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July 03, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1965-07-03

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See Editorial Page


fr 43Ut1


High temperature Sunday
near 80

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom


Labor Shortage May
Hike Building Cost
The flniversity, engaged in a massive building program this
summer, may be severely affected by the acute shortage of trades
workers-a shortage that may get worse before it gets better, James
F. Brinkerhoff, director of plant expansion, said yesterday.
No exact estimate is available of how many more bricklayers,
electricians, mechanical trades and other workers are needed, but
the number is high. Even experienced "teamsters" driving all kinds
of heavy equipment from transit mix trucks to double-bottomed
rigs are in short supply.
The University is in the process of constructing Cedar Bend
Houses No. 1. The project needs 40 bricklayers, Brinkerhoff said,
Tbut only four have been on the

$700 Million School
Bill Nears Final Vote
The House Education and Labor Committee recently approved a
bill which-if passed-would add at least $700 hillion to the federal
government's education appropriations.
The bill concentrates on first-year "educational opportunity
grants" to talented but needy freshmen and on more substantial
foundations for student loans, a newsletter of the American Council
on Education explained.
Over the next three years, funds for freshman opportunity grants
would be raised by $235 million, until in 1968 the federal government,
under its National Defense and Education Act Student Loan Program,

Initiate New
Rules at U-C
BERKELEY-The University of
California initiated new rules yes-
terday that give the chancellors
of the nine campuses more inde-
pendence and the 65,000 students
more freedom.
The regulations affect nearly
every issue that created the Free
Speech Movement demonstrations
on the Berkeley campus this last
academic year.
The rules liberalize old regu-
lations on rallies, fund-raising,
student government, political ac-
tivity and off-campus speakers.
They also give the chancellors in-
creased governmental authority.
New Regulation
The new regulation prohibits
the student "from conduct which
significantly interferes with uni-
versity teaching, research, admin-
istration, the university's subsidi-
ary responsibilities," or which en-
dangers the safety of the univer-
sity community or of campus visi-
tors for university-related events.
A university spokesman said the
' language was intentionally vague
so that the chancellors could in-,
terpret the rules in keeping with
the needs of the campus.
Students demonstrated last fall
at Berkeley after former Chancel-
lor Edward Strong tried to enforce
strictly regulations restricting stu-
dent political groups from solicit-
ing funds on campus.
After the student demonstra-
tions ended Strorng resigned.
Second S
The second stage of a complete
ecological study of a small Mich-
igan community under the direc-
tion of Dr. Thomas Francis Jr.
of the public health school was
completed last .Saturday, accord-
ing to John A. Napier, research
associate in the public health
The first two stages of the pro-
ject entailed the collection of

By August 1 the University will
ask contractors to bid on $29.9
million worth of University proj-
ects, including;
-Medical Science Building No.
2, which is seven stories high,
costing $12 million;
-Cedar Bend Houses No. 2, a
student housing development, es-
timated to cost $4 million;
-The University Events Build-
ing, to be built next to the Michi-
gan Stadium, costing $5 million;
-Mott Children's Hospital, a
200-bed unit, to be built in the
University Medical Center com-
plex, and
-East Medical Parking Struc-
ture, seven levels high, planned to
contain parking space for about
1,000 cars.
Brinkerhoff, commenting on
construction jobs under way and
planned, observed, "There is an
extreme shortage of building
trades workers in almost every
category. Both bid prices and
length of time to complete' proj-
ects will suffer."
"We hope through the coopera-
tion of the building trades unions
and contractors that a more ade-
quate supply of trades people will
be developed," Brinkerhoff said.
Local shortages of trades work-
multi-million dollar construction
ers revolves in part around huge,
jobs which attract workers be-
cause of the longer job period
and likely overtime paid, to get
the projects completed on sched-
ule. And there are, many such
projects planned and underway
in southeast Michigan.
Edward J. Kantzler, president
of the Ann Arbor Building Trades
Council, cited actions the trade
union can-and do--take to help
relieve the shortage of workers.

-Daily-Robert Sheffield
FR. KENNETH UNTENER, assistant chancellor of the archdiocese of Detroit, last night dis-
cussed the Catholic Church's stand on birth control in a talk at the Gabriel Richard Center, de-
scribing the method of the Church as "making use of the most recent knowledge" in discovering the
divine plan.
Untener ies Birth Control

