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July 15, 1965 - Image 3

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Michigan Daily, 1965-07-15

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THURSDAY, JULY 15, 1965

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

pare ruirav-

THE MICHIGAN BATTY

Yi~AUL ~FWT UW C1.X, L

k'

Stevenson's

Death Marks

End

to

Eloquent

Career

President
Mourns for
1Ambassador
World Condolences
And Regrets Sent To
Grief Stricken Family
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-"Let us there-
fore, adversary and friend alike,
pause for a moment and weep for
one who was a friend and guide
to all minkind-"
Thus President Johnson epit-
omized the statements of tribute
yesterday to Adlai E. Stevenson
and the words of sorrow for his
sudden death when the news
reached the capital.
This same sentiment seemed to
have been universal as shock and
sorrow spread quickly through the
United Nations when the sudden
death of Stevenson was announc-
ed.
Expresses Shock
One of the first to get word
was Secretary-General U Thant,
who, in a message to President
Johnson, expressed shock at
Stevenson's death.
"I was so shocked and grieved
to hear of the sudden and tragic
death of Ambassador Stevenson,"
Thant said.
"As the representative of the
U.S. he had earned the respect,
admiration and affection of all
his colleagues at the Uited Na-
tions for his extraordinary human
qualities. I know that you must
feel a sense of personal loss on
the death of such a distinguished
American who was also a member
of your official cabinet. Your
grief is shared by all of us at the
UN.
Britain
Britain, where Stevenson was
one of America's most highly re-
garded statesmen, was stunned by
his sudden death.
The British Broadcasting Cor-
poration broke into its scheduled
programs with the news.
Foreign Secretary Michael
Stewart, with whom Stevenson
conferred yesterday morning, said:
"In the sudden death in London
of Mr. Adlai Stevenson, the world
has lost a great statesman.
"He will never be forgotten as
a man, because he was so much
an individual, so humorous, so
considerate and so firm and yet
so gentle."
British Prime Minister Harold
Wilson, in a message to Johnson,
said that, "His death was a blow
to us all."
In Moscow the official Soviet
news agency, Tass reported the
death of Stevenson in its foreign
service one hour and 40 minutes
after Stevenson died.
Achkar Marof, ambassador from
Guinea, said Stevenson's death
was as much a loss for the UN as
the death of Secretary-General
Dag Hammarskjold and President
Kennedy.
"I hope a UN body meets to
pay tribute to him," said the dip-
lomat from Guinea, whose gov-
ernmental policy is often des-
cribed as leftist and opposed to
the U.S.
Johnson appeared deeply griev-
ed and close to tears after word
was brought to him. From the
White House he went on nation-
wide television and radio to an-
nounce the death to the American
people.
Silent Tribute
Instead of talking on related
topics at a White House luncheon
scheduled today for Japanese and
American officials of cabinet level
conferring on trade and economic

problems, the President paid a
tribute to Stevenson and asked
the guests to stand in a moment
of silent tribute.
Stevenson, he said, would have
wanted the luncheon to continue,
because he was concerned that
the works of peace, the works of
progress and of human under-
standing should go on.

