrote, "instead of following only
the advice of Latin American ex-
perts Adolf Berle Jr. and Thomas
After the disaster, Sorensen
said Kennedy was "aghast at the
enormity of his error, angry at
having been badly advised by some
and let down by others."I
DAILY OFFICIAL BU LLETI N
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stan will raise a guerrilla vol-
unteer force of 150,000 persons, a
government spokesman told the
National Assembly yesterday.
Parliamentary Secretary for De-
fense Mohammed Qasim Malik-
said volunteers will be called the
Pakistan Mujahid Force. An aux-
iliary force, it will be trained in
guerrilla tactics and could be call-
ed in event of war.
, , ,
WASHINGTON - The Senate
confirmed yesterday President
Lyndon B. Johnson's nomination
of Leonard H. Marks, Washington
lawyer, to succeed Carl T. Rowan
as director of the U.S. Informa-
crats yesterday turned back the
first Republican effort to amend
the administration's $1.9 billion
By voice vote they defeated a
proposal by Rep. Albert H. Quie,
(R-Minn) that would have re-
quired local communities to get
anti-poverty projects approved by
a state agency.
* * *
BUCHAREST, Romania - The
Romanian high army command
was reshuffled last month to rid it
of some senior officers left over
from the Stalinist era, it was re-
liably learned yesterday.
AMMAN, Jordan-Jordan plans
to lodge a complaint against Is-
rael at the UN Security Council
"for repeated Israeli violations of
the armistice agreement," For-
eign Minister Hazem Nusseibeh
The violations occurred in the
Latroun area, about 10 miles
northwest of Jerusalem, Nusseibeh
said. He claimed Israel also viol-
ated the special agreement cover-
ing the Israeli enclove of Hadassa
and Hebrew University on Mt.
Scopus in Jerusalem.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
ial responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Bldg. be-
fore 2 p.m. of the day preceding
publication, and by 2 p.m. Friday
for Saturday and Sunday. General
Notices may be published a maxi-
mum,of two times on request; Day
Calendar items appear once only.
Student organization notices are not
accepted for publication.
THURSDAY, JULY 22
Center for Programmed Learning for
Business Workshop for Programmers -
Geary A. RummIer, director, "Use
Evaluation, Selection, and Writing of
Programmed Materials": 8:30 a.m.,
National-Band Conductors Conference
-Registration, School of Music, 8 a.m.
Sat., July 24
5:30 P.M. .
You are invited to a
JAZZ BAND CONCERT
at German Park
* Pontiac Trail 5 miles N.E. of A.A.
THE BOLL WEEVIL JASS BAND
Friday, July 23, 9-12 P.M.
REFRESHMENTS, COVERED TABLES, DANCING
Sponsored by the Evening Optimist Club of Ann Arbor
Entrance donation $1.00-Proceeds to be used for boys' work activities
Bring identification-You must be 21 in order to attend
Institute on Urban and Regional An-
alysis-Michigan League, 8 a.m.
Band Conductors Conference Recital
-Lewis Cooper, bassoonist: Recital Hall,
School of Music. 9 a.m.
Band Conductors Conference Recital
-Ralph Herbert, baritone, assisted by
Florian Mueller, oboist: Recital Hall,
Sch'ool of Music, 11 a.m.
Audio-Visual Education Center Film
Preview-"Overture, Three Grandmoth-
ers," and "Children Without": Multi-
purpose Room, Undergraduate Library,
Band Conductors Conference Recital
-Larry Teal, saxophonist: Recital Hall,
School of Music, 1:30 p.m.
Band Conductors Conference Recital
-Nelson Hauenstein, flutist: Recital
Hall, School of Music, 3 p.m.
Linguistic Institute Forum Lecture-
John B. Carroll, Harvard University,
"Subjective Measurements in Psycho-
linguistics": Rackham Lecture Hall, 7:30
Band Conductors Conference Concert
- University Summer , Session Band,
George Cavender conductor: "On the
Diag," Hill Aud. in case of rain, 7:30
Dept. of Speech University Players
Production-Peter Shaffer's "The Pri-
vate Ear" and "The Public Eye"': Men-
,delssohn Theatre, 8 p.m. Box office
open 12:30. Tickets $2 or $1.25 tonight
and Thursday, $2.25 or $1.50 Friday and
Tickets also availabl6 for "Measure
for Measure," August 4-7.
History of Art Dept. Lecture: "Manet
and the Italian and Spanish Traditions"
by Prof. John Jacobus, 4:10 p.m., Aud.
B, Angell Hall.
French and German Screening Exami-
nations: The screening examinations in
French and German for Doctoral candi-
dates will be administered on Thurs.,
July 29 from 3-5 p.m. in Aud. A, Angell
Hall. Doctoral candidates must pass the
screening examination before taking the
written test in French or German, un-
less they have received B or better in
French 111 or German 111. Those who
fail the examination may take it again
whenthe test is administered in Sep-
Candidates are asked to bring their
own No. 2 pencils.
Doctoral Examination for John
Charles Whitmer, Chmistry; thesis: "A
Vibrational Study of Several Com-
(Continued on Page 4)
THE MARX BROTHERS'I
:SHORTS: PortugalI by Dioney
' Stew for the. Pot
Friday and Saturday at 7 and 9
TB, CNE'MA -I
I IN THE ARCHITECTURE AUDITORIUM
* ADMISSION: FIFTY CENTS u
mmunmm mgummimmiim m~mmm m m
(A JERRY LEWIS PROCUtiON)
EVA MARIE SAINT
THE AREA'S NEWEST AND FINEST
Entnce 0n CARMENER ROAD
" TONIGHT 9
FIRST ANN ARBOR SHOWING
James GaImeR.JOIN THE FUN.
ANO IDCAISON W T ys
"A DELIGHTFUL MOVIE"
-The New Yorker
DIAL 662-6264 ENDING SATURDAY
______________"DR. NO" at 1:30-5:20 & 9:20
"FROM RUSSIA WITH LOVE"
____ ___ ___ ____ ___ ___at 3:25 & 7:25
I A-m te'' t