The changes now sweeping the
Catholic Church - including its
reexamination of its stand on
birth control-are the result of a
recent development of Catholic
beliefs in accordance with new
knowledgeand must be viewed in
this context to be understood, Fr.
Kenneth Untener said last night.
In a talk at the Father Richard
Center, Fr. Untener, assistant
chancellor of the archdiocese of
Detroit, explained "as back-
ground" that Catholics have a
conception of their Church as an
unchanging institution with a set
of "pigeonholed beliefs."
While this conception has been
an accurate portrayal of reality
for most of the last 400 years-
since the retrenching and stand-
ardization of Catholic beliefs that,
followed the attacks of the Refor-
mation-it is becoming less true
every day, Fr. Untener said.
In recent years, the Catholic
Church has changed its beliefs
and practices in accordance with
modern conditions, he said. Re-

tage of Tecumseh St

cent alterations in Church prac-
tices-such as revision of liturgy
to allow English and local lan-
guages to be used instead of Latin
-are typical of the changes the
Church is undergoing, he added.
Changes that go deeper ;han,
liturgy are currently under debate
in the Ecumenical Council and in
the commission Pope Paul VI has
established to reexamine the
stand of the Church on birth con-
trol, Fr. Untener noted. I
Under debate in the commission'
if the teaching of the Church
that artificial contraceptives are
against the divine plan.
The commission is composed of
theologians, doctors and laity. It
is reported sharply divided on
birth control issues. The commis-
sion will report to the Pope when
it reaches a decision and the Pope
will pronounce on the issue.
Past Change
To help understand any changes
in Church teachings, the observer
must understand that "changes in
the Church's beliefs on birth con-
trol have already been made in
the past - changes larger than
those under consideration," Fr.
Untener said.
udy Ends
Data have been collected in such
diverse areas as heart disease,
cerebral palsy, respiratory infec-
tions and the relationships be-
tween blood groups and fertility.
The blood groups used in this case
went beyond the A, B, AB and O
groupings. Doctors developed 20
different blood groupings based
on different parameters.
The development of the infant
and pre-school child and evalua-
tion of health patterns within
families and kinship groups were
also studied.
Major Strength
The major strength of the Te-
cumseh project, Napier explained,
is that it looks at a population
within its "natural habitat" over
an extended period of time. This
provides an opportunity to study
patterns in disease and work out
casual relationships between en-
viornment and disease.
Another advantage is that this
approach also provides an oppor-
tunity to look at a variety of pos-
sible influences on health.
Also set up within the commun-
ity is a ten per cent random sam-
ple which enables doctors to run
specialized studies in the context
of the wealth of medical back-
ground available.

For example, there has been a
great change in the Catholic
Church's stand on birth control
since the day of St. Thomas
Aquinas, he explained. In St.
Thomas' era, it was thought that
all the conditions necessary for
procreation were always present
in intercourse.
Therefore St. Thomas reasoned
that any intercourse without the
intent of procreation was sinful
because it was against divine plan
-which seemed to be that all in-
tercourse should result in preg-
More Knowledge
Since the day of St. Thomas, a
widening knowledge of biology has
indicated 'that only during the
female period of fertility is con-
ception possible. The Church, act-
ing on this new knowledge, has
concluded that divine plan does
not demand that all intercourse
result in pregnancy.
In accordance with this, the
Church has changed its teaching
to allow the rhythm method-a
practice that allows intercourse
during periods of female non-
fertility and abstention during
periods of fertility.
The debate in the papal com-
mission today is over whether
artifical birth control interferes
with divine plan,Fr. Untener said.
One faction says that the inter-
ference with biological processes
would be against divine, plan,
while the other holds that such
interference is no more serious
than the planned periods of inter-
course and abstention that con-
stitute the rhythm method..
Outcome Uncertain
The commission is using all the
scientific knowledge available to
it to resolve the debate-and the
outcome is still uncertain, he said.
While the papal commission is
deciding the issue, what are the
rules which Catholic married
couples must follow in regard to
birth control? Fr. Untener noted
that the disciplinary directive of
the Church disallowing birth con-
trol is still in effect-but that
such directives, since they are not
articles of revealed dogma but
guidelines provided by the Church,
do allow some rare exceptions.
Church authorities have indi-
cated that if a couple believes
conscientiously that, for their par-
ticular case, artifical birth control
is absolutely necessary to promote
their well-being, they can make
an exception to the Church's di-
rective on birth control, Fr. Un-
tener said.
But he emphasized that such
decisions are of a serious nature
and warned against "slipping into
subjectivity" in making such a