I

ADLAI STEVENSON
1900-1965

Assembly with Stevenson in 1962,
told the Senate:
"He served his country with a
full measure of his great abilities."
Eloquent Voice
Sen. Jacob K. Javits (R-NY)
said Stevenson raised "one of the
most eloquent voices for freedom
ever known. He stirred the hearts
of millions around the world."
Sen. Republican Leader Everett
M. Dirksen of Illinois added that
Stevenson was endowed with a
brilliant mind, an amazing sense
of humor and "an idealism that he
kept intact."
Running Mates
Sen. John J. Sparkman (D-Ala),
who was Stevenson's running mate
in the 1952 presidential election
campaign, commented, "Steven-
son entered his ambassadorial du-
ties when trouble was deep in
many parts of the world and
would be the last to say he had
solved them but at least the equi-
librium of the world was main-
tained . . . and a great deal of it
was due to his work. His was a
great life."
Equally stunned by the news
was Stevenson's staff at the U.S.
Mission Offices across the street
from the UN headquarters. They
had been expecting his return
from London in a day or so.
In accord with UN practice the
flags of all 114 member nations
were struck from their poles in
front of the building and the lone
blue and white UN banner was
lowered to half staff. No meetings
were in session.
Former Presidents
Among others commenting on
Stevenson's death were two former
U.S. presidents-Dwight D. Eisen-
hower and Harry S. Truman.
"His contribution and services
to this nation and his distinguish-
ed record in the field of foreign
relations in our quest for peace
will be long remembered. by a
grateful nation and his friends
throughout the world," Truman
said.
Eisenhower declared Stevenson's
death as "a tragic note for all'
Americans" and assured that the
ambassador had "won an abiding
place in his country's history."
No Peers
In New York former Vice-
President Richard M. Nixon said
on the death of Stevenson that
"in the graceful eloquence of his
public statements he had no peers
and very few equals."
"In two gallant campaigns for
the presidency," Nixon said, "and
as our ambassador to the UN,
Stevenson served his party, his
country and the cause of freedom
with rare courage, ability and dig-
nity."
, "I'm just shocked. It's a tre-
mendous loss," Chief Justice Earl
Warren said yesterday when in-
formed of Stevenson's death.

"This, then," the President said,
"is our legacy from Adlai Steven-
son-a charge to continue the
quest for a more decent world, a
better world order, a life for man
free of war and destruction and
the oppression of his spirit.
"And this is our pledge to the
memory of that towering man, a
true citizen of the world-to de-
vote our energies, our talents, our
resources, and our wills more com-
pletely to that cause."
Imparts No ility
"For an entire generation of
Americans he imparted a nobility
to public life and a grandeur to
American purpose which has al-
ready reshaped the life of the
nation and which will endure for
many generations.
Johnson ordered the U.S. flag
flown at half staff on all gov-
ernment buildings and installa-
tions, at home and abroad, and
on all the ships at sea until after
the Stevenson funeral.
The President also named a
delegation of distinguished Amer-
icans, headed by Vice-President
Hubert H. Humphrey, to fly to
London on the presidential plane
to accompany Stevenson's body
home. The Ambassador's three
sons and two daughters-in-law
will accompany the presidential
delegation.
In his tribute to Stevenson,
Humphrey said: "The American

people and, indeed, the people of
the world have lost one of their
most eloquent spokesmen in the
cause of human freedom and dig-
nity ... he will be counted among
the company of great Americans."
Members of Congress of both
parties rose on the floors of the
Housesand Senate to deliver their
words of sorrow and honor to the
man. Many more issued state-
ments as did members of the
cabinet.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk,
who brought Johnson the word of
Stevenson's death, said: "He not
only served his country but he
stood for the best of it. He not
only spoke for his country but he
represented the essence of it."
Speaker of the House John W.
McCormack (D-Mass) said "He
served our country and the world
in the quest for peace."
Douglas Announces
Sen. Paul H. Douglas (D-Ill)
announced the death to the Sen-
ate, calling it "a great loss to the
world and to the nation." Steven-
son was a former governor of
Illinois and longtime close friend
of Douglas.
With the announcement, the
Senate put aside debate on, a
housing bill and senator after
senator arose for tributes to
Stevenson.
Sen. Gordon Allott (R-Colo),
who served at the UN General

Considered
Democratic
Mainstay
Commanded Some
Of Most Devoted
Followers in History
NEW YORK ()-Adlai Steven-
son did not make it to the White
House despite some of the most
devoted followers a candidate ever
had.
Defeated by Dwight D. Eisen-
hower in the 1952 and 1956 presi-
dential campaigns, Stevenson dis-
avowed seeking the Democratic
nomination in 1960, even though
his followers hungered for an-
other try.
The Democratic candidate and
victor, John F. Kennedy, named
Stevenson United States Ambas-
sador to the United Nations,
where his eloquence in behalf of
this nation inspired millions in
crisis after crisis.
Favorite Son
Sen. Eugene McCarthy (D-
Minn) called Stevenson "the fa-
vorite son of every country in
which he's known, and the favor-
ite son of every country in which
he's unknown but where there's a
spark of desire for liberty and
freedom." He said that in 1960 in
a speech nominating Stevenson for
the presidency.
Stevenson, who campaigned for
President with a hole in his shoe,
said after his defeat by Eisen-
hower:
"A funny thing happened to me
on the way to the White House."
He was Governor of Illinois
when the surge began that car-
ried him to the Democratic presi-
dential nomination in 1952.
Lacked Experience
He had run for governor in
1948 and, although he lacked poli-
tical experience, won by an un-
precedented majority and became
the fourth Democratic governor
of Illinois since the Civil War.
Stevenson, a lawyer, owned an
interest in the Bloomington, (Ill.)
Pantagraph. His family had own-
ed the newspaper.
Although a political newcomer,
Stevenson had a family political
background. A great-grandfather,
Jess W. Fell, was a close friend of
Abraham Lincoln. His namesake
and grandfather, Adlai E. Steven-
son, was Vice-President during
Grover Cleveland's second term.
Unorthodox and Humorous
Stevenson, who did not appear
to relish political infighting, cam-
paigned in a sometimes unortho-
dox and humorous way.
He told stories in the manner of
Lincoln and poked fun at his op-
ponent's policies. In the 1956 cam-
paign he said: "I'm beginning to
think the reason President Eisen-
hower decided to run again is that
he just couldn't afford to retire
to that farm in Gettysburg as
long as Ezra Benson is Secretary
of Agriculture."
Stevenson came to the United
Nations well prepared for his role
as America's spokesman.
Important Figure
He was an important figure at
the 1945 San Francisco conference
which drafted the United Nations
Charter and at the London meet-
ing which forged the structure
of the world organization.
For almost three years, during
the administration of Harry S.
Truman, he served as a delegate
to international conferences, in-
cluding the first two sessions of
the UN General Assembly in 1946
and 1947.

Stevenson was born Feb. 5, 1900,
in Los Angeles, but his family re-
turned to Illinois when he was 6
and he grew up there.
Managing Editor
At Princeton he was managing
editor of the Daily Princetonian
and was elected to the senior
council. His liking for garden
foods earned him the nickname
"rabbit" at Princeton.
After graduation he studied at
Harvard Law School for two
years. When he inherited a share
of the Pantagraph he left Harvard
and went to work for the news-
paper.
Hespent 112 years on the news-
paper, then entered Northwestern
University Law School and re-
ceived his degree.
Stevenson married Ellen Borden,
a Chicago socialite in 1928. They
had three sons, Adlai III, Borden
and John Fell.
Asked in San Francisco on the
20th anniversary of the United
Nations what the major problem
facing the world organization is,
he replied:
Divided World
"The same problem that created
it soon after signing the charter
Across
Campus
THURSDAY, JULY 15
1:30 p.m. - The Audio-Visual
Education Center will present a
film preview, "The True Story of
an Election," in the Multipurpose
Rm. of the UGLI.
3:15 p.m.-UAC will present a
debate between Eric Krystal of the
Center for Conflict Resolution and
the University Committee against
Apartheid and Richard Moll from
South Africa, a supporter of apart-
heid.
7:30 p.m.-Prof. Uriel Wenreich
of Columbia University will speak
on "Three Models of Dialect Dif-
ferentiation" in a Linguistic In-
stitute Forum Lecture at Rack-
ham Aud.
8:00 p.m.-The University Play-
ers will present the Department
of Speech production, of T. S.
Eliot's "The Confidential Clerk"
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
8:30 p.m. - Robert Cecchini,
clarinetist, will perform in a
music school degree recital in
Recital Hall.

-Associated Press
ADLAI STEVENSON conferred recently with a fellow ambassador in the U.N. General Assembly in
one of the many crisis he was forced to meet in his nearly four year tenure as America's chief
spokesman in the world assembly. He was a constant supporter of U.S. foreign policy and bril-
liantly upheld America's position before the U.N.