vould be giving out $280 million-
in that year for needy freshmen.
Encourage Poor
Included in the freshman grant
program would be a requirement
that participating colleges would
have to begin studies aimed
at identifying and encouraging
youths with the mind but not the
money to go to college.
The Office of Education would
be authorized to grant contracts
of up to $100,000 per year to in-
stitutions which would study the
status of students with exceptional
financial need and would organ-
ize publicity programs to encour-
age college dropouts and poor
students to get degrees.
The second major part of the
higher education bill (HR 3220)
would set up a program of guar-
anteed, subsidized-interest student
Loan Program
Under the program, student
loans made by eligible institutions
(banks, credit unions, etc.) would
be covered in full by the federal
government by insurance. The in--
surance would cover all 'the un-
paid principal, but not the in-
The maximum insurable loan
would be $1,000 for undergradu-
ates and $2,000 for graduate stu-
Besides the principal, the bill
would also help the student out
with interest payments. For stu-
dents from families having annual
incomes of less than $15,000, the
government would pay the interest
while the student was in college
and three percentage points of
the interest thereafter.
Comprehensive Program
Other areas of higher education
other than student grants and
loans would receive added funds
under the bill. Construction grants
would be raised by $290 million,
added to the presently-approved
grants of $550million earmarked
for graduate and undergraduate
facuilty construction..
The remaining six provisions of
the bill would give higher edu-
cation $223 million more for its
The bill must be passed by both
houses before becoming law. There
were no indications of when vot-
ing on the bill would begin.
Weaver Says
Rumors False
Two rumors-that maids in the
University T o w e r s apartment
building would report "wild par-
ties" to University officials, and
that girls there would be housed
together on one floor-were cate-
gorically denied recently by Rob-
ert Weaver, the builder of the
Asked about the maid rumor,
Weaver said that he would fire
any maid who served as an in-
On the otherhrumor, Weaver
said that, to the contrary, he
would prefer to keep the boys'
apartments and girls' apartments
mixed because it would keep both
He repeated his prediction that
the building will be open in Au-


complete medical histories of in-
dividuals in Tecumseh, as well as
general information about socio-
logical and physical aspects of
the community.
Napier explained that the pub-
lic health school had acquired
complete medical data on approx-
imately 90 per cent of the people
in Tecumseh during the first
phase of the study. During the
second phase it acquired data on
over 9000 people. The final per-'
centages have not yet been com-
Projected Projects
Future projects for more de-
tailed investigations of specific
aspects of the Tecumseh com-
munity are planned. These plans
extend further into the future
than theworking life of any of
the members engaged in the pro-
ject at present, according to Nap-
ier. The project is designed to
continue as long as there are
funds to support it.
The study treats the Tecumseh
area as an ecological community,
developing an over-all picture
which may help establish char-
acteristic patterns for several di-
seases and point up casual links
between them. The study may
also reveal the relationships be-
tween diseases and occupations;
and modes of living and family
Of particular interest to the re-
searchers are cardio-vascular di-
seases, diabetes, chronic respira-
tory diseases and arthritis.
Selection Criterion
Tecumseh was selected as the
area for this study because it is
easily accessible from Ann Arbor;
it is small enough to make mass
examinations of the entire popula-
tion (or as many as would par-
ticipate); it is large enough to
provide a sample of people with
diverse backgrounds; and there is
a certain amount of community
cohesiveness which would make it
easier to conduct the experiment.

ilarities in diseases between fam-E
ilies and kinship groups.
Napier noted the gradual Ex-
pansion of interest in the Te-
cumseh project. When it first
started, he said, the public health
school was the central focus. Now
the public health school and sev-
eral departments of the medical
school share an interest in the
He cited the example of the
work of Prof. Paul Gieber of the
public health school who studied
air pollution. Napier also men-
The Daily will not be pub-
lished on Tuesday due to the
celebration of Independence
tioned a weather station which
had been developed to study the
physical environment of the area.
Radiological Health
Napier also pointed out work
the radiological health department
is conducting on a farm in Te-
cumseh concerning the milk-food
chain of radioactive material.
Work is also being done with soil
samples and grasses.

A pr oposed site, f r o m the.
state of Michigan for a 200-bev
accelerator near Ann Arbor will
probably survive the Atomic En-
ergy Comniission's first screen-
ings, according to Rep. Weston E.
Vivian (D-Ann Arbor).
Vivian.'s comments were made
after he had discussed the situa
tion with AEC Chairman Glenn
T, Seaborg and other commission
Vivian said he had assured the
commission that representatives
of the Legislature had indicated
their readiness to acquire a site
near Ann Arbor. However, this
site proposal is only one of a
hundred other proposals which
the AEC has received from 42
different states.'
Site Requirements
According to Robert Burroughs,
director of the Office of Research
Administration there are numer-
ous requirements of the site for
the new accelerator. It must be
a large one and located on stable
ground-it cannot be on swamp
ground, he said.
A second requirement is that it
be easily accessible to scientists
from other universities. This
means that transportation facili-
ties in the area must be good,
Burroughs explained.
A third requirement is that in-
stitutions in the area be capable
of maintaining the accelerator.
Positive Factors
From what we know, Burroughs
said, the characteristics of the in-
stitutions in this area and acces-
sibility of local and distant areas
to the proposed site are definitely
positive factors.
Burroughs pointed out that the
National Science Academy would
review all the proposed sites and
make recommendations."
Because of the high cost of
building the accelerator, the fed-
eral government will finance only
one. It is estimated that the con-
struction costs will be about $280