in 1945-a divided world."
During his tenure as ambassador
to the United Nations Stevenson
eloquently presented the United
States' viewpoint during such
crises as the negotiations over the
successor to Secretary-General'
Dag Hammarskjold which resulted'
in the selection of U Thant.
He was in the thick of the ne-
gotiations during the Cuban mis-
sile crisis, all phases of disarma-
ment negotiations, the Congo, the
recent Dominican crisis and the
war in South Viet Nam.
Greatest Satisfaction
One of Stevenson's greatest sa-
tisfactions must have been the
signing of the limited nuclear
test ban agreement in 1963. He
was a member of the delegation
which went to Moscow to sign it.
He proposed it when he ran for
the Presidency in 1956. It became
one of the great issues of the

campaign and his espousal did not
help his candidacy.
On his 65th birthday last Feb.
5 he said in an interview that the
United Nations could not stand
still, that Red China was trying to
break up the, United Nations, ex-
pressed belief that UN troops pull-
ed out of the Congo too soon, and
declared he had no present in-
tention of leaving the United Na-
tions although he found his job
was more one of executing policy
than making it.
"That's a subject I really have
not grappled with," he said of
his continuance at the UN. "I have
thought that in anything you're
doing there comes a logical time to
move on and do something else.
But I haven't seen that yet. It
just doesn't seem to have arrived.
You just live from crisis to crisis
you know ... But to answer your
question, I have no present in-
tention of leaving."

tention-o-le--in-.

World News Roundup

14

WASHINGTON R) -President
Lyndon B. Johnson signed the
Older Americans Act yesterday, a
bill he said will provide "a real
new day" for American citizens
65 years of age and older.
He said the legislation, which
sets up an administration on aging
under the welfare department,
will be the "seed corn-providing
a start of an orderly, intelligent
and constructive program" to
meet the new dimensions of re-
sponsibility for the elderly.
* * *
SEOUL, Korea (P)-Fist fights
erupted last night in the National
Assembly as the majority party
took a first step toward ratifying
an amity treaty with Japan,
Korea's former overlord.
Shielded by a human wall of
majority Democratic Republicans
who held back minority lawmakers
10 yards from him, Deputy Speak-
er Chang Kyung-Soon hastily an-
nounced formal acceptance of the
ratification request from the gov-
ernment. He declared the ratifica-
tion bill would now go to the
Foreign Affairs Committee.
The lightning government party
maneuver led to a free-for-all

that raged on the speaker's plat-
form for nearly five minutes.
The fights, involving scores of
lawmakers, broke out after an
angry opposition member, Park
Chan, smashed a sheet of plate
glass on a table on the platform.
He kicked the table off the plat-
form, grabbed the speaker's gavel
and wielded it in the air.
* * *
WASHINGTON (P)-The House
voted yesterday for coinage of
future half-dollars with reduced
content of silver, but quarters and
dimes containing none.
The decision on the smaller
coins-25 and 10 cent pieces-
came after a double switch as
members from silver producing
states and others fought doggedly
to keep as much silver in the
coinage as possible.
First the House voted, 106 to 92,
to eliminate silver from the coins,
as President Johnson recommend-
ed, and substitute a "sandwich"
of copper and cupronickel.
Then, on a teller vote, with
members walking down the aisle
to be counted, the decision was
reversed, 122 to 112, in favor of
quarters and dimes containing 40
DIAL 662-6264
-v-'
"DR. NO" at 1:30-5:20 & 9:20
"FROM RUSSIA WITH LOVE" I
at 3:25 and 7:25

per cent silver, instead of the
present 90 per cent.
Finally a roll call brought an-
other switch, 218 to 187 against
maintaining any silver in the
smaller coins.
* * *
LEOPOLDVILLE, The Congo R")
- Four chiefs, described as
"rebels," have surrendered to Con-
golese government authorities near
Ikela in the North Congo, the
government press agency ACP
said yesterday.
* * *
WASHINGTON ()--The special
three-nation mission of the Or-
ganization of American States in
the Dominican Republic is re-
turning to Washington amid some
signs of an approaching solution
of the Dominican crisis.
Secretary General Jose A. Mora
of the OAS announced yesterday
he plans to return to the Domin-
ican Republic tonight because the
three-nation mission plans to be
in Washington within the next
few days. Mora would take over
representation of the OAS during
the mission's absence.
Mora did not speculate on the
possibilities for a settlement but
dispatches from Santo Domingo
indicated the OAS mission was
nearer an agreement with the
contending forces in that country
than ever before.

I-

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