Pay Raise
Now Safe
From Veto
Faculty To Get
$900,000 Hike
By The Associated Press
LANSING-Gov. George Rom-
icy said yesterday he will not e
ine veto the $4.9 million in the
igher education funds bill ear-
narked for faculty pay raises.
However, he did hint that he had
found other areas where he might
slash the budget.
The governor also warned that
this year's appropriation is the
ast in which there will be major
increases in funds allocated to
higher education unless there is
fical reform.
Originally Romney recommend-
ed a state general fund budget of
$788.5 million which the Legis-
lature raised to $820.6 million. Be-
cause of this, Romny has repeat-
edly warned that he would not
hesitate to veto some of the
spending items, which include
funds for faculty pay increases.d
The bill contains supplementary
appropriations for faculty pay
hikes to be divided between the
ten state supported universities.
Out of the $4.9 million sum, the
University and Michigan State
University would each receive
$900,000. Wayne State University
would receive $1.2 million -
Romney also indicated that in
addition to the $1.2 million allo-
cated to WSU under the supple-
mentary faculty salary raise ap-
propriation, the Detroit school
will be appropriated $18.9 million.
Romney said "I want to get
across to the public the fact that
we have been making substantial
salary increases in order to catch
up after years of fiscal problems
when most institutions had to
tighten their'belts.
He warned, however, that "the
Legislature has used up all the
room for such Improvement 1p
this two-year period." The gov-
ernor indicated that -there will be
"no future increases without some
sort of tax action."
University officials are waiting
for Romney to sign the entire
education bill before they an-
nounce a probable tuition hike.
Denies Activist
gan State University has denied
readmission to a former gradu-
ate student accused of writing
articles encouraging other stu-
dents to violate MSU regulations.
The decision to bar Paul M.
Schiff, 24, of New Rochelle, N.Y.,
was based on a series of Inci-
dents, said John Fuzak, MSU vice-
president for student affairs.
Schiff was a former president
of the campus Young Socialist
Club. He was editor of "Logos,"
an off-campus publication that
frequently criticized university
Fuzak said Schiff was not a
student during the just-ended
spring term but during that time
was involved in incidents which
would have led to disciplinary ac-
tion if he had been a student.
At that time, a hold was placed
on his application to reenter MSU,
Fuzak said.
"It was not just criticism It
was advocacy of action" to break
MSU regulations that led to MSU's

decson, he explained.
Fuzak said the local chapter of
the American Civil Liberties Un-
ion had informed him it wanted
a meeting with MSU President
John Hannah on the matter.

To Hear MSU
Protest Case
t EAST LANSING (,) -A n East
Lansing judge is to hear 'a motion
July 22 contending a city ordi-
nance under which 59 sit-in civil
rights demonstrators were arrest-
ed is unconstitutional and "vague
and indefinite."
The 59 were arrested on loiter-
ing charges after a late night sit-

Aberdeen Optimistic About Student Relocation

'David Aberdeen, an Ann Arbor school official, yesterday said
he is optimistic about plans to relocate former Jones School
pupils in six other elementary schools this fall.
The relocation program, an attempt to end de facto racial
segregation in the Ann Arbor school system, has been in the
planning stage for over a year, Aberdeen explained.
In the fall of 1963, the Board of Education declared Jones
school-with a student body that was about 78 per cent Negro-
a product of the city's de facto segregation in housing and
anointed a citizens advisory committee to study racial imbalance

The board acted on these recommendations, and, according
to schedule, Aberdeen was appointed director, the preschool pro-
gram was initiated in February and Jones School was shut down
two weeks ago.
"During the past year, we have spent a great deal of time
with parents, teachers and administrators at both Jones school
and the other schools involved to make the reassignment as
productive as possible," Aberdeen said.
We want to make the relocated students a totally integrated
part of their new schools, not a small, isolated segment of their
new environment.
Rusing Problem

are planning to host groups of former Jones pupils during the
lunch period."
Aberdeen remarked that he is pleased with the help from
these individuals and private groups. "It's much better to have
the relocation implemented in a decentralized fashion than by a
few administrative orders from the top," he said.
Personal Contact
When a private citizen or group expresses interest in helping
with the project, he added, we often bring them into personal
contact with parents in the Jones school district.
Aberdeen conceded that there 'has been some opposition to
the relocation, but said that, since the board decision last summer,